Half-True
Kanavas
"Less than 1 percent of all the education dollars that we spend are spent on private (school) voucher programs."

Ted Kanavas on Friday, June 12th, 2015 in a political talk show

Ted Kanavas says spending on private school vouchers makes up tiny piece of all education spending

Amid the debate over whether to spend state money to expand the private school voucher program, a former state senator is arguing there is not all that much spent on the program.

Republican Ted Kanavas made the comments during a face off with Democrat Chuck Chvala, another former state senator, in the June 12, 2015 episode of the WisPolitics online show, The Insider.  

"Chuck, this is going to be a great document at the end of the day," Kanavas said of the budget, which is stalled in the Legislature.  

"They're destroying public education," Chvala said of Republicans. "You know, this is a fun segment, but you know, I can't tell you how much it hurts and how sad it is to see them destroy K-12 education."

"Wrong, wrong, and wrong," Kanavas said.  

One of his rebuttal points:  

"Less than 1 percent of all the education dollars that we spend are spent on private voucher programs."

For all the debate about the voucher program, could funding for it really make up such a small portion of spending?  

Background

Education is the largest line in the state's budget with $5.2 billion allocated in 2014-’15.   

Wisconsin schools have three basic sources of revenue -- state aid, property taxes and federal funding. The proportion each source of aid makes up varies between school districts.

A report from the Wisconsin Association of Schools Boards shows state aid and property taxes each providing about 40 to 45 percent of overall education funding in the state. Federal funding typically makes up 6 to 7 percent. Other sources of funding like ticket sales from sporting events and building rentals comprise the last small portion.

The state’s school voucher program allows parents to take the government funds that would be used to educate their child to private school of their choice, including religious schools.  

We've rated claims about spending on the program before. Opposing claims about per-pupil spending at public and voucher schools made by Gov. Scott Walker and state Rep. Sondy Pope in 2013 were both rated Half True because of the methods used for the comparisons.  

So how much is really spent on voucher schools?  

The numbers  

When we reached out to Kanavas to provide support for his claim, he didn’t respond.

But a report from the Legislative Fiscal Bureau, the state’s nonpartisan scorekeeper, breaks down money allocated in the state budget in recent years. Here's a look at how much the state spent on voucher programs:  

Fiscal year

Choice school funding (in millions)

2011-12

$145.8

2012-13

$157.8

2013-14

$171.9

2014-15

$213

 

Kanavas was fairly general in his statement saying, "education dollars that we spend." But he spoke in the context of the Wisconsin budget, so let’s start there.

By that measure, voucher spending makes up 3 to 4 percent in the last four fiscal years, not close to the "less than one percent" asserted by Kanavas.  

What if we add in the local money that goes to schools through property taxes? After all, in recent years, the state has restricted property tax increases, so the two areas are connected.

Fiscal year

Percentage spent on voucher programs

2011-12

1.5%

2012-13

1.6%

2013-14

1.8%

2014-15

2.1%

 

The percentage went down, but not enough to fall below 1 percent.

Even if one were to take the most charitable approach to analyzing Kanavas’ claim -- by including money for the University of Wisconsin System, which could be lumped in as "education dollars that we spend" -- spending on voucher schools stays above 1 percent.

But the essence of his argument holds up -- the state still targets the vast, vast majority of its education spending to public schools.

Our rating

Kanavas said, "less than 1 percent of all the education dollars that we spend are spent on private voucher programs."  

While spending on voucher programs comprises a small fraction of the state education budget, it stays above the 1 percent mark.  

We rate the claim Half True.

Editor’s note: After this item was posted, School Choice Wisconsin President Jim Bender called our attention to two Legislative Fiscal Bureau memos. One sent to Assembly Minority Leader  Peter Barca, D-Kenosha, estimates $600 to $800 million would go toward the school voucher program over the next 10 years. Another memo, sent to Assembly Speaker Robin Vos, R-Rochester, says that during the next decade, public schools would receive more than $94 billion of state and local funds. In this scenario, less than 1 percent would be spent on school voucher programs.

But in his statement, Kanavas spoke in the present tense, and made no mention of spending over a future decade. What’s more, none of those budgets have been approved and other factors could increase or reduce the figure. Our rating remains Half True.