True
Starbucks
"White people control almost 90 percent of the nation's wealth."

Starbucks on Friday, March 20th, 2015 in a newspaper advertisement

In its 'Race Together' campaign, Starbucks says white people hold nearly 90% of the nation's wealth

Starbucks' "Race Together" campaign aims to spark a national conversation about race. (AP photo)

Soon after unveiling its "Race Together" campaign -- which seemed to get more bad publicity than good, initially -- Starbucks published an insert in 2 million copies of USA Today to explain why it wanted to start a national conversation about one of the nation’s most sensitive topics.

The eight-page insert, which appeared March 20, 2015, included a series of statements about race.

One of them was: "White people control almost 90 percent of the nation's wealth."

That number is striking because only 67 percent of households are white, and reports have indicated the U.S. population is shifting toward minority-majority status.

With Starbucks chief executive officer Howard Schultz expected in Milwaukee on April 1, 2015, we thought we would check the company’s claim.

The campaign

In addition to its coffee, Starbucks is known for social awareness. In 2015, it placed fifth in Forbes’ annual ranking of the world’s most admired companies. The rankings are based on nine attributes, and one of Starbucks’ top attributes, according to the business magazine, is social responsibility.

"Race Together" grew out of concerns over police killings of unarmed black men in Ferguson, Mo., and New York. In announcing the campaign, Schultz called it "an opportunity to begin to re-examine how we can create a more empathetic and inclusive society – one conversation at a time."

Schultz encouraged his baristas to write "Race Together" on Starbucks cups and to engage in conversations while serving their customers. That ended after less than a week, which Starbucks said was as planned, after heavy criticism. Other parts of "Race Together" are continuing.

Starbucks hasn't confirmed it, but the family of Dontre Hamilton said Schultz would be meeting with them in Milwaukee. Hamilton was shot to death by a Milwaukee officer on April 30, 2014, after Starbucks employees called police to report Hamilton sleeping in a downtown park. The officer was fired.

Starbucks’ evidence

To back its claim about white wealth, Starbucks cited a November 2013 article in the American Prospect, a liberal magazine. The author said he did calculations on net worth data from the 2010 version of the Federal Reserve System’s Survey of Consumer Finances, a respected source.

According to the article: Whites held 88.4 percent of the nation’s wealth; Hispanics, 4 percent and blacks 2.7 percent. The remaining 4.9 percent was listed as other. That category includes Native Americans, Asians, Pacific Islanders and those with a multi-racial background.

So, that’s a start. But first let’s take a step back.

To be clear, wealth -- commonly measured as net worth -- is different than income. It is the difference between a household's assets, such as savings or a home, and liabilities, such as a mortgage or a car loan. So, you can have a good-paying job but have a negative net worth, if your debts outweigh your savings.

Some reports in recent years have said as many as one in four households has zero net worth or negative net worth.

More recent data

We were able to get the latest and more detailed breakdown on net worth from the Federal Reserve, for 2013. The nation’s net worth was $65.5 trillion and breaks down this way:
 

Race/Ethnicity

Net worth

Share of net worth

White

$58.1 trillion

90 percent

Black

$1.71 trillion

3 percent

Hispanic

$1.46 trillion

2 percent

Other

$3.29 trillion

5 percent

 

As we close, we'll note that two of our most-clicked fact checks were about disparities in wealth:

In 2011, activist and filmmaker Michael Moore said in Madison that 400 Americans "have more wealth than half of all Americans combined." We rated the claim True.

And in 2013, we rated as True this claim by the liberal group One Wisconsin Now: "The Walton family, which owns Wal-Mart, controls a fortune equal to the wealth of the bottom 42 percent of Americans combined."

Our rating

Starbucks said: "White people control almost 90 percent of the nation's wealth."

That matches the latest net worth figures from the Federal Reserve System.

We rate the statement True.