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    "results": [
        {
            "id": 18262,
            "slug": "wisconsin-justice-kelly-overreaches-claim-challeng",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "daniel-kelly",
                "full_name": "Daniel Kelly",
                "first_name": "Daniel",
                "last_name": "Kelly"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says rival Jill Karofsky wants 'to disarm law abiding citizens.'",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T20:16:11-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>In the race for a seat on the state Supreme Court, Justice Daniel Kelly and challenger Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky have clashed on many fronts, but perhaps especially so on guns and the Second Amendment.</p>\n\n<p>Kelly faced criticism after hosting a <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/investigations/daniel-bice/2020/03/02/justice-dan-kelly-held-fundraiser-gun-range-day-after-molson-coors-shooting/4929200002/\">fundraiser at a Brookfield gun range the day after the Molson Coors shooting</a>. At a March 12, 2020, <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/03/12/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-trade-ethical-punches-forum/5030435002/\">forum hosted by the Milwaukee Bar Association, </a>Kelly called the criticism a cheap political hit.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Meanwhile, at the same <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/03/12/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-trade-ethical-punches-forum/5030435002/\">forum</a>, Karofsky called Kelly posing with an assault-style rifle &quot;a clearly partisan move.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Even before that, Kelly&rsquo;s campaign made a stronger accusation in a March 3, 2020 email sent to supporters, in which Kelly claimed: &quot;Judge Karofsky and her radical liberal allies want to disarm law abiding citizens.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Is the assertion correct?&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The evidence</div>\n\n<p>When asked to back up the claim, Kelly campaign manager Charles Nichols first pointed to a series of Karofsky tweets.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;In December 2019, Jill Karofsky called for increased gun control laws on Twitter following two incidents in Wisconsin schools,&quot; Nichols said in an email. &quot;Law enforcement later revealed that the weapons used in both incidents weren&rsquo;t actually guns. Karofsky&rsquo;s tweet called on lawmakers to put forward stricter gun laws.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But putting forward stricter gun laws is not the same as wanting to &quot;disarm law abiding citizens.&quot; For instance, one often-discussed legislative proposal is to tighten background checks, which would fall far short of disarming citizens.</p>\n\n<p>Let&rsquo;s take a closer look.</p>\n\n<p>On Dec. 2, 2019, at <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/education/2019/12/03/the-drills-paid-off-superintendent-credits-training-students-staff/2595009001/\">Waukesha South High School</a>, an &quot;angry&quot; 17-year-old student pointed a pellet gun at the head of a fellow student, pulled a pellet gun again later when officers arrived, and then was shot three times by police, according to news reports.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The following day, at <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-high-school-lockdown-police-responding-situation/2595488001/\">Oshkosh West High School</a>, a 16-year-old student with an &quot;edged weapon&quot; stabbed a school resource officer, and the officer shot the student.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://twitter.com/judgekarofsky/status/1201930623407022082\">Karofsky tweets</a> in question all came on Dec. 3, 2019, beginning with this one:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;As a mom of two teenagers, my heart races every time I hear about yet another school shooting. I&#39;m relieved that no one was killed in yesterday&rsquo;s shooting at Waukesha South High School, and today&rsquo;s shooting at Oshkosh West High School.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>She went on to refer to families in <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-school-stabbing-shooting-other-threats-unsubstantiated/2603589001/\">Sparta</a> and at <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/communities/waukesha/news/waukesha/2019/12/02/waukesha-north-student-taken-into-custody-reports-firearm/2589947001/\">Waukesha North</a> who &quot;had to deal with lockdowns&quot; and a &quot;hit list in Shorewood.&quot; She thanked first responders, and said parents should not have to worry about the safety of their kids at school.</p>\n\n<p>Pretty straightforward.</p>\n\n<p>Then&nbsp;she got to what the Kelly campaign is citing.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It&#39;s up to the policy-makers to decide what the law should be, and judges like me are here to apply and interpret the law. But I know action is needed,&quot; she tweeted.</p>\n\n<p>Then she added <a href=\"https://twitter.com/judgekarofsky/status/1201930895944536064\">this:</a>&nbsp; &quot;We can respect constitutional rights and at the same time take steps to make every family safer. It&rsquo;s way past time for lawmakers to step up to the plate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>So, as evidence, the tweets don&rsquo;t really stand up.</p>\n\n<p>Karofsky did not advocate any specific changes, noted it&rsquo;s up to policymakers to decide what laws to advance, and talked explicitly about respecting constitutional rights in the process. As in a trial, we view the burden of proof as falling on the one who makes the charges. So far, Kelly clearly falls short.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">More evidence</div>\n\n<p>Nichols, the Kelly campaign manager, also pointed to a <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/01/24/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-history-voter-id-guns-abortion/4558664002/\">Jan. 24, 2020</a> Milwaukee Journal Sentinel article that laid out the views and records of the candidates on a series of hot-button issues.</p>\n\n<p>In a section on guns, the article described the candidates and their views on a 2008 U.S. Supreme Court decision known as Heller, which held the right to bear arms in the Second Amendment of the Constitution is an individual right, rather than a collective right for groups like militias.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I&#39;ve read it carefully, and I&#39;ve not identified any errors,&quot; the article quoted Kelly as saying of the decision.</p>\n\n<p>Meanwhile, the article offered this position from Karofsky:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I think that there are ways that are constitutional that we are able to limit people&#39;s possession of firearms so that we&#39;re able to live in a country where we don&rsquo;t have to send our kids to school for code-red drills.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>As with the tweets, that stops well short of what Kelly claimed. What&rsquo;s more, it specifically describes finding ways that are constitutional to make any changes.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Judge Karofsky has made it clear throughout this campaign that she supports the Second Amendment and the precedent established in the Heller decision,&quot; Karofsky spokesman Sam Roecker said in an email. &quot;Dan Kelly knows this precedent requires judges to uphold the law and an individual&#39;s right to own a gun.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Kelly claimed Karofsky wants &quot;to disarm law abiding citizens.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rather than cite any past rulings as evidence, Kelly points to a series of tweets and a Karofsky quote in a newspaper story on the race.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In both cases, Karofsky indicates she feels lawmakers should take steps to reduce gun violence -- even calling on them to &quot;step up to the plate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But nowhere did she call for disarming residents. Indeed, in both places she framed the comments around abiding by the constitution, even noting it&rsquo;s up to policy-makers to &quot;decide what the law should be.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>As evidence, that&rsquo;s pretty thin.</p>\n\n<p>Our definition of Mostly False is a &quot;statement contains an element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That fits here.</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>\n\n<p><br>\n&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Email, State Supreme Court Justice Daniel Kelly campaign, March 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Sam Roecker, spokesman for the Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky campaign, March 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Charles Nichols, campaign manager, Friends of Justice Daniel Kelly, March 18, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"http://archive.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/wisconsin-supreme-court-race-joanne-kloppenburg-vs-rebecca-bradley-b99698483z1-374671861.html/\">Rebecca Bradley beats JoAnne Kloppenburg in high court race</a>,&quot; April 6, 2016.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/03/12/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-trade-ethical-punches-forum/5030435002/\">Kelly, Karofsky trade more ethical punches at Wisconsin Supreme Court candidate forum,</a>&quot; March 12, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/education/2019/12/03/the-drills-paid-off-superintendent-credits-training-students-staff/2595009001/\">Angry student brought two pellet guns to Waukesha South and ended up shot three times by police</a>,&quot; Dec. 3, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-high-school-lockdown-police-responding-situation/2595488001/\">Student, officer injured at Oshkosh West High School as stabbing, shooting rattle community,</a>&quot; Dec. 3, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/01/24/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-history-voter-id-guns-abortion/4558664002/\">Wisconsin&#39;s Supreme Court candidates&#39; opinions on past cases show their views on abortion, guns and voter ID,</a>&quot; Jan 24, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/communities/waukesha/news/waukesha/2019/12/02/waukesha-north-student-taken-into-custody-reports-firearm/2589947001/\">A student was taken into custody after a report of a gun at Waukesha North High School,</a>&quot; Dec. 3, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-school-stabbing-shooting-other-threats-unsubstantiated/2603589001/\">Reports of other Wisconsin school threats aren&rsquo;t substantiated, police say</a>, Dec. 3, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/communities/northshore/crime/2019/11/12/shorewood-high-school-student-wrote-hit-list-district-says/2580534001/\">Shorewood schools will reopen Thursday after a student created a hit list and brought a loaded magazine to school, district says</a>,&quot;Nov. 12, 2019.<br>\n&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/judgekarofsky/status/1201930895944536064\">Dec. 3, 2019.</a></p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18271,
            "slug": "no-italy-didnt-arrest-doctor-murdering-thousands-c",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Italy arrested a doctor “for intentionally killing over 3,000 coronavirus patients.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T16:47:28-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>More than 50,000 people around the world <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/04/02/coronavirus-latest-news/\">have died from COVID-19</a>, with more than half of all fatalities coming from four European countries, including Italy. In March, Italy <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/21/world/europe/italy-coronavirus-center-lessons.html\">surpassed China as the country with the highest death toll</a>. A <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://n5ti.com/italy-07099/?fbclid=IwAR2itSaDKrGRBNKGR1ql1G_sHaepNBgu_64euW5MlB0q3kJrZojqWZzhs6M\">blog post </a>shared on Facebook claims that thousands of those deaths were intentional.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Italy arrest (sic) doctor for intentionally killing over 3,000 coronavirus patients,&quot; the post&rsquo;s title says. A photo shows a man in tan scrubs walking in handcuffs and flanked by law enforcement. The story goes on to say that Dr. Sergio Kerr &quot;administered Benadryl, Ditropan and doxepin which are anticholinergic medications which worsen pneumonia.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s because it&rsquo;s not a real news story.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.heraldbulletin.com/news/former-pendleton-physician-jones-placed-on-in-home-detention/article_0cb1f764-222a-11e8-bea7-5308e93088bf.html\">photo of the man</a> in the blog post is from the Anderson, Ind., newspaper, the Herald Bulletin, which reported in 2014 on the arrest of a physician charged with several drug offenses.</p>\n\n<p>A doctor accused of murdering more than 3,000 people, not to mention coronavirus patients, would draw wide media attention. And yet searching for information about Dr. Sergio Kerr, we found no such reports.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this blog post Pants on Fire.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/04/02/coronavirus-latest-news/\">Live updates: Coronavirus death toll passes 50,000 worldwide; U.S. unemployment claims explode</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/21/world/europe/italy-coronavirus-center-lessons.html\">Italy, pandemic&rsquo;s new epicenter, has lessons for the world</a>, March 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>News NT, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://n5ti.com/italy-07099/?fbclid=IwAR2itSaDKrGRBNKGR1ql1G_sHaepNBgu_64euW5MlB0q3kJrZojqWZzhs6M\">Italy arrest doctor for intentionally killing over 3,000 coronavirus patients</a>, visited April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Herald Bulletin, <a href=\"https://www.heraldbulletin.com/news/former-pendleton-physician-jones-placed-on-in-home-detention/article_0cb1f764-222a-11e8-bea7-5308e93088bf.html\">Former Pendleton physician Jones placed on in-home detention</a>, March 7, 2018</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18270,
            "slug": "yes-us-shipped-donated-personal-protective-equipme",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“On February 7, the WHO warned about the limited stock of PPE. That same day, the Trump administration announced it was sending 18 tons of masks, gowns and respirators to China.”",
            "ruling_slug": "true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T16:11:08-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>National shortages of masks, gowns and other personal protective equipment have <a href=\"https://www.aha.org/lettercomment/2020-03-21-aha-ama-and-ana-letter-president-use-dpa-medical-supplies-and-equipment\">exacerbated concerns</a> that U.S. doctors and nurses are not getting the supplies needed to help COVID-19 patients.</p>\n\n<p>The surging demand for masks led President Donald Trump to charge, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/apr/01/hospital-demand-masks-soaring-heres-how-hospitals-/\">without evidence</a>, that the equipment earmarked for New York&rsquo;s hospitals has been &quot;going out the back door.&quot; But some people are pointing the blame back at Trump, who <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/20/how-donald-trump-responded-coronavirus-pandemic/\">downplayed</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/18/donald-trump/trump-says-he-always-felt-coronavirus-was-pandemic/\">the threat</a> of the virus early on despite warnings from experts about the <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/18/sean-hannity/hannity-wrong-health-care-system-ready-coronavirus/\">health care system&rsquo;s readiness</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>One claim we&rsquo;ve heard from <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepMaxineWaters/status/1244732533943799809?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1244732533943799809&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.snopes.com%2Ffact-check%2Fus-tons-ppe-china%2F\">politicians</a>, <a href=\"http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/2003/30/cnnt.01.html\">TV commentators</a> and social media users is that the U.S. gave away medical supplies that are now sorely needed at home.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;On February 7, the (World Health Organization) warned about the limited stock of PPE,&quot; said a <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/bluedemwarriors/photos/a.1559737514296400/2610846735852134/?type=3&amp;theater\">March 31 Facebook post</a>, using an acronym for personal protective equipment. &quot;That same day, the Trump administration announced it was sending 18 tons of masks, gowns and respirators to China. Now our health care workers are dying because of no PPE.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post from Blue Dem Warriors was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat potential false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.) In this case, the information is largely accurate.</p>\n\n<p>The State Department <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-announces-assistance-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">announced</a> on Feb. 7 that it had &quot;facilitated the transportation of nearly 17.8 tons of donated medical supplies to the Chinese people, including masks, gowns, gauze, respirators, and other vital materials.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post cited as its source of information a <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/29/opinions/coronavirus-personal-protective-equipment-obeidallah/index.html\">CNN editorial</a> criticizing the shipment.</p>\n\n<p>The move came more than two weeks after the first U.S. coronavirus case was <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2020/p0121-novel-coronavirus-travel-case.html\">detected</a> in Washington state on Jan. 21. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo <a href=\"https://twitter.com/SecPompeo/status/1225836989393534976\">tweeted</a> Feb. 7 that the delivery would &quot;help save lives&quot; in China, which had reported <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200207-sitrep-18-ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=fa644293_2\">more than 31,000</a> cases by then.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>\n\n<p>Pompeo touted the assistance again in <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/secretary-michael-r-pompeo-remarks-to-the-press-7/\">remarks to reporters</a> on March 31, saying it was an example of American generosity and part of an effort to keep the virus contained to China.</p>\n\n<p>The materials sent to China, Pompeo <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/secretary-michael-r-pompeo-remarks-to-the-press-7/\">said</a>, were donated by Samaritan&rsquo;s Purse, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and other <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-usaid-deputy-administrator-bonnie-glick-and-director-of-u-s-foreign-assistance-resources-james-l-richardson-on-u-s-foreign-assistance-in-response-to-covid-19/\">private</a> <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-senior-state-department-officials-on-chinas-expulsion-of-u-s-journalists/\">organizations</a>. Boeing and Intermountain Healthcare were also involved, according to a <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/public-private-cooperation-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">Feb. 15 State Department press release</a>.</p>\n\n<p>On Feb. 7, the State Department also pledged to commit up to $100 million in existing funds to assist China and other countries. A State Department spokesperson told us the $100 million promise has been fulfilled with funds from the U.S. Agency for International Development.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-is-leading-the-humanitarian-and-health-assistance-response-to-covid-19/\">U.S. aid to date</a> also includes about $110 million in humanitarian assistance for up to 64 different countries and roughly $64 million in refugee-related assistance for the United Nations.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The spokesperson told us the security and health of Americans comes first, but that &quot;the spread of COVID-19 is a threat to our shared international security&quot; and that efforts aimed at responding to the virus abroad are also meant to help mitigate the spread in the U.S.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We won&rsquo;t weigh in on whether the distribution of donated protective equipment to China was the right move. But the Facebook post is correct that the U.S. announced the delivery in February. Other <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/us-tons-ppe-china/\">fact-checkers</a> said the same about a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepMaxineWaters/status/1244732533943799809?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1244732533943799809&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.snopes.com%2Ffact-check%2Fus-tons-ppe-china%2F\">similar claim</a> from Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post also notes that the timing of the China shipment coincided with a <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/transcripts/transcript-coronavirus-press-conference-full-07feb2020-final.pdf?sfvrsn=3beba1c0_2\">press conference</a> in which the World Health Organization sounded the alarm about a &quot;limited stock&quot; of personal protective equipment.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s accurate. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned on Feb. 7 of a potential supply shortage across the globe and especially in China. The warning was for the world, not the U.S. in particular.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The world is facing severe disruption in the market for personal protective equipment,&quot; Ghebreyesus said. &quot;Demand is up to 100 times higher than normal and prices are up to 20 times higher.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Ghebreyesus said the situation was made worse by people outside of patient care using masks, for example. He said health workers and caretakers should be first to receive items from the limited stock, and that health workers in China needed &quot;the bulk of PPE supplies.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;WHO discourages stockpiling of (personal protective equipment) in countries and areas where transmission is low,&quot; he said.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post closes by saying &quot;our health care workers are dying because of no PPE.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/30/nyregion/ny-coronavirus-doctors-sick.html\">News</a> <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/covid-19-hits-doctors-nurses-emts-threatening-health-system/2020/03/17/f21147e8-67aa-11ea-b313-df458622c2cc_story.html\">reports</a> indicate that some health workers &mdash; who are at an increased risk of exposure &mdash; are among the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fcases-in-us.html\">more than</a> <a href=\"https://covidtracking.com/data\">200,000 infected Americans</a> and over 4,500 who have died. Doctors and nurses have <a href=\"https://www.aha.org/lettercomment/2020-03-21-aha-ama-and-ana-letter-president-use-dpa-medical-supplies-and-equipment\">made shortages known</a> and are tweeting the hashtag <a href=\"https://twitter.com/search?q=%23GetMePPE&amp;src=typed_query\">#GetMePPE</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Some medical supplies are now coming into the U.S. from abroad. The White House <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/business/economy/coronavirus-china-supplies.html\">arranged</a> for the transport of tons of equipment from China, and the New England Patriots recently <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-million-n95-masks-are-coming-from-chinaon-board-the-new-england-patriots-plane-11585821600\">lent its team plane</a> to pick up 1.2 million N95 masks from China for Massachusetts&rsquo; health workers.</p>\n\n<p>We asked the State Department whether any of the donated materials sent to China in February made their way back to the U.S., and whether the donations would have gone straight to U.S. hospitals had they not been shipped overseas. We didn&rsquo;t get answers to those questions.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post said: &quot;On February 7, the WHO warned about the limited stock of PPE. That same day, the Trump administration announced it was sending 18 tons of masks, gowns and respirators to China.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The State Department announced the delivery of nearly 18 tons of donated materials on Feb. 7, the same day that the WHO sounded the alarm about the world&rsquo;s supply of personal protective equipment. The donated materials came from private groups.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this statement True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/bluedemwarriors/photos/a.1559737514296400/2610846735852134/?type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>#GetMePPE on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/search?q=%23GetMePPE&amp;src=typed_query\">Twitter</a>, accessed April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Wall Street Journal, <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-million-n95-masks-are-coming-from-chinaon-board-the-new-england-patriots-plane-11585821600\">&quot;A Million N95 Masks Are Coming From China&mdash;on Board the New England Patriots&rsquo; Plane,&quot;</a> April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/secretary-michael-r-pompeo-remarks-to-the-press-7/\">&quot;Secretary Michael R. Pompeo Remarks to the Press,&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Snopes, <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/us-tons-ppe-china/\">&quot;Did the Trump Administration Send 18 Tons of PPE to China in Early 2020?&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Politico, <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/31/pence-task-force-coronavirus-aid-157806\">&quot;Pence task force freezes coronavirus aid amid backlash,&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNN, <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/29/opinions/coronavirus-personal-protective-equipment-obeidallah/index.html\">&quot;Trump administration sent protective medical gear to China while he minimized the virus threat to US,&quot;</a> March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Huffington Post, <a href=\"https://www.huffpost.com/entry/trump-china-coronavirus-shortage-governors_n_5e8179c6c5b66149226a0ff8?guccounter=1&amp;guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbS8&amp;guce_referrer_sig=AQAAABVDM8Fbi6pCSCSc1nF4Gm2_UeptIfC6lNSazC0QvCg5oOfCYRHVK-nhO4blSlkeW7s4YSgr-Sl18BPXZjkODp368X5QRQv8F2zSgyLd2XOsvpQWuZDbQPS7lHJ126wLMPTXzIq2TIq-EV8jrlC7kbzDoRgMIyULXYe22yzwswUY\">&quot;U.S. Shipped Tons Of COVID-19 Supplies To China As Trump Dismissed Threat Here,&quot;</a> March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/30/nyregion/ny-coronavirus-doctors-sick.html\">&quot;Nurses Die, Doctors Fall Sick and Panic Rises on Virus Front Lines,&quot;</a> March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/business/economy/coronavirus-china-supplies.html\">&quot;White House Airlifts Medical Supplies From China in Coronavirus Fight,&quot;</a> March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Mother Jones, <a href=\"https://www.motherjones.com/coronavirus-updates/2020/03/the-us-sent-tons-of-medical-supplies-to-china-even-as-senators-warned-of-virus-threat-here/\">&quot;The US Sent Tons of Medical Supplies to China Even as Senators Warned of Virus Threat Here,&quot;</a> March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-is-leading-the-humanitarian-and-health-assistance-response-to-covid-19/\">&quot;The United States Is Leading the Humanitarian and Health Assistance Response to COVID-19,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-usaid-deputy-administrator-bonnie-glick-and-director-of-u-s-foreign-assistance-resources-james-l-richardson-on-u-s-foreign-assistance-in-response-to-covid-19/\">&quot;Briefing on U.S. Foreign Assistance in Response to COVID-19,&quot;</a> March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The American Hospital Association, <a href=\"https://www.aha.org/lettercomment/2020-03-21-aha-ama-and-ana-letter-president-use-dpa-medical-supplies-and-equipment\">&quot;AHA, AMA and ANA Letter to the President to Use DPA for Medical Supplies and Equipment,&quot;</a> March 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-senior-state-department-officials-on-chinas-expulsion-of-u-s-journalists/\">&quot;China&rsquo;s Expulsion of U.S. Journalists,&quot;</a> March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/covid-19-hits-doctors-nurses-emts-threatening-health-system/2020/03/17/f21147e8-67aa-11ea-b313-df458622c2cc_story.html\">&quot;Covid-19 hits doctors, nurses and EMTs, threatening health system,&quot;</a> March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/public-private-cooperation-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">&quot;Public-Private Cooperation To Combat the Novel Coronavirus,&quot;</a> Feb. 15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-announces-assistance-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">&quot;The United States Announces Assistance To Combat the Novel Coronavirus,&quot;</a> Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Donald J. Trump on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1225728756456808448\">Twitter</a>, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Secretary Pompeo on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/SecPompeo/status/1225836989393534976\">Twitter</a>, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/transcripts/transcript-coronavirus-press-conference-full-07feb2020-final.pdf?sfvrsn=3beba1c0_2\">Transcript</a> from a press conference on the novel coronavirus, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200207-sitrep-18-ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=fa644293_2\">&quot;Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report &ndash; 18,&quot;</a> Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Chris Murphy on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/ChrisMurphyCT/status/1225073987639705600\">Twitter</a>, Feb. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/apr/01/hospital-demand-masks-soaring-heres-how-hospitals-/\">&quot;Hospital demand for masks is soaring. Here&rsquo;s how hospitals use them against coronavirus,&quot;</a> April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Statement from the State Department, April 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18269,
            "slug": "no-reports-queen-elizabeth-tested-positive-covid-1",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Queen Elizabeth tests positive for COVID-19.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T14:56:24-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Prince Charles <a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/video/2020/apr/01/better-times-to-come-prince-charles-addresses-britons-after-covid-19-self-isolation-video\">tested positive for COVID-19</a>, but there is no indication that his mother, the queen, did, too.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200402163802/https://gossipblend.com/queen-elizabeth-tests-positive-for-covid-19/?fbclid=IwAR1i8ffe4JIoDlauZy8QU73aVx1fdAZFIFxkwO5-WVmxJ78z1bWseyCflUM\">March 28 post</a> on a website called Gossip Blend claims otherwise.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Earlier today it was rumoured that Queen Elizabeth II tested positive for the novel coronavirus while many UK media outlets have kept silent,&quot; the post says. &quot;In a new press release, the Buckingham Palace has confirmed that the Queen of the United Kingdom has indeed tested positive.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>So far, the news out of Buckingham Palace is good. On March 27, a palace spokesman said the 93-year-old British monarch remains in good health. She was then at Windsor Castle with her husband, 98-year-old Prince Philip and &quot;a small number of staff,&quot; Reuters <a href=\"https://variety.com/2020/biz/global/queen-elizabeth-coronavirus-footman-tests-positive-prince-charles-boris-johnson-1203548230/\">reported</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>And as for Prince Charles, he <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/entertainment/celebrities/2020/04/01/prince-charles-talks-coronavirus-health-update-covid-19/5101931002/\">announced on April 1</a> that he experienced mild symptoms and is &quot;on the other side&quot; of his illness.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this blog post False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>The Guardian, <a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/video/2020/apr/01/better-times-to-come-prince-charles-addresses-britons-after-covid-19-self-isolation-video\">&lsquo;Better times to come&rsquo;: Prince Charles addresses Britons after Covid-19 self-isolation</a>, April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Gossip Blend, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200402163802/https://gossipblend.com/queen-elizabeth-tests-positive-for-covid-19/?fbclid=IwAR1i8ffe4JIoDlauZy8QU73aVx1fdAZFIFxkwO5-WVmxJ78z1bWseyCflUM\">Queen Elizabeth tests positive for Covid-19, goes into self-isolation</a>, March 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Reuters, <a href=\"https://variety.com/2020/biz/global/queen-elizabeth-coronavirus-footman-tests-positive-prince-charles-boris-johnson-1203548230/\">UK&rsquo;s Queen Elizabeth last saw PM Johnson on March 11, is in good health</a>, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA Today, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/entertainment/celebrities/2020/04/01/prince-charles-talks-coronavirus-health-update-covid-19/5101931002/\">Prince Charles addresses coronavirus diangosis, says he&rsquo;s &lsquo;on the other side of the illness,&rsquo;</a> April 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18268,
            "slug": "fact-checking-claims-say-covid-19-airborne",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says COVID-19 remains in the air for eight hours and that everyone is now required to wear masks “everywhere.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T12:13:28-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Since the novel coronavirus hasn&rsquo;t been around that long, public health information about the virus and how it behaves is constantly changing.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s why social media posts that make sweeping medical claims about COVID-19 should be viewed with skepticism.</p>\n\n<p>Like this <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10215227585433459&amp;set=a.1782891382583&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">Facebook post</a>, which displays a screenshot of a CNBC headline and claims COVID-19 is now considered &quot;airborne&quot; and remains in the air for eight hours.</p>\n\n<p>The post shows part of <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/16/who-considers-airborne-precautions-for-medical-staff-after-study-shows-coronavirus-can-survive-in-air.html\">a real CNBC headline</a> before cutting off at an ellipsis: &quot;<em>WHO considers &lsquo;airborne precautions&rsquo; for medical staff after study shows coronavirus &hellip;&quot;</em></p>\n\n<p>Below that, the post&rsquo;s text reads, <em>&quot;COVID-19 is confirmed as airborne and remains 8 hrs (sic) in air! So everyone is required to wear mask (sic) everywhere!!&quot;&nbsp;</em></p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>First, the word &quot;airborne&quot; means <a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/they-say-coronavirus-isnt-airborne-but-its-definitely-borne-by-air/\">different things</a> to different scientists. Second, data about the nature of the coronavirus is evolving. But even in light those two considerations, this social media post distorts facts and presents exaggerated, alarmist information.</p>\n\n<p>Health officials are not recommending face masks for everyone &quot;everywhere.&quot; Not yet, anyway. While the matter <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/cdc-considering-recommending-general-public-wear-face-coverings-in-public/2020/03/30/6a3e495c-7280-11ea-87da-77a8136c1a6d_story.html\">is being considered</a> by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, so far the agency hasn&rsquo;t advised face masks for healthy people.</p>\n\n<p>It did recently update its guidance <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html\">to say that</a>, when masks are available, sick people should wear them when they are around others and upon entering healthcare providers&rsquo; offices. The CDC also says that if a sick person is unable to wear a mask, their caregiver should wear one when in the same room.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Is it airborne?</div>\n\n<p>Public health officials have said that they don&rsquo;t consider the virus to be airborne because its droplets are too large and heavy to remain in the air long, falling within a few seconds.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets are too heavy to hang in the air. They quickly fall on floors or surfaces,&quot; <a href=\"https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses\">the World Health Organization says.</a></p>\n\n<p>&quot;You can be infected by breathing in the virus if you are within 1 meter of a person who has COVID-19, or by touching a contaminated surface and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth before washing your hands.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post&rsquo;s claim that the virus can remain in the air up to eight hours is unsubstantiated. Furthermore, the <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/16/who-considers-airborne-precautions-for-medical-staff-after-study-shows-coronavirus-can-survive-in-air.html\">CNBC article</a> the post references makes no such statement.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The article does refer to <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2004973\">one recent study</a> that suggests the virus might be able to stay in the air longer in some settings such as when medical staff are engaged in an &quot;aerosol-generating procedure.&quot; Such procedures <a href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3338532/\">might include</a> intubation, ventilation and airway suction. Under those circumstances, health officials are considering &quot;airborne precautions&quot; for medical staff, the story said.</p>\n\n<p>The study, <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2004973\">published March 17</a> in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that transmission by aerosol &mdash; defined as a suspension of tiny particles or droplets in the air &mdash; is plausible in this virus, technically called SARS-CoV-2, in some settings. The virus &quot;remained viable in aerosols&quot; for three hours, the study said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But this doesn&rsquo;t mean the virus is now considered airborne. One researcher who participated in the study warns that the airborne question &quot;bedevils scientists trying to communicate with the public.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It combines a locus of substantial public fear with a question of true scientific nuance &mdash; a recipe for a misinformation mess,&quot; Dylan Morris, Princeton University researcher and co-author of the study, wrote <a href=\"http://dylanhmorris.com/post/airborne/\">in a post on his website.&nbsp;</a></p>\n\n<p>&quot;Many viruses &mdash; from measles to flu, and including SARS-CoV-2 &mdash; are &lsquo;airborne&rsquo; in the sense that one way of getting sick is to inhale virus particles (&lsquo;virions&rsquo;) sneezed or coughed into the air within respiratory secretions. Some secretions are on the bigger end, and we tend to call those &lsquo;droplets.&rsquo; Others are smaller, and we tend to call them &lsquo;aerosols,&rsquo;&quot; Morris says.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The tricky crux of the matter is that when people say &lsquo;airborne,&rsquo; what they often mean is &lsquo;you&rsquo;re at risk from virus particles hanging in the air &mdash; or being kicked back up into the air after falling to the ground &mdash; long, long after an infectious person sneezed them out.&rsquo; That&rsquo;s much more of a risk for smaller, &lsquo;aerosol&rsquo;-end-of-the-spectrum secretions. And it turns out that it&rsquo;s more of a risk for some viruses than for others.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Measles, for example, is considered a truly airborne virus because it typically remains infectious in the air for hours. Even though measles and flu illnesses can both be found in aerosol-like and in droplet-like secretions, Morris says, the flu is less transmissible. So far, scientists think COVID-19 looks more like the flu.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Linsey Marr, an expert in airborne disease transmission at Virginia Tech, <a href=\"https://www.factcheck.org/2020/03/posts-distort-facts-on-coronavirus-air-transmission-masks/?fbclid=IwAR3taTof5DbeQNHEMa_YJXvzjZXs1u8ca7fCX-7uzZcBlH5i8T5YHAAXp6g\">told FactCheck.org</a> that there isn&rsquo;t enough evidence showing how exactly the new coronavirus is being spread between people, but said transmission is much more likely if you&rsquo;re close to someone who is sick.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>She gave an example of being directly next to someone smoking a cigarette &mdash; the closer you are, the more off a whiff you could catch &mdash; but the farther away you are from someone releasing the virus into the air, the lesser the concentration.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post says the virus that causes&nbsp;COVID-19 remains in the air for eight hours, and everyone is now required to wear masks.</p>\n\n<p>This is&nbsp;inaccurate. There is no current evidence that the virus can remain in the air for eight hours. While the CDC is exploring its position on whether masks should be worn more widely in the general population, it doesn&rsquo;t &quot;require&quot; everyone to wear masks &quot;everywhere.&quot; As more studies are done on how the virus persists in various environments, there may be extra precautions put in place, especially for health care professionals treating COVID-19 patients.</p>\n\n<p>There is still not enough known to say definitively how this new virus behaves in every setting. Preliminary studies suggest the virus may be more &quot;airborne&quot; than initially believed. But the term &quot;airborne&quot; should not be applied loosely as current research doesn&rsquo;t indicate that COVID-19 is comparable to highly transmissible airborne illnesses like measles. Experts say the biggest threat of transmission is close contact with an infected person.</p>\n\n<p>The post makes unsubstantiated claims and twists facts to give a different impression. We rate it False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10215227585433459&amp;set=a.1782891382583&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post,</a> March 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/31/health/cdc-masks-coronavirus.html\">CDC Weighs Advising Everyone to Wear a Mask</a>, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses\">Q&amp;A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)</a>, March 9, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New England Journal of Medicine, <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2004973\">Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1</a>, March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>FactCheck.org, <a href=\"https://www.factcheck.org/2020/03/posts-distort-facts-on-coronavirus-air-transmission-masks/?fbclid=IwAR3taTof5DbeQNHEMa_YJXvzjZXs1u8ca7fCX-7uzZcBlH5i8T5YHAAXp6g\">Posts Distort Facts on Coronavirus Air Transmission, Masks</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/16/who-considers-airborne-precautions-for-medical-staff-after-study-shows-coronavirus-can-survive-in-air.html\">WHO considers &lsquo;airborne precautions&rsquo; for medical staff after study shows coronavirus can survive in air</a>, March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Dylan Morris <a href=\"http://dylanhmorris.com/post/airborne/\">blog post,</a> March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html\">What To Do if You Are Sick</a>, Last Reviewed March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>National Institutes of Health,<a href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3338532/\"> Aerosol Generating Procedures and Risk of Transmission of Acute Respiratory Infections to Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review</a>, April 26, 2012</p>\n\n<p>Wired, <a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/they-say-coronavirus-isnt-airborne-but-its-definitely-borne-by-air/\">They Say Coronavirus Isn&#39;t Airborne&mdash;but It&#39;s Definitely Borne By Air</a>, March 14, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18267,
            "slug": "hospitalized-children-can-have-one-parent-present",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“if your child gets this virus their going to hospital alone in a van with people they don’t know...to be with people they don’t know… you will be at home without them in their time of need.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T08:36:16-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>There is a lot of uncertainty surrounding COVID-19 and how long the pandemic will last, but parents across the U.S. can be certain that they will always be able to accompany their children to the hospital.</p>\n\n<p>A recent Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10207395466321188&amp;set=a.1075377941001&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> claimed that &quot;if your child gets this virus their (sic) going to hospital alone in a van with people they don&rsquo;t know... to be with people they don&rsquo;t know.&quot; This run-on sentence ended with a soul-crushing statement: &quot;you will be at home without them in their time of need.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Before any parents get too worried, this claim is entirely untrue because hospitals need parental consent to treat minors. Dr. John Gilliam explained in an interview with PolitiFact that &quot;minors can&rsquo;t consent to treatment, legally.&quot; Dr. Gilliam works in Oregon as a hospitalist, an in-patient physician who works exclusively in a hospital.</p>\n\n<p>Parental consent is still a requirement in New York hospitals, where the virus is spreading rapidly and the New York State Department of Health is introducing temporary new visitor <a href=\"https://hhinternetauto.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/2020/03/coronavirus_patientPolicy.pdf\">policies</a>. The <a href=\"https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/coronavirus/coming-to-the-hospital.aspx\">University of Rochester Medical Center</a> and the <a href=\"https://www.nyp.org/coronavirus-information/coronavirus-visitor-policy-change\">NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital</a> have both announced that recovering adults aren&rsquo;t allowed any visitors, but children are still allowed to have one guardian accompany them.</p>\n\n<p>If your child does have COVID-19 symptoms, the CDC first recommends to not take them to the hospital unless they develop emergency warning signs, such as having trouble breathing or experiencing persistent pain or pressure in the chest. The CDC has published <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/care-for-someone.html\">guidelines</a> for treating healthy adults and children with COVID-19 symptoms at home. The <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fprepare%2Fchildren-faq.html#anchor_1584387482747\">CDC</a> also doesn&rsquo;t consider children a high-risk group for COVID-19 and have found that children who have been confirmed to have the virus &quot;have generally presented with mild symptoms.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In the unlikely event that a child is hospitalized for complications from COVID-19, they will have a parent or another guardian by their side. We rate this Facebook post Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10207395466321188&amp;set=a.1075377941001&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York State Department of Health, <a href=\"https://hhinternetauto.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/2020/03/coronavirus_patientPolicy.pdf\">New Visitor Policy to Reduce the Spread of Coronavirus</a>, March 15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>University of Rochester Medical Center, <a href=\"https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/coronavirus/coming-to-the-hospital.aspx\">Coming to the Hospital - Coronavirus</a>, visited on March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, <a href=\"https://www.nyp.org/coronavirus-information/coronavirus-visitor-policy-change\">COVID-19 General Visitation Guidelines &amp; Visitor Policy Changes</a>, March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CDC, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/care-for-someone.html\">COVID19 - Caring for someone at home</a>, March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CDC, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fprepare%2Fchildren-faq.html#anchor_1584387482747\">COVID19 - FAQs</a>, March 28, 2019</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18253,
            "slug": "hospitals-refute-surgeon-generals-claim-about-nurs",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "jerome-adams",
                "full_name": "Jerome Adams",
                "first_name": "Jerome",
                "last_name": "Adams"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“They’re furloughing nurses in hospitals in western New York state.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T06:00:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams made a startling claim about hospital nurses in Western New York when talking about the importance of properly deploying resources in the fight against the new coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>In an <a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/video/surgeon-general-jerome-adams-coronavirus-projections-based-on-worst-case-scenario/\">interview </a>with CBS This Morning, Adams was asked if there are enough ventilators to treat&nbsp;severely ill patients in places such as New York City, which has become the center of the pandemic in the United States.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We sent a team, a FEMA team, to help New York City make sure the resources are getting to where they need. I talked to people in western New York who said they&rsquo;re furloughing nurses in hospitals in western New York state, while people in New York City are suffering. We need to make sure we get the right resources to the right people, and that&rsquo;s what we&rsquo;re committed to doing.&quot;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We wondered whether his statement that Western New York hospitals are furloughing nurses is true.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A spokesperson for Dr. Adams said the surgeon general heard about furloughs from a doctor in the Rochester area.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The surgeon general spoke with a Rochester-area physician earlier this week, who shared that information,&quot; said Jennifer Sherman, director of public affairs in the Office of the Surgeon General. &quot;The point Dr. Adams was making is that in some states we are seeing a mismatch of resources, where one city may have more resources but fewer cases, and another city may have few resources but an abundance of cases. It&#39;s important states are coordinating with local jurisdictions and providers so they have the resources they need, and that is something the federal government is helping facilitate - in addition to deploying resources from the Strategic National Stockpile and FEMA.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We reached out to the doctor, who declined to speak with us on the record.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Hospitals say no furloughs</div>\n\n<p>We reached out to hospitals to see if they know of any nursing furloughs in Western New York hospitals. None knew of any.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rochester&rsquo;s two major health systems, which operate most hospitals in the Rochester region, said they are not furloughing nurses.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rochester Regional Health, which operates Rochester General Hospital and four others in surrounding communities, has not furloughed any nurses.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We are in the process of redeploying resources which includes nurses,&quot; said Public Information Officer Veronica Chiesi Brown. &quot;This means they are taken from one area and moved to another based on need. Nurses are a critical resource right now and we need more, not less.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>University of Rochester Medicine, which operates Strong Memorial Hospital and six others in the Rochester region, may have nurses at home because they could be infected, but none are on furlough.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;A small number of staff members who are symptomatic are staying home pending test results, but no furloughs are taking place in UR Medicine&rsquo;s hospitals or ambulatory practices,&quot; said Chip Partner, assistant vice president for communications.</p>\n\n<p>In addition, Monroe County government and Rochester&rsquo;s two major hospital systems on Friday&nbsp; unveiled a plan to <a href=\"https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/2020/03/27/coronavirus-rochester-ny-hospital-capacity-concerns-discused/2924672001/\">double its hospital capacity</a>. The plan includes hiring more clinicians, including doctors and nurses.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Genesee Valley Nurses Association, a professional organization for registered nurses in seven counties in the Rochester area, had not heard of any furloughs, said Nancy Iafrati, who is on the organization&rsquo;s board of directors.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, which operates medical centers in Buffalo, Batavia, and Canandaigua, are not furloughing nurses, and are looking to <a href=\"https://www.va.gov/opa/pressrel/pressrelease.cfm?id=5404\">re-hire VA nurses</a> who have retired, said Christina Mandreucci, press secretary for the department.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In Buffalo, major hospitals are hiring nurses, preparing for a surge of Covid-19 patients. Kaleida Health, which operates Buffalo General Medical Center and Millard Fillmore Suburban Hospital, among others health care facilities, said it is hiring nurses. So is Erie County Medical Center. Catholic Health, which operates hospitals in Buffalo and recently opened a facility solely dedicated to treating coronavirus patients, has posted <a href=\"https://jobs.chsbuffalo.org/\">&quot;a call to service&quot; </a>on its employment web page, seeking nurses, respiratory therapists and others.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A statewide&nbsp;professional organization&nbsp;said it is aware of&nbsp;furloughs of nurse anesthetists in New York State, because elective procedures have been canceled in an effort to slow the spread of the virus.&nbsp;The organization has sent a survey to its members to find out how many of those furloughs have occurred,&nbsp;said Stephanie Grolemund, president of the New York State Association of Nurse Anesthetists.</p>\n\n<p>Elsewhere in the country, there have been reports of furloughed health care workers, either because of <a href=\"https://www.msnbc.com/all-in/watch/conn-gov-200-nurses-furloughed-due-to-lack-of-coronavirus-testing-danbury-hospital-at-capacity-80736325731\">exposure to the virus</a> or because the organizations they work for <a href=\"https://www.wbur.org/commonhealth/2020/03/27/doctors-nurses-mass-coronavirus-infections-pay-benefits\">depend on income from elective procedures</a> and office visits, which have been postponed in an effort to stop the spread of the virus.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>We couldn&rsquo;t find any evidence of furloughs of nurses in Western New York. On the contrary, hospitals in Buffalo and Rochester are hiring nurses and are preparing plans for an anticipated surge in patients.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate Dr. Adams&rsquo; statement False.&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/video/surgeon-general-jerome-adams-coronavirus-projections-based-on-worst-case-scenario/\">Video</a>, CBS This Morning, &quot;Surgeon General on virus pandemic scenarios,&quot; March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Jennifer Sherman, director of public affairs, Office of the Surgeon General, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Nancy Iafrati, Genesee Valley Nurses Association, March 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Veronica Chiesi Brown, public information officer, Rochester Regional Health, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Chip Partner, assistant vice president for communications, University of Rochester Medical Center, March 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Peter Cutler, vice president of communications and external affairs, Erie County Medical Center, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Statement, Cheryl Klass, chief nursing executive, Kaleida Health, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Democrat and Chronicle, article, <a href=\"https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/2020/03/27/coronavirus-rochester-ny-hospital-capacity-concerns-discused/2924672001/\">&quot;How the county plans to double its hospital capacity in the Rochester region,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>MSNBC, video, <a href=\"https://www.msnbc.com/all-in/watch/conn-gov-200-nurses-furloughed-due-to-lack-of-coronavirus-testing-danbury-hospital-at-capacity-80736325731\">&quot;Conn. gov.: 200 nurses furloughed due to lack of coronavirus testing, Danbury hospital at capacity,&quot;</a> March 16, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>WBUR, story, <a href=\"https://www.wbur.org/commonhealth/2020/03/27/doctors-nurses-mass-coronavirus-infections-pay-benefits\">&quot;Furloughs, Retirement Cuts and Less Pay Hit Mass. Doctors and Nurses as Covid-19 Spreads,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Stephanie Grolemund, president, New York State Association of Nurse Anesthetists, March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Christina Mandreucci, press secretary, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18266,
            "slug": "spam-news-websites-spread-false-claim-about-corona",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says President Donald Trump will announce that a scientist \"finally found vaccine to cure corona virus.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-01T17:30:39-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>President Donald Trump has touted how quickly the government is developing potential COVID-19 vaccines. An article circulating on Facebook gives him even more credit.</p>\n\n<p>The story, which was published March 24 on <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401204215/http://opr.news/news/detail/c46361cb8a98f304102ec00836eaa5bd?product=news&amp;fbclid=IwAR1vEtbb7jOhkp6QY9Wee2I14Yii51jiTBznA3BKVzlO_hl1Wpnd6Aoeh4o\">several</a> <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401151439/https://ktkmediagh.com/trump-announce-name-of-vaccine-to-cure-corona-virus-in-three-hours/\">spam</a> <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401204312/https://news-af.feednews.com/news/detail/c46361cb8a98f304102ec00836eaa5bd?client=news\">news</a> <a href=\"http://archive.is/0Mnpo\">websites</a>, claims that Trump is getting ready to announce the name and launch date of a vaccine for the coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The president of the United States of America will officially make the announcement about the vaccine to cure the virus on Sunday,&quot; reads the article, which includes a purported photo of the vaccine. &quot;Roche medical company will launch the vaccine on Sunday.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The articles were flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot)</em></p>\n\n<p>The stories, published on spam websites registered in West Africa, are bogus.</p>\n\n<p>Trump did not announce a vaccine on Sunday, March 29, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fprepare%2Fprevention.html\">says</a> there is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus infections. <a href=\"https://www.indiatoday.in/fact-check/story/covid-19-testing-kit-fact-check-coronavirus-1658750-2020-03-23\">Several</a> <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/03/27/us/ap-not-real-news.html\">other</a> <a href=\"https://factcheck.afp.com/us-president-donald-trump-did-not-announce-coronavirus-vaccine-was-ready\">fact-checkers</a> have debunked the false news articles. While clinical trials have started for some potential vaccines, they are still at least a year away from being completed.</p>\n\n<p>The image in the article claims to show a COVID-19 vaccine, but it&rsquo;s actually <a href=\"https://sugentech.com/products/products-view.php?ct=7&amp;target=32%27\">a testing kit</a> developed by a Korean biotechnology company. Similar out-of-context images have circulated in <a href=\"https://www.altnews.in/image-of-covid-19-test-kit-shared-as-newly-developed-coronavirus-vaccine-by-roche/\">India</a> and <a href=\"https://propakistani.pk/2020/04/01/fact-chect-viral-message-about-this-coronavirus-vaccine-is-fake/\">Pakistan</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Roche, a Swiss pharmaceutical company, <a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/fda-approves-the-first-commercial-coronavirus-tests-in-the-us/\">has been shipping</a> coronavirus tests to the U.S. and <a href=\"https://www.roche.com/media/releases/med-cor-2020-03-24.htm\">testing</a> a drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis for potential application in severe COVID-19 cases. The company has not developed a coronavirus vaccine.</p>\n\n<p>During <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470795-1/president-trump-extend-coronavirus-guidelines-april-30\">a March 29 press briefing</a>, Trump said potential COVID-19 vaccines &quot;are moving along very rapidly.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The first clinical trial of a potential COVID-19 vaccine <a href=\"https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/nih-clinical-trial-investigational-vaccine-covid-19-begins\">began</a> in Seattle in mid March. The trial will enroll 45 healthy adult volunteers over about six weeks, according to the National Institutes of Health. The potential vaccine was developed by scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and biotechnology company Moderna, Inc.</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/11/7-ways-avoid-misinformation-during-coronavirus-pan/\">7 ways to avoid misinformation during the coronavirus pandemic</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>In <a href=\"https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2020/03/30/hhs-accelerates-clinical-trials-prepares-manufacturing-covid-19-vaccines.html\">a March 30 press release</a>, the Department of Health and Human Services said it is accelerating clinical trials of that vaccine, as well as another potential COVID-19 vaccine from Janssen Research &amp; Development. But the first phase of the latter trial is set to begin &quot;no later than fall of 2020 with the goal of making COVID-19 vaccine available for emergency use in the United States in early 2021,&quot; according to HHS.</p>\n\n<p>During <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470224-1/dr-fauci-warns-congress-coronavirus-outbreak-worse\">his March 11 testimony</a> to the House Oversight and Reform Committee on the coronavirus outbreak, Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of NIAID, laid out a timeline for developing a COVID-19 vaccine. He said phase one will take about three months to determine if it&rsquo;s safe, then phase two, during which scientists will test whether the vaccine works, could take another eight months at least.</p>\n\n<p>He cautioned that any process that moves faster than that could be dangerous.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;So when you&rsquo;ve heard me say we would not have a vaccine that would even be ready to start to deploy for a year to a year and a half, that is the time frame,&quot; Fauci told representatives. &quot;Now anyone who thinks that it will go more quickly than that I believe will be cutting corners that would be detrimental.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Public domain records show that some of the websites spreading the bogus articles about a new coronavirus vaccine are registered in Ghana and Nigeria. Both countries <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/12/world/russia-ghana-troll-farms-2020-ward/index.html\">have recently been linked</a> to Russian disinformation campaigns, and websites associated with Russia and China <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/28/us/politics/china-russia-coronavirus-disinformation.html\">have amplified</a> conspiracies about the coronavirus in the past few weeks. Other stories were published by shell websites and promoted on Opera News Hub, <a href=\"https://investor.opera.com/news-releases/news-release-details/opera-launches-opera-news-hub-new-online-media-platform-where\">a content creation platform</a> that&rsquo;s popular in Nigeria.</p>\n\n<p>The articles are inaccurate and make a ridiculous claim. We rate them Pants on Fire!</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Agence France-Presse, &quot;<a href=\"https://factcheck.afp.com/us-president-donald-trump-did-not-announce-coronavirus-vaccine-was-ready\">US President Donald Trump did not announce a coronavirus vaccine was &#39;ready</a>,&rsquo;&quot; March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Alt News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.altnews.in/image-of-covid-19-test-kit-shared-as-newly-developed-coronavirus-vaccine-by-roche/\">Image of COVID-19 test kit shared as newly developed &lsquo;coronavirus vaccine&rsquo; by Roche</a>,&quot; March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Associated Press, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/03/27/us/ap-not-real-news.html\">NOT REAL NEWS: Debunking Yet More False Coronavirus Content</a>,&quot; March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/12/world/russia-ghana-troll-farms-2020-ward/index.html\">Russian election meddling is back -- via Ghana and Nigeria -- and in your feeds</a>,&quot; March 13, 2020</p>\n\n<p>C-SPAN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470224-1/dr-fauci-warns-congress-coronavirus-outbreak-worse\">House Oversight and Reform Committee Hearing on Coronavirus Response, Day 1</a>,&quot; March 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>C-SPAN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470795-1/president-trump-extend-coronavirus-guidelines-april-30\">White House Coronavirus Task Force Briefing</a>,&quot; March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>India Today, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.indiatoday.in/fact-check/story/covid-19-testing-kit-fact-check-coronavirus-1658750-2020-03-23\">Fact Check: Image of Covid-19 testing kit passed off as vaccine on social media</a>,&quot; March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Ktkmediagh.com, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401151439/https://ktkmediagh.com/trump-announce-name-of-vaccine-to-cure-corona-virus-in-three-hours/\">Trump Announce Name Of Vaccine To Cure Corona Virus In Three Hours</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>National Institutes of Health, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/nih-clinical-trial-investigational-vaccine-covid-19-begins\">NIH clinical trial of investigational vaccine for COVID-19 begins</a>,&quot; March 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/28/us/politics/china-russia-coronavirus-disinformation.html\">As Virus Spreads, China and Russia See Openings for Disinformation</a>,&quot; March 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>News-af.feednews.com, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401151427/https://news-af.feednews.com/news/detail/c46361cb8a98f304102ec00836eaa5bd?client=news\">Trump Announce Name Of Vaccine To Cure Corona Virus In Three Hours</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Newsliteng.com, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401151445/https://newsliteng.com/trump-announce-name-of-vaccine-to-cure-corona-virus-in-three-hours/\">Trump Announce Name Of Vaccine To Cure Corona Virus In Three Hours</a>,&quot; March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Opera, &quot;<a href=\"https://investor.opera.com/news-releases/news-release-details/opera-launches-opera-news-hub-new-online-media-platform-where\">Opera launches Opera News Hub, a new online media platform where content creators can reach over 350 million people</a>,&quot; Nov. 12, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Opr.news, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200401150453/http://opr.news/news/detail/c46361cb8a98f304102ec00836eaa5bd?product=news&amp;fbclid=IwAR1vEtbb7jOhkp6QY9Wee2I14Yii51jiTBznA3BKVzlO_hl1Wpnd6Aoeh4o\">Trump Announce Name Of Vaccine To Cure Corona Virus In Three Hours</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>ProPakistani, &quot;<a href=\"https://propakistani.pk/2020/04/01/fact-chect-viral-message-about-this-coronavirus-vaccine-is-fake/\">Fact Check: Viral Message About a Coronavirus Vaccine is Fake</a>,&quot; April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Roche, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.roche.com/media/releases/med-cor-2020-03-24.htm\">Roche response to COVID-19 pandemic</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2020/03/30/hhs-accelerates-clinical-trials-prepares-manufacturing-covid-19-vaccines.html\">HHS Accelerates Clinical Trials, Prepares for Manufacturing of COVID-19 Vaccines</a>,&quot; March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://whois.com\">WhoIs</a>, accessed April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Wired, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/fda-approves-the-first-commercial-coronavirus-tests-in-the-us/\">FDA Approves the First Commercial Coronavirus Tests in the US</a>,&quot; March 16, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18265,
            "slug": "ron-johnson-say-americans-back-work-coronavirus",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Ron Johnson said Americans should go back to work, because \"death is an unavoidable part of life.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-01T14:59:27-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Leaders across the country are largely unanimous in calling for compliance with dramatic social changes to slow the spread of the coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Sen<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/personalities/ron-johnson/\"> Ron Johnson</a>, a Wisconsin Republican elected after a long career in the business world, struck a slightly different chord in a<a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/todaysdebate/2020/03/29/coronavirus-put-things-into-perspective-ron-johnson-editorials-debates/2937302001/\"> guest column</a> in USA TODAY.</p>\n\n<p>The piece drew plenty of attention online and across social media, including an<a href=\"https://mavenroundtable.io/theintellectualist/news/ron-johnson-americans-should-go-back-to-work-death-is-an-cG1Rs0X86kK4KNPYbD1GKg\"> article</a> published March 31, 2020, that has been shared widely on Facebook.</p>\n\n<p>That article summarized Johnson&rsquo;s column with this headline: &quot;Ron Johnson: Americans Should Go Back To Work, Because &lsquo;Death Is An Unavoidable Part Of Life.&rsquo;&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Let&rsquo;s see how that summary lines up with Johnson&rsquo;s piece.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">What the column said</div>\n\n<p>The headline implies Johnson is calling for a widespread &mdash;&nbsp;or even comprehensive &mdash;&nbsp;return to work.</p>\n\n<p>The Johnson piece in USA Today, published March 29, 2020, makes clear at the start he is not calling for any such immediate return to normalcy. Here is how it reads:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>I&rsquo;m not aware of any public official, including President Donald Trump, who is calling for a complete opening of the U.S. economy.</em></p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>What more people are saying is that as we learn more about COVID-19, we should evaluate the total societal cost of this awful disease and try to put things into perspective. &hellip;</em></p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>Imagine the potential psychological and human toll if this shutdown continues indefinitely, unemployment reaches 20% or higher, as some now predict, and we sink into a deep recession or depression.</em></p>\n\n<p>Johnson says social distancing &quot;should continue until this outbreak is under control.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But he did also reference death being unavoidable. Here&rsquo;s the full context for that line:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>Every premature death is a tragedy, but death is an unavoidable part of life. More than 2.8 million die each year &mdash; nearly 7,700 a day. The 2017-18 flu season was exceptionally bad, with 61,000 deaths attributed to it. Can you imagine the panic if those mortality statistics were attributed to a new virus and reported nonstop?</em></p>\n\n<p>Johnson goes on to call for reversing the current labeling of &quot;essential businesses,&quot; saying we should instead determine nonessential business &quot;that pose a risk for coronavirus spread.&quot; He said those could be shut down and financial support provided to the employees and businesses until they can re-open.</p>\n\n<p>The brief story linked in the Facebook post describes Johnson&rsquo;s position more accurately than the headline, though it also opens by labeling him &quot;the living embodiment of clueless privilege.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A viral Facebook post said Johnson is saying &quot;Americans should go back to work, because &#39;death is an unavoidable part of life.&#39;&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Johnson did use the line about death being unavoidable, but the headline exaggerates his position, implying he thinks all or most people should go back to work. He explicitly says he supports social distancing and keeping some businesses closed at this point.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this Half True.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>USA TODAY,&nbsp;<a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/todaysdebate/2020/03/29/coronavirus-put-things-into-perspective-ron-johnson-editorials-debates/2937302001/\">Sen. Johnson: As we learn more about the coronavirus, try to put things into perspective</a>, March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Intellectualist,&nbsp;<a href=\"https://mavenroundtable.io/theintellectualist/news/ron-johnson-americans-should-go-back-to-work-death-is-an-cG1Rs0X86kK4KNPYbD1GKg\">Ron Johnson: Americans Should Go Back To Work, Because &quot;Death Is An Unavoidable Part Of Life,&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18264,
            "slug": "are-nc-hospital-beds-typically-85-full",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "jeff-jackson",
                "full_name": "Jeff Jackson",
                "first_name": "Jeff",
                "last_name": "Jackson"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says North Carolina \"hospital beds are typically 85% full across the state.”",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-01T13:42:48-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Hospitals are preparing for an influx of patients as the novel coronavirus spreads across the U.S.</p>\n\n<p>With that in mind, North Carolina state Sen. Jeff Jackson has tried to keep his constituents informed by posting on social media.</p>\n\n<p>Jackson, a Mecklenburg County Democrat, regularly tweets stats about the pandemic. And on March 19, he urged people to reschedule elective procedures to free up space for coronavirus patients.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Hospitals are starting to cancel elective surgeries and doing their best to empty hospital beds to prepare for a surge. Our hospital beds are typically 85% full across the state. If we don&#39;t significantly reduce that number within the next week, that&#39;s a major problem,&quot; Jackson <a href=\"https://twitter.com/JeffJacksonNC/status/1240687991581859841\">tweeted</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Is it true that, under normal circumstances, hospitals operate at 85% capacity?</p>\n\n<p>We couldn&rsquo;t find a supporting number. But we did learn that it&rsquo;s normal for NC hospitals to treat patients while their facilities are close to being full.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Accustomed to high capacity</div>\n\n<p>We reached out to Jackson about his tweet. He said he heard the figure from officials with North Carolina&rsquo;s Department of Health and Human Services. So we reached out to them.</p>\n\n<p>DHHS spokeswoman SarahLewis Peel responded by email, but didn&rsquo;t give an exact number.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;On any given day, our hospitals &mdash; by design &mdash; operate at 90 to 100% capacity. That&rsquo;s why we have sought waivers to allow critical access hospitals to operate above their licensed capacity,&quot; Peel wrote.</p>\n\n<p>DHHS later clarified that those numbers are usually during flu season and that evidence is anecdotal. It&rsquo;s from speaking with hospital managers and suppliers.</p>\n\n<p>David Weber, the associate chief medical officer at UNC Health, told <a href=\"https://www.northcarolinahealthnews.org/2020/03/26/covid-19-icu-beds/\">NC Health News</a> something similar. He said that, with the closure and downsizing of many rural hospitals, there are fewer beds overall across the state.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The U.S., compared to years ago, has less open beds and on a normal busy week, you know, most of our hospitals, including UNC, would be running between 90 and 100% occupancy,&quot; he said.</p>\n\n<p>However, we need hard numbers -- not anecdotes -- to get the most accurate picture.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Other estimates</div>\n\n<p>So, what stats are available? The North Carolina Health Association had a lower estimate, but its latest figures are from 2018.</p>\n\n<p>Cynthia Charles, the association&rsquo;s vice president for communications, pointed to statistics from the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2017/089.pdf\">U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a>. In 2015, the average US hospital occupancy rate was 65.5 percent.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;For North Carolina, (the) average hospital occupancy rate is 61% for 2018,&quot; she said.</p>\n\n<p>Other estimates PolitiFact found put the average occupancy rate in the 60-to-75 percent range.</p>\n\n<p>Charles noted that people may get different estimates depending on how they account for beds, among other things.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;There could be a difference in how they&rsquo;re defining capacity, for example whether they are looking at licensed vs. staffed beds, or whether they are considering &lsquo;current state&rsquo; staffing as capacity,&quot; she said.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Bigger hospitals, fuller spaces</div>\n\n<p>Mark Holmes, director of UNC&rsquo;s Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, agreed with Charles. Holmes said there are different ways to count beds and averages. Staffing levels could also come into play, he said.</p>\n\n<p>Holmes and his colleagues recently analyzed cost reports filed to Medicare in 2018. Those numbers suggested a 58% occupancy average, he said. It&rsquo;s likely that some small, rural hospitals bring down the statewide average.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Some of our smaller hospitals are at less than 20%,&quot; he said. &quot;But larger ones &mdash; like Duke and UNC&mdash; are indeed at 85% on average throughout the year.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Sheps Center recently published a <a href=\"https://www.shepscenter.unc.edu/programs-projects/rural-health/projects/north-carolina-rural-health-research-and-policy-analysis-center/publications/\">study </a>of NC hospital occupancy rates.</p>\n\n<p>Important final point: hospital capacity should not be viewed as the sole indicator of whether it can continue treating patients, Holmes said.</p>\n\n<p>Hospitals need four things to properly treat patients, he said:</p>\n\n<ol>\n\t<li>square feet&nbsp;</li>\n\t<li>a license from the government</li>\n\t<li>equipment (including beds), and&nbsp;</li>\n\t<li>qualified staff.&nbsp;&nbsp;</li>\n</ol>\n\n<p>Hospitals may face limits in terms of square footage, Holmes said. But some government agencies are relaxing those regulations and hospitals are creating space where they can, such as dormitories.</p>\n\n<p>Indeed, Weber said UNC Health is shifting its units around and even using tents outside to triage and treat people with ailments that aren&rsquo;t as serious as COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;So the square feet and licenses are less important than, in general, the attention they often receive,&quot; Holmes said in an email. &quot;Most people who study this issue think the biggest limitations to capacity are equipment&mdash; e.g. ventilators &mdash; and qualified staff, especially as the epidemic infects staff and their family members.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Jackson said North Carolina&rsquo;s hospital beds &quot;are typically 85% full across the state.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The way he worded his tweet makes it seems like all hospitals are usually at 85% capacity. That&rsquo;s not right. It depends on the hospital and it depends on the season.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But he has a point that many of North Carolina&rsquo;s hospitals routinely treat patients while their facilities are close to maximum capacity. So we rate his claim Half True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/JeffJacksonNC/status/1240687991581859841\">Tweet</a> by NC Sen. Jeff Jackson (D-Mecklenburg County)</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with SarahLewis Peel, spokeswoman for North Carolina&rsquo;s Department of Health and Human Services.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with Mark Holmes, director of UNC&rsquo;s Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research.</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with Cynthia Charles, vice president for communications for the North Carolina Health Association.</p>\n\n<p>Telephone interview with Tracy Zimmerman, external affairs for North Carolina DHHS secretary Mandy Cohen.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Story by the News &amp; Observer, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.newsobserver.com/news/coronavirus/article241301046.html\">Not enough hospital beds in North Carolina for coronavirus patients, report says</a>,&quot; posted March 18, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Story by North Carolina Health News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.northcarolinahealthnews.org/2020/03/26/covid-19-icu-beds/\">Will North Carolina have enough hospital beds to handle the surge of coronavirus patients? The answer remains unclear</a>,&quot; posted March 26, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Study by the UNC Cecil Sheps Center for Health Services Research, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.shepscenter.unc.edu/programs-projects/rural-health/projects/north-carolina-rural-health-research-and-policy-analysis-center/publications/\">Occupancy Rates in Rural and Urban Hospitals: Value and Limitations in Use as a Measure of Surge Capacity</a>,&quot; published in March 2020.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://schs.dph.ncdhhs.gov/data/pocketguide/2013/table6_0715.pdf\">Pocket guide</a> showing North Carolina hospital occupancy rates in 2011.</p>\n\n<p>Findings by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2017/089.pdf\">Hospitals, beds, and occupancy rates, by type of ownership and size of hospital: United States,</a>&nbsp;<a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2017/089.pdf\">selected years 1975&ndash;2015</a>.&quot;</p>"
        }
    ]
}