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        {
            "id": 19040,
            "slug": "heroes-act-includes-more-election-funding-does-not",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
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            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says \"Pelosi blackmails Congress! She demands mail-in voting or no 2nd stimulus for you and your family.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T15:37:36-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is trying to &quot;blackmail&quot; Congress, according to a&nbsp;<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/carolyn.rome.12/posts/3842983242384411\">post</a> on Facebook with heavy use of all-caps:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;PELOSI BLACKMAILS CONGRESS! She DEMANDS MAIL IN VOTING or NO 2nd STIMULUS for you and your family.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook.</a>)</p>\n\n<p>This claim is inaccurate for a lot of reasons, but first some background.</p>\n\n<p>Under a stimulus package <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/27/us/politics/coronavirus-house-voting.html\">signed into law in March</a>, millions of out-of-work Americans were receiving an additional $600 per week to help them better manage the financial blow dealt by the coronavirus pandemic. Those checks <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/zackfriedman/2020/07/24/unemployment-benefits-end-tomorrow/#28a568a49d61\">expired</a> at the end of July, and Washington lawmakers are embroiled in negotiations over what should be included in a new stimulus package.</p>\n\n<p>The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act, also known as the HEROES Act, passed the Democrat-led House of Representatives <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/shaharziv/2020/05/16/heroes-act-passes-house-omits-2000-recurring-stimulus-checks-and-other-notable-items/#4f418ee21120\">more than two months ago</a>. The Health, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection, and Schools Act, also called the <a href=\"https://www.rpc.senate.gov/policy-papers/update-on-the-coronavirus-response-heals-act\">HEALS Act</a>, was introduced by Senate Republicans at the end of July but hasn&rsquo;t passed the Senate yet.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>There is a $2 trillion <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/30/how-the-heals-act-compares-to-the-heroes-act.html\">price difference</a> between the two bills, but both offer the extension of stimulus checks from the CARES Act, with the HEROES Act upping the payment amount for dependents and extending the checks to immigrants with taxpayer identification numbers.</p>\n\n<p>Now, back to the claim that Pelosi&nbsp; &quot;demands&quot; mail-in voting and is &quot;blackmailing&quot; Congress.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Pelosi said in <a href=\"https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/congress/pelosi-says-democrats-will-push-vote-mail-next-coronavirus-relief-n1193276\">April</a> that the House&rsquo;s second stimulus package would &quot;be supporting vote by mail in a very important way.&quot; The <a href=\"https://docs.house.gov/billsthisweek/20200511/BILLS-116hr6800ih.pdf\">stimulus proposal</a> passed by the House doesn&rsquo;t include any legislation specific to mail-in voting, but it does fund elections generally. The bill includes up to $3.6 billion in funding for the &quot;planning, preparation, and resilience of elections,&quot; that would be distributed to states.</p>\n\n<p>So far, <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/07/politics/massachusetts-vote-by-mail-charlie-baker/index.html\">state</a> <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/md-politics/hogan-defends-use-of-all-polling-sites-requiring-applications-for-mail-in-ballots/2020/07/20/09f0cdc6-cab0-11ea-91f1-28aca4d833a0_story.html\">governors</a> are the ones <a href=\"https://www.axios.com/nevada-gov-mail-in-voting-bill-trump-sue-threat-e0b6987a-c993-4730-ada3-fb95e85b95cb.html\">deciding</a> how to conduct voting and if they will only have mail-in voting in November.</p>\n\n<p>Congress <a href=\"https://www.eac.gov/payments-and-grants/2020-cares-act-grants\">already allocated</a> $400 million in election funding for states in the CARES Act, and there is <a href=\"https://thehill.com/policy/cybersecurity/508593-bipartisan-support-grows-for-inclusion-of-election-funding-in-senate\">bipartisan support</a> for more funding for states considering mail-in or early voting. The Republican-backed Senate bill does not include any extra funding for election safety during COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=blackmail&amp;f=treesort&amp;fq=true&amp;num=5&amp;hl=true&amp;edition=prelim&amp;granuleId=USC-prelim-title18-section873\">Federal law</a> describes blackmail as a criminal offense punishable by fine, up to a year in prison or both. It <a href=\"https://www.natlawreview.com/article/federal-blackmail-extortion-statutes-nefarious-negotiations\">amounts to</a> someone demanding money or something of value from another &quot;under threat of informing or consideration for not informing against a violation of any law of the United States.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Pelosi has <a href=\"https://thehill.com/homenews/house/499033-pelosi-dems-press-case-for-mail-in-voting-amid-trump-attacks\">shown support</a> for mail-in voting. But there is no evidence or credible suggestion she has blackmailed anyone.</p>\n\n<p>Frances Hill, law professor at the University of Miami, describes Pelosi&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/04/politics/pelosi-stimulus-negotiation/index.html\">negotiations</a> with Republicans as &quot;playing hardball,&quot; which is &quot;routinely played by House Speakers&quot; and not considered &quot;blackmail.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Voting is the foundation of our democracy and Congress has a duty to ensure that appropriate funding is available,&quot; she said.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>A Facebook post claimed that Pelosi is &quot;blackmailing&quot; Congress by not allowing a second stimulus bill to pass unless everyone votes by mail.</p>\n\n<p>Not only are state governors the only ones deciding how each state will vote, but the HEROES Act Pelosi is negotiating includes state funding for safe voting without any reference to mail-in voting.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/carolyn.rome.12/posts/3842983242384411\">post</a>, August 4, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Forbes, <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/shaharziv/2020/05/16/heroes-act-passes-house-omits-2000-recurring-stimulus-checks-and-other-notable-items/#52ef68f21120\">HEROES Act Passes House; Omits $2,000 Recurring Stimulus Checks And Other Notable Items</a>, May 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Senate RPC, <a href=\"https://www.rpc.senate.gov/policy-papers/update-on-the-coronavirus-response-heals-act\">Update on the Coronavirus Response: HEALS Act</a>, July 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/30/how-the-heals-act-compares-to-the-heroes-act.html\">How the HEALS Act compares to the HEROES Act</a>, July 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNN, <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/07/politics/massachusetts-vote-by-mail-charlie-baker/index.html\">Massachusetts governor signs bill allowing all voters to vote by mail</a>, July 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/md-politics/hogan-defends-use-of-all-polling-sites-requiring-applications-for-mail-in-ballots/2020/07/20/09f0cdc6-cab0-11ea-91f1-28aca4d833a0_story.html\">Maryland&#39;s Hogan defends Election Day plan against push for all mail-in voting</a>, July 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>AXIOS, <a href=\"https://www.axios.com/nevada-gov-mail-in-voting-bill-trump-sue-threat-e0b6987a-c993-4730-ada3-fb95e85b95cb.html\">Nevada governor signs bill on universal mail-in voting after Trump threatens lawsuit</a>, August 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>House of Representatives, <a href=\"https://docs.house.gov/billsthisweek/20200511/BILLS-116hr6800ih.pdf\">HEROES Act</a>, May 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Election Assistance Commission, <a href=\"https://www.eac.gov/payments-and-grants/2020-cares-act-grants\">2020 CARES Act Grants</a>, accessed on August 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Hill, <a href=\"https://thehill.com/policy/cybersecurity/508593-bipartisan-support-grows-for-inclusion-of-election-funding-in-senate\">Bipartisan support grows for inclusion of election funding in Senate stimulus package</a>, July 22, 2020&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>CNN, <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/04/politics/pelosi-stimulus-negotiation/index.html\">Pelosi on the coronavirus stimulus price tag she&#39;s willing to settle for: &#39;$3.4 trillion&#39;</a>, August 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Frances R. Hill, law professor at University of Miami School of Law, August 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Code, <a href=\"https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=blackmail&amp;f=treesort&amp;fq=true&amp;num=5&amp;hl=true&amp;edition=prelim&amp;granuleId=USC-prelim-title18-section873\">18 USC 873: Blackmail</a>, accessed on August 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The National Law Review, <a href=\"https://www.natlawreview.com/article/federal-blackmail-extortion-statutes-nefarious-negotiations\">Federal Blackmail Extortion Statutes and The Travel Act Defined</a>, May 11, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Hill, <a href=\"https://thehill.com/homenews/house/499033-pelosi-dems-press-case-for-mail-in-voting-amid-trump-attacks\">Pelosi, Democrats press case for mail-in voting amid Trump attacks</a>, May 21, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19041,
            "slug": "no-us-hasnt-achieved-herd-immunity-covid-19",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Herd immunity has been reached.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T15:27:10-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Sharing a graph of COVID-19 testing trends in the United States, a <a href=\"http://archive.is/bIyR4#\">recent Facebook post</a> claims that &quot;HERD IMMUNITY HAS BEEN REACHED.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;In fact,&quot; the post says, &quot;it was probably reached in May.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post points to two &quot;bumps&quot; in the data. The first bump, it says, reflects when at-risk patients were tested for COVID-19 in hospitals. The second bump reflects when testing became more available to more people, according to the post.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We&rsquo;re looking at the downward trend of that second bump,&quot; the post says. &quot;Ask any biostatistician what it means when you test hundreds of thousands of people a day for an infectious disease and return a consistently lowering positivity rate. I&rsquo;ll give you a clue: it means heard immunity has been reached and the virus is dying out.&quot; (The misspelling of &quot;herd&quot; is in the original post.)</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We&rsquo;ll cut to the chase before drilling down into the details: No, we have not reached herd immunity, a subject we&rsquo;ve <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jun/03/how-helpful-can-herd-immunity-be-ending-coronaviru/\">written about before</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Scientists generally say herd immunity could play a role in curbing the spread of the coronavirus before a vaccine becomes available. The idea is that once a disease infects enough people in a community, if the infection confers immunity, then there are fewer people left who can still transmit the disease, so the spread slows. For the coronavirus, scientists estimate herd immunity will probably be reached when 60% to 70% of the population has been infected.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The graph featured in the Facebook post shows daily changes in COVID-19 tests performed in the United States and test positivity rates over the months. It&rsquo;s available <a href=\"https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/testing/individual-states\">on Johns Hopkins University&rsquo;s website</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But Jennifer Nuzzo, an epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins, said it &quot;cannot in any way be used to assess whether or not we&rsquo;ve achieved herd immunity.&quot; The Facebook post, she said, is a &quot;completely inappropriate interpretation of what it&rsquo;s showing.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rather, she said, test positivity is a measure specialists use to gauge whether a community is conducting enough testing. Because the rate of people testing positive for COVID-19 can change depending on the number of tests administered, it doesn&rsquo;t necessarily reflect how many people are becoming infected. Low positivity rates, for example, could result from simply testing a large number of uninfected people, she said. Plus, asymptomatic people who are infected and possibly spreading the disease may never get tested.</p>\n\n<p>Scientists use serological surveys of a representative sample of the population to estimate what fraction of a community has likely been infected with COVID-19, Nuzzo said. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has done this, and according to its most recent findings, &quot;no one is near herd immunity, even in the hardest-hit places in the United States.&quot;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Other countries, including places like Sweden that have not implemented the same level of shutdowns like the United States &mdash; their surveys say the same thing: that the vast majority of us remain susceptible to this virus,&quot; she said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We contacted several other specialists for help parsing the claims in the Facebook post. We even asked a biostatistician, as the post suggested.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This post is not accurate,&quot; said Natalie Dean, a biostatistics professor at the University of Florida.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Because test positivity is low in some areas, like New York, and high in others, like Florida, it&rsquo;s &quot;not particularly meaningful to look at the entire United States as one unit,&quot; she said. &quot;While numbers in some of the hotspot states appear to be stabilizing, it is hard to know for sure, because testing capacity is strained and there are significant backlogs.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That makes daily positivity numbers less reliable. Still, she said, decreasing 911 calls for respiratory distress in some cities and indicate that the spread of COVID-19 is slowing down. That&rsquo;s likely due to policy and behavioral changes in different communities.</p>\n\n<p>But broadly in the United States, COVID-19 is &quot;spreading like wildfire,&quot; said Andrew Noymer, a population health and disease prevention professor at the University of California-Irvine.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>When testing increases, the percentage of positive tests can decrease simply because more people are being tested, he said. &quot;So percent positive testing going down doesn&rsquo;t mean anything.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post, he said, &quot;is just a bunch of mumbo jumbo.&quot;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Jaquelin Dudley, a professor of molecular biosciences at the University of Texas at Austin, said it&rsquo;s possible there are areas where herd immunity has been established, &quot;but there are still many unknowns, including lack of testing for asymptomatic individuals or missing the right point during infection for testing.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>At this point, though, we can&rsquo;t accurately predict a timeline for when there will be herd immunity throughout the United States, she said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this Facebook post False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/bIyR4#\">post</a>, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Johns Hopkins University, <a href=\"https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/testing/individual-states\">Daily state-by-state testing trends</a>, visited Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Interview with Andrew Noymer, associate professor, population health and disease prevention, University of California Irvine, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Jaquelin Dudley, professor of molecular biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Natalie Dean, professor of biostatistics, University of Florida, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Interview with Jennifer Nuzzo, epidemiologist, Johns Hopkins University, Aug. 7, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19039,
            "slug": "no-proof-black-lives-matter-killed-36-people-injur",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "black-lives-matter",
                    "full_name": "Black Lives Matter",
                    "first_name": "",
                    "last_name": "Black Lives Matter"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Black Lives Matter \"injures 1000 police officers kills 36 people and does $8 billion in damage.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T15:17:40-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Some Facebook commenters focused on professional sports leagues&rsquo; support of Black Lives Matter when they read this Facebook post:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;BLM injures 1000 police officers kills 36 people and does $8 billion in damage and gets celebrated by pro sports?&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We focused on the rest, and found that the biggest problem with the post, leaving aside the numbers claimed, is the lack of proof that Black Lives Matter caused the violence that is claimed.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1186350841727967&amp;id=100010591876730\">post</a> was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The numbers claimed</div>\n\n<p>The latest flareup of <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/03/us/george-floyd-protests-crowd-size.html\">protests</a> against police brutality began May 26 in Minneapolis, where the previous day, George Floyd, a Black man, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/may/29/death-george-floyd-what-you-need-know/\">died</a> after a white police officer kneeled on his neck. As we <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jun/10/how-george-floyd-protests-evolved-5-major-cities/\">reported</a> two weeks after the protests began, a review of demonstrations in five major cities found that all of the protests started with violence, but then became largely peaceful.</p>\n\n<p>As for the numbers claimed in the post, the U.S. Justice Department told us it does not have figures on officer injuries or property damage resulting from civil disturbances, and the FBI said it had no comment. There are scattered news reports that don&rsquo;t entirely back up each part of the claim, and we found no official figures.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Officers injured:</strong> The New York Post <a href=\"https://nypost.com/2020/06/08/more-than-700-officers-injured-in-george-floyd-protests-across-us/\">reported</a> on June 8, citing the U.S. Justice Department, that more than 700 law enforcement officers were injured on the job during nationwide protests over Floyd&rsquo;s death.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>People killed:</strong> In early June, <a href=\"https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/ny-13-dead-protests-20200603-xrc3akhpn5bbvehumr7v2z2com-story.html\">news</a> <a href=\"https://apnews.com/864cb5c14ba08b4411a16577042d0773\">accounts</a> <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2020/06/08/14-days-of-protests-19-dead/#74fe4acc4de4\">reported</a> <a href=\"https://www.foxnews.com/us/deadly-unrest-people-have-died-amid-george-floyd-protests-across-us\">the</a> number of people killed during the Floyd protests at roughly a <a href=\"https://apnews.com/864cb5c14ba08b4411a16577042d0773\">dozen</a>, or as many as 19. The victims include a 77-year-old man who was a retired St. Louis police <a href=\"https://apnews.com/fc2d17b3e2f50380bf2521f5e0257fe1\">captain</a> and a 22-year-old <a href=\"https://apnews.com/18e8ec5a9b8e7175a128254d55df41e3\">woman</a> from Davenport, Iowa.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Damage caused: </strong>In late June, Fox News <a href=\"https://www.foxnews.com/politics/george-floyd-protests-expensive-civil-disturbance-us-history\">reported</a> that according to insurance experts and city officials, the Floyd protests could eclipse the 1992 Los Angeles riots to become the most expensive civil disturbance in U.S. history. The 1992 <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/2017/04/26/524744989/when-la-erupted-in-anger-a-look-back-at-the-rodney-king-riots\">riots</a>, which followed the acquittal of four police officers in the beating of Rodney King, cost $1.4 billion in 2020 dollars, according to the report, which did not give a specific damage estimate for the Floyd protests. A spokeswoman for the Insurance Information Institute <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NMY7-MF_qjM\">told</a> Scripps National News that &quot;most likely&quot; the Floyd protest &quot;would lead to higher losses,&quot; but did not provide an estimate either.</p>\n\n<p>Black Lives Matter didn&rsquo;t respond to our requests for comment.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Difficult to flatly blame BLM</div>\n\n<p>There is a Black Lives Matter national organization, which says it has more than a dozen U.S. chapters, along with countless numbers of individuals who support the organization.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>As the New York Times <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/03/us/george-floyd-protests-crowd-size.html\">reported</a> July 3, four recent polls &quot;suggest that about 15 million to 26 million people in the United States have participated in demonstrations over the death of George Floyd and others in recent weeks. These figures would make the recent protests the largest movement in the country&rsquo;s history, according to interviews with scholars and crowd-counting experts.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>There are also people who have participated in demonstrations, which have occurred in <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/in-depth/graphics/2020/06/03/map-protests-wake-george-floyds-death/5310149002/\">hundreds</a> of cities, who may have no allegiance to Black Lives Matter, or may even oppose it, and have rioted or committed other acts of violence &mdash; making it even more difficult to determine how a violent incident occurred.</p>\n\n<p>What&rsquo;s more, news coverage of the protests have also included <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/05/us/police-violence-george-floyd.html\">numerous reports</a> that identify law enforcement officers as causing injury to civilians.</p>\n\n<p>In short, there isn&rsquo;t evidence to back the numbers in the claim or to blame Black Lives Matter for each part of the claim.</p>\n\n<p>Our rating is False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1186350841727967&amp;id=100010591876730\">post</a> (archived <a href=\"http://archive.is/gJ9VU\">here</a>), July 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Justice Department spokeswoman Lauren Lambert, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/10/facebook-posts/post-inflates-number-police-killed-connection-prot/\">&quot;Post inflates number of police killed in connection to protests,&quot;</a> June 10, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/03/us/george-floyd-protests-crowd-size.html\">&quot;Black Lives Matter May Be the Largest Movement in U.S. History,&quot;</a> July 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New York Post, <a href=\"https://nypost.com/2020/06/08/more-than-700-officers-injured-in-george-floyd-protests-across-us/\">&quot;More than 700 officers injured in George Floyd protests across US,&quot;</a> June 8, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Associated Press, <a href=\"https://apnews.com/864cb5c14ba08b4411a16577042d0773\">&quot;Retired officer, ex-college athlete among victims of unrest,&quot;</a> June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Forbes, <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2020/06/08/14-days-of-protests-19-dead/#74fe4acc4de4\">&quot;14 Days Of Protests, 19 Dead,&quot;</a> June 8, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Fox News, <a href=\"https://www.foxnews.com/us/deadly-unrest-people-have-died-amid-george-floyd-protests-across-us\">&quot;Deadly unrest: Here are the people who have died amid George Floyd protests across US,&quot;</a> June 8, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Fox News, <a href=\"https://www.foxnews.com/politics/george-floyd-protests-expensive-civil-disturbance-us-history\">&quot;George Floyd protests could be most expensive civil disturbance in US history, experts say,&quot;</a> June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA Today, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/06/18/fact-check-more-black-people-killed-police-than-floyd-protests/5323116002/\">&quot;Fact check: More Black people died in 2019 police shootings than in George Floyd protests,&quot;</a> June 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>YouTube, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NMY7-MF_qjM\">Scripps National News story</a>, June 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Manali Basu, public affairs specialist, FBI, Aug. 5, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19038,
            "slug": "fake-video-shows-missile-attack-beirut-explosion",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Video shows missile attack in Beirut explosion.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T13:42:01-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A video of Beirut&rsquo;s harbor moments before the huge blast that leveled the area purports to show a missile strike. At about the four-second mark, a long, white object flashes in from the upper left corner. A massive explosion follows.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/nick.rozek.3/videos/pcb.1437879806420819/1437878766420923/?type=3&amp;theater&amp;id=283050229653569\">video</a> has been shared thousands of times on Facebook and Twitter. (Many instances of the video have been removed from both platforms.)</p>\n\n<p>Don&rsquo;t be fooled.</p>\n\n<p>Digital forensics professor Hany Farid at the University of California-Berkeley said &quot;it is clearly and obviously a fake.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you watch the video frame by frame, you will notice a few things that clearly illustrate it to be a crude fake,&quot; Farid said.</p>\n\n<p>The missile disappears before the explosion, Farid said, and there is no motion blur on the missile, which, he said, you would see given the speed a missile travels. And, Farid continued, the missile looks identical in each frame.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This is a tell-tale sign of a crude copy-paste manipulation in which the missile was pasted into each successive frame,&quot; Farid said.</p>\n\n<p>In freeze-frame, the missile also is bent in the middle.</p>\n\n<p><img src=\"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/bYyYDIPP65vydYiOcf0Wu_wOUupfIvJbYbhhAxvbvje0l0AfGkWRrFjxU-FgP2lZbzYP0uaihvO0bWM9Izz9LzW_qVWExK1zxidKj25Ea8fgEgSGMjuc1OToAQRnKeq5qnJzRs9N\"></p>\n\n<p><em>Image from fake video. (Screenshot)</em></p>\n\n<p>Jeffrey Lewis, a missile expert at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, <a href=\"https://apnews.com/afs:Content:9190615875?fbclid=IwAR3IMZeCvjy88rN-zNBY729BZ3RKqhmIRrnfmTCUh6P9WQhP7tDcL-WH6GY\">told the AP</a>, &quot;it&rsquo;s basically a cartoon missile that doesn&rsquo;t look anything like a real missile striking a target.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>There is at least <a href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-factcheck-missile/fact-check-beirut-explosion-video-has-been-doctored-to-include-fake-missile-idUSKCN252287\">one other manipulated video</a> that claims to show a missile strike causing the blast.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-53668493\">latest reports</a> out of Beirut say the cause was a fire that ignited 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, a fertilizer with great explosive potential, that had been stored in a warehouse since 2014. Ammonium nitrate is the chemical used in the 1995 <a href=\"https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=OK026\">Oklahoma City bombing</a> that killed 168 people at a federal building.</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence that a missile triggered the blast. This is False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://www.facebook.com/nick.rozek.3/videos/pcb.1437879806420819/1437878766420923/?type=3&amp;theater&amp;id=283050229653569\">post</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>AP, <a href=\"https://apnews.com/afs:Content:9190615875?fbclid=IwAR3IMZeCvjy88rN-zNBY729BZ3RKqhmIRrnfmTCUh6P9WQhP7tDcL-WH6GY\">Video showing &lsquo;missile&rsquo; in Beirut blast was manipulated</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Reuters, <a href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-factcheck-missile/fact-check-beirut-explosion-video-has-been-doctored-to-include-fake-missile-idUSKCN252287\">Fact check: Beirut explosion video has been doctored to include fake missile</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>BBC, <a href=\"https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-53668493\">Beirut explosion: What we know so far</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Oklahoma Historical Society, <a href=\"https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=OK026\">Oklahoma City bombing</a>, accessed Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange, Hany Farid, professor, UC Berkeley School of Information, Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19037,
            "slug": "photos-show-recent-incidents-around-world-theres-m",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Photos show six fires around the world “in the last 24 hours.”",
            "ruling_slug": "mostly-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T13:38:25-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>An explosion at a warehouse at the port of Beirut on Aug. 4 killed more than 100 people and injured thousands. Lebanese authorities have said the blast was caused by ammonium nitrate, a chemical commonly used in fertilizer, that was being stored at the warehouse. But the explosion has inspired a slew of conspiracy theories about its cause on social media, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/05/blog-posting/no-evidence-israel-hit-beirut-nuclear-missile/\">several</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/05/blog-posting/running-internet-prank-ties-us-comedian-beirut-bla/\">of</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/06/facebook-posts/qanon-conspiracy-theorists-seek-link-beirut-blast-/\">which</a> we&rsquo;ve debunked.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://archive.is/yRto0\">One such Facebook post</a> seems incredible, showing six photos of fire and smoke plumes that are described as happening in six different locations around the world: Beirut; Hyesan, North Korea; Wuhan, China; United Arab Emirates; Najaf, Iraq; and St. Paul, Minn.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;All of this happened in the last 24 hours if u aren&rsquo;t paying attention, on account posted on Aug. 5.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/uk-world-news/beirut-rocked-massive-explosion-hundreds-22468864\">photo</a> of the Beirut blast that appears in the Facebook post has been used in coverage about the explosion.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The photo the post says is from Hyesan, North Korea, appeared with <a href=\"https://news.yahoo.co.jp/byline/kohyoungki/20200805-00191655/\">an Aug. 5 story</a> on Yahoo Japan&rsquo;s website that was written by a reporter for Daily NK, a South Korean news service. The story appears in Japanese, but <a href=\"https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2020/08/05/Deadly-North-Korea-gas-explosion-reported-near-China-border/7871596631069/\">UPI</a>, which cites Daily DK among other South Korean news sources, reported that a gas explosion occurred on Aug. 3 in Hyesan, a North Korean city along the China border.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The photo the post says is from Wuhan, China, is actually from the nearby city of Xiantao, <a href=\"https://www.yahoo.com/entertainment/chemical-factory-explodes-central-china-160000858.html\">where there was an explosion at a chemical factory on Aug. 3</a>. The Xiantao Party Committee Propaganda Department said on social media that the blast happened in a workshop used to store butanone oxime, <a href=\"https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8591513/Six-people-killed-Chinese-chemical-factory-near-Wuhan-exploded.html\">according to the Daily Mail</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The photo the post says is from the United Arab Emirates shows the scene of a large fire <a href=\"https://www.thenational.ae/uae/huge-fire-breaks-out-in-ajman-1.1059522\">that broke out in the city of Ajman there</a> on Aug. 5. National UAE reported that the fire is believed to have started in a market that had been shuttered for several months due to the coronavirus. The cause is still unknown.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The photo the post says is from Najaf, Iraq, appears to actually show a still of <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IvZ4v8zX8iw\">a video of the Ajman fire</a> in the UAE. A video <a href=\"https://en.mehrnews.com/news/161944/VIDEO-Blaze-in-Food-warehouse-in-Najaf\">posted on the website of the Mehr News Agency</a> appears to show a different fire the Iranian news service describes as &quot;a massive fire in more than 20 warehouses of wholesale markets in Najaf, Iraq, on Aug. 5. The <a href=\"https://en.shafaqna.com/159413/fire-in-food-and-electrical-storages-in-najaf-photos/\">Shia News Association</a> reported that the fire started in a food and electrical warehouse.</p>\n\n<p>The photo the post says is from St. Paul <a href=\"https://kstp.com/news/large-downtown-st-paul-fire-august-4-2020/5815937/\">shows a large fire</a> at a housing and hotel development downtown on Aug. 4. The cause is under investigation, the local ABC affiliate reported.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>This Facebook post shows images alongside a photo of the Beirut explosion that are described as occurring in other places around the world within the same 24 hours. For the most part, the post accurately describes the locations of the images, though the photo identified as Najaf appears to show the United Arab Emirates instead.</p>\n\n<p>These events were not all explosions, like the Beirut blast, and other than timing, there are no known connections. Some were fires and others have not been confirmed by officials in the countries where they were reported, as USA Today <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/08/06/fact-check-meme-showing-6-global-blasts-day-not-entirely-true/3307611001/?fbclid=IwAR0DnTP6dq1zVyiaKrlacZz7UjOIbTvdIhwLiBmCpwLBwzoMhiI9NLtBb4g\">details in its fact-check of a similar post</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>These incidents also did not all occur within 24 hours, as the post claims. But they did happen within a few days of each other.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this post Mostly True.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/yRto0\">post</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/05/blog-posting/no-evidence-israel-hit-beirut-nuclear-missile/\">No evidence Israel hit Beirut with a nuclear missile</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/05/blog-posting/running-internet-prank-ties-us-comedian-beirut-bla/\">Running internet prank ties US comedian to Beirut blast</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/06/facebook-posts/qanon-conspiracy-theorists-seek-link-beirut-blast-/\">QAnon conspiracy theorists seek to link Beirut explosion to Rothschilds</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Daily Record, <a href=\"https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/uk-world-news/beirut-rocked-massive-explosion-hundreds-22468864\">Massive blast seen in Lebanon&rsquo;s capital Beirut</a>, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Yahoo! Japan, <a href=\"https://news.yahoo.co.jp/byline/kohyoungki/20200805-00191655/\">Continuous explosion in a North Korea city&hellip; 39 people injured and arrested captain</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>UPI, <a href=\"https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2020/08/05/Deadly-North-Korea-gas-explosion-reported-near-China-border/7871596631069/\">Deadly North Korean gas explosion reported near China border</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Yahoo, <a href=\"https://www.yahoo.com/entertainment/chemical-factory-explodes-central-china-160000858.html\">Chemical factory explodes in central China, killing six</a>, Aug. 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Daily Mail, <a href=\"https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8591513/Six-people-killed-Chinese-chemical-factory-near-Wuhan-exploded.html\">Huge explosion rips through a Chinese chemical factory near Wuhan, killing six people</a>, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>National UAE, <a href=\"https://www.thenational.ae/uae/huge-fire-breaks-out-in-ajman-1.1059522\">Huge fire breaks out in Ajman</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>YouTube, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IvZ4v8zX8iw\">UAE: Fire breaks out in Ajman market</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Mehr News Agency, <a href=\"https://en.mehrnews.com/news/161944/VIDEO-Blaze-in-Food-warehouse-in-Najaf\">Video: Blaze in food warehouse in Najaf</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Shia News Association, <a href=\"https://en.shafaqna.com/159413/fire-in-food-and-electrical-storages-in-najaf-photos/\">Fire in food and electrical storages in Najaf</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>KTSP, <a href=\"https://kstp.com/news/large-downtown-st-paul-fire-august-4-2020/5815937/\">Housing, hotel development damaged in large downtown St. Paul fire</a>, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA Today, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/08/06/fact-check-meme-showing-6-global-blasts-day-not-entirely-true/3307611001/?fbclid=IwAR0DnTP6dq1zVyiaKrlacZz7UjOIbTvdIhwLiBmCpwLBwzoMhiI9NLtBb4g\">Fact check: Claim of 6 explosions worldwide in the last 24 hours is not entirely true</a>, Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19036,
            "slug": "photo-shows-ellen-degeneres-and-her-niece-vacation",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "A photo showing Ellen DeGeneres with a girl is evidence of a child sex-trafficking conspiracy.",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T13:14:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Talk show host Ellen DeGeneres has become a frequent target of child sex-trafficking conspiracy theories. We&rsquo;ve previously <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/18/facebook-posts/bogus-conspiracy-about-obama-others-wearing-house-/\">debunked</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jul/15/how-wayfair-child-sex-trafficking-conspiracy-theor/\">claims</a> connecting her to such crimes, including one that she is on house arrest. Now an image of the celebrity comedian is being shared on social media with the suggestion that it supports these unfounded claims.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Ellen you are going down,&quot; reads the text above a photo of her hugging a child. One post sharing the image says: &quot;Now I know Ellen don&rsquo;t got kids. The boat looks nice tho. Epstein island I suppose.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>It uses the hashtag #PizzaGate, a reference to <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2016/dec/05/how-pizzagate-went-fake-news-real-problem-dc-busin/\">the false conspiracy theory</a> that a Washington D.C. pizzeria was the front for a child sex-trafficking ring.</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>DeGeneres&rsquo; wife, the actress Portia de Rossi, <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BAFnO5NCR50/\">posted the photo on Instagram</a> on Jan. 3, 2016, when they were on vacation in Saint Barthelemy, <a href=\"https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2016/01/harry-styles-kendall-jenner-new-years-yacht-ellen-degeneres\">celebrating New Year&rsquo;s Eve on DeGeneres&rsquo; yacht</a>. The caption says: &quot;Eva does Ed&rsquo;s hair #stbarths.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Ed is de Rossi&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.vogue.com/article/ellen-degeneres-design-trip-paris#:~:text=%E2%80%9CWe're%20both%20very%2C,with%20%E2%80%9Cpolished%20casual%E2%80%9D%20and%20%E2%80%9C\">nickname for DeGeneres</a>, who is wearing a pink bow in the picture. Eva is the couple&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/B1PcbmvBB-n/?hl=en\">niece</a>. In a 2015 episode of &quot;The Ellen DeGeneres Show,&quot; DeGeneres <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=10153297504572240\">played a clip</a> of Eva and their other niece Perry singing while riding in the car.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Other photos de Rossi posted from the trip show the couple <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BAFl513iR3K/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link\">smiling for a selfie</a> and DeGeneres <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BAFm6BHiR5E/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link\">riding on a watercraft with her mother</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>What these photos don&rsquo;t prove: that DeGeneres is connected to a baseless conspiracy theory about child sex-trafficking, or that she was on the island of the late financier and sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this post Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/OX26s\">post</a>, July 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/18/facebook-posts/bogus-conspiracy-about-obama-others-wearing-house-/\">Bogus conspiracy about Obama, others wearing house arrest monitors spreads online</a>, June 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jul/15/how-wayfair-child-sex-trafficking-conspiracy-theor/\">How the Wayfair child sex-trafficking conspiracy theory went viral</a>, July 15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2016/dec/05/how-pizzagate-went-fake-news-real-problem-dc-busin/\">How Pizzagate went from fake news to a real problem for a D.C. business</a>, Dec. 5, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Instagram <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BAFnO5NCR50/\">post</a>, Jan. 3, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Vanity Fair, <a href=\"https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2016/01/harry-styles-kendall-jenner-new-years-yacht-ellen-degeneres\">Harry Styles and Kendall Jenner spending New Year&rsquo;s on Ellen&rsquo;s yacht doesn&rsquo;t mean they&rsquo;re dating</a>, Jan. 5, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Vogue, <a href=\"https://www.vogue.com/article/ellen-degeneres-design-trip-paris#:~:text=%E2%80%9CWe're%20both%20very%2C,with%20%E2%80%9Cpolished%20casual%E2%80%9D%20and%20%E2%80%9C\">Ellen DeGeneres takes Paris: Inside the comedian and designer&rsquo;s whirlwind European vacation</a>, Oct. 21, 2014</p>\n\n<p>The Ellen DeGeneres Show, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=10153297504572240\">These are Portia and my nieces Eva and Perry! Clearly they are talented geniuses</a>, March 18, 2015</p>\n\n<p>Instagram <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BAFl513iR3K/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link\">post</a>, Jan. 3, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Instagram <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BAFm6BHiR5E/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link\">post</a>, Jan. 3, 2016</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19035,
            "slug": "pizzagate-conspiracy-theorists-spread-false-claims",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "hillary-clinton",
                    "full_name": "Hillary Clinton",
                    "first_name": "Hillary",
                    "last_name": "Clinton"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "The Beirut explosion was linked to “human trafficking by HRC.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T12:37:23-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A discredited 2016 conspiracy theory has resurfaced in the aftermath of an explosion in Beirut <a href=\"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/08/lebanon-orders-house-arrest-officials-beirut-blast-live-200805230752876.html\">that killed</a> at least 157 people.</p>\n\n<p>A post <a href=\"https://archive.vn/Yug9A\">published</a> Aug. 4 on Facebook includes a screenshot of footage from Al Jazeera. A rectangular object is circled in the background.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Evergreen Shipping Container,&quot; reads a caption on the image. &quot;Human Trafficking by HRC.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/Sei5q\">Similar</a> <a href=\"https://archive.vn/5D4SX\">posts</a> have been shared thousands of times in Facebook groups dedicated to the Pizzagate and QAnon conspiracy theories, according to CrowdTangle, a social media insights tool owned by Facebook. Both conspiracy theories make baseless claims about public figures&rsquo; connections to child sex trafficking rings.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from Facebook)</em></p>\n\n<p>The conspiracy theory promoted on Facebook after the Beirut explosion goes like this:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Hillary Clinton is allegedly part of a cabal that&rsquo;s involved in a global child sex trafficking operation. Clinton&rsquo;s Secret Service code name <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/07/28/here-are-the-2016-candidates-secret-service-code-names-and-your-own/\">was</a> &quot;evergreen.&quot; Evergreen is <a href=\"https://www.evergreen-marine.com/\">also the name</a> of a Taiwanese shipping company that&rsquo;s allegedly linked to sex trafficking. Photos from the scene of the Beirut explosion appear to show shipping containers. Therefore, someone bombed Beirut to cover up Clinton&rsquo;s tracks.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s the story. But it&rsquo;s baseless.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Let&rsquo;s start with the facts.</p>\n\n<p>A large explosion <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/05/blog-posting/no-evidence-israel-hit-beirut-nuclear-missile/\">occurred</a> Aug. 4 at the port of Beirut. Lebanese officials have attributed the tragedy to the detonation of more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate, a chemical commonly used in fertilizer, with the aid of fireworks. However, the developing investigation <a href=\"https://news.sky.com/story/beirut-explosion-lebanons-president-says-blast-may-have-been-caused-by-a-rocket-or-a-bomb-12044405\">hasn&rsquo;t ruled out</a> a &quot;rocket or bomb&quot; as a possible cause of the fire.</p>\n\n<p>In 2019, the port of Beirut <a href=\"https://www.bctc-lb.com/Terminal.aspx#Statistics\">moved</a> more than 1.2 million twenty-foot equivalent units of cargo. Satellite imagery from before and after the explosion <a href=\"https://www.nbcnews.com/news/mideast/satellite-imagery-shows-scale-destruction-after-explosion-beirut-port-n1235910\">shows</a> dozens of shipping containers along the waterfront. Put bluntly: Ports have shipping containers.</p>\n\n<p>Evergreen Marine Corp., a company based in Taipei, <a href=\"https://www.evergreen-marine.com/tuf1/jsp/TUF1_Html.jsp?page=TBN1_020716.htm\">works with</a> the Phoenician Maritime Agency to ship cargo to Beirut. We found no evidence that it&rsquo;s involved in a human trafficking operation. Clinton&rsquo;s Secret Service codename was &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/news/while-campaigning-in-montana-clinton-reveals-secret-service-codename/\">evergreen</a>,&quot; which she herself has said.</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s unclear if the image in the Facebook post depicts an Evergreen shipping container. And even if it did, none of those discrete facts would add up to what the post is claiming.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence that Clinton is involved in a sex trafficking ring. The false conspiracy theory <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2016/dec/05/how-pizzagate-went-fake-news-real-problem-dc-busin/\">has been circulating</a> since 2016.</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/06/facebook-posts/qanon-conspiracy-theorists-seek-link-beirut-blast-/\">QAnon conspiracy theorists seek to link Beirut explosion to Rothschilds</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>The Pizzagate conspiracy theory <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2016/dec/05/how-pizzagate-went-fake-news-real-problem-dc-busin/\">emerged</a> after WikiLeaks released emails from John Podesta, Clinton&rsquo;s campaign manager. Some fringe internet users noticed that Podesta had communicated with the owner of Comet Ping Pong pizzeria in Washington, D.C., to discuss a potential fundraiser, and they claimed that Podesta&rsquo;s use of the word &quot;pizza&quot; was a code word for pedophilia.</p>\n\n<p>The successor of Pizzagate is QAnon, a right-wing conspiracy theory that <a href=\"https://youtu.be/NuDmm39p4wk\">in part alleges</a> President Donald Trump and former special counsel Robert Mueller are working together to arrest child molesting elites. Groups dedicated to the conspiracy theory <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/06/facebook-posts/qanon-conspiracy-theorists-seek-link-beirut-blast-/\">often</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2019/aug/05/did-media-change-identity-el-paso-shooter-nope/\">float</a> unproven or bogus claims in the wake of major news events.</p>\n\n<p>While investigators are still trying to determine the cause of the Beirut explosion, there is no indication that it had anything to do with Clinton or a sex trafficking ring. We rate this post False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Al Jazeera, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/08/lebanon-orders-house-arrest-officials-beirut-blast-live-200805230752876.html\">LIVE: Protests as Lebanon detains 16 over Beirut explosion</a>,&quot; Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.crowdtangle.com/\">CrowdTangle</a>, accessed Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Evergreen Marine Corp., &quot;<a href=\"https://www.evergreen-marine.com/tuf1/jsp/TUF1_Html.jsp?page=TBN1_020716.htm\">Evergreen boosts East Mediterranean and Adriatic agency network</a>&quot;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/Yug9A\">Facebook post</a>, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/Sei5q\">Facebook post</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/5D4SX\">Facebook post</a>, Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NBC News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nbcnews.com/news/mideast/satellite-imagery-shows-scale-destruction-after-explosion-beirut-port-n1235910\">Satellite imagery shows scale of destruction after explosion at Beirut port</a>,&quot; Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2019/aug/05/did-media-change-identity-el-paso-shooter-nope/\">Did the media &lsquo;change the identity&rsquo; of the El Paso shooter?&rsquo; Nope</a>,&quot; Aug. 5, 2019</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2016/dec/05/how-pizzagate-went-fake-news-real-problem-dc-busin/\">How Pizzagate went from fake news to a real problem for a D.C. business</a>,&quot; Dec. 5, 2016</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/05/blog-posting/no-evidence-israel-hit-beirut-nuclear-missile/\">No evidence Israel hit Beirut with a nuclear missile</a>,&quot; Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/06/facebook-posts/qanon-conspiracy-theorists-seek-link-beirut-blast-/\">QAnon conspiracy theorists seek to link Beirut explosion to Rothschilds</a>,&quot; Aug. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Sky News, &quot;<a href=\"https://news.sky.com/story/beirut-explosion-lebanons-president-says-blast-may-have-been-caused-by-a-rocket-or-a-bomb-12044405\">Beirut explosion: Lebanon&#39;s president doesn&#39;t rule out &#39;rocket or bomb&#39; as possible cause</a>,&quot; Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.bctc-lb.com/Terminal.aspx#Statistics\">Statistics</a> from the Beirut Container Terminal Consortium, accessed Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/07/28/here-are-the-2016-candidates-secret-service-code-names-and-your-own/\">Here are the 2016 candidates&rsquo; Secret Service code names &mdash; and your own</a>,&quot; July 28, 2016</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://youtu.be/NuDmm39p4wk\">YouTube video</a> from BuzzFeed News, June 12, 2019</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19033,
            "slug": "gop-lawmaker-only-tells-part-story-claim-wisconsin",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "bryan-steil",
                "full_name": "Bryan Steil",
                "first_name": "Bryan",
                "last_name": "Steil"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“3.8% of Wisconsin’s coronavirus funding has been spent.”",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T12:16:43-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Wisconsin&rsquo;s congressional delegation is embroiled in a debate over whether to send more aid to state and local governments squeezed by the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives in May passed the so-called <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6800\">HEROES Act</a>, which would allocate nearly $1 trillion to state, local and tribal governments, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2020/07/15/covid-19-could-another-round-stimulus-checks-coming/5431596002/\">among other provisions</a>. However, Republican lawmakers and President Donald Trump balked at that plan. The Senate has not passed its own version of a new COVID-relief bill, but White House officials are negotiating with Democrats in hopes of reaching an agreement on various issues.</p>\n\n<p>In the midst of the debate, one Wisconsin Republican suggested Wisconsin may not need another round of federal funding.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;According to the Treasury Department, 3.8% of Wisconsin&rsquo;s coronavirus funding has been spent,&quot; <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepBryanSteil/status/1288893789734686720\">U.S. Rep. Bryan Steil tweeted on July 30, 2020</a>. &quot;The rest is unaccounted for. I&rsquo;ve asked Gov. (Tony) Evers to explain.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Steil, who represents the state&rsquo;s 1st Congressional District, hinged his argument on data from the U.S. Department of Treasury that points to the same figure.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But the Treasury&rsquo;s report is only part of the story.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Breaking down the numbers</div>\n\n<p>Wisconsin received about $2.26 billion through the CARES Act to help the state manage costs stemming from the pandemic. Around $260 million of that went to Dane County, Milwaukee County and the city of Milwaukee, which were eligible for direct payments because their populations are over 500,000.</p>\n\n<p>That left the state with roughly $2 billion. Evers can direct the spending. He does not need approval from the Legislature.</p>\n\n<p>When asked for evidence to support Steil&rsquo;s claim, a spokeswoman pointed to the <a href=\"https://home.treasury.gov/system/files/136/Interim-Report-of-Costs-Incurred-by-State-and-Local-Recipients-through-June-30.pdf\">report from the U.S. Department of the Treasury</a>, which shows Wisconsin has spent or transferred around $75.6 million, or 3.8%, of its $2 billion in CARES Act funds. Recipients were required to <a href=\"https://home.treasury.gov/system/files/136/IG-Coronavirus-Relief-Fund-Recipient-Reporting-Record-Keeping-Requirements.pdf\">report their spending</a> to the department&rsquo;s Office of Inspector General from March 1 to June 30.</p>\n\n<p>On July 29, Steil <a href=\"https://steil.house.gov/sites/steil.house.gov/files/documents/Steil%20Final%20Letter.pdf\">wrote a letter to Evers</a> seeking &quot;greater clarity on Wisconsin&rsquo;s use of existing federal resources.&quot; In the letter &mdash; but not the tweet &mdash; he notes that some funds have been spent while others were only obligated.</p>\n\n<p>The letter cited a <a href=\"http://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/misc/lfb/misc/121_coronavirus_relief_fund_monies_under_the_federal_cares_act_6_18_20.pdf\">June 18 memo from the Legislative Fiscal Bureau</a>, which outlined $1.72 billion in COVID-19 initiatives that would be covered through the CARES Act. That leaves $280 million in federal dollars remaining.</p>\n\n<p>Among the plans: $200 million in aid for local and tribal governments, $260 million for a COVID-19 testing program and $110 million to provide assistance to health care providers. Another $445 million was set aside for &quot;hospital and community preparedness&quot; in the event cases surge before the end of the year.</p>\n\n<p>The state Department of Administration detailed those funding commitments in a July 17 letter to the U.S. Treasury Department. According to the letter, provided by Evers&rsquo; office, the documented amount does not include at least $67.2 million in costs incurred before June 30 that will be covered by federal funding.</p>\n\n<p>Those funds will also cover $108.3 million already obligated for the state&rsquo;s coronavirus response, the letter states.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Because of the difference in timing between purchase orders, invoices, and payments, however, as well as the reimbursement model used for several of these programs, today&rsquo;s interim report will capture only a portion (of) the reach of Wisconsin&rsquo;s CRF funded commitments at the present moment,&quot; wrote Joanna Beilman-Dulin of the DOA.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Translation: The spending reported by the U.S. Department of Treasury tracks just that &mdash; spending. It doesn&rsquo;t include previous expenses or allocated relief funds, such as orders that have yet to be invoiced and grant programs with applications under review.</p>\n\n<p>What&rsquo;s more, <a href=\"https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/WIGOV/bulletins/297343e\">Evers announced on July 27</a> &mdash; before Steil contacted the governor &mdash; that $41.6 million in federal funds had been distributed to farmers. That amount wasn&rsquo;t included in the Treasury data because it was still under review when the state submitted its report.</p>\n\n<p>That means the number Steil cited doesn&rsquo;t show the complete picture.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>As Congress debates what the next federal relief package should look like, Steil claimed that &quot;3.8% of Wisconsin&rsquo;s coronavirus funding has been spent.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>A report from the U.S. Department of Treasury said Wisconsin spent or transferred 3.8% of its CARES Act funds from March 1 to June 30. But that figure doesn&rsquo;t account for expenses the state already incurred or funds it has committed to other programs and response efforts.</p>\n\n<p>A statement is Half True when it&rsquo;s partially accurate but leaves out important details or takes things out of context.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That fits here.</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>",
            "sources": "<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>Congress, <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6800\">H.R. 6800: The Heroes Act</a>, accessed Aug. 5, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>USA TODAY, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2020/07/15/covid-19-could-another-round-stimulus-checks-coming/5431596002/\">Many Americans might not get another stimulus check. Here&#39;s where things stand on another COVID-19 bill</a>, July 15, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>U.S. Department of the Treasury, <a href=\"https://home.treasury.gov/system/files/136/Interim-Report-of-Costs-Incurred-by-State-and-Local-Recipients-through-June-30.pdf\">Interim Report of Costs Incurred by State and Local Recipients through June 30</a>, accessed Aug. 4, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>U.S. Department of the Treasury, <a href=\"https://home.treasury.gov/system/files/136/IG-Coronavirus-Relief-Fund-Recipient-Reporting-Record-Keeping-Requirements.pdf\">Memorandum for coronavirus relief fund recipients</a>, July, 2, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p><a href=\"https://steil.house.gov/sites/steil.house.gov/files/documents/Steil%20Final%20Letter.pdf\">U.S. Rep. Bryan Steil letter to Gov. Tony Evers</a>, July 29, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>Legislative Fiscal Bureau, <a href=\"http://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/misc/lfb/misc/121_coronavirus_relief_fund_monies_under_the_federal_cares_act_6_18_20.pdf\">Coronavirus Relief Fund Monies Under the Federal CARES Act</a>, June 18, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>Department of Administration, Interim Quarterly Report for Coronavirus Relief Fund - Wisconsin, July 17, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t<p>Office of Governor Tony Evers, <a href=\"https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/WIGOV/bulletins/297343e\">Gov. Evers Announces $41.6 Million Distributed Through Wisconsin Farm Support Program</a>, July 27, 2020.</p>\n\t</li>\n</ul>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19034,
            "slug": "photo-bill-clinton-five-years-old-not-john-lewis-f",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "bill-clinton",
                    "full_name": "Bill Clinton",
                    "first_name": "Bill",
                    "last_name": "Clinton"
                },
                {
                    "slug": "john-lewis",
                    "full_name": "John Lewis",
                    "first_name": "John",
                    "last_name": "Lewis"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Photo shows Bill Clinton among others not wearing a mask at John Lewis’ funeral.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-07T10:59:59-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>The funeral of U.S. Rep. John Lewis drew several former American presidents, including Bill Clinton, <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4896546/president-bill-clinton-eulogy-representative-john-lewis\">who spoke during the service</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Like Barack Obama and George W. Bush, Clinton <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?474223-2/george-w-bush-bill-clinton-john-lewis-funeral-service\">did not wear a face covering as he addressed the people</a> who had gathered June 30 to mourn the congressman and civil rights leader. But while he was seated in the pews of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Clinton&rsquo;s mouth and nose <a href=\"https://people.com/politics/presidents-obama-bush-and-clinton-reunite-john-lewis-funeral/\">were covered by a mask</a>. Others were also photographed wearing masks.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A recent Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/PRvtZ\">post</a> shows a photo of Clinton among others not wearing masks.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;July 30, 2020,&quot; the post says. &quot;Funeral NOT A MASK IN SITE IS ANYONE AWAKE YET.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s because <a href=\"https://www.greenvilleonline.com/picture-gallery/news/2015/09/14/clinton-attends-jackson-funeral/72283606/\">the photo</a> is five years old and was taken by a photojournalist named Heidi Heilbrunn. It shows Clinton sitting next to Rev. Jesse Jackson during a funeral service for Jackson&rsquo;s mother at the Springfield Baptist Church in Greenville, S.C.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/the-funeral-service-for-the-late-rep-john-lewis-is-held-at-news-photo/1227843825?adppopup=true\">Getty</a> <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/mourners-attend-the-funeral-service-of-the-late-rep-john-news-photo/1227843793?adppopup=true\">Images</a> <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/former-candidate-for-governor-of-georgia-stacey-abrams-news-photo/1227843338?adppopup=true\">photos</a> <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/former-us-president-bill-clinton-attends-the-funeral-of-news-photo/1227841668?adppopup=true\">from</a> <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/atlanta-mayor-keisha-lance-bottoms-with-her-husband-derek-news-photo/1227841449?adppopup=true\">Lewis&rsquo;s</a> <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/sen-kamala-harris-waits-for-the-service-of-late-senator-and-news-photo/1227841585?adppopup=true\">funeral</a> show people wearing masks.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this Facebook post False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/PRvtZ\">post</a>, Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>C-SPAN, <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?474223-2/george-w-bush-bill-clinton-john-lewis-funeral-service\">George W. Bush and Bill Clinton at John Lewis Funeral Service</a>, July 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>People, <a href=\"https://people.com/politics/presidents-obama-bush-and-clinton-reunite-john-lewis-funeral/\">Presidents Bush, Clinton &amp; Obama reunite at funeral for civil rights icon Rep. John Lewis</a>, July 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Greenville News, <a href=\"https://www.greenvilleonline.com/picture-gallery/news/2015/09/14/clinton-attends-jackson-funeral/72283606/\">Clinton attends Jackson funeral</a>, Sept. 14, 2015</p>\n\n<p>Getty Images <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.com/photos/john-lewis-funeral?family=editorial&amp;phrase=john%20lewis%20funeral&amp;sort=best#license\">photos</a> of John Lewis&rsquo;s funeral, July 30, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 19027,
            "slug": "no-george-soros-not-nazi-who-funds-antifa",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“This man funds #ANTIFA. He is a real #NAZI. His name is George Soros.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-08-06T18:10:15-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A subset of misinformation about demonstrations that erupted across the United States in the wake of George Floyd&rsquo;s death involve billionaire Democratic donor George Soros. We&rsquo;ve debunked claims that Soros is leaving rocks for activists to cause damage <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/02/viral-image/photo-shows-security-barriers-not-rocks-george-sor/\">in Los Angeles</a>, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/03/blog-posting/fact-checking-theories-about-bricks-and-black-live/\">among other cities</a>. He isn&rsquo;t providing <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/03/blog-posting/photos-george-soros-riot-dance-squad-buses-were-do/\">&quot;Soros Riot Dance Squad&quot;</a> buses to ferry people to protests. He&rsquo;s not using Open Society Foundations, the philanthropic organization he founded, to fund <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/01/candace-owens/no-soros-and-foundation-do-not-pay-people-protest/\">&quot;the chaos&quot;</a> in Minneapolis, where a police officer pressed his knee against Floyd&rsquo;s neck.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>An image being shared on Facebook now makes another claim about Soros in connection with the protests. It appears to show a tweet from actor James Woods, who uses the social media platform to comment on current events.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This man funds #ANTIFA,&quot; the text says above two photos &mdash; one of Soros and one of a younger man in an SS uniform. &quot;He is a real #NAZI. His name is George Soros.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>As <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jul/02/ask-politifact-what-antifa-and-why-it-all-over-my-/\">we&rsquo;ve reported</a> antifa &mdash;&nbsp;which stands for &quot;anti-fascist&quot; &mdash;&nbsp;is a broad, loosely affiliated coalition of left-wing activists. The Trump administration has blamed antifa for recent protests but government intelligence reports, media reports and experts haven&rsquo;t produced any evidence that supports that claim.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We<a href=\"https://twitter.com/search?q=This%20man%20funds%20%23ANTIFA.%20(from%3Arealjameswoods)&amp;src=typed_query\"> couldn&rsquo;t find the tweet searching Woods&rsquo; account</a>, but we&rsquo;re fact-checking the claims that appear in the Facebook post.</p>\n\n<p>First, as we&rsquo;ve previously reported, Soros was not a Nazi.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The person in the photo in the Facebook post is <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/oct/31/blog-posting/viral-photo-ss-officer-not-george-soros/\">Oskar Groning</a>, one of 300 Auschwitz staff members. Groning was a corporal in Adolf Hitler&rsquo;s Waffen SS and he became known as the bookkeeper of Auschwitz. He was one of the last Germans to face war-crime charges connected to the Holocaust.</p>\n\n<p>Soros fled fascism. When the Nazis invaded Hungary, his father obtained false identities for Soros and his brother and Soros was sent to live with an agricultural official who passed him off as his Christian godson.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This is how Mr. Soros was able to survive the Nazi occupation,&quot; Open Society said in the statement. &quot;Mr. Soros was hiding from the Nazis in order to survive. To construe this in any other way is malicious, completely misleading, and, in fact, anti-Semitic.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Next, there is no evidence Soros &quot;funds antifa.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Open Society Foundations refuted the claim and said that neither Soros or Open Society fund antifa. In a statement, a spokesperson for the organization said the false claims &quot;touch on longstanding, often anti-Semtiic conspiracy theories.&quot;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>When Fox Business published a <a href=\"https://www.foxbusiness.com/lifestyle/what-is-antifa-and-who-funds-it\">story</a> in June about antifa and &quot;who funds it,&quot; the story noted that it&rsquo;s a difficult question to answer. &quot;Little is known about who funds antifa activists, or how the groups get their resources,&quot; the story said. &quot;Antifa is not a single organization, and therefore, financial details, if any exist, are murky.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Mark Bray, a historian at Rutgers University who wrote &quot;Antifa: The Anti-Fascist Handbook,&quot; told PolitiFact that the Facebook post reflects &quot;an anti-Semitic conspiracy theory that the right has launched at all kinds of radical organizing over the years.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Antifa groups do not have much in the way of funds,&quot; he said. &quot;The International Anti-Fascist Defence Fund exists to provide funds for medical or legal expenses of antifascists and those funds come from donations from allies but beyond that I&rsquo;d imagine that whatever little money these groups have come from members themselves.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We couldn&rsquo;t find any evidence that Soros has contributed to this fund.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this Facebook post Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/3bAwI\">post</a>, Aug. 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>James Woods Twitter <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RealJamesWoods?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor\">account</a>, visited Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Open Society Foundations <a href=\"https://twitter.com/OpenSociety/status/1266114710564454402?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1266114710564454402%7Ctwgr%5E&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.politifact.com%2Ffactchecks%2F2020%2Fjun%2F01%2Fcandace-owens%2Fno-soros-and-foundation-do-not-pay-people-protest%2F\">tweet</a>, May 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/oct/31/blog-posting/viral-photo-ss-officer-not-george-soros/\">Viral photo of SS officer is not George Soros</a>, Oct. 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/feb/10/facebook-posts/no-george-soros-wasnt-nazi-soldier/\">No, George Soros wasn&rsquo;t a Nazi soldier</a>, Feb. 10, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/01/candace-owens/no-soros-and-foundation-do-not-pay-people-protest/\">No, George Soros and his foundations do not pay people to protest</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Fox Business, <a href=\"https://www.foxbusiness.com/lifestyle/what-is-antifa-and-who-funds-it\">What is antifa and who funds it?</a> June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jul/02/ask-politifact-what-antifa-and-why-it-all-over-my-/\">Ask PolitiFact: What is antifa, and why is it all over my timeline?</a> July 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Statement from Open Society Foundations, Aug. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email from Mark Bray, historian, Rutgers University Aug. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        }
    ]
}