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    "count": 17825,
    "next": "http://www.politifact.com/api/factchecks/?page=2",
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    "results": [
        {
            "id": 18678,
            "slug": "no-texans-cant-tote-guns-under-disaster-declaratio",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“A declaration of disaster, has been issued for the state of Texas. House Bill 1177 Allows any Texan who can legally own a firearm to carry their handgun, open or concealed, for a full week after a state or natural disaster is declared.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T18:51:04-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Protests over the death of black Minnesotan George Floyd have swept the nation, with daily demonstrations in cities across the country &mdash;&nbsp;including in Texas.</p>\n\n<p>There have been reports of looting and violence at some protests, and law enforcement entities have come under fire for tactics used against <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200604/austin-police-to-stop-using-beanbag-ammo-following-protest-injuries-chief-says\">participants</a> and <a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/jun/05/im-getting-shot-attacks-on-journalists-surge-in-us-protests\">journalists</a> covering the events.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A Facebook post circulating online urges Texans to take advantage of a recently passed state law allowing people to carry firearms during disasters.</p>\n\n<p>The post claimed the law, adopted in 2019, &quot;allows any Texan who can legally own a firearm to carry their handgun, open or concealed, for a full week after a state or natural disaster is declared.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Arm yourselves, protect your family, loved ones and neighbors,&quot; the post reads. &quot;Stand together, Stand your ground, protect your family and your property. If you feel threatened, You have every right to protect yourselves!&nbsp; Be vigilant and look out for one another, stay safe.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>Texas Gov. Greg Abbott issued a disaster declaration on May 31 in response to violence that broke out at protests in some parts of the state.</p>\n\n<p>The law highlighted in the post moved through the state&rsquo;s legislature as House Bill 1177 and it&nbsp; was authored by state Rep. Dade Phelan, a Republican from Beaumont.</p>\n\n<p>The bill does regulate firearm usage during a natural disaster, but it was passed with 2017&rsquo;s Hurricane Harvey front of mind, with lawmakers arguing that the measure was necessary to give survivors of natural disasters a way to protect themselves and their property.</p>\n\n<p>But does it apply to this situation? We decided to find out.</p>\n\n<p><strong>&lsquo;Evacuating from an area&rsquo;</strong></p>\n\n<p>HB 1177 allows handgun license holders and other Texans who are not prohibited by law from possessing a firearm to legally carry and transport their handguns during a mandatory emergency evacuation.</p>\n\n<p>It includes parameters that dictate when the law is applicable: not only must there be a state of disaster, but a person must also be &quot;evacuating from an area following the declaration of a state of disaster&quot; or &quot;reentering that area following the person&rsquo;s evacuation.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The post does not make mention of the circumstances that would trigger this protection and insinuates that the law applies at any time within a week of a disaster declaration.</p>\n\n<p>For this reason, Lauren Lumsden, Phelan&rsquo;s legislative director, said it was inaccurate.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It does not appear that the Facebook post was a correct application of the bill, since they do not seem to be evacuating,&quot; she said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Attorneys specializing in government law reached by PolitiFact agreed with that interpretation.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Assuming that the Governor has declared a qualifying state of disaster, it is my opinion that the statute does not allow the unrestricted open carrying of handguns,&quot; said Texas appellate attorney and former Texas Assistant Solicitor General Ryan Clinton. &quot;Rather, it allows handguns to be openly carried when a person is &lsquo;evacuating from&rsquo; or &lsquo;reentering&rsquo; an area following the declaration of a state of disaster in the area.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Clinton also noted that the law does not apply to people who are otherwise banned from having a firearm under state or federal law.</p>\n\n<p>Mike Cox, legislative director of the Texas State Rifle Association, said many members had reached out to the organization about similar claims. After consulting with attorney Richard D. Hayes, II, of Houston-based law firm Walker &amp; Taylor, Cox said he agreed that the law does not currently apply.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The circumstances that would allow for the unlicensed carry of a handgun after a declared disaster are fairly limited,&quot; Hayes <a href=\"https://www.walkertaylorlaw.com/post/carrying-without-an-ltc-after-declared-disaster-texas\">said in a blog post and video on the matter</a>. &quot;It doesn&rsquo;t suspend 46.02 for all purposes. It really relates to evacuating.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post stated that HB 1177 applied to the ongoing state of disaster and allowed open carry of handguns. The post omits a major part of the law, which specifies that it only applies during particular scenarios.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook post, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/missjazzyfitnes/posts/2386966111602007\">Jaslyn Antonin</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Lauren Lumsden, legislative director for state Rep. Dad Phelan, June 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Texas appellate attorney and former Texas Assistant Solicitor General Ryan Clinton, June, 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Phone interview Mike Cox, legislative director of the Texas State Rifle Association, June 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Guardian,<a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/jun/05/im-getting-shot-attacks-on-journalists-surge-in-us-protests\"> &#39;I&rsquo;m getting shot&#39;: attacks on journalists surge in US protests</a>, June 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200604/austin-police-to-stop-using-beanbag-ammo-following-protest-injuries-chief-says\">Austin police to stop using beanbag ammo following protest injuries, chief says</a>, June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Walker &amp; Taylor law firm blog, <a href=\"https://www.walkertaylorlaw.com/post/carrying-without-an-ltc-after-declared-disaster-texas\">Carrying Without an LTC After a Declared Disaster - Texas</a>, accessed June 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Office of the Governor, <a href=\"https://gov.texas.gov/uploads/files/press/DISASTER_threats_and_incidents_of_violence_IMAGE_05-31-2020.pdf\">Proclamation</a>, May 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Texas Legislature Online, <a href=\"https://capitol.texas.gov/tlodocs/86R/billtext/pdf/HB01177F.pdf#navpanes=0\">House Bill 1177</a>, accessed June 5, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18675,
            "slug": "no-these-two-photos-derek-chauvin-dont-show-two-di",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "The man pictured in a mugshot is not Derek Chauvin, the officer who was recorded kneeling on George Floyd’s neck.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T16:14:30-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin was fired and charged with murder after he was recorded pressing his knee on George Floyd&rsquo;s neck before Floyd died in custody. Now Facebook posts <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10157622858270863&amp;set=a.10152670218955863&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">like this one</a> are alleging that the man who is in jail on that murder charge isn&rsquo;t the officer in the video,, using widely shared photos of Chauvin as evidence.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Can someone clear something up for me?&quot; the June 4 Facebook post says. &quot;Who are these two men?&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The post shows two images: one is <a href=\"https://kstp.com/news/hennepin-county-attorney-mike-freeman-updates-george-floyd-case-following-former-minneapolis-police-officer-chauvin-arrest/5744900/\">a mugshot of Chauvin</a>, and the other is a still of him from the video. In each photo, Chauvin&rsquo;s ear is circled.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The one on the left the media tells us is the one who&rsquo;s been arrested and is currently sitting in the Hennepin County jail,&quot; the post continues. &quot;And of course as the world knows, the one on the right is the one who murdered George Floyd. After all he looked right into the camera multiple times for multiple minutes while he continued to exert ever increasing pressure on his neck. Help a brother out.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The claim is unfounded and amounts to another so-called <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2019/aug/08/why-do-some-people-think-mass-shootings-are-staged/\">&quot;false flag&quot; conspiracy theory</a> that we see follow <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/feb/21/blog-posting/why-you-shouldnt-believe-claims-stoneman-high-stud/\">so</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/aug/14/viral-image/no-same-woman-didnt-pretend-be-shooting-victim-and/\">many</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2018/may/18/whats-true-whats-not-about-santa-fe-texas-school-s/\">high-profile</a> and often violent deaths that draw global news coverage. Since Floyd died on May 25, we&rsquo;ve fact-checked false statements suggesting <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/may/29/facebook-posts/conspiracy-theory-falsely-claims-george-floyds-dea/\">the 46-year-old&rsquo;s death was staged</a> and that the <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/03/blog-posting/photos-george-soros-riot-dance-squad-buses-were-do/\">protests</a> have been <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/03/viral-image/george-soros-didnt-say-he-would-bring-down-united-/\">orchestrated</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/01/viral-image/protests-over-george-floyds-death-are-real/\">by powerful hands</a>.</p>\n\n<p>In comments on this Facebook claim about Chauvin, users agree that these are different men in the photos. As evidence, they note differences in hairline, skull structure and ears. The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But both men are Chauvin &mdash;&nbsp;the perspective is just different in each photo. In the mugshot, he is looking straight at the camera while in the video his chin is angled down and his head turned to the side.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This reporter experimented with her phone&rsquo;s camera and found that her hairline, bone structure and ears appeared differently when imitating the angles of these photos.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A different mugshot of Chauvin, seen <a href=\"https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/11762428/george-floyd-live-new-york/amp/\">here in the June 3, 11:40 p.m. post down the page</a>, shows him in two images &mdash; in profile and staring straight at the camera. The images help to highlight how Chauvin&rsquo;s hairline and ears can look different depending on the camera angle.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://kstp.com/news/hennepin-county-attorney-mike-freeman-updates-george-floyd-case-following-former-minneapolis-police-officer-chauvin-arrest/5744900/\">mugshot in the Facebook post</a> is from the Ramsey County Jail, where Chauvin was held after first being taken into custody. He was <a href=\"https://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2020/05/31/ex-mpd-officer-derek-chavin-moved-to-hennepin-county-jail/\">later transferred to the Hennepin County Jail</a> &mdash; <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fas4GWdj5eI\">which released another mugshot</a> &mdash;&nbsp;and then moved to a corrections facility in Oak Park Heights, Minn., partially due to COVID-19 concerns, a local CBS affiliate reported. There are no credible reports about confusion over Chauvin&rsquo;s identity or location.</p>\n\n<p>Claims that the person in custody is someone else are unfounded and defy what we know from public records.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this Facebook post False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10157622858270863&amp;set=a.10152670218955863&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>KSTP, <a href=\"https://kstp.com/news/hennepin-county-attorney-mike-freeman-updates-george-floyd-case-following-former-minneapolis-police-officer-chauvin-arrest/5744900/\">Update: Mugshot of Derek Chauvin released, charging document details night of George Floyd&rsquo;s arrest</a>, May 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Sun, <a href=\"https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/11762428/george-floyd-live-new-york/amp/\">&lsquo;No Justice, no peace,&rsquo;</a> June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CBS Minnesota, <a href=\"https://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2020/05/31/ex-mpd-officer-derek-chavin-moved-to-hennepin-county-jail/\">Ex-MPD officer Derek Chauvin moved to second detention facility in same day, due to COVID-19 concerns</a>, May 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>AFP News Agency, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fas4GWdj5eI\">Derek Chauvin mugshot released</a>, June 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18673,
            "slug": "old-photo-trumps-vandalized-walk-fame-star",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "donald-trump",
                    "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                    "first_name": "Donald",
                    "last_name": "Trump"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "“Trump’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame has been destroyed.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T13:24:20-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Since Donald Trump announced his campaign for president five years ago, his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame has been defaced many times and destroyed twice, the Washington Post <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/suffering-pickaxes-and-dog-poop-trumps-hollywood-star-has-become-a-symbolic-spectacle/2018/12/09/01b739a2-d84e-11e8-a10f-b51546b10756_story.html\">reported in 2018</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>It was &quot;obliterated with a pickax two weeks before the 2016 election,&quot; according to the Post, and it happened again in July 2018.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>An image from the 2018 act of vandalism is now <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/memes/photos/a.527860673898191/5556010524416489/?type=3&amp;theater\">being shared on Facebook</a> as demonstrators around the country protest the death of George Floyd when he was in police custody.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Trump&rsquo;s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame has been destroyed,&quot; reads the caption in the June 3 post.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>It was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We found <a href=\"https://www.reddit.com/r/pics/comments/gv6ajj/donald_trump_star_destroyed_on_hollywood_blvd/\">a June 2 Reddit post</a> that shared the image, describing it as Trump&rsquo;s star getting destroyed &quot;again.&quot; But a moderator flagged it for violating one of the rules of the forum where it was shared: &quot;Your title must convey accurate information.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, which manages the Walk of Fame on behalf of the City of Los Angeles, did not immediately respond to PolitiFact&rsquo;s email about the Facebook post&rsquo;s claim. But searching online for news about Donald Trump and the Walk of Fame in the last month, we didn&rsquo;t find any credible sources corroborating the Facebook post. Rather, we found <a href=\"https://fr.news.yahoo.com/l%C3%A9toile-donald-trump-%C3%A0-hollywood-130200854.html\">three</a> <a href=\"https://leadstories.com/hoax-alert/2020/06/fact-check-protesters-did-not-destroy-trumps-star.html\">other</a> <a href=\"https://www.news18.com/news/buzz/fact-check-no-donald-trumps-hollywood-star-was-not-vandalised-during-anti-racist-protests-2648665.html\">fact-checks</a> debunking it.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this post False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/memes/photos/a.527860673898191/5556010524416489/?type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/suffering-pickaxes-and-dog-poop-trumps-hollywood-star-has-become-a-symbolic-spectacle/2018/12/09/01b739a2-d84e-11e8-a10f-b51546b10756_story.html\">Suffering pickaxes and dog poop, Trump&rsquo;s Hollywood star has become a symbolic spectacle</a>, Dec. 9, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Reddit <a href=\"https://www.reddit.com/r/pics/comments/gv6ajj/donald_trump_star_destroyed_on_hollywood_blvd/\">post</a>, June 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18674,
            "slug": "larry-elder-mislabels-statistics-fatal-shootings-p",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "larry-elder",
                "full_name": "Larry Elder",
                "first_name": "Larry",
                "last_name": "Elder"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "\"Last year, there were nine unarmed black people killed (by law enforcement). Nineteen unarmed white people.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T13:20:20-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>As the U.S. entered a second week of protests after the death of George Floyd, conservative radio host Larry Elder argued that &quot;cops rarely kill anybody, let alone an unarmed black person.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Last year, there were nine unarmed black people killed. Nineteen unarmed white people,&quot; Elder said June 2 on Fox News host <a href=\"https://video.foxnews.com/v/6161311965001#sp=show-clips\">Sean Hannity&rsquo;s TV show.</a></p>\n\n<p>A reader asked us about Elder&rsquo;s numbers, which he repeated on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/larryelder/status/1267996843931168768?s=20\">Twitter</a>, so we decided to put them to the Truth-O-Meter.</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>\n\n<p>We found that Elder was speaking broadly about police killings but pulling his numbers from the Washington Post&rsquo;s more narrow tally of <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/\">fatal shootings</a> by police officers in the line of duty.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post&rsquo;s tally doesn&rsquo;t account for off-duty police or the use by on-duty officers of other force that can be lethal, such as tasers or physical restraint.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That means the number of unarmed people killed in encounters with law enforcement in 2019 is higher for both races than Elder claimed. How much higher is not clear.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>What is clear, experts told us, is that despite what Elder&rsquo;s absolute numbers may suggest, black people in the U.S. have died from fatal encounters with police at a disproportionate rate.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><em><strong>RELATED: <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/03/tiktok-posts/tiktok-video-misleads-police-shooting-data/\">TikTok video misleads on police shooting data</a></strong></em></p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The numbers</div>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://wisqars.cdc.gov:8443/nvdrs/nvdrsDisplay.jsp\">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a> and <a href=\"https://www.fbi.gov/services/cjis/ucr/use-of-force\">FBI</a> keep tabs on deaths resulting from interactions with police, but both sources provide <a href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4985110/\">incomplete</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2014/dec/04/bill-oreilly/bill-oreilly-cites-faulty-data-claim-about-shootin/\">data</a> that takes years to record.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>More reliable data comes from the <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/\">Washington Post</a> and projects such as <a href=\"https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/nationaltrends\">Mapping Police Violence</a> and <a href=\"https://fatalencounters.org/people-search/\">Fatal Encounters</a>.</p>\n\n<p>In emails to PolitiFact, Elder cited a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/mtracey/status/1267060056203427840?s=20\">tweet</a> and a Wall Street Journal <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-myth-of-systemic-police-racism-11591119883\">op-ed</a> that pulled numbers from the Washington Post&rsquo;s database.</p>\n\n<p>According to the Washington Post data through <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200603033015/https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/\">June 3</a>, police in the line of duty fatally shot 10 unarmed black people and 20 unarmed white people in 2019. (The data is updated as new facts emerge, and by June 5 the numbers <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/\">jumped</a> to 15 unarmed blacks and 25 unarmed whites.)</p>\n\n<p>But Elder incorrectly claimed that his statistics represented the numbers of all black and white Americans who were killed by police, not the number of &quot;shootings in which a police officer, in the line of duty, shoots and kills a civilian,&quot; as the Washington Post describes its data.</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post doesn&rsquo;t account for deaths like Floyd&rsquo;s, for example. Floyd died in police custody May 25 after an officer in Minneapolis kneeled on his neck.</p>\n\n<p>When we asked about this incongruity, Elder told us that the majority of police killings involve firearms, &quot;so the number is not likely much bigger.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s hard to say how much bigger it is.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>As of June 3, <a href=\"https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/nationaltrends\">Mapping Police Violence had counted</a> 28 unarmed blacks and 51 unarmed whites who died at the hands of police in 2019.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Those numbers are higher than the Washington Post&rsquo;s in part because Mapping Police Violence tracks police killings more broadly and includes officers who are off duty.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In 2019, among those who were unarmed when they encountered police, there were five black people and 12 white people who died from tasers, beatings or other uses of force by police, according to Mapping Police Violence&rsquo;s data. Off-duty officers killed four unarmed blacks and five unarmed whites. Those deaths won&rsquo;t show up in the Washington Post data.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">What&rsquo;s considered armed?</div>\n\n<p>Another reason Mapping Police Violence counted more unarmed people killed by police is that it <a href=\"https://medium.com/@samswey/justin-nix-and-jason-lozada-are-wrong-about-mapping-police-violence-heres-why-95ab2194831d\">considered</a> victims <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/in-two-years-police-killed-86-people-brandishing-guns-that-look-real--but-arent/2016/12/18/ec005c3a-b025-11e6-be1c-8cec35b1ad25_story.html\">in possession</a> of toy guns, BB guns, airsoft guns or <a href=\"https://www.denverpost.com/2019/08/15/westminster-officer-justified-in-fatal-shooting-of-man-who-attacked-him-investigators-rule/\">rocks</a> to be unarmed. The Washington Post&rsquo;s database doesn&rsquo;t include those people in its unarmed tallies.</p>\n\n<p>In 2019, at least eight black people and 16 white people were killed by police while in possession of a toy weapon or something similar, according to Mapping Police Violence.</p>\n\n<p>There are also numerous 2019 cases, in both data sets, where the victim&rsquo;s armed status remains unknown or the victim was considered armed with a vehicle.</p>\n\n<p>Overall, the data on whether police-killing victims were armed or unarmed is &quot;messy,&quot; said Frank Edwards, an assistant professor at Rutgers University&rsquo;s School of Criminal Justice who co-authored a <a href=\"https://www.pnas.org/content/116/34/16793\">study</a> on police killings.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Because groups that track the data often cite news reports that rely only on the word of police to establish whether a person was armed or unarmed, &quot;the data likely over-report the armed status of victims and the danger faced by police,&quot; Edwards said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Police have been known to misrepresent the danger presented by suspects,&quot; he said.</p>\n\n<p>The data we have is also limited to deaths, said Lorie Fridell, professor of criminology at the University of South Florida. Ideally, she said, we would be able track police use of force more broadly, including force that could be deadly but doesn&rsquo;t turn out to be fatal.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Missing context</div>\n\n<p>Elder&rsquo;s claim also ignores the fact that the same Washington Post data shows black people are disproportionately shot and killed by police, experts said.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;There may be more unarmed whites than unarmed blacks killed each year, but the rate of shooting unarmed blacks is much larger,&quot; Fridell said, citing a <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/08/09/what-weve-learned-about-police-shootings-years-after-ferguson/?arc404=true\">report</a> from the Washington Post that summarized years of findings from its database.</p>\n\n<p>Black Americans represent 13% of the U.S. population, the report said, but they accounted for about a quarter of police shooting victims over four and a half years of data collection.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;They&#39;re over-represented in the data,&quot; said Brian Burghart, the founder of Fatal Encounters.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Elder said: &quot;Last year, there were nine unarmed black people killed (by law enforcement). Nineteen unarmed white people.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Those numbers matched the Washington Post&rsquo;s tally of fatal shootings by police in the line of duty, although the Washington Post&rsquo;s figures have increased since Elder made his claim.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But not all police killings happen when officers are on duty, and not all involve a gunshot. The Washington Post&rsquo;s data doesn&rsquo;t include deaths like Floyd&rsquo;s, for example.</p>\n\n<p>Elder&rsquo;s claim also omitted important context: that black people in the U.S. are disproportionately killed by police relative to their share of the population.</p>\n\n<p>Overall, Elder&rsquo;s statement contained elements of truth, but it left out important context that would give a different impression.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate it Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Fox News, <a href=\"https://video.foxnews.com/v/6161311965001#sp=show-clips\">&quot;Hannity,&quot;</a> June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Larry Elder on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/larryelder/status/1267996843931168768?s=20\">Twitter</a>, June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/\">&quot;Fatal Force,&quot;</a> accessed June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Mapping Police Violence, <a href=\"https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/nationaltrends\">&quot;National Trends,&quot;</a> accessed June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Fatal Encounters, <a href=\"https://fatalencounters.org/people-search/\">&quot;Database and Name Check,&quot;</a> accessed June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://wisqars.cdc.gov:8443/nvdrs/nvdrsDisplay.jsp\">&quot;National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS),&quot;</a> accessed June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Wall Street Journal, <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-myth-of-systemic-police-racism-11591119883\">&quot;The Myth of Systemic Police Racism,&quot;</a> June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Michael Tracey on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/mtracey/status/1267060056203427840?s=20\">Twitter</a>, May 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>City Lab, <a href=\"https://www.citylab.com/equity/2020/02/police-violence-racial-bias-shootings-by-race-research-data/605866/\">&quot;The Problem With Research on Racial Bias and Police Shootings,&quot;</a> Feb. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Medium, <a href=\"https://medium.com/@samswey/justin-nix-and-jason-lozada-are-wrong-about-mapping-police-violence-heres-why-95ab2194831d\">&quot;Justin Nix and Jason Lozada are wrong about Mapping Police Violence. Here&rsquo;s why,&quot;</a> Jan. 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>SocArXiv Papers, <a href=\"https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/ajz2q/\">&quot;Do police killings of unarmed persons really have spillover effects? Reanalyzing Bor et al. (2018),&quot;</a> Dec. 30, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Nature, <a href=\"https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02601-9\">&quot;What the data say about police shootings,&quot;</a> Sept. 4, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, <a href=\"https://www.pnas.org/content/116/34/16793\">&quot;Risk of being killed by police use of force in the United States by age, race&ndash;ethnicity, and sex,&quot;</a> Aug. 20, 2019</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/08/09/what-weve-learned-about-police-shootings-years-after-ferguson/?arc404=true\">&quot;What we&rsquo;ve learned about police shootings 5 years after Ferguson,&quot;</a> Aug. 9, 2019</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/how-the-washington-post-is-examining-police-shootings-in-the-united-states/2016/07/07/d9c52238-43ad-11e6-8856-f26de2537a9d_story.html\">&quot;How The Washington Post is examining police shootings in the United States,&quot;</a> July 7, 2016</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/03/tiktok-posts/tiktok-video-misleads-police-shooting-data/\">&quot;TikTok video misleads on police shooting data,&quot;</a> June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2018/mar/29/what-are-facts-police-shootings-following-death-st/\">&quot;What are the facts on police shootings following death of Stephon Clark?&quot;</a> March 29, 2018</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2014/dec/04/bill-oreilly/bill-oreilly-cites-faulty-data-claim-about-shootin/\">&quot;Bill O&#39;Reilly cites faulty data for claim about shooting deaths of blacks, whites by police,&quot;</a> Dec. 4, 2014</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2014/aug/21/michael-medved/talk-show-host-police-kill-more-whites-blacks/\">&quot;Talk show host: Police kill more whites than blacks,&quot;</a> Aug. 21, 2014</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Larry Elder, commentator and radio host, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with <a href=\"http://intra.cbcs.usf.edu/persontracker/common/cfm/unsecured/criminology/bio.cfm?ID=42\">Lorie Fridell</a>, professor of criminology at the University of South Florida, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with <a href=\"https://fatalencounters.org/about-me/\">Brian Burghart</a>, journalist and founder and executive director of Fatal Encounters, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with <a href=\"https://rscj.newark.rutgers.edu/people/faculty/dr-frank-edwards/\">Frank Edwards</a>, assistant professor at the Rutgers School of Criminal Justice, June 3, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18672,
            "slug": "no-photo-doesnt-prove-coronavirus-hoax",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“She’s just casually carrying a body with 1 hand..? Sure.. More evidence of coronavirus being a complete hoax with props &amp; street theater.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T13:12:36-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>More than 387,800 people worldwide <a href=\"https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html\">have died from COVID-19</a>, according to Johns Hopkins University, which is tracking cases of the disease worldwide.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>An image of one person easily carrying a makeshift body bag doesn&rsquo;t change that.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In the foreground of that photo, shared in a Facebook post, more than a dozen such body bags line the ground, adorned with a wreath, a teddy bear and photos in what looks like a memorial.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;She&rsquo;s just casually carrying a body with 1 hand..?&quot; reads the caption on the post. &quot;Sure.. More evidence of coronavirus being a complete hoax with props &amp; street theater.. Everything you see on TV is a psyop to control your behavior and thinking.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=3478336208860299&amp;set=a.415950631765554&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The body bags look fake because they are. The <a href=\"https://webgate.epa.eu/?16634349628007773501&amp;MEDIANUMBER=56113766\">photo</a>, taken by European Pressphoto Agency photographer Cristobal Herrera on May 27 in the Torch of Friendship Park in Miami, shows a &quot;symbolic funeral procession to protest against the economy reopening without coronavirus relief&quot; in the city,&quot; according to the original caption from the photo service.</p>\n\n<p>The caption for <a href=\"http://www.afpforum.com/AFPForum/Search/ViewMedia.aspx?mui=1&amp;hid=9A050A808A80BCCC2D78232B6948C4E610B05456195A34E18C8DDE7B39F634E7\">another image from that event</a> taken by an AFP photographer says that protesters set up bags representing dead bodies during a funeral procession demonstration.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;NewFM held the protest to honor the lives lost in the coronavirus pandemic and hold Florida Governor Ron DeSantis and US President Donald Trump accountable for their inaction and recklessness,&quot; according to AFP.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this Facebook post False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=3478336208860299&amp;set=a.415950631765554&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>John Hopkins University, <a href=\"https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html\">COVID-19 dashboard</a>, visited June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>European Pressphoto Agency, <a href=\"https://webgate.epa.eu/?16634349628007773501&amp;MEDIANUMBER=56113766\">Symbolic funeral procession photo</a>, May 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>AFP, <a href=\"http://www.afpforum.com/AFPForum/Search/ViewMedia.aspx?mui=1&amp;hid=9A050A808A80BCCC2D78232B6948C4E610B05456195A34E18C8DDE7B39F634E7\">Virus protest photo</a>, May 27, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18671,
            "slug": "were-austin-police-officers-authorized-use-deadly-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "tweets",
                "full_name": "Tweets",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Tweets"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says police officers in Austin, Texas, have been “authorized to use LIVE ROUNDS, and lethal force” against protesters.",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T12:36:25-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Law enforcement officers in Austin used pepper spray, tear gas and less-lethal ammunition against demonstrators during daily protests against racism and police brutality following the death of George Floyd and in remembrance of Mike Ramos, an unarmed man who was <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200529/fatal-police-shooting-of-michael-ramos-goes-to-travis-county-grand-jury-da-says\">shot and killed</a> in late April by Austin police officers.</p>\n\n<p>Floyd was a 46-year-old black man who was arrested by police in Minneapolis and died after an officer knelt on his neck for eight minutes while handcuffed.</p>\n\n<p>Social media posts circulating online suggested that Austin Police officers were using live rounds and &quot;lethal force&quot; against protesters over the weekend.</p>\n\n<p>One post included an image that appears to be a screenshot of an Instagram story that read:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;APD has been authorized to use LIVE ROUNDS, and lethal force. Confirmed by multiple police radio scanners. If you are deciding to stay and protest be VERY aware of your surroundings, and get out before you can&rsquo;t anymore.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In a direct message on Twitter, the original poster, whose name on Twitter is &quot;DeathwishDena,&quot; said they got the information from a friend, but &quot;I did not 100% verify it.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I didn&rsquo;t necessarily want to spread false information, but also didn&rsquo;t want people being out and unaware if something (were) to go sideways,&quot; they said.</p>\n\n<p>Multiple other social media posts being shared online include similar claims, attributed either to chatter from police scanners or people in the area. Other posts include the same warning about different cities.</p>\n\n<p>But is this post about Austin accurate?&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Officers with the Austin Police Department do not need prior authorization to use deadly force, so long as an officer is acting within the scope of the Texas penal code. Any time an officer uses deadly force, there is an investigation within the department to determine whether the officer violated policy and an investigation to determine whether they violated the law.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.austintexas.gov/sites/default/files/files/Police/General_Orders.pdf\">Department guidelines </a>outline levels of force available to officers to use in response to resistance, ranging from de-escalation communication techniques to the use of chemical agents and kinetic projectiles (less-lethal rounds) to the use of deadly force.</p>\n\n<p>Police Chief Brian Manley said no live rounds were fired on protesters during a video chat with reporters on Monday.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The Austin Police Department did not fire any live rounds for any type of duty pistol or rifle this weekend, and the ammunition that was fired was that less lethal bean bag round that I talked about earlier,&quot; he said.</p>\n\n<p>Officers with the department used pepper spray, &quot;less lethal impact munitions,&quot; hand-thrown smoke cylinders and hand-thrown CS gas (or tear gas) for crowd management, Manley said, noting that conditions on the ground met the required criteria for the use of these tactics. Some individual cases are still under review.</p>\n\n<p>In a video distributed to officers ahead of the city&rsquo;s first protest on May 31, Manley said Floyd&rsquo;s death is &quot;a stain on our profession&quot; that &quot;comes on the heels of many instances like this that have played out across the country over the decade.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I urge you in the days and weeks ahead to be mindful of this and to understand that we have a community that is hurting right now,a community that has a lot of questions,&quot; Manley said. &quot;Give that extra ounce of care when you are out there; that extra ounce of deference, understanding where we&rsquo;re at right now as a society coming to terms with what happened.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200601/lsquothis-is-not-what-we-set-out-to-dorsquo-chief-says-after-police-injure-some-during-protests\">Several people</a> were injured by bean bag rounds fired by officers during the protests that followed, including a 16-year-old and a 20-year-old who were both shot in the head by these munitions.</p>\n\n<p>Ernesto Rodriguez, Chief of the Austin-Travis County Emergency Management Services, described some of the more serious injuries during an Austin City Council meeting on Friday. No injuries with live rounds were reported.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/MDWilsonSA/status/1268921796075622405?s=20https://twitter.com/MDWilsonSA/status/1268921796075622405?s=20\">Rodriguez said </a>these injuries are potentially lethal and could involve significant recovery time and medical care.</p>\n\n<p>On Thursday, Manley said officers would <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200604/austin-police-to-stop-using-beanbag-ammo-following-protest-injuries-chief-says\">stop using bean bag projectiles</a> in crowd situations.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Deadly force in the penal code</strong></p>\n\n<p>The Austin Police Department&rsquo;s General Orders include a section about the department&rsquo;s &quot;philosophy, values and mission,&quot; which includes a mention of the possible use of deadly force while on duty.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;As such, all employees will strive to preserve human life while recognizing that duty may require the use of deadly force, as a last resort, after other reasonable alternatives have failed or been determined impractical,&quot; the manual reads.</p>\n\n<p>The manual goes on to reference Texas law surrounding the use of deadly force and states that it is only justified to the extent an individual officer &quot;reasonably believes the deadly force is immediately necessary&quot; to protect him or herself or others from an imminent threat of death or serious injury.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>It is also justified under law when an officer is making an arrest or preventing an escape after an arrest and has probable cause to believe the person has inflicted serious injury or death or intends to commit such an act.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Lethal force as a response to a lethal threat is always available,&quot; said Margaret Moore, the Travis County District Attorney, pointing to the state penal code statute on &quot;justifiable force.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;But you can&rsquo;t just unleash the police to go kill people,&quot; she said. &quot;The same law is going to apply no matter what and we&rsquo;re still going to have the inquiry.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Moore said the &quot;law of justification&quot; for deadly force is the same for law enforcement officers as it is for civilians.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/SOTWDocs/PE/htm/PE.9.htm\">Texas Penal Code</a> states that a person is justified in using deadly force in self-defense, in defense of another person, in protection of life or health, or in protection of property.</p>\n\n<p>If an officer uses deadly force, it prompts a law enforcement investigation and possible charges from Moore&rsquo;s office, depending on whether they believe the officer was &quot;justified&quot; in using deadly force under the law.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>A post on Twitter said officers with the Austin Police Department have been &quot;authorized to use LIVE ROUNDS, and lethal force&quot; against demonstrators protesting police brutality.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Law enforcement officers do not need authorization to use deadly force, so long as a situation meets the criteria outlined in the Austin Police Department&rsquo;s handbook and in state law.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Officers with the department have not used live rounds on protesters during demonstrations in the city, but have fired less lethal projectiles like bean bag bullets. Several people were injured during protests over the weekend.</p>\n\n<p>Law enforcement officers always have deadly force as an option, but they were not specially ordered to use this force during the protests, as the post implies. We rate this claim Half True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200531/third-day-of-protests-in-austin-sees-i-35-blocked-again-more-standoffs-with-police\">Third day of protests in Austin sees I-35 blocked again, more standoffs with police</a>, May 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200601/austin-city-council-sets-emergency-hearing-to-review-police-tactics-during-protests\">Austin City Council sets emergency hearing to review police tactics during protests</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://youtu.be/_4GVeyubGgY\">Austin Police chief responds to weekend protest against police violence</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200601/lsquothis-is-not-what-we-set-out-to-dorsquo-chief-says-after-police-injure-some-during-protests\">&lsquo;This is not what we set out to do,&rsquo; chief says after police injure some during protests</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Radio Television Digital News Association, <a href=\"https://www.rtdna.org/content/scanners\">Guidelines for Use of Information from Police Scanners</a>, accessed June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/lara_korte/status/1267309898800467970?s=21\">Lara Korte</a>, May 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/austin_police/status/1267496324582309889?s=21\">Austin Police Department</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Phone interview with Travis County District Attorney Margaret Moore, June 2, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Austin Police Department, <a href=\"https://www.austintexas.gov/sites/default/files/files/Police/General_Orders.pdf\">General Orders</a>, Feb. 6, 2020</p>\n\n<div>\n<div>\n<div>Austin Police Department Video, Chief Manley&#39;s message to APD staff, received June 3, 2020</div>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>\n</div>\n\n<div>\n<div>Austin City Council Meeting, June 5, 2020</div>\n</div>\n</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18670,
            "slug": "no-evidence-man-died-hands-antifa-murderer",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“This man who was kicked and stomped” was killed by an “antifa murderer.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-05T12:26:53-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Amid many peaceful Black Lives Matter protests, there have been instances of violence that resulted in <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2020/06/03/at-least-12-have-died-in-nationwide-protests-heres-who-they-were/#365556749b32\">death.</a></p>\n\n<p>One alarming social media post claims that one of those deaths was the result of an attack by an &quot;antifa murderer.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The June 3 Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1133344943689333&amp;set=a.301731766850659&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> includes many pictures of a young man in a black shirt and a white mask at a protest. In one picture it appears he is kicking someone who is face-down on the ground wearing a blue shirt and light blue jeans. &quot;This man who was kicked and stomped has died,&quot; the post claims. &quot;The antifa murderer is in the white mask.&quot; It then calls for anyone who recognizes the man to call the police or the FBI.</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged by Facebook as part of efforts to combat false news and information on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>This attack did happen, and the victim was seriously injured. But police confirmed that he survived, and said they had arrested a teenage suspect. There is no evidence that the person attacking him is part of <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/02/us/what-antifa-trump.html\">antifa</a>, a <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jun/01/trump-lacks-legal-authority-designate-antifa-domes/\">loosely organized left-wing movement</a> that at times uses violence.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">What the videos show</div>\n\n<p>This attack happened on May 30 in Portland, Ore., at the intersection of SW 4th Street and SW Salmon Street, where journalists <a href=\"https://twitter.com/_Brad_Schmidt/status/1266930907614601217\">photographed</a> protests against police brutality around 8 p.m.</p>\n\n<p>Based on a review of images and videos tweeted and shared by journalists, it appears that the victim seen lying on the ground in these photos was involved in a skirmish immediately prior to what we see in this Facebook post. And videos also show that after these pictures were taken, he was able to stand and speak to others who came to his aid.</p>\n\n<p>In a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/Jimryan015/status/1266932630408196097\">video</a> posted by a journalist from the Oregonian newspaper, a large crowd is seen attacking a man with a flag. Twenty-eight seconds in, we see the man in the blue shirt and light blue jeans run into the melee and become involved in the conflict with his arms swinging. In a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/_Brad_Schmidt/status/1266931825739358208\">separate video</a> of the same incident captured by another Oregonian journalist from a different angle, it looks like the man is punching and pushing someone before exiting the crowd again.</p>\n\n<p>As the man walks from the scene, according to a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/MrAndyNgo/status/1267091647042473985\">third video</a> tweeted by conservative journalist Andy Ngo, two men start chasing him. One pushes him, and the man in blue collapses face-down. Then another man, wearing a black T-shirt, kicks him in the head before fleeing. &quot;He&rsquo;s dead,&quot; we hear someone yell.</p>\n\n<p>But as the video continues, we see others come to the man&rsquo;s aid, treating his wounds, helping him off the ground and talking to him.</p>\n\n<p>Ngo, of conservative Canadian website <a href=\"https://thepostmillennial.com/author/andyngo\">The Post Millennial,</a> on May 31 posted <a href=\"https://twitter.com/MrAndyNgo/status/1267115281635131393\">a compilation of pictures similar to those seen</a> in the Facebook post and identified the attackers as &quot;antifa.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>On June 4, Portland police <a href=\"https://www.portlandoregon.gov/police/news/read.cfm?id=250842\">announced</a> that with &quot;the public&#39;s help, the suspect who was kicking the victim in the head was identified and detectives were notified.&quot; The 14-year-old suspect was charged with felony assault and taken to a juvenile detention center, while the investigation continues.</p>\n\n<p>Portland police said in their statement that &quot;the male victim sustained serious injuries but is not deceased.&quot; Sgt. Michael Roberts told PolitiFact that the police currently have no evidence of antifa being involved in this incident.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post claimed that an &quot;antifa murderer&quot; had killed a man that &quot;was kicked and stomped&quot; at a protest.</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence that the attackers are part of the antifa movement. The attack took place where many were peacefully protesting the Minneapolis police&rsquo;s treatment of George Floyd.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>According to videos of the attack from journalists at the protest, the man in the blue shirt got up after the attack and was walking around and talking. Portland police also confirmed in a press release that the victim isn&rsquo;t dead. We rate this claim False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Forbes, <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2020/06/03/at-least-12-have-died-in-nationwide-protests-heres-who-they-were/#365556749b32\">At Least 12 Have Died In Nationwide Protests. Here&rsquo;s Who They Were.</a>, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1133344943689333&amp;set=a.301731766850659&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/02/us/what-antifa-trump.html\">What Is Antifa, the Movement Trump Wants to Declare a Terror Group?</a>, May&nbsp;31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jun/01/trump-lacks-legal-authority-designate-antifa-domes/\">Trump wants to designate antifa as a terrorist organization, but lacks legal authority for it</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/_Brad_Schmidt/status/1266930907614601217\">Tweet</a>, May 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/MrAndyNgo/status/1267115281635131393\">Tweet</a>, May 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Post Millennial, <a href=\"https://thepostmillennial.com/author/andyngo\">Andy Ngo</a>,&nbsp; accessed on June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/MrAndyNgo/status/1267091647042473985\">Tweet</a>, May 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/_Brad_Schmidt/status/1266931825739358208\">Tweet</a>, May 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/Jimryan015/status/1266932034988998656\">Tweet</a>, May 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/Jimryan015/status/1266932630408196097\">Tweet</a>, May 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Portland Police Bureau, <a href=\"https://www.portlandoregon.gov/police/news/read.cfm?id=250842\">Juvenile Suspect Detained for Assault during Saturday&#39;s Demonstrations</a>, June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Sergeant Michael Roberts from the Portland Police Bureau, June 3, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18669,
            "slug": "vietnam-memorial-was-not-vandalized-black-lives-ma",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says a photo shows a memorial vandalized by Black Lives Matter protesters.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-04T17:05:58-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>In an effort to show how nationwide Black Lives Matter demonstrations have gotten out of hand, some Facebook users are pointing to the scene of a crime &mdash; a 2016 crime, that is.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/jW6C2#selection-667.0-826.0\">A June 3 Facebook post</a> claims that some people protesting the death of George Floyd, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/may/29/death-george-floyd-what-you-need-know/\">who died</a> in Minneapolis police custody after a white officer kneeled on his neck, have vandalized a veterans memorial.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you stand for this you are the problem!!!&quot; the poster wrote in the caption.</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from Facebook)</em></p>\n\n<p>The photo is real &mdash; but it doesn&rsquo;t show vandalism caused by recent Black Lives Matter protesters.</p>\n\n<p>In May 2016, vandals <a href=\"https://abc7.com/news/volunteers-fix-vandalized-vietnam-war-memorial-in-venice/1361468/\">spray-painted graffiti</a> on a Vietnam War memorial in Venice, Calif. The memorial was <a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/nation/ct-veterans-sites-vandalized-20160528-story.html\">one of several</a> around the country that was vandalized before Memorial Day that year.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-veterans-memorial-vandalized-20160530-snap-story.html\">Images</a> of the defaced mural in 2016 appear to match up with the image shared in the Facebook post. Los Angeles detectives <a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-tagger-arrested-memorial-wall-venice-20160714-snap-story.html\">identified</a> four people behind the vandalism, which was not connected to a Black Lives Matter protest.</p>\n\n<p>Since Floyd&rsquo;s death on May 25, demonstrations <a href=\"https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/interactive/2020/06/mapping-cities-george-floyd-protests-erupted-200601081654119.html\">have erupted</a> in more than 350 American cities. Protesters in Washington, D.C., <a href=\"https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2020/06/01/protesters-damage-veterans-affairs-headquarters-several-dc-war-monuments/\">have defaced</a> some war monuments, including the World War II Memorial.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>But as of now, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington remains untouched.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I have had no reports of it being vandalized,&quot; said Sgt. Eduardo Delgado, a public information officer for the National Park Service, in an email. &quot;I saw it this morning and it was fine.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We could find no evidence that other Vietnam memorials have been vandalized as a result of Black Lives Matter demonstrations.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post is inaccurate. We rate it False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>ABC 7, &quot;<a href=\"https://abc7.com/vietnam-war-memorial-venice-vandalized-wall/2051510/\">Vietnam War memorial in Venice reopens after restoration</a>,&quot; May 29, 2017</p>\n\n<p>ABC 7, &quot;<a href=\"https://abc7.com/news/volunteers-fix-vandalized-vietnam-war-memorial-in-venice/1361468/\">Volunteers fix vandalized Vietnam War memorial in Venice</a>,&quot; May 29, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Al Jazeera, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/interactive/2020/06/mapping-cities-george-floyd-protests-erupted-200601081654119.html\">Mapping US cities where George Floyd protests have erupted</a>,&quot; June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email from Sgt. Eduardo Delgado, a public information officer for the National Park Service, June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/jW6C2#selection-667.0-826.0\">Facebook post</a>, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Los Angeles Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-veterans-memorial-vandalized-20160530-snap-story.html\">Graffiti is scrubbed from veterans memorial in Venice, but more restoration work remains</a>,&quot; May 30, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Los Angeles Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-tagger-arrested-memorial-wall-venice-20160714-snap-story.html\">Tagger known as &lsquo;Liter&rsquo; arrested on suspicion of defacing Vietnam veterans memorial in Venice</a>,&quot; July 14, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Military Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2020/06/01/protesters-damage-veterans-affairs-headquarters-several-dc-war-monuments/\">Protesters damage Veterans Affairs headquarters, several DC war monuments</a>,&quot; June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://tineye.com/\">TinEye</a>, accessed June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Tribune News Services, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/nation/ct-veterans-sites-vandalized-20160528-story.html\">Veterans sites in California, Kentucky, Virginia damaged by vandals</a>,&quot; May 28, 2016</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18668,
            "slug": "donald-trumps-pants-fire-claim-he-gave-jim-mattis-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "donald-trump",
                "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                "first_name": "Donald",
                "last_name": "Trump"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says he’s the one who gave the nickname “Mad Dog” to former Defense Secretary James Mattis.",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-04T17:00:28-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>President Donald Trump has often lashed out at those who criticize him, especially if they are former insiders.</p>\n\n<p>The pattern repeated itself on June 3, just hours after his first defense secretary, retired Gen. James Mattis, <a href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2020/06/james-mattis-denounces-trump-protests-militarization/612640/\">published criticism</a> of Trump, writing that Trump &quot;is the first president in my lifetime who does not try to unite the American people&mdash;does not even pretend to try.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1268347256748507136\">tweet</a>, Trump wrote, &quot;Probably the only thing Barack Obama &amp; I have in common is that we both had the honor of firing Jim Mattis, the world&rsquo;s most overrated General. I asked for his letter of resignation, &amp; felt great about it. His nickname was &lsquo;Chaos,&rsquo; which I didn&rsquo;t like, &amp; changed to &lsquo;Mad Dog.&rsquo;&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s not the first time Trump claimed to have given Mattis the nickname &quot;Mad Dog.&quot; In a speech at the Conservative Political Action Conference in 2019, <a href=\"https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2019/03/03/trump-claims-he-coined-the-nickname-mad-dog-mattis/\">Trump said</a> he told Mattis &quot;we&rsquo;re going to give you a new nickname, because &lsquo;Chaos&rsquo; is not a good nickname. So we changed it to &lsquo;Mad Dog.&rsquo;&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In reality, though, Mattis&rsquo; &quot;Mad Dog&quot; nickname was in common circulation long before Trump tapped him for his cabinet. It dates back at least as far as 2004, and probably well before that. (The White House and the Trump campaign did not respond to inquiries for this article.)</p>\n\n<p>On April 16, 2004, the Los Angeles Times published an <a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2004-apr-16-fg-general16-story.html\">article</a> filed from Iraq headlined, &quot;Marines&rsquo; &lsquo;Mad Dog Mattis&rsquo; Battles for Iraqis&rsquo; Support.&quot; The article said, &quot;Behind his back, troops call him &lsquo;Mad Dog Mattis,&rsquo; high praise in Marine culture. &lsquo;He can swear as much as any enlisted man,&rsquo; a corporal said.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Later that year, the Los Angeles Times published another article that referred to the nickname, saying that the general was &quot;known as &lsquo;Mad Dog Mattis&rsquo; to his men.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The earliest instance of Trump calling Mattis &quot;Mad Dog&quot; that we could find from searching Google and Nexis was on Nov. 20, 2016, when Trump <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/800332639844659201?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Ffactba.se%2Fsearch\">tweeted</a>, &quot;General James &lsquo;Mad Dog&rsquo; Mattis, who is being considered for Secretary of Defense, was very impressive yesterday. A true General&#39;s General!&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>During the confirmation hearing for his nomination as Defense secretary in January 2017, Mattis <a href=\"https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2019/03/03/trump-claims-he-coined-the-nickname-mad-dog-mattis/\">told senators</a> that the nickname &quot;was given to me by the press, and some of you may have experienced similar occasions with the press where perhaps they didn&#39;t get it quite right.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>News reports have <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2017/01/12/politics/james-mattis-mad-dog-nickname/index.html\">suggested</a> that Mattis has not been a big fan of his nickname. Meanwhile, the nickname &quot;Chaos&quot; that Trump referenced comes from the acronym for &quot;the colonel has an outstanding solution,&quot; something his troops said as a gentle dig behind his back in the 1990s, according to the <a href=\"https://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/your-marine-corps/2017/09/21/mattis-explains-the-origin-of-the-call-sign-chaos/\">Marine Corps Times</a>.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Trump said that Mattis&rsquo; &quot;nickname was &lsquo;Chaos,&rsquo; which I didn&rsquo;t like, &amp; changed to &lsquo;Mad Dog.&rsquo;&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This is the second time that Trump has said he gave Mattis his &quot;Mad Dog&quot; nickname, but it&rsquo;s flat wrong. The nickname dates back at least as far as 2004, when it was used in the headline of a Los Angeles Times article &mdash; 12 years before Trump first used the nickname publicly as he was considering Mattis as his Defense Secretary.</p>\n\n<p>We rate the statement Pants on Fire.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Donald Trump, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1268347256748507136\">tweet</a>, June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Donald Trump, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/800332639844659201?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Ffactba.se%2Fsearch\">tweet</a>, Nov. 20, 2016</p>\n\n<p>The Atlantic, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2020/06/james-mattis-denounces-trump-protests-militarization/612640/\">James Mattis Denounces President Trump, Describes Him as a Threat to the Constitution</a>,&quot; June 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Los Angeles Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2004-apr-16-fg-general16-story.html\">Marines&rsquo; &lsquo;Mad Dog Mattis&rsquo; Battles for Iraqis&rsquo; Support</a>,&quot; April 16, 2004</p>\n\n<p>Los Angeles Times, &quot;The Fight for Iraq,&quot; Oct. 24, 2004 (acessed via Nexis)</p>\n\n<p>Military Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2019/03/03/trump-claims-he-coined-the-nickname-mad-dog-mattis/\">Trump claims he coined the nickname &lsquo;Mad Dog&rsquo; Mattis</a>,&quot; March 3, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Marine Corps Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/your-marine-corps/2017/09/21/mattis-explains-the-origin-of-the-call-sign-chaos/\">The origin of Mattis&rsquo; call sign, &lsquo;Chaos</a>,&#39;&quot; Sept. 21, 2017</p>\n\n<p>CNN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2016/12/03/politics/donald-trump-james-mattis/\">Meet the &#39;Mad Dog&#39; Donald Trump wants to lead the Pentagon</a>,&quot; Dec. 3, 2016</p>\n\n<p>CNN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2017/01/12/politics/james-mattis-mad-dog-nickname/index.html\">Mattis: &#39;Mad Dog&#39; was a nickname given by the press</a>,&quot; Jan. 12, 2017</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18666,
            "slug": "facebook-post-cites-wrong-fast-food-ceo-big-trump-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "donald-trump",
                    "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                    "first_name": "Donald",
                    "last_name": "Trump"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "“The CEO of the company that owns Wendy’s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut donated $400,000 towards Trump’s re-election campaign.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-04T15:49:09-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut are facing turbulence on social media from an assertion that their CEO has donated $400,000 to the re-election campaign of President Donald Trump.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The CEO of the company that owns Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut donated $400,000 towards Trump&rsquo;s re-election campaign,&quot; <a href=\"http://archive.is/Ky0Ii\">a June 1 post with 89,000 shares said</a>. &quot;Y&rsquo;all still finna be eating there?&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Other posts echoed this message, with <a href=\"http://archive.is/R44sd\">one</a> saying, &quot;Wendy&rsquo;s is cancelled. donated 400k to trump. I repeat, Wendy&rsquo;s is cancelled.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>However, this claim is garbled. The executive who gave six-figure donations to the Trump re-election effort is the franchisee of a smaller number of Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut locations in the southwestern United States, not the CEO of Louisville-based <a href=\"https://www.yum.com/wps/portal/yumbrands/Yumbrands\">Yum! Brands</a>, the global fast-food company that owns Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. (Wendy&#39;s is a separate company.)</p>\n\n<p>The Trump-supporting executive in question is James Bodenstedt, the founder of San Antonio, Texas-based MUY! Brands, a fast-food franchising company with Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut locations. (MUY! is Yum! spelled backwards.) On Federal Election Commission disclosure forms the past two years, Bodenstedt has identified himself as either president or CEO of MUY! Consulting.</p>\n\n<p>The website of MUY! Brands doesn&rsquo;t list its current number of locations, but a 2012 <a href=\"https://2ugdm237kh4b24pbgn6t7b71-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Food-and-Drink-2012-web.pdf\">article</a> in a trade publication that the company posted on its website said at that time it had 230 locations in Texas and New Mexico. The article described MUY! as &quot;one of the nation&rsquo;s largest Yum! Brands franchisees.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Bodenstedt has indeed been a generous donor to the Trump re-election effort.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Just during the 2020 campaign cycle, he has made 44 donations to entities working to re-elect Trump, according to <a href=\"https://www.fec.gov/introduction-campaign-finance/how-to-research-public-records/individual-contributions/\">Federal Election Commission disclosure forms</a>:</p>\n\n<p>&bull; <strong>The Trump campaign</strong>: $200;</p>\n\n<p>&bull; <strong><a href=\"https://www.opensecrets.org/jfc/summary.php?id=C00618389\">Trump Victory</a></strong>, a joint fundraising vehicle that benefits both Trump and the Republican National Committee: $400,000;</p>\n\n<p>&bull; <strong>The Republican National Committee</strong>: $144,200.</p>\n\n<p>These donations total $544,400 so far, and they could grow as the campaign progresses. Bodenstedt also donated to other state and national Republican entities beyond those that specifically promote Trump&rsquo;s re-election.</p>\n\n<p>In mid-May, Business Insider <a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/fast-food-franchisee-advising-white-house-400000-to-trump-reelection-2020-5\">reported</a> that Bodenstedt was one of the fast-food industry figures advising Trump on the restaurant sector&rsquo;s struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>The CEO of Yum! Brands, <a href=\"https://www.yum.com/wps/portal/yumbrands/Yumbrands/company/about-yum-brands/senior-officers-and-leadership-team\">David Gibbs</a>, has not been a major political donor.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This cycle, Gibbs has made <a href=\"https://www.fec.gov/data/receipts/individual-contributions/?contributor_name=david+gibbs&amp;contributor_employer=yum&amp;two_year_transaction_period=2020&amp;min_date=01%2F01%2F2019&amp;max_date=12%2F31%2F2020\">two donations</a> totaling $4,180, and they were to the company&rsquo;s political action committee, or PAC. A PAC is a vehicle for company executives and certain employees to pool their money so it can be donated directly to candidates and other political committees.</p>\n\n<p>The PAC, called the Yum! Brands Inc. Good Government Fund, has made donations so far this cycle totaling a little over $60,000. Its recipients have included both Republicans and Democrats.</p>\n\n<p>The Republican recipients include former Kentucky Gov. Matt Bevin, Sens. Susan Collins of Maine, John Cornyn of Texas, and Cory Gardner of Colorado, and Reps. Greg Walden of Oregon and Hal Rogers of Kentucky. The Democrats include Sens. Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona and Gary Peters of Michigan and Reps. Stephanie Murphy of Florida and Steven Horsford of Nevada.</p>\n\n<p>Wendy&#39;s CEO Todd A. Penegor has donated only to his company&#39;s PAC, disclosures show. In turn, the Wendy&#39;s Company Political Action Committee has donated to multiple Republican lawmakers but also to such Democratic Reps. as Joyce Beatty of Ohio, Stephanie Murphy of Florida, Jimmy Panetta and Jim Costa of California, and Raja Krishnamoorthi of Illinois. The PAC has not donated to the Trump campaign or outside groups supporting him.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post said that &quot;the CEO of the company that owns Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut donated $400,000 towards Trump&rsquo;s re-election campaign.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This assertion has been garbled. Bodenstedt, the founder of a major Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut franchisee, has donated $544,400 to entities supporting Trump&rsquo;s re-election so far this campaign cycle. But Bodenstedt is not &quot;the CEO of the company that owns Wendy&rsquo;s, Taco Bell, and Pizza Hut.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We rate the statement Mostly False.</p>\n\n<p><em><strong>CORRECTION, June 5, 2020:</strong> This article has been updated to clarify that Wendy&#39;s is its own company and is not owned by Yum! Brands. The rating remains the same.</em></p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/Ky0Ii\">post</a>, June 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/R44sd\">post</a>, June 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://muycompanies.com/\">MUY!</a> website</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.yum.com/wps/portal/yumbrands/Yumbrands\">Yum! Brands</a> website</p>\n\n<p>Federal Election Commission, <a href=\"https://www.fec.gov/introduction-campaign-finance/how-to-research-public-records/individual-contributions/\">donor lookup tool</a>, accessed June 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Food and Drink Magazine, &quot;<a href=\"https://2ugdm237kh4b24pbgn6t7b71-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Food-and-Drink-2012-web.pdf\">MUY Goes For More</a>,&quot; Spring 2012</p>\n\n<p>Business Insider, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/fast-food-franchisee-advising-white-house-400000-to-trump-reelection-2020-5\">The first fast-food franchisee to advise Trump on reopening restaurants has donated more than $400,000 to the president&#39;s reelection &mdash; including $200,000 in March</a>,&quot; May 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Delish.com, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.delish.com/food-news/a32744570/ceo-wendys-franchises-trump/\">The CEO Of A Company That Owns A Number Of Wendy&#39;s Franchises Has Donated To Trump Reelection Campaigns</a>,&quot; June 2, 2020</p>"
        }
    ]
}