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{
    "count": 17108,
    "next": "http://www.politifact.com/api/factchecks/?page=2",
    "previous": null,
    "results": [
        {
            "id": 17904,
            "slug": "attempt-link-mitt-romney-alleged-recruiter-accused",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "mitt-romney",
                    "full_name": "Mitt Romney",
                    "first_name": "Mitt",
                    "last_name": "Romney"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "“Epstein’s recruiter Ghislaine Maxwell’s father Robert Maxwell gave Mitt Romney his first $2M investment and started him in business.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-18T14:21:34-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Before Sen. Mitt Romney made history as the lone Republican to vote to convict President Donald Trump at Trump&rsquo;s impeachment trial, he became the target of social media smears.</p>\n\n<p>One attack linked the Utah senator to Ghislaine Maxwell, the woman who allegedly recruited girls and young women for Jeffrey Epstein to sexually abuse.</p>\n\n<p>The Jan. 29 <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10219372383731971&amp;set=a.1437833157488&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> is a screengrab of what appears to be a news story or blog post featuring a photo of Maxwell. It reads, in all-caps:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Epstein&rsquo;s recruiter Ghislaine Maxwell&rsquo;s father Robert Maxwell gave Mitt Romney his first $2M investment and started him in business.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>The claim has an element of truth, but is misleading.</p>\n\n<p>The body of Robert Maxwell, a British publishing baron, was <a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/sep/09/robert-maxwells-sons-say-tycoon-was-to-meet-boe-the-day-he-died\">found</a> floating in the Atlantic after he went missing off his private yacht in November 1991 and the circumstances have remained mysterious. He was an early investor in Romney&rsquo;s first investment fund at the Bain Capital firm, which was pivotal in Romney&rsquo;s later political career.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But Romney had already established himself in business by the time Robert Maxwell gave him money &mdash; and Maxwell&rsquo;s investment was not the first in the fund.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The Epstein connection</div>\n\n<p>Epstein, a disgraced financier, was accused of sexually abusing and trafficking underage girls. He committed suicide by hanging himself in a New York City jail cell Aug. 10.</p>\n\n<p>Ghislaine Maxwell, a British socialite, is the Oxford-educated daughter of Robert Maxwell. Her father&#39;s business empire collapsed following his death, <a href=\"https://abcnews.go.com/US/victims-allege-ghislaine-maxwell-purposefully-evading-justice-system/story?id=68626164\">according</a> to ABC News, which did a series on Epstein. Ghislaine Maxwell moved to New York and became Epstein&rsquo;s girlfriend. Her whereabouts are unknown.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Ghislaine Maxwell allegedly helped recruit girls for Epstein and is being sued, along with Epstein&rsquo;s estate, by three women who say they were among the victims.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The Romney connection</div>\n\n<p>The post we&rsquo;re checking shows a headline from an <a href=\"https://johnbwellsnews.com/epsteins-recruiter-ghislaine-maxwells-father-robert-maxwell-gave-mitt-romney-his-first-2m-investment-and-got-him-started-in-business/\">article</a> on JohnBWellsNews.com, whose slogan is &quot;Making The News Great Again.&quot; That article links to a July 2012 <a href=\"https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/us-election/9413564/US-Election-2012-Mitt-Romney-fortune-built-with-help-from-Robert-Maxwell-and-Jack-Lyons.html\">article</a> in The Telegraph, a London-based news organization.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Telegraph reported that after Romney set up the Boston consulting firm Bain Capital in 1984, Robert Maxwell invested $2 million in Romney&#39;s first private equity fund, a fund that &quot;launched (Romney&rsquo;s) controversial career in finance.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The same day, the Los Angeles Times <a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-xpm-2012-jul-19-la-na-bain-creation-20120719-story.html\">reported</a> that the fund had been seeded with $12 million from Bain partners and that Maxwell&rsquo;s $2 million was one of the early, but certainly not the first, outside investments. After Maxwell&rsquo;s death, investigators discovered Maxwell had stolen hundreds of millions of dollars from his company&#39;s pension funds.</p>\n\n<p>Romney&rsquo;s fund was invested in startup companies and leveraged buyouts. It paid out an average of 173% in average annual returns over a decade and was the &quot;start of the private equity powerhouse that ultimately fueled Romney&rsquo;s political career,&quot; the Times said.</p>\n\n<p>Romney was <a href=\"https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/greed-and-debt-the-true-story-of-mitt-romney-and-bain-capital-183291/\">established</a> in business before starting the fund. He <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/id/45051863\">worked</a> for two years at the Boston Consulting Group and six years at the Bain &amp; Company consulting firm before co-founding the new firm-within-a-firm, Bain Capital, in 1984.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post claims that Robert Maxwell &mdash; the father of the woman who allegedly recruited girls and young women for sexual exploitation by Jeffrey Epstein &mdash; gave Mitt Romney &quot;his first $2 million investment and got him started in business.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The $2 million from Maxwell did not start Romney in business. Romney had eight years of business experience before co-founding the Bain Capital investment firm.</p>\n\n<p>Moreover, Romney&rsquo;s first fund at the firm was seeded by $12 million from Bain partners, although Maxwell was one of the early outside investors.</p>\n\n<p>This statement contains an element of truth but ignores critical details that would give a different impression. We rate this Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10219372383731971&amp;set=a.1437833157488&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, Jan. 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>JohnBWellsNews.com, <a href=\"https://johnbwellsnews.com/epsteins-recruiter-ghislaine-maxwells-father-robert-maxwell-gave-mitt-romney-his-first-2m-investment-and-got-him-started-in-business/\">&quot;Epstein&rsquo;s recruiter Ghislaine Maxwell&rsquo;s father Robert Maxwell gave Mitt Romney his first $2M investment and got him started in business,&quot;</a> Dec. 18, 2019</p>\n\n<p>The Telegraph, <a href=\"https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/us-election/9413564/US-Election-2012-Mitt-Romney-fortune-built-with-help-from-Robert-Maxwell-and-Jack-Lyons.html\">&quot;US Election 2012: Mitt Romney fortune built with help from Robert Maxwell and Jack Lyons,&quot;</a> July 19, 2012</p>\n\n<p>ABC News, <a href=\"https://abcnews.go.com/US/victims-allege-ghislaine-maxwell-purposefully-evading-justice-system/story?id=68626164\">&quot;Victims allege Ghislaine Maxwell is purposefully evading justice system,&quot;</a> Jan. 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Los Angeles Times, <a href=\"https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-xpm-2012-jul-19-la-na-bain-creation-20120719-story.html\">&quot;Bain Capital started with help of offshore investors,&quot;</a> July 19, 2012</p>\n\n<p>Rolling Stone, <a href=\"https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/greed-and-debt-the-true-story-of-mitt-romney-and-bain-capital-183291/\">&quot;Greed and Debt: The True Story of Mitt Romney and Bain Capital,&quot;</a> Aug 29, 2012</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/id/45051863\">&quot;Mitt Romney,&quot;</a> accessed Feb. 8, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17917,
            "slug": "no-guns-seized-home-new-mexico-gov-michelle-lujan-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "After pushing through a red flag law in the New Mexico Senate, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham “has had the firearms of her guards and household seized.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-18T13:17:34-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>An inaccurate Facebook post goes after New Mexico Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham over her support of a law that attempts to keep guns away from people who might be dangerous.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;In a move some would call &lsquo;stunningly ironic&rsquo; Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) has had the firearms of her guards and household seized,&quot; says a Feb. 9 Facebook post by the <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/farmingtontribune/photos/a.627043444330897/1057769137924990/?type=3&amp;theater\">Farmington Tribune</a>. &quot;This comes only days after pushing her party&#39;s &lsquo;red flag&rsquo; law through the Senate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We don&rsquo;t call this statement ironic. We call it false.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence that guns were seized from Lujan Grisham&rsquo;s home. And the state police officers who protect her remain armed, her spokesman Tripp Stelnicki told PolitiFact.</p>\n\n<p>The story was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>The Farmington Tribune <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/pg/farmingtontribune/about/?ref=page_internal\">Facebook page doesn&rsquo;t shed much light on its intentions.</a> Some <a href=\"https://the-journal.com/articles/112590\">news</a> <a href=\"https://www.krqe.com/news/new-mexico/new-mexico-satire-news-story-spreads-online-fooling-hundreds/\">reports</a> have characterized the Facebook page as satire, but nothing on the site states that.</p>\n\n<p>This false story was inspired by <a href=\"https://www.governor.state.nm.us/2020/02/07/extreme-risk-protection-order-legislation-clears-senate/\">Lujan Grisham&rsquo;s support</a> of the <a href=\"https://www.nmlegis.gov/Legislation/Legislation?Chamber=S&amp;LegType=B&amp;LegNo=5&amp;year=20\">proposed</a> Extreme Risk Firearm Protection Order Act that passed the state Senate on Feb. 7. It passed the House on Feb. 13. Lujan Grisham, who <a href=\"https://www.governor.state.nm.us/2020/02/13/extreme-risk-protection-order-legislation-wins-final-approval/\">applauded its passage</a>, is expected to sign the bill.</p>\n\n<p>About <a href=\"https://giffords.org/press-release/2019/08/erpo-memo/\">17 states</a> have similar &quot;red flag&quot; or extreme risk laws. The laws allow police to petition a court to order the temporary removal of firearms from a person who may be dangerous, or to block the person from obtaining a firearm. After a set amount of time, the firearm is either returned to the person or the court order is extended.</p>\n\n<p><em><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/sep/03/dave-aronberg/explaining-how-floridas-red-flag-gun-law-works/\"><strong>RELATED:</strong> How Florida&rsquo;s red flag gun law works</a></em></p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence that guns were seized from Lujan Grisham&rsquo;s home or from her security detail after passage of the law. We rate this statement False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Farmington Tribune, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/farmingtontribune/photos/a.627043444330897/1057769137924990/?type=3&amp;theater\">NEW MEXICO RED FLAG GUN LAWS BACKFIRE, LEAVING GOVERNOR IN JAM</a>, Feb. 9, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Gov. Lujan Grisham, <a href=\"https://www.governor.state.nm.us/2020/02/07/extreme-risk-protection-order-legislation-clears-senate/\">Extreme-risk protection order legislation clears Senate</a>, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>AP, <a href=\"https://apnews.com/ea9b5cdc812ac253dedc446425d16b48\">New Mexico Senate endorses red-flag gun bill,</a> Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Santa Fe New Mexican, <a href=\"https://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/legislature/revised-red-flag-legislation-passes-senate/article_7bdcf3bc-49c6-11ea-92e4-e7eaa2314b96.html\">Revised &#39;red flag&#39; legislation passes Senate</a>, Feb. 8, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Santa Fe New Mexican, <a href=\"https://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/local_news/lawmaker-nothing-inappropriate-at-lujan-grisham-meeting/article_9ebe3ee8-2803-11ea-99d5-374be7f8e125.html\">Lawmaker: Nothing &lsquo;inappropriate&rsquo; at Lujan Grisham meeting</a>, Dec. 27, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Giffords, <a href=\"https://giffords.org/press-release/2019/08/erpo-memo/\">MEMO: Extreme Risk Laws and Their Role in Reducing Gun Violence</a>, Aug. 5, 2019</p>\n\n<p>The Journal, <a href=\"https://the-journal.com/articles/112590\">Satirical website &lsquo;The Farmington Tribune&rsquo; digs at Four Corners issues</a>, Oct. 5, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Tripp Stelnicki, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham spokesman, Feb. 11, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17933,
            "slug": "claims-robert-de-niro-linked-child-sex-trafficking",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Robert de Niro Linked to Child Sex Trafficking Ring According to Court Records”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-18T13:02:24-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Despite what various bloggers imply, Robert De Niro was never &quot;linked&quot; to a child sex trafficking ring. That&#39;s a significant overreach from stories published more than 20 years ago about the actor being questioned&nbsp;in connection with&nbsp;a prostitution ring investigation.</p>\n\n<p>De Niro was never arrested or charged with a crime. But the blogposts easily leave the wrong impression.</p>\n\n<p>The posts, such as <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/thewashingtonpundit/posts/actor-robert-de-niro-has-been-linked-to-child-trafficking-rings-according-to-cou/1024789671010029/\">this one</a> from a page called The Washington Pundit, appear to base their claims off information from a 1998 Independent story by journalist John Lichfield. But&nbsp;they often present the facts in ways that wrongly suggest De Niro was involved with underage girls. There is no proof of that.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Robert de Niro Linked to Child Sex Trafficking Ring According to Court Records,&quot; reads the Washington Pundit&rsquo;s article headline.</p>\n\n<p>The posts imply media coverage of the incident was suppressed. The posts also indicate that De Niro&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.huffpost.com/entry/robert-de-niro-donald-trump_n_57f8bafde4b068ecb5dec90e\">ongoing</a> <a href=\"https://thehill.com/blogs/in-the-know/in-the-know/439850-robert-de-niro-trump-has-proven-himself-to-be-a-total-loser\">criticisms</a> of <a href=\"https://www.huffpost.com/entry/robert-de-niro-sag-awards-speech-politics_n_5e24d716c5b673621f7809f9\">President Donald Trump</a> are the reason the child sex trafficking ring allegations have emerged.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Just last year, De Niro decided to slam President Trump and dub him a sexual predator. He went so far as to call Trump &lsquo;a dog,&rsquo;&quot; the post reads. &quot;Now the tables have severely turned around. De Niro should be ashamed of himself for picking on President Trump for making an insignificant comment years ago&hellip; especially since he is was at the heart of an international prostitution ring.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That isn&#39;t true, which probably explains why the article was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> partnership with Facebook</a>.) <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/was-robert-deniro-child-trafficking-ring/\">Snopes</a> and <a href=\"https://www.truthorfiction.com/robert-de-niro-international-child-prostitution-ring/\">Truth or Fiction</a> both fact-checked this claim back in 2018.</p>\n\n<p>The 1998 <a href=\"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/the-sex-scandal-that-wouldnt-lie-down-1185127.html\">story in the Independent</a> said six people were charged in France with running an international prostitution ring, which involved some girls as young as 15. The agency was adept at &quot;tricking, or trapping, star-struck teenage girls into selling their bodies with the promise of careers as models or actresses,&quot; Lichfield wrote. But De Niro&rsquo;s link to the prostitution ring is not as direct as the posts suggest &mdash; he was never arrested or charged with a crime, and he was never linked to any underage girls.</p>\n\n<p>In his November 1998&nbsp;story, Lichfield said women from the agency that broke the law &quot;entertained&quot; De Niro and a few other prominent figures. Previously, <a href=\"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/de-niro-quizzed-over-vice-ring-1144074.html\">in a story from February 1998</a>, Lichfield wrote that De Niro had been questioned by French police in connection to the prostitution ring investigation.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Lichfield also reported that <a href=\"https://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Cops-grill-De-Niro-on-prostitution-ring-3104647.php\">De Niro&rsquo;s lawyer said he found the way his client was treated shocking and upsetting</a> given &quot;(De Niro&rsquo;s) name came up only incidentally&quot; in the investigation.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Lichfield was not the only source to report that De Niro had been questioned.&nbsp;The <a href=\"https://www.irishtimes.com/news/de-niro-held-questioned-in-paris-over-vice-ring-1.134173\">Irish Times&rsquo; Lara Marlowe also reported in February 1998</a> that De Niro was detained at the Bristol Hotel in Paris and questioned for about nine hours due to his connection with an international prostitution ring that had been under investigation since 1996.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Marlowe&rsquo;s story said officials &quot;stressed&quot; De Niro was questioned as a potential witness, and Lichfield said the police were clear that De Niro was never arrested.</p>\n\n<p>The posts imply the actor&rsquo;s involvement in this criminal investigation went much further than simply being questioned, and there is no evidence he was involved with an underage girl. So we&nbsp;rate this claim Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>The Irish Times, <a href=\"https://www.irishtimes.com/news/de-niro-held-questioned-in-paris-over-vice-ring-1.134173\">&quot;De Niro held, questioned in Paris over vice ring,&quot;</a> Feb. 11, 1998</p>\n\n<p>The Independent, <a href=\"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/the-sex-scandal-that-wouldnt-lie-down-1185127.html\">&quot;The sex scandal that wouldn&#39;t lie down,&quot;</a> Nov. 15, 1998</p>\n\n<p>The Independent, <a href=\"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/de-niro-quizzed-over-vice-ring-1144074.html\">&quot;De Niro quizzed over vice ring,&quot;</a> Feb. 11, 1998&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>SFGate, <a href=\"https://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Cops-grill-De-Niro-on-prostitution-ring-3104647.php\">&quot;Cops grill De Niro on prostitution ring,&quot;</a> Feb. 11, 1998</p>\n\n<p>Snopes, <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/was-robert-deniro-child-trafficking-ring/\">&quot;Was Robert De Niro Involved in a Child Sex Trafficking Ring?&quot;</a> June 12, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Truth or Fiction, <a href=\"https://www.truthorfiction.com/robert-de-niro-international-child-prostitution-ring/\">&quot;Robert De Niro Was Part of International Child Prostitution Ring-Mostly Fiction!&quot;</a> June 12, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Huffpost, <a href=\"https://www.huffpost.com/entry/robert-de-niro-donald-trump_n_57f8bafde4b068ecb5dec90e\">&quot;Robert De Niro Unloads On Donald Trump With (Almost) Every Insult Under The Sun,&quot;</a> Oct. 8, 2016</p>\n\n<p>The Hill, <a href=\"https://thehill.com/blogs/in-the-know/in-the-know/439850-robert-de-niro-trump-has-proven-himself-to-be-a-total-loser\">&quot;Robert De Niro: Trump has &#39;proven himself to be a total loser,&#39;&quot;</a> April 20, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Huffpost, <a href=\"https://www.huffpost.com/entry/robert-de-niro-sag-awards-speech-politics_n_5e24d716c5b673621f7809f9\">&quot;Robert De Niro Condemns Trump&rsquo;s &lsquo;Abuse Of Power&rsquo; In Passionate SAG Awards Speech,&quot;</a> Jan. 19, 2020&nbsp;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17943,
            "slug": "youtube-video-caption-falsely-claims-kobe-bryant-s",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "youtube-videos",
                "full_name": "YouTube videos",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "YouTube videos"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Kobe Bryant Is Still Alive and Faked His Death LEAKED FOOTAGE”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-18T11:02:30-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Caption for a 12-second YouTube video falsely claims that Kobe Bryant is still alive.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Kobe Bryant Is Still Alive and Faked His Death LEAKED FOOTAGE,&quot; said the caption for the <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e8g8zLchHkc&amp;fbclid=IwAR1kn2--UmtEWTbIIUeSIhfIK_hGZycRs-MduJ--MMocXoGc8-4VJ4J5m0U\">video</a> posted Jan. 26, the same day that Bryant, his 13-year-old daughter Gianna, and seven other people died in a helicopter crash in California.</p>\n\n<p>The Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner <a href=\"https://mec.lacounty.gov/2020/press-releases/four-identified-helicopter-crash/\">confirmed</a> Bryant was among the passengers killed in the crash.</p>\n\n<p>The video was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>The clip features Bryant seemingly filming himself while getting a tattoo on his right arm. Text overlayed on the video says &quot;Is Kobe Still Alive.&quot; The post includes the tags&nbsp; &quot;<a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%23Ripkobebryant\">#Ripkobebryant</a><a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%23kobebryantedits\"> #kobebryantedits</a><a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%23sad\"> #sad</a>.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BWjBj6gAe1S/\">original video</a> is from July 14, 2017. Bryant posted it then to his Instagram account, showing himself getting a tattoo of his daughter&rsquo;s name, Bianka Bella. He&rsquo;d previously tattooed the names of his other daughters on the same arm.</p>\n\n<p>The YouTube video has nearly 1 million views, but it&rsquo;s inaccurate. We rate it Pants on Fire.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>YouTube <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e8g8zLchHkc&amp;fbclid=IwAR1kn2--UmtEWTbIIUeSIhfIK_hGZycRs-MduJ--MMocXoGc8-4VJ4J5m0U\">video</a> posted Jan. 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Instagram, <a href=\"https://www.instagram.com/p/BWjBj6gAe1S/\">Kobe Bryant post</a>, July 14, 2017</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://mec.lacounty.gov/2020/press-releases/four-identified-helicopter-crash/\">Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner identifies Kobe Bryant as passenger killed in Jan. 26 helicopter crash</a>, announcement posted Jan. 28, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17942,
            "slug": "conspiracy-theory-tries-connect-clintons-kate-spad",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Kate Spade worked with the Clintons and suggests they were involved in her death.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-18T10:49:16-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Another Clinton family conspiracy theory has surfaced on Facebook &ndash;&ndash; this time involving the late designer Kate Spade.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2504608242904537&amp;set=a.1509253919106646&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">The post,</a> along with many <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/aug/27/viral-image/no-evidence-support-clinton-body-count-hoax/\">others</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jan/27/viral-image/no-kobe-bryant-didnt-tweet-about-having-dirt-hilla/\">we</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/feb/10/facebook-posts/no-evidence-support-paul-walker-clinton-conspiracy/\">have</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/mar/01/facebook-posts/facebook-post-shares-photo-actor-and-claims-its-ch/\">fact-checked</a>, relies on the debunked theory that the family routinely murders people who have damaging information about them. Spade was <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/05/us/kate-spade-dead/index.html\">found dead</a> in her apartment in June 2018 of an apparent suicide.</p>\n\n<p>The post displays a black-and-white photo of Spade and reads: <em>&quot;Kate Spade. A famous designer who had worked with the Clinton Foundation in the &lsquo;No Ceilings Initiative&rsquo; and did work in Haiti for Hillary. She was found hung up in her apartment by a red scarf on June 5, 2018. Her husband posted multiple strange photos of her before her death.&quot;</em></p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s true that Spade&rsquo;s brand, Kate Spade New York, was involved in two Clinton Foundation projects, but the company was one of several participating brands, and Spade was not personally involved.</p>\n\n<p>The Clinton Foundation&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.clintonfoundation.org/our-work/no-ceilings-full-participation-project\">No Ceilings project</a> was an initiative that sought to advance the &quot;full participation of girls and women around the world.&quot; Kate Spade New York <a href=\"https://www.clintonfoundation.org/press-releases/clinton-foundations-no-ceilings-initiative-unveils-not-there-unprecedented\">participated in</a> the project&rsquo;s 2015 International Women&rsquo;s Day event &quot;Not There,&quot; which was aimed to raise awareness that women are &quot;not there&quot; yet on issues of gender equality.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Her brand &ndash;&ndash; along with West Elm, Holt Renfrew, Kenneth Cole and others &ndash;&ndash; sent representatives on a Clinton Foundation-led trip to Haiti in 2016 to &quot;introduce them to potential investment and sourcing opportunities, and to develop new partnerships with Haitian business owners,&quot; a <a href=\"https://www.clintonfoundation.org/sites/default/files/2016_q2_programmatic_update.pdf\">news release said.&nbsp;</a></p>\n\n<p>Spade&rsquo;s brand was one of at least 24 <a href=\"https://www.clintonfoundation.org/press-releases/clinton-foundations-no-ceilings-initiative-unveils-not-there-unprecedented\">listed participants</a> in the No Ceilings event, and one of several in the Haiti trip. Meanwhile, the designer hadn&rsquo;t been personally involved in the company since selling her remaining stake to Neiman Marcus <a href=\"https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2006/10/31/founders-of-kate-spade-sell-their-shares-to-neiman-marcus/\">for $59 million in 2006.</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We couldn&rsquo;t find the &quot;multiple strange photos&quot; that the post says her husband, Andy Spade, allegedly took of her before her death. We were also unable to find any mention of the photos in the thoroughly covered news of her death.</p>\n\n<p>The New York City Medical Examiner&rsquo;s office <a href=\"https://www.nbcmiami.com/news/national-international/kate-spade-suicide/146728/\">confirmed</a> that Spade&rsquo;s death was a suicide.</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s a far reach to suggest that her brand&rsquo;s participation in events a decade after she sold the company is evidence that the Clintons were involved in her suicide years later.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2504608242904537&amp;set=a.1509253919106646&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, July 21, 2019&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Buzzfeed, <a href=\"https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/daveyalba/conspiracy-theories-about-anthony-bourdains-death-are\">YouTube Is Spreading Conspiracy Theories about Anthony Bourdain&rsquo;s Death</a>, June 15, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Clinton Foundation, <a href=\"https://www.clintonfoundation.org/press-releases/clinton-foundations-no-ceilings-initiative-unveils-not-there-unprecedented\">Clinton Foundation&rsquo;s No Ceilings Initiative Unveils &quot;NOT THERE&quot;: An Unprecedented Collaboration to Raise Awareness and Inspire Action for Gender Equality</a>, March 8, 2015</p>\n\n<p>Clinton Foundation, <a href=\"https://www.clintonfoundation.org/sites/default/files/2016_q2_programmatic_update.pdf\">Clinton Foundation Initiatives April-June 2016 Programmatic Update</a>, 2016</p>\n\n<p>Yahoo News, <a href=\"https://www.yahoo.com/news/kate-spade-dead-55-andy-192005932.html\">Kate Spade Dead at 55: Andy Spade Dons Mouse Mask as He&#39;s Spotted for First Time Since Wife&#39;s Death</a>, June 7, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Business Insider, <a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/kate-spade-brand-faces-challenges-in-future-2018-6\">Kate Spade was completely detached from her namesake brand at the time of her death, but nostalgic shoppers have flocked to its stores. Here&#39;s what the brand&#39;s future could be</a>, June 12, 2018</p>\n\n<p>New York Times, <a href=\"https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2006/10/31/founders-of-kate-spade-sell-their-shares-to-neiman-marcus/\">Founders of Kate Spade Sell Their Shares to Neiman Marcus</a>, Oct. 31, 2006</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17940,
            "slug": "no-trump-didnt-sign-bill-returning-prayer-schools",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“President Trump signs bill returning prayer in schools.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-18T10:00:02-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>After President Donald Trump made an announcement about school prayer in January, a video on Facebook exaggerated the impact of his actions.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;President Trump signs bill returning prayer in schools,&quot; said the headline of one <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2U2NBFFJp4&amp;fbclid=IwAR12hYkgJzb8BuUotpqGPFtU8wclzmyn-t68KQ0fdGxd6khGdt_KRJ2xplM\">video</a> by Eyes Open Media.</p>\n\n<p>The narrator said that prayer in school is no longer banned. &quot;Donald Trump just put prayer back in schools,&quot; the narrator said.</p>\n\n<p>The video is misleading because Trump&rsquo;s announcement doesn&rsquo;t change the status quo. Since prayer wasn&rsquo;t banned at schools before Trump&rsquo;s announcement, it&rsquo;s not possible that he returned prayer to schools.</p>\n\n<p>The story was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>On National Religious Freedom Day, Jan. 16, 2020, Trump <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-announcement-guidance-constitutional-prayer-public-schools/\">announced</a> constitutional guidance on school prayer, which was <a href=\"https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/religionandschools/prayer_guidance.html\">posted by the U.S. Education Department</a>. The video called the document a &quot;bill,&quot; which it isn&rsquo;t.&nbsp; A bill would require congressional action.</p>\n\n<p>Trump said he was &quot;announcing historic steps to protect the First Amendment right to pray in public schools. So you have the right to pray.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This <a href=\"https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/religionandschools/prayer_guidance.html\">guidance</a> was not &quot;historic,&quot; as there was a <a href=\"https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/religionandschools/prayer_guidance-2003.html\">similar one issued in 2003</a> during President George W. Bush&rsquo;s tenure. Both guidance documents explain that students may pray when not engaged in school activities or instruction and that teachers in their official capacities can&rsquo;t encourage or discourage prayer, or actively participate in prayer with students.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We sent a copy of the 2003 and 2020 guidance documents to Richard Layton, associate professor of religion at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Layton found no significant shift in the legal terrain. He found modest differences, most notably that the <a href=\"https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/religionandschools/prayer_guidance.html\">2020 document</a> expands on reporting requirements related to complaints.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This seems to be potentially a mechanism that will support more aggressive intervention into state and local educational policies/practices,&quot; he said. &quot;Nevertheless, the main purpose of the new guidelines seems to be to advertise to Christian communities that the administration will advocate for them.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.aclu.org/press-releases/aclu-comment-trump-administration-guidance-school-prayer\">ACLU </a>concluded that both the 2003 and 2020 guidance documents &quot;affirm a core constitutional protection: School officials are prohibited from imposing their faith on students.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Freedom From Religion Foundation concluded that the guidance <a href=\"https://ffrf.org/news/news-releases/item/36840-trump-school-prayer-guidance-inadequate-other-regs-worrisome\">&quot;reiterates the state of law.&quot;</a></p>\n\n<p>To be clear, religion has not been banned from public schools. In 1962, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that school-sponsored or state-organized prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. But the decision does not prohibit prayer or religious expression at school.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><em><strong>RELATED FACT-CHECK:</strong> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2015/aug/10/rafael-cruz/rafael-cruz-father-ted-cruz-says-everybody-prayed-/\">Rafael Cruz, father of Ted Cruz, says &#39;everybody prayed,&#39; read Bible at schools prior to 1962</a></em></p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A video on Facebook said, &quot;President Trump signs bill returning prayer in schools.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump didn&rsquo;t sign a bill; his administration issued a guidance. But that guidance didn&rsquo;t return prayer to schools. It&#39;s nearly the same as a 2003 guidance that explains when students can pray at school of their own initiative. For decades, school-sponsored prayer has been banned, but that doesn&rsquo;t ban religious expression at schools entirely.</p>\n\n<p>The overall message about Trump and school prayer in this video is misleading. We rate this statement Mostly False.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p>White House,<a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-announcement-guidance-constitutional-prayer-public-schools/\"> Remarks by President Trump on the Announcement of Guidance on Constitutional Prayer in Public Schools</a>, Jan. 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Education, <a href=\"https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/religionandschools/prayer_guidance.html\">Guidance on Constitutionally Protected Prayer and Religious Expression in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools</a>, January 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Education, <a href=\"https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/religionandschools/prayer_guidance-2003.html\">Guidance on Constitutionally Protected Prayer in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools</a>, Feb. 7, 2003</p>\n\n<p>AP, <a href=\"https://www.10tv.com/article/trump-boosts-school-prayer-faith-groups-he-rallies-base-2020-feb\">Trump boosts school prayer, faith groups as he rallies base</a>, Jan. 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NPR, <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/2020/01/16/796864399/exclusive-trump-to-reinforce-protections-for-prayer-in-schools\">Trump Defends School Prayer. Critics Say He&#39;s Got It All Wrong</a>, Jan. 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Freedom from Religion Foundation, <a href=\"https://ffrf.org/news/news-releases/item/36840-trump-school-prayer-guidance-inadequate-other-regs-worrisome\">Trump school prayer guidance inadequate, other regs worrisome</a>, Jan. 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Snopes, <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/trump-prayer-schools/\">Did President Trump &lsquo;Return Prayer&rsquo; to Public Schools? </a>Jan. 22, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2015/aug/10/rafael-cruz/rafael-cruz-father-ted-cruz-says-everybody-prayed-/\">Rafael Cruz, father of Ted Cruz, says &#39;everybody prayed,&#39; read Bible at schools prior to 1962</a>, Aug. 10, 2015</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Daniel Mach, director of the ACLU Program on Freedom of Religion and Belief, Feb. 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Richard Layton, associate professor of religion at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Feb. 11, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17938,
            "slug": "image-shared-facebook-claims-ku-klux-klan-endorsed",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“The KKK officially endorses Trump 2020.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-17T15:38:04-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A reader suggested we check a <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/groups/438296907024453/permalink/611412483046227/\">Facebook post</a> that showed a poorly constructed image of President Donald Trump next to two people in what appear to be Ku Klux Klan robes and hoods.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Below the image was this headline:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The KKK officially endorses Trump 2020.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post is from a March 2019 <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://npcdaily.com/2661/the-kkk-officially-endorses-trump-2020/\">article</a> on NPC Daily, which includes another photo of what appears to be Trump with hooded KKK members. The letters &quot;NPC&quot; stand for the author of the site, Neville Percival Croft. And the klansmen photo is from artist Alison Jackson, who uses <a href=\"https://www.wmagazine.com/gallery/alison-jackson-photos-celebrity-lookalikes/\">celebrity lookalikes</a> for her work.</p>\n\n<p>A bio box for Croft below the NPC article ends with a disclaimer:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This entire site is satire.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Former KKK leader David Duke of Louisiana in 2016 publicly endorsed Trump&rsquo;s candidacy for president. Trump at the time received criticism for not disavowing Duke&rsquo;s support when asked about it on CNN by journalist Jake Tapper. Days later, Trump issued <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/02/28/468455028/trump-wont-condemn-kkk-says-he-knows-nothing-about-white-supremacists\">a tweet about the matter</a> saying, &quot;I disavow.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump has been <a href=\"https://www.miamiherald.com/opinion/opn-columns-blogs/leonard-pitts-jr/article216495165.html\">criticized</a> for not condemning white nationalists, such as when he <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/15/us/politics/trump-press-conference-charlottesville.html\">said</a> there was &quot;blame on both sides&quot; after a 2017 white nationalist rally and counterprotest in Charlottesville, Va., turned <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/12/us/charlottesville-protest-white-nationalist.html?action=click&amp;contentCollection=U.S.&amp;module=RelatedCoverage&amp;region=Marginalia&amp;pgtype=article\">violent</a>.</p>\n\n<p>But there is no indication that Trump has received the official endorsement of the KKK, which, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, has become <a href=\"https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/ideology/ku-klux-klan\">less visible and more fractured</a> in recent years compared with other movements propelled by white supremicist thought.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p><br>\nAn image shared on social media claimed: &quot;The KKK officially endorses Trump 2020.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The image is from a March 2019 article on a website that publishes only satire. While Trump was infamously endorsed by a former KKK leader in 2016, we do not find evidence that the organization has issued a formal endorsement of the president in his run for reelection in 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate the claim False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>NPC Daily, <a href=\"https://npcdaily.com/2661/the-kkk-officially-endorses-trump-2020/\">&quot;The KKK officially endorses Trump 2020,&quot;</a> March 12, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/groups/438296907024453/permalink/611412483046227/\">post</a>, Feb. 9, 2020</p>\n\n<p>W Magazine, <a href=\"https://www.wmagazine.com/gallery/alison-jackson-photos-celebrity-lookalikes/\">Alison Jackson&rsquo;s Photos of Celebrity Lookalikes Take Fake News to Another Level</a>, March 10, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Southern Poverty Law Center, <a href=\"https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/ideology/ku-klux-klan\">Ku Klux Klan</a>, accessed Feb. 17, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17941,
            "slug": "fact-checking-facebook-post-amy-klobuchar-refugee-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "breitbart",
                "full_name": "Breitbart",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Breitbart"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Amy Klobuchar vows to resettle 500 percent more refugees, none in her neighborhood.”",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-17T15:31:28-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Sen. Amy Klobuchar gained voter and pundit attention after the New Hampshire Democratic presidential primary debate, and that spotlight continues on Facebook.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Amy Klobuchar vows to resettle 500 percent more refugees, none in her neighborhood,&quot; said a Feb. 12 <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/Breitbart/photos/a.10159587164165354/10164570466840354/?type=3&amp;theater\">Facebook post</a> from Breitbart, a right-leaning news site.</p>\n\n<p>This post, which is an image of a headline from Breitbart, was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook account provides a link in its comments to <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2020/02/12/amy-klobuchar-vows-to-resettle-500-percent-more-refugees-none-in-her-neighborhood/?fbclid=IwAR1TY-hLZAPzy27TK8c7Y_nODXkgnRSnp5W3Fw0fhnvEcBNVPxDoQjZJYgA\">a story on Breitbart</a>. The part about the 500% overall increase needs context, and the story does not prove that Klobuchar vowed to exclude her Minneapolis neighborhood from resettlements.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\"><strong>&quot;Vows to resettle 500 percent more refugees&quot;</strong></div>\n\n<p>The Breitbart story makes a reference to a line in Klobuchar&rsquo;s presidential campaign website. It says she would, &quot;direct the State Department to restore the refugee admissions cap to at least its pre-Trump Administration level.&quot; It does not specify a number.</p>\n\n<p>A president has the authority to determine, in consultation with Congress, the maximum number of refugees that will be allowed into the United States per fiscal year. (The cap represents the top number that will be allowed in and does not necessarily mean that many people will be admitted.)</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/refugees-asylum/refugees\">Refugees</a> are legally admitted into the United States after demonstrating they were persecuted or fear persecution due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. Refugees undergo extensive vetting before arriving in the United States.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.state.gov/refugee-admissions/reception-and-placement/\">Refugee resettlement agencies</a> try to work on the local level, placing refugees wherever they have family or close friends and where it&rsquo;s believed that they&rsquo;ll have the best opportunity to do well; presidents don&rsquo;t designate what neighborhoods refugees go to.</p>\n\n<p>The refugee admissions ceiling set by President Barack Obama fluctuated over his years as president, <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL31269.pdf\">averaging 80,125</a>. The highest ceiling he set was for fiscal year 2017, at <a href=\"https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2016/09/28/presidential-determination-refugee-admissions-fiscal-year-2017\">110,000</a>.</p>\n\n<p>A week into his presidency, President Donald Trump <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry-united-states/\">ordered</a> that the refugee admissions ceiling set by Obama for 2017 be reduced to 50,000. (Ultimately, 53,716 refugees arrived that year.) From fiscal years 2018 to 2020, the cap set by Trump <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/IN11196.pdf\">averaged 31,000</a>. The lowest ceiling was for 2020, at 18,000 refugees.</p>\n\n<p>The Breitbart post on Klobuchar reaches a 500% increase by comparing Trump&rsquo;s lowest and most recent ceiling, 18,000, to Obama&rsquo;s highest and final ceiling, 110,000.</p>\n\n<p>Trump entered the White House promising to <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/promises/trumpometer/promise/1403/limit-legal-immigration/\">limit legal immigration</a> and his refugee admissions ceilings have decreased year after year, setting <a href=\"https://www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/data-hub/charts/us-annual-refugee-resettlement-ceilings-and-number-refugees-admitted-united\">record lows</a>.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\"><strong>&quot;None in her neighborhood&quot;</strong></div>\n\n<p>Breitbart&rsquo;s story headline and Facebook post both say: &quot;Amy Klobuchar vows to resettle 500 percent more refugees, none in her neighborhood.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Klobuchar has not said she would reject refugees from settling in her neighborhood.</p>\n\n<p>A representative for Breitbart said in an email that PolitiFact is &quot;misinterpreting&quot; the headline.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We never say that Senator Klobuchar has vowed not to resettle refugees in her neighborhood, rather we said she vowed to resettle 500% more refugees,&quot; wrote Elizabeth Moore, vice president of public relations and communications at Breitbart News Network.</p>\n\n<p>The Breitbart story is less assertive than its headline, saying that thousands of refugees have resettled in Minneapolis, but &quot;almost none&quot; in Klobuchar&rsquo;s Marcy-Holmes neighborhood.</p>\n\n<p>Publicly available <a href=\"https://ireports.wrapsnet.org/\">State Department data</a> on refugee resettlement also is not broken down by neighborhoods; the most localized data available is by city. So we asked Breitbart for more information.</p>\n\n<p>Moore said &quot;it is safe to conclude that likely no refugees&quot; would be resettled in Klobuchar&rsquo;s neighborhood because over roughly the last decade, no refugees from China, India, Korea, Germany, Thailand, and Malaysia have resettled in Minneapolis. (Moore said she was highlighting those six countries because the majority of the foreign-born population in Klobuchar&rsquo;s neighborhood came from there.)</p>\n\n<p>Most refugees coming into the United States in recent years are not from the six countries flagged by Breitbart. At least since 2000, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burma, Syria, and Iraq are among the <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Refugees_Asylees_2017.pdf\">top countries</a> <a href=\"https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/refugees-and-asylees-united-states\">of nationality</a> of refugee arrivals.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\"><strong>Our ruling</strong></div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post from Breitbart said, &quot;Amy Klobuchar vows to resettle 500 percent more refugees, none in her neighborhood.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Klobuchar wants to let in more refugees than Trump has, but she has not specified how many refugees she would allow into the United States per year. Breitbart reached a 500% increase by comparing the 2017 admissions cap set by Obama (the highest and final cap he set) and the 2020 cap set by Trump (the lowest and most recent admissions cap set).</p>\n\n<p>Klobuchar has not said she would deny refugee resettlement in her neighborhood. And the resettlement process is determined not by presidents but by resettlement agencies that take into consideration where the refugees may have family, friends or other factors that could aid in their success.</p>\n\n<p>This Facebook post is partially accurate but leaves out important details or takes things out of context. We rate it Half True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/Breitbart/photos/a.10159587164165354/10164570466840354/?type=3&amp;theater\">Breitbart post</a>, Feb. 12, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange, Elizabeth Moore, vice president of public relations and communications at Breitbart News Network, Feb. 14-15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Department of Homeland Security, <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Refugees_Asylees_2017.pdf\">Annual Flow ReportREFUGEES AND ASYLEES: 2017 MARCH 2019</a></p>\n\n<p>Migration Policy Institute, <a href=\"https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/refugees-and-asylees-united-states\">Refugees and Asylees in the United States</a>, June 13, 2019;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/data-hub/charts/us-annual-refugee-resettlement-ceilings-and-number-refugees-admitted-united\">U.S. Annual Refugee Resettlement Ceilings and Number of Refugees Admitted, 1980-Present</a></p>\n\n<p>State Department, <a href=\"https://ireports.wrapsnet.org/\">Refugee Processing Center, data interactive tool</a>; <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/refugee-admissions/reception-and-placement/\">Refugee Reception and Placement</a></p>\n\n<p>Internet Archive, Breitbart story on refugee resettlement, Amy Klobuchar, Feb. 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, Trump-O-Meter, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/promises/trumpometer/promise/1403/limit-legal-immigration/\">limit legal immigration</a>, last updated Oct. 5, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Breitbart.com, <a href=\"https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2020/02/12/amy-klobuchar-vows-to-resettle-500-percent-more-refugees-none-in-her-neighborhood/\">Amy Klobuchar vows to resettle 500 percent more refugees, none in her neighborhood</a>, Feb. 12, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17937,
            "slug": "trump-cited-serious-economic-conditions-reducing-f",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "donald-trump",
                    "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                    "first_name": "Donald",
                    "last_name": "Trump"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "“Trump just cut the scheduled federal pay raise, stating that he can’t do it now because of ‘serious economic conditions’ in America.”",
            "ruling_slug": "mostly-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-17T14:51:52-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>In spite of how often President Donald Trump trumpets the strength of the U.S. economy, he&rsquo;s being accused of reducing pay raises for federal employees and blaming the economy for it.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Breaking: Trump just cut the scheduled federal pay raise, stating that he can&rsquo;t do it now because of &lsquo;serious economic conditions&rsquo; in America,&quot; claims the Feb. 13 <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/TheThunderousSnowflakes1/photos/a.586439028455494/890337021399025/?type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>. It ends with: &quot;#ImpeachTrumpAgain.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s pretty much on target.</p>\n\n<p>On Feb. 10, 2020, six days after declaring in his State of the Union <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/05/us/politics/state-of-union-transcript.html\">address</a> &quot;that our economy is the best it has ever been,&quot; Trump <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/message-congress-2021-alternative-plan-pay-adjustments/\">announced</a> he was reducing across-the-board pay increases for civilian federal employees that are scheduled to take effect in January 2021.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Instead of being 2.5%, the raises will be 1%.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A yearly adjustment of paychecks based on the region of the country where a worker is posted was also to take effect in January 2020, but Trump decided those salaries would remain at 2020 levels.</p>\n\n<p>Trump cited in his message to Congress his legal authority to make the changes &quot;because of &lsquo;national emergency or serious economic conditions affecting the general welfare.&rsquo;&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That phrasing is from the federal <a href=\"https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/5/5304a\">law</a> that gives him the authority.</p>\n\n<p>He added this, however: &quot;We must maintain efforts to put our nation on a fiscally sustainable course; Federal agency budgets cannot sustain such increases.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump&rsquo;s order is not necessarily the final word, however. <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/business/president-trump-budget-cuts.html\">Congress</a> <a href=\"https://federalnewsnetwork.com/pay/2020/02/in-break-with-tradition-trump-announces-1-federal-pay-raise-intentions-to-congress-months-early/\">could</a> <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/10/politics/trump-federal-employee-pay-adjustments/index.html\">pass</a> a spending bill that includes a federal pay raise.</p>\n\n<p>Such a bill would be subject to a possible veto from Trump.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post says: &quot;Trump just cut the scheduled federal pay raise, stating that he can&rsquo;t do it now because of &lsquo;serious economic conditions&rsquo; in America.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump reduced to 1% from 2.5% across-the-board raises for civilian federal employees, citing his authority under a law that allows for such changes due to &quot;national emergency or serious economic conditions affecting the general welfare.&quot; More specifically, Trump cited spending concerns in reducing the raise.</p>\n\n<p>For a statement that is accurate but needs additional information, our rating is Mostly True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/TheThunderousSnowflakes1/photos/a.586439028455494/890337021399025/?type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, Feb. 13, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The White House, <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/message-congress-2021-alternative-plan-pay-adjustments/\">&quot;Message to the Congress on the 2021 Alternative Plan for Pay Adjustments,&quot;</a> Feb. 10, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNN, <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/10/politics/trump-federal-employee-pay-adjustments/index.html\">&quot;Trump cites &#39;serious economic conditions&#39; in proposing 1% pay raise for federal employees,&quot;</a> Feb. 10, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Federal News Network, <a href=\"https://federalnewsnetwork.com/pay/2020/02/in-break-with-tradition-trump-announces-1-federal-pay-raise-intentions-to-congress-months-early/\">&quot;In break with tradition, Trump announces 1% federal pay raise intentions to Congress months early,&quot;</a> Feb. 10, 2020</p>\n\n<p><br>\nNew York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/business/president-trump-budget-cuts.html\">&quot;Trump&rsquo;s $4.8 Trillion Budget Would Cut Safety Net Programs and Boost Defense,&quot;</a> Feb. 10, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 17921,
            "slug": "milwaukee-mayor-barrett-target-housing-creation-cl",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "tom-barrett",
                "full_name": "Tom Barrett",
                "first_name": "Tom",
                "last_name": "Barrett"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says since he took office, the City of Milwaukee has seen the creation of 7,000 new affordable housing units.",
            "ruling_slug": "true",
            "publication_date": "2020-02-17T12:46:58-05:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Seeking his fifth term as mayor, Tom Barrett has focused on bringing more jobs and housing to Milwaukee, among other issues.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>On the campaign trail, and again in his <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/milwaukee/2020/02/10/milwaukee-mayor-tom-barrett-give-state-city-address-monday/4694769002/\">Feb. 10. 2020</a> State of the City address, Barrett has touted his <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/milwaukee/2018/02/25/mayor-tom-barrett-unveils-housing-plan-milwaukee-10-years-10-000-new-improved-households/361501002/\">10,000 Homes Initiative</a>, announced in 2018, which aims to increase affordable housing availability in the city by building or improving 10,000 housing units within 10 years.</p>\n\n<p>That reminded us of a claim from his Nov. 20, 2019 campaign launch we wanted to check.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I am more optimistic now than I have ever been about the future of our city,&quot; Barrett said during that speech, before touting various accomplishments. &quot;It&rsquo;s about building for the future of this city. We&rsquo;ve done so by creating homes, 7,000 homes.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The issue of housing in Milwaukee has also entered the mayoral race. Primary opponents, including state Sen. Lena Taylor, D-Milwaukee, have criticized Barrett&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/investigations/daniel-bice/2020/02/14/lena-taylor-decries-evictions-despite-history-booting-tenants/4754285002/\">record on housing</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Is Barrett, first elected in April 2004, correct that 7,000 homes have been created since he took office? Let&rsquo;s take a look.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\"><strong>The evidence</strong></div>\n\n<p>When asked for the evidence to back up the claim, Barrett&rsquo;s staff directed PolitiFact Wisconsin to a <a href=\"https://milwaukee.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&amp;ID=7786981&amp;GUID=45BDD43E-B2E9-4D10-9984-A383E5B6C92B\">Department of City Development</a> (DCD) report.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The report shows that as of October 2019, a total of 7,261 affordable housing units had been developed since Barrett took office in 2004. Of those, 690 were downtown and 6,571 were outside downtown. All are rental units.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The majority are apartments located in both newly-constructed buildings and existing buildings, including offices, manufacturing space, warehouses and vacant schools that have been redeveloped into apartments,&quot; said Martha Brown, deputy DCD commissioner, in an email. &quot;The total also includes several hundred new single-family homes, and both one- and two-family vacant houses that have been completely rehabilitated and made available as affordable rental housing.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>According to Brown, the developments were financed with federal Low Income Housing Tax Credits allocated by the Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Under the program units are deemed affordable based on a variety of factors, but can&rsquo;t go to anyone making more than 60% of the median income for the area. For a family of four, the cut-off would be $49,380. In many cases, the apartments are earmarked for those making an even smaller percentage of the median income.</p>\n\n<p>Brown also noted that Habitat for Humanity develops affordable housing for homeownership and those units were not included in DCD&rsquo;s count.</p>\n\n<p>Brian Sonderman, executive director of Habitat for Humanity Milwaukee, said since 1984 the group has built or rehabbed 620 single-family homes and has assisted more than 700 additional families through affordable home repair and loan assistance.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We believe affordable homeownership is key to helping local families build strength, stability and independence,&quot; Sonderman said in an email.</p>\n\n<p>Sonderman said the city has helped the process with acquisition as well as funding. For instance, the city may sell vacant lots to the group for $1 each. Habitat also receives federal grant money allocated through the city.</p>\n\n<p>So, by the numbers, Barrett is on target.</p>\n\n<p>Is there anything else to consider?</p>\n\n<p><strong>Residential vs. apartments</strong></p>\n\n<p>According to the city Assessor&rsquo;s Office, the count of residential properties as reported on the city&rsquo;s 2004 Statement of Assessment (the year Barrett was elected) was 135,352. The number from 2019 showed 137,098 parcels.</p>\n\n<p>But that figure accounts for only residential housing and condos, not the apartments that are the focus of the tax credit program.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/money/business/2019/08/05/realtors-say-milwaukee-needs-more-new-houses-condos-not-apartments/1924797001/\">August 2019</a>, Mike Ruzicka, president of the Greater Milwaukee Association of Realtors, sent a letter to community leaders in Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Washington and Waukesha counties urging officials to think twice before approving more apartment projects.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Greater Milwaukee is following a trend seen across the country,&quot; he wrote. &quot;Numerous multifamily units are being built at the expense of owner-occupied condominium and single-family units.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Indeed, at the same time the city has been adding affordable housing units, it has been busy bulldozing derelict ones.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Between April 1, 2004 and Oct. 31, 2019, some 3,542 units were razed by the city, and 3,123 razed privately, for a total of 6,665 units razed, according to the city Department of Neighborhood Services.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>&quot;These are not places where people live; and in many instances, removal of these blighted structures spurs additional neighborhood revitalization and growth,&quot; said Christina Klose, a department spokeswoman.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>&nbsp;Our ruling&nbsp;</strong></p>\n\n<p>Barrett said since he took office, the city has seen the creation of 7,000 new affordable housing units. The numbers back him up: Through affordable housing programs, 7,261 units have been created since Barrett took office.</p>\n\n<p>We rate the claim True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/milwaukee/2019/11/20/tom-barrett-announces-run-fifth-term-milwaukee-mayor/4247321002/\">Tom Barrett announces run for fifth term as Milwaukee mayor</a>,&quot; Nov. 20, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/milwaukee/2018/02/25/mayor-tom-barrett-unveils-housing-plan-milwaukee-10-years-10-000-new-improved-households/361501002/\">Barrett plan: 10 years, 10,000 new or improved houses</a>,&quot; Feb. 24, 2018.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/milwaukee/2019/07/22/initiative-renovates-104-homes-sherman-park/1795000001/\">Milwaukee initiative exceeds goal of renovating 100 houses in Sherman Park neighborhood</a>,&quot; July 22, 2019.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/money/business/2019/08/05/realtors-say-milwaukee-needs-more-new-houses-condos-not-apartments/1924797001/\">Realtors say metro Milwaukee needs more new houses and condos, not apartments</a>,&quot;August 5, 2019.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/milwaukee/2020/02/10/milwaukee-mayor-tom-barrett-give-state-city-address-monday/4694769002/\">Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett&rsquo;s State of the City address highlights DNC, drop in crime</a>,&quot; Feb. 10, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/solutions/2020/01/30/milwaukee-homeownership-falls-sharply-massive-wealth-transfer/4590413002/\">Thousands of Milwaukee homes are no longer owned by city residents in a massive transfer of wealth since the Great Recession</a>,&quot; Jan. 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/investigations/daniel-bice/2020/02/14/lena-taylor-decries-evictions-despite-history-booting-tenants/4754285002/\">Bice: Mayoral candidate Lena Taylor decries eviction &lsquo;epidemic&rsquo; despite history of booting tenants</a>,&quot;&nbsp; Feb. 14, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/02/12/lena-taylor-counters-tom-barrett-rebuttal-state-city/4739325002/\">Milwaukee mayoral candidate state Sen. Lena Taylor counters Tom Barrett with rebuttal &lsquo;State of the City.&rsquo;</a>&quot; Feb. 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Jodie Tabak, Barrett communications director, Dec. 19, 2019.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email, Martha Brown, Department of City Development deputy commissioner, Jan. 16, 2020, Jan. 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Steve Miner, Commissioner of Assessments, Jan. 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email, Christina Klose, Department of Neighborhood Services, communications director, Jan. 23 and 30,&nbsp; 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email, John D. Johnson, Marquette University Research Fellow,&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>City of Milwaukee &quot;<a href=\"https://milwaukee.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&amp;ID=7786981&amp;GUID=45BDD43E-B2E9-4D10-9984-A383E5B6C92B\">Department of City Development Budget&quot; presentation</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>OLR Research Report, &nbsp;&quot;MILWAUKEE&rsquo;S RECENT HOUSING REDEVELOPMENT,&quot; August 19, 2003.</p>\n\n<p>City of Milwaukee Housing Authority <a href=\"http://www.hacm.org/?splash=https%3a%2f%2fwww.huduser.gov%2fportal%2fdatasets%2fil%2fil2017%2f2017summary.odn&amp;____isexternal=true\">FY 2019 LOW-INCOME LIMITS</a></p>\n\n<p>University of Wisconsin -- Milwaukee &quot;<a href=\"https://emke.uwm.edu/entry/public-housing/\">Encyclopedia of Milwaukee</a>&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><br>\n&nbsp;</p>"
        }
    ]
}