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    "count": 17454,
    "next": "http://www.politifact.com/api/factchecks/?page=2",
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    "results": [
        {
            "id": 18295,
            "slug": "nc-republican-says-pelosi-tried-block-voter-id-abs",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "david-lewis",
                "full_name": "David Lewis",
                "first_name": "David",
                "last_name": "Lewis"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "nancy-pelosi",
                    "full_name": "Nancy Pelosi",
                    "first_name": "Nancy",
                    "last_name": "Pelosi"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "“Pelosi tried to block voter ID/absentee ballot protections.”",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-07T10:42:48-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Since the coronavirus outbreak, Washington officials have offered plans to help businesses and unemployed Americans.</p>\n\n<p>One of those plans included proposed changes to election laws, prompting pushback from some Republicans in North Carolina.</p>\n\n<p>David Lewis, a Republican member of the North Carolina House of Representatives, tweeted about a proposal that he says came from Democratic U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Pelosi tried to block voter ID/absentee ballot protections,&quot; Lewis <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepDavidRLewis/status/1243214994940051458?s=20\">tweeted</a> in capital letters, accusing her of &quot;playing games.&quot; In a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepDavidRLewis/status/1243214997569835012?s=20\">second tweet</a>, he added that Pelosi&rsquo;s bill includes &quot;a Voter ID ban and removal of absentee ballot protections.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>Voter ID and absentee ballot laws have been top-of-mind for North Carolina politicians since 2018.</p>\n\n<p>Through a referendum in 2018, North Carolina voters approved the idea of requiring a photo ID at the polls. But the law crafted by lawmakers is on hold because of a legal challenge.</p>\n\n<p>Absentee ballots, meanwhile, were at the heart of North Carolina&rsquo;s voided 9th Congressional District race that year. The North Carolina elections board scrapped the contest results after witnesses testified to tampering with absentee ballots. (A special election was held in 2019, when Republican Dan Bishop beat Democrat Dan McCready.)</p>\n\n<p>So is Lewis right about the bill he cited? Would that bill &quot;block voter ID&quot; and &quot;absentee ballot protections?&quot;</p>\n\n<p>His tweet is vague and could give the impression that North Carolina&rsquo;s photo ID law has been enacted, even though it&rsquo;s on hold. But Lewis has a point that the bill he cited would weaken North Carolina&rsquo;s existing absentee ballot laws.</p>\n\n<p>Lewis referenced a bill known as the &quot;Take Responsibility for Workers and Families Act.&quot; The bill that doesn&rsquo;t list Pelosi as a <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6379/cosponsors?searchResultViewType=expanded&amp;KWICView=false\">sponsor</a>. But she <a href=\"https://www.speaker.gov/newsroom/32320\">endorsed the bill and advocated for it</a> when it was introduced on March 23.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Now let&rsquo;s look at what the bill says.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Absentee ballots</div>\n\n<p>North Carolina <a href=\"https://www.ncsbe.gov/Voting-Options/Absentee-Voting\">election laws</a> require someone voting absentee-by-mail to mark their ballots in the presence of two witnesses, or just one person who&#39;s a Notary Public.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The U.S. House bill would prohibit states from requiring those signatures on absentee ballots. (You can see this proposal under the &quot;<a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6379/text#HCC1450A5512944AA95FB6D337C6184B3\">Promoting ability of voters to vote by mail</a>&quot; section of the bill, which Lewis referenced in his tweet.)</p>\n\n<p>North Carolina allows &quot;only the voter or the voter&rsquo;s near relative&quot; to return an absentee ballot to the local board of elections. &quot;Near relative&quot; is defined as a voter&rsquo;s spouse, brother, sister, parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, mother-in-law, father-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, stepparent, or stepchild.</p>\n\n<p>The bill supported by Pelosi would allow &quot;any person to return a voted and sealed absentee ballot&quot; so long as that person doesn&rsquo;t receive compensation &quot;based on the number of ballots&quot; they collect and return (<a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/116/bills/hr6379/BILLS-116hr6379ih.pdf\">page 830</a> of the bill).&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The bill also says states &quot;may not put any limit on how many voted and sealed absentee ballots any designated person can return.&quot; Collecting large quantities of ballots is sometimes referred to as &quot;ballot harvesting&quot; and is what happened in <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/02/25/three-lessons-north-carolinas-tainted-election-what-comes-next/\">North Carolina&rsquo;s tainted 2018 Congressional election</a>.</p>\n\n<p>So Lewis is correct to say that Pelosi&rsquo;s bill would eliminate some of North Carolina&rsquo;s existing absentee ballot requirements.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Voter ID</div>\n\n<p>This is where Lewis&rsquo;s tweets need a lot more context.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Someone reading them might get the impression that the House bill blocks voter ID laws across the country, including in-person voter ID laws.</p>\n\n<p>Lewis said through a spokesman that he was only referring to voter ID as it relates to absentee ballots. But that&rsquo;s not clear from his tweets. His second tweet -- that the bill includes &quot;a Voter ID ban and removal of absentee ballot protections&quot; -- suggests he could be talking about two separate issues.</p>\n\n<p>North Carolina&rsquo;s photo law is on hold, as we already mentioned. And the bill doesn&rsquo;t appear to nullify in-person voter ID laws.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I don&rsquo;t see any restriction in this bill on any state identification law for voting in person,&quot; said Justin Levitt, a Loyola Law School professor, associate dean for research and operator of the &quot;All about redistricting&quot; website. He added that he hadn&rsquo;t thoroughly read all 1,400 pages of the bill.</p>\n\n<p>As for absentee voting, the bill would make &quot;no-excuse needed&quot; absentee-by-mail available across the country. While <a href=\"https://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/absentee-and-early-voting.aspx\">some states</a> require voters to have an excuse to qualify for absentee voting, North Carolina already allows voters to request an absentee ballot for any reason. (So that part of the bill wouldn&rsquo;t change anything in NC.)</p>\n\n<p>The bill may, however, touch a part of North Carolina&rsquo;s law that requires absentee voters to present ID. It says states &quot;may not&quot; require &quot;any form of identification as a condition of obtaining the absentee ballot.&quot; (page 821 of the bill)</p>\n\n<p>North Carolina <a href=\"https://s3.amazonaws.com/dl.ncsbe.gov/Forms/NCAbsenteeBallotRequestForm.pdf\">law requires</a> people requesting an absentee ballot to provide their driver&rsquo;s license number -- or the last four digits of their Social Security number. That requirement is unique to North Carolina and only a handful of other states, Levitt said.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;In most states with an ID requirement for voting in-person and also no-excuse absentee ballots, the states undercut their own laws, which was one of the arguments advocates repeatedly made in support of the fact that the in-person ID laws were more security theater than security,&quot; Levitt said.</p>\n\n<p>That said, the bill wouldn&rsquo;t leave states without a mode of verifying voters&rsquo; identities. It would require voters to sign their ballots. And would allow states to investigate the vote if the signature on the ballot didn&rsquo;t match the signature on-file with the local elections office.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The signature verification, albeit imperfect, is a means of establishing identity, and more rigorously enforced in the election context than the system we use daily for commercial transactions,&quot; Levitt said.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Lewis tweeted that &quot;Pelosi tried to block voter ID/absentee ballot protections.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The tweet is vague and could give the false impression that the bill supported by Pelosi and House Democrats nullifies an existing in-person voter ID law. That&rsquo;s not the case.</p>\n\n<p>However, Lewis is correct that the bill would strip away some of North Carolina&rsquo;s existing absentee ballot laws. We rate this claim Half True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepDavidRLewis/status/1243214994940051458?s=20\">Tweets</a> by NC Rep. David Lewis (R-Harnett County) on March 26, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with David Capen, spokesman for NC Rep. David Lewis.</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with Neal Inman and David Capen, who work with NC Rep. David Lewis in the NC House.</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with Rick Hasen, professor of law and politics, UC Irvine.</p>\n\n<p>Email correspondence with Justin Levitt, a Loyola Law School professor, associate dean for research and operator of the &quot;All about redistricting&quot; website.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6379/text\">Bill H.R.6379</a>, also known as the &quot;Take Responsibility for Workers and Families Act,&quot; on Congress.gov.</p>\n\n<p>Rules for voting absentee in North Carolina and <a href=\"https://s3.amazonaws.com/dl.ncsbe.gov/Forms/NCAbsenteeBallotRequestForm.pdf\">form </a>for requesting an absentee ballot on the N.C. State Board of Elections <a href=\"https://www.ncsbe.gov/Voting-Options/Absentee-Voting#ReturningVotedBallot\">website</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Statement by U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.speaker.gov/newsroom/32320\">Pelosi Statement Ahead of Unveiling of Democrats&rsquo; Third Coronavirus Response Bill</a>,&quot; issued March 23, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Columns in the Washington Post, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/03/23/democrats-throw-down-gauntlet-vote-by-mail/\">Democrats throw down the gauntlet on vote-by-mail</a>,&quot; posted March 23, 2020; and &quot;<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/02/25/three-lessons-north-carolinas-tainted-election-what-comes-next/\">Three lessons from North Carolina&rsquo;s tainted election &mdash; and what comes next</a>,&quot; posted Feb. 25, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Column by the Heritage Foundation, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.heritage.org/election-integrity/commentary/avenues-voter-fraud-have-no-place-coronavirus-bill\">Avenues to Voter Fraud Have No Place in Coronavirus Bill</a>,&quot; posted March 25, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Story by NPR, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/03/25/821521543/senate-coronavirus-bill-includes-400-million-to-protect-elections\">Senate Coronavirus Bill Includes $400 Million To Protect Elections</a>,&quot; posted March 25, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Summary on the National Conference of State Legislatures website: &quot;<a href=\"https://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/absentee-and-early-voting.aspx\">Voting Outside the Polling Place: Absentee, All-Mail and other Voting at Home Options</a>.&quot;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18294,
            "slug": "theres-still-no-evidence-hollywood-striking-becaus",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says celebrities are calling for a \"'total Hollywood strike' until Trump resigns.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-07T10:25:50-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Those Trump-hating Hollywood liberals are at it again, according to a fake news article shared on Facebook.</p>\n\n<p>The story, which <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406153341/https://newsmag.pro/celebrities-call-for-total-hollywood-strike-until-trump-resigns/\">was published</a> on a website called News Mag on April 3, claims that movie stars like Rosie O&rsquo;Donnell and George Clooney have organized a strike, until President Donald Trump is removed or voted out of office.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Portraying Hollywood as &lsquo;the base of the entire current American culture&rsquo;, the gathering likewise claims to speak for the advantage of &lsquo;all of humankind,&rsquo;&quot; reads the article, which has been shared in conspiracy theory and pro-Trump Facebook groups.</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from NewsMag.pro)</em></p>\n\n<p>Plenty of Hollywood stars have been outspoken <a href=\"https://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/hollywood-stars-react-trump-acquittal\">in their criticism</a> of Trump. But there is no evidence entertainment celebrities are organizing a strike until he&rsquo;s removed from office.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>According to public domain records, News Mag was registered on March 18. We found <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406170432/https://us-news.pro/archives/980\">several</a> <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406170405/https://us-news.pro/archives/1010\">copies</a> of the Hollywood strike article on other bogus websites posing as legitimate news organizations.</p>\n\n<p>The claim that Hollywood is organizing an anti-Trump strike <a href=\"https://www.factcheck.org/2017/05/hollywood-strike-hoax/\">has</a> <a href=\"https://leadstories.com/hoax-alert/2018/03/fake-news-these-4-celebrities-call-for-total-hollywood-strike-until-trump-resigns.html\">been</a> circulating online since he was elected. Other fact-checking outlets, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/jan/09/Nourtey/hollywood-celebs-didnt-announce-strike-if-trump-wo/\">including PolitiFact</a>, have debunked versions of the hoax.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The rumor appears to have stemmed from a January 2017 ad in the <a href=\"https://refusefascism.org/wp-content/uploads/nyt-no-16-1-4.pdf\">New York Times</a> by a group called Refuse Fascism. The group included O&rsquo;Donnell and called for millions to hold a protest and sign a petition to &quot;create a political crisis that prevents the Trump/Pence fascist regime from consolidating its hold on the governance of society.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Many celebrities <a href=\"https://refusefascism.org/2017/01/06/congress-certifies-trump-growing-1000s-say-no-vow-to-stop-trumppence-fascist-regime-before-it-starts/\">signed the petition</a>, but they weren&rsquo;t calling for a strike. And we could find no evidence to support the latest version of the hoax.</p>\n\n<p>The article is inaccurate. We rate it False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Factcheck.org, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.factcheck.org/2017/05/hollywood-strike-hoax/\">Hollywood Strike Hoax</a>,&quot; May 24, 2017</p>\n\n<p>Fox News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/hollywood-stars-react-trump-acquittal\">Hollywood stars react to Trump&#39;s acquittal: &#39;Pure corruption</a>,&rsquo;&quot; Feb. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Lead Stories, &quot;<a href=\"https://leadstories.com/hoax-alert/2018/03/fake-news-these-4-celebrities-call-for-total-hollywood-strike-until-trump-resigns.html\">Fake News: These 4 Celebrities Did NOT Call For &#39;Total Hollywood Strike&#39; Until Trump Resigns</a>,&quot; March 27, 2018</p>\n\n<p>News Mag, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406153341/https://newsmag.pro/celebrities-call-for-total-hollywood-strike-until-trump-resigns/\">CELEBRITIES CALL FOR &lsquo;TOTAL HOLLYWOOD STRIKE&rsquo; UNTIL TRUMP RESIGNS</a>,&quot; April 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/jan/09/Nourtey/hollywood-celebs-didnt-announce-strike-if-trump-wo/\">Hollywood celebs didn&#39;t announce strike if Donald Trump won&#39;t resign</a>,&quot; Jan. 9, 2018</p>\n\n<p>Refuse Fascism, <a href=\"https://refusefascism.org/wp-content/uploads/nyt-no-16-1-4.pdf\">Ad in the New York Times</a>, Jan. 4, 2017</p>\n\n<p>Refusefascism.org,<a href=\"https://refusefascism.org/2017/01/06/congress-certifies-trump-growing-1000s-say-no-vow-to-stop-trumppence-fascist-regime-before-it-starts/\"> &quot;Congress Certifies Trump. Growing 1000s Say NO! Vow To STOP Trump/Pence Fascist Regime Before It Starts!&quot;</a> Jan. 6, 2017</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://whois.com\">Whois.com</a>, accessed April 3, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18293,
            "slug": "joe-biden-did-not-put-gun-womans-mouth-wisconsin",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Joe Biden stuck a gun in an elderly woman’s mouth at a Wisconsin rally",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T18:31:53-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A manipulated photo that dates back more than a decade is finding new life amid the coronavirus quarantine.</p>\n\n<p>An image of Democratic presidential frontrunner<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/personalities/joe-biden/\"> Joe Biden</a> shared more than 2,000 times purports to show Joe Biden sticking a gun in an elderly woman&rsquo;s mouth. The accompanying text claims it happened at a 2019 rally in Wisconsin.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s the<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=655256405305134&amp;set=a.431756207655156&amp;type=3&amp;theater\"> post</a>:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>JOE BIDEN WANTS THIS PICTURE OFF THE INTERNET BUT WE NEED TO KEEP SHARING IT</em></p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>MAGA</em></p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>KAGA</em></p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 40px;\"><em>Story: In 2019, Joe Biden was confronted by 63 year old Melinda Bares at a rally in Wisconsin. Bares claimed Biden was trying to take guns from law abiding citizens, to which Biden claimed &quot;guns are just as dangerous as poison and knives, and I will prove it!&quot; He then held a gun to Bares, and said she is even more scared than normal.</em></p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>It was posted March 23, 2020, but began circulating heavily in early April. The comments showed many Facebook users taking it seriously, calling Biden &quot;evil&quot; and asserting this as further reason to support<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/personalities/bernie-sanders/\"> Bernie Sanders</a>.</p>\n\n<p>But the image is fabricated.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s the background.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Picture dates back more than a decade</div>\n\n<p>The &quot;story&quot; accompanying the photo is pure fiction. Biden didn&rsquo;t even attend any public events in Wisconsin in 2019, according to records maintained by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.</p>\n\n<p>The original picture is from a Sept. 2, 2008, rally in Deerfield Beach, Fla. It was taken by an Associated Press photographer and published in an online<a href=\"http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2008/09/joe-biden-yiddishe-veep.html\"> Washington Post story</a> that same day.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 3 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>The woman is 87, not 63, and her name is Annalou Trebitz, according to the original caption. There are other clues to the age of the photo, like the &quot;Seniors for Obama&quot; sticker on Trebitz&rsquo;s jacket.</p>\n\n<p>The picture &mdash; with the gun digitally inserted into the scene &mdash; has been circulating online since at least May 2012, according to<a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/biden-woman-gun-photo/\"> Snopes</a>, which fact-checked the picture (rating it False) in January 2017.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A picture and caption making the rounds on Facebook claims to show Joe Biden sticking a gun in a woman&rsquo;s mouth at a 2019 rally in Wisconsin.</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s actually an altered photo from a 2008 event in Florida, with the gun digitally added. It&rsquo;s been circulating online for at least eight years.</p>\n\n<p>And Biden wasn&rsquo;t even here in 2019.</p>\n\n<p>This is a ridiculous fabrication and a malicious lie.&nbsp;Since we don&#39;t have any stronger rating to use, we rate this post Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=655256405305134&amp;set=a.431756207655156&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">viral post</a>, March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post,<a href=\"http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2008/09/joe-biden-yiddishe-veep.html\"> Joe Biden, Yiddishe Veep</a>, Sept. 2, 2008</p>\n\n<p>Snopes,<a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/biden-woman-gun-photo/?fbclid=IwAR0K1-R_myiysdvUCbk9gV4kazKE3KNvauYVyGDJxE-VklCQHla8wGkBbHs\"> Does a Photograph Show Joe Biden Putting a Gun in a Woman&rsquo;s Mouth?</a>, Jan. 20, 2017</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18292,
            "slug": "donald-trump-wrong-about-covid-19-testing-airplane",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "donald-trump",
                "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                "first_name": "Donald",
                "last_name": "Trump"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Now, they’re doing tests on airlines — very strong tests — for getting on, getting off. They’re doing tests on trains — getting on, getting off.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T17:47:24-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>President Donald Trump said he was considering whether to stop domestic travel between U.S. hotspots for COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p>As he explained his reluctance to harm the transportation industry, Trump inaccurately said airline and train passengers were already being tested for the disease.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We have to get our country back, we have to start moving again, we have to start working again,&quot; Trump said <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-vice-president-pence-members-coronavirus-task-force-press-briefing-16/\">April 1</a>. &quot;Now, they&rsquo;re doing tests on airlines &mdash; very strong tests &mdash; for getting on, getting off. They&rsquo;re doing tests on trains &mdash; getting on, getting off. But when you start closing up entire transportation systems and then opening them up, that&rsquo;s a very tough thing to do.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We asked the White House for evidence and did not get a response.</p>\n\n<p>The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention told us it is not testing passengers at airports or train stations, a spokesperson told PolitiFact.</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s possible that Trump was referring to screening of passengers, which is happening at 13 airports for international flights. That isn&rsquo;t the same as testing.</p>\n\n<p>Screening someone for symptoms can flag someone who could potentially have COVID-19, but it&rsquo;s not as definitive as a test. It is impractical to test passengers at airports and train stations, given the slow delivery of most results and limited availability for people with symptoms.</p>\n\n<p>The CDC screening includes a temperature and symptoms check for travelers coming from foreign countries.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Airport screenings for some international travel began earlier in the crisis. The CDC <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2020/p0117-coronavirus-screening.html\">announced</a> Jan. 17 it would screen passengers from Wuhan, China, for COVID-19 at the San Francisco, New York and Los Angeles airports. The screenings have expanded to include <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/03/13/department-homeland-security-outlines-new-process-americans-returning-certain\">13 airports</a>, including Miami, Chicago, Detroit and Boston. They primarily affect American citizens, legal permanent residents and their immediate families who have recently been in China, Iran, or certain European countries.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Travelers returning from international travel are advised to stay home for 14 days, monitor their health, and practice social distancing.</p>\n\n<p>Some states have implemented their own screening practices, with mixed results. In Florida, <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-coronavirus-briefing-transcript-march-24\">Gov. Ron DeSantis</a> <a href=\"https://www.flgov.com/wp-content/uploads/orders/2020/EO_20-80.pdf\">ordered screening</a> (not testing) at Florida airports for passengers from New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Shortly after, some passengers told the <a href=\"https://www.sun-sentinel.com/coronavirus/fl-ne-what-screening-20200325-rycoe5sqjzb53paemzeoe5axpu-story.html\">Sun Sentinel</a> that their temperatures were not taken and they saw no visible signs of screening.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In Broward County, officials are collecting forms from passengers on certain flights from the New York tri-state area, said Greg Meyer, a spokesman for the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport.</p>\n\n<p>Representatives for airports in Chicago, Philadelphia and Detroit said passengers were not taking tests as they board or exit airplanes.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Screening may occur in airports, but testing does not,&quot; said Florence Brown, a spokeswoman for the airport in Philadelphia.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Customs and Border Protection agents are screening international travelers for visible signs of illness, such as coughing or having difficulty breathing, Brown said. International passengers from countries affected by COVID-19 may also receive a <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/COVID19-Traveler-Info-Card.pdf\">printed guide from the CDC</a>.</p>\n\n<p>We contacted spokespersons for multiple airlines and did not get a response. We did not hear back from Amtrak by deadline.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Trump said, &quot;Now, they&rsquo;re doing tests on airlines &mdash; very strong tests &mdash; for getting on, getting off.&nbsp; They&rsquo;re doing tests on trains &mdash; getting on, getting off.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Passengers on planes and trains are not being tested for COVID-19. It&rsquo;s possible that Trump was referring to screenings, which could include a temperature check or a questionnaire. But even screenings are not as widespread as he said; they are happening at 13 airports for certain countries.</p>\n\n<p>Trump&#39;s statement about &quot;very strong tests&quot; at transportation hubs&nbsp;rates&nbsp;Pants on Fire.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>White House, Remarks by President Trump, <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-vice-president-pence-members-coronavirus-task-force-press-briefing-16/\">Vice President Pence, and Members of the Coronavirus Task Force in Press Briefing</a>, April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNN,<a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/02/politics/fact-check-trump-plane-and-train-passengers-tested-for-the-coronavirus/index.html\"> Fact check: Trump falsely claims plane and train passengers are being tested for the coronavirus</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Congressional Research Service, <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/IN11265.pdf\">COVID-19 and Passenger Airline Travel</a>, March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Gov. Ron DeSantis, <a href=\"https://www.flgov.com/wp-content/uploads/orders/2020/EO_20-80.pdf\">Order 20-80</a>, March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Transportation Security Administration, <a href=\"https://www.tsa.gov/coronavirus\">Coronavirus (COVID-19) information</a>, April 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2020/p0117-coronavirus-screening.html\">Public Health Screening to Begin at 3 U.S. Airports for 2019 Novel Coronavirus</a>, Jan. 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CDC, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/COVID19-Traveler-Info-Card.pdf\">Health alert for travelers</a>, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Homeland Security, <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/03/13/department-homeland-security-outlines-new-process-americans-returning-certain\">Department of Homeland Security Outlines New Process for Americans Returning from Certain European Countries, China, and Iran</a>, March 13, 2020</p>\n\n<p>DHS, <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/03/17/fact-sheet-dhs-notice-arrival-restrictions-china-iran-and-certain-countries-europe\">Fact Sheet: DHS Notice of Arrival Restrictions on China, Iran and Certain Countries of Europe</a>, March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Rev.com, <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-coronavirus-briefing-transcript-march-24\">Florida Governor Ron DeSantis Coronavirus Briefing Transcript,</a> March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Sun Sentinel,<a href=\"https://www.sun-sentinel.com/coronavirus/fl-ne-florida-coronavirus-monday-updates-20200406-wzumka6t6bdx3cendmcks52mxq-story.html\"> Aren&rsquo;t New York flyers supposed to be screened in Florida? It might be less than you thought</a>, March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Arleen Porcell, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention spokeswoman, April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Taylor Garland, a spokeswoman for the Association of Flight Attendants-CWA, April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Florence Brown, City of Philadelphia &ndash; Division of Aviation</p>\n\n<p>Philadelphia International and Northeast Airports spokeswoman, April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Greg Meyer, Broward County Aviation Department spokesman, April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Greg Chin, Miami International Airport spokesman, April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Lisa Gass, Wayne County Airport Authority spokeswoman, April 6, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18291,
            "slug": "dont-fall-fake-news-report-about-coronavirus-infec",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Rivers in Oklahoma are full of catfish carrying the virus.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T16:08:37-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A tiger in the Bronx Zoo in New York <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/06/nyregion/bronx-zoo-tiger-coronavirus.html\">is sick with COVID-19</a>, but a supposed news report about catfish carrying coronavirus in Oklahoma is a hoax.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;After multiple individuals living near Oklahoma waters tested positive for COVID-19, healthcare officials began testing for an aquatic carrier,&quot; reads the text of what looks like <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2987544404655197&amp;set=a.109937229082610&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">a screenshot Facebook post from KWTV - NEWS 9</a>. &quot;Upon further investigation it was found that rivers in Oklahoma are full of catfish carrying the virus. Any individuals who contact the fish are at high risk of contracting COVID-19. The highest concentration of infected fish is currently in the North Canadian River and Arkansas River systems.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The image appeared on Facebook on April 2. That same day, KWTV, an Oklahoma news station, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/NEWS9/posts/10156962996912212\">published its own post in response</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;ACTUAL FAKE NEWS,&quot; it began. &quot;If your friends share a fake graphic about COVID-19 and &lsquo;catfish&rsquo; that looks like it&rsquo;s from News 9, tell &lsquo;em it&rsquo;s not from us. It is a fake, 100%.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Searching news coverage online, we found no mention of fish as coronavirus carriers.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But KWTV offered a lesson in its Facebook post that we can endorse,: &quot;If your instinct tells you a piece of news is fake, your instinct is probably right.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this catfish claim False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2987544404655197&amp;set=a.109937229082610&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>KWTV Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/NEWS9/posts/10156962996912212\">post</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/06/nyregion/bronx-zoo-tiger-coronavirus.html\">Bronx Zoo tiger is sick with coronavirus</a>, April 6, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18290,
            "slug": "fake-news-website-republishes-satirical-story-abou",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says the NBA is asking Donald Trump to “resign or we’ll never play again.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T15:14:06-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A fake news story shared on Facebook claims the NBA is considering canceling its season not because of the coronavirus, but because President Donald Trump is still in office.</p>\n\n<p>The article, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406151640/https://www.newyorkonenews.com/nba-to-trump-resign-or-well-never-play-againusa-news/\">published</a> on a website called &quot;NewYork One News&quot; on April 5, says players &quot;held a secret vote&quot; prior to the start of the season to suspend games until Trump is removed or voted out of office. As evidence, it cites anonymous sources.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Since much of the league is made up of Hollywood actor and musician wannabes, these millionaire crybabies overwhelming voted to approve the measure,&quot; reads the story, which has been shared in pro-Trump and Fox News fan groups on Facebook.</p>\n\n<p>The article was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from&nbsp;NewYorkOneNews.com)</em></p>\n\n<p>The NBA <a href=\"https://www.espn.com/nba/story/_/id/28887560/nba-suspends-season-further-notice-player-tests-positive-coronavirus\">suspended</a> its season in mid-March after a Utah Jazz player tested positive for the coronavirus. More recent reports <a href=\"https://www.nbcsports.com/bayarea/warriors/nba-rumors-league-angling-cancel-rest-season-amid-coronavirus\">suggest</a> the league could cancel the rest of its season due to the pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>But there is no evidence that NBA players voted to suspend games until Trump was removed from office. The fake news story <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406154947/https://bustatroll.org/2020/03/23/nba-to-trump-resign-or-well-never-play-again/\">was copied</a> from a website that claims to be satirical.</p>\n\n<p>The website, BustaTroll.org, says on its about page that it&rsquo;s part of the &quot;&lsquo;America&rsquo;s Last Line of Defense&rsquo; network of parody, satire, and tomfoolery&quot; and &quot;everything on this website is fiction.&quot; The network is run by a man named Christopher Blair, a Maine man who <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2017/may/31/If-youre-fooled-by-fake-news-this-man-probably-wro/\">has said</a> his goal is to trick conservatives into sharing made-up content on Facebook.</p>\n\n<p>Fake news websites often copy Blair&rsquo;s stories to get clicks and generate digital advertising revenue. While Blair&rsquo;s sites have disclaimers warning that the content is made-up, websites that copy his content typically do not. In January, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jan/23/one-most-popular-false-news-sites-facebook-part-pa/\">we investigated</a> how a network of more than 100 hoax sites republished Blair&rsquo;s articles to become a popular source of misinformation on Facebook, where users shared the stories as if they were true.</p>\n\n<p>Just like those sites, NewYork One News is bogus. Public domain records indicate the site was registered in mid-February and uses Google AdSense to monetize its articles.</p>\n\n<p>The article is inaccurate and makes a ridiculous claim. We rate it Pants on Fire!</p>",
            "sources": "<p>BustaTroll.org, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406155526/https://bustatroll.org/about-us/\">About page</a>, accessed April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>BustaTroll.org, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406154947/https://bustatroll.org/2020/03/23/nba-to-trump-resign-or-well-never-play-again/\">NBA to Trump: Resign or We&rsquo;ll Never Play Again</a>,&quot; March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>ESPN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.espn.com/nba/story/_/id/28887560/nba-suspends-season-further-notice-player-tests-positive-coronavirus\">NBA suspends season until further notice after player tests positive for the coronavirus</a>,&quot; March 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NBC Sports, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nbcsports.com/bayarea/warriors/nba-rumors-league-angling-cancel-rest-season-amid-coronavirus\">NBA rumors: League &#39;angling&#39; to cancel rest of season amid coronavirus</a>,&quot; April 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NewYorkOneNews.com, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200406151640/https://www.newyorkonenews.com/nba-to-trump-resign-or-well-never-play-againusa-news/\">NBA to Trump: Resign or We&rsquo;ll Never Play [email protected] news</a>,&quot; April 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jan/23/one-most-popular-false-news-sites-facebook-part-pa/\">How a disinformation network exploited satire to become a popular source of false news on Facebook</a>,&quot; Jan. 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2017/may/31/If-youre-fooled-by-fake-news-this-man-probably-wro/\">If you&#39;re fooled by fake news, this man probably wrote it</a>,&quot; May 31, 2017</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://whois.com\">Whois.com</a>, accessed April 6, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18289,
            "slug": "big-boost-unemployment-checks-no-pay-hike-workers",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Unemployment now pays $24/hour, even if your wages were lower. Why don’t ‘essential’ people forced to still work get $24, too?”",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T14:33:36-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A $600-per-week boost in unemployment benefits, part of the federal government&rsquo;s $2 trillion stimulus response to the coronavirus outbreak, has sparked some backlash.</p>\n\n<p>As the bill neared final approval, Sen. Lindsey Graham, R.-S.C.,&nbsp; <a href=\"https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2020/mar/25/4-gop-senators-warn-massive-drafting-error-coronav/\">was</a> <a href=\"https://www.thenation.com/article/politics/workers-warriors-coronavirus/\">widely</a> <a href=\"https://www.rollcall.com/2020/03/25/unemployment-insurance-provision-hangs-up-coronavirus-relief-package/\">quoted</a> as <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2020/03/25/coronavirus-mcconnell-schumer-trump-admin-announce-stimulus-deal/5076640002/\">saying</a> the bonus would incentivize people not to work and, in effect, force employers to compete with a $24 minimum wage.</p>\n\n<p>It didn&rsquo;t take long for this claim to appear on Facebook:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Unemployment now pays $24/hour even if your wages were lower. Why don&rsquo;t &lsquo;essential&rsquo; people forced to still work get $24 too?&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/TheCityofMuskegonPage/posts/149877139836132?__tn__=-R\">post</a> was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>The stimulus does not specify unemployment payments at a rate equivalent to $24 per hour &mdash; though, as a result of the $600 temporary boost, some unemployed people will receive weekly unemployment payments at that rate.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Furthermore, the stimulus does not boost pay for people still on the job, including essential workers who earn less than $24 per hour.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Who&rsquo;s eligible for the $600</div>\n\n<p>President Donald Trump signed the stimulus <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/116/bills/hr748/BILLS-116hr748enr.pdf\">bill</a> &mdash; known as the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act, or the CARES Act &mdash; into law on March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The law includes what is known as the federal pandemic unemployment compensation provision. The <a href=\"https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/IF/IF11475\">temporary</a> provision adds a bonus of <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/26/senate-stimulus-bill-whats-it-you/\">$600</a> per week, for up to four months, to what you would already receive in state-based unemployment payments.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Self-employed people, independent contractors and gig economy workers, who were not previously eligible for standard unemployment benefits, are now eligible through <a href=\"https://www.dllr.state.md.us/employment/uicaresfaqs.pdf\">Dec. 31</a>, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>The same law offers the same $600 per week of federal add-on assistance for out-of-work self-employed, contractor, gig and <a href=\"https://www.dllr.state.md.us/employment/uicaresfaqs.pdf\">part-time</a> workers as it does for full-time workers. The bonuses began April 5, 2020 and are available through July 31, 2020.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">$24 per hour only for some</div>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s how Graham came up with $24 per hour, or at least close to it, according to his Senate staff:</p>\n\n<p>In South Carolina, the maximum weekly unemployment benefit is <a href=\"https://dew.sc.gov/individuals/apply-for-benefits/claims-process\">$326</a>. If you add the $600 federal bonus, that&rsquo;s $926 per week. For a 40-hour work week, that comes to $23.15 per hour. (In some interviews about the $600 bonus, Graham said that would amount to $23 per hour.)</p>\n\n<p>So that&rsquo;s pretty close to $24 per hour. But again, it&rsquo;s only for the unemployed in South Carolina receiving the maximum weekly unemployment payment.</p>\n\n<p>Regular unemployment benefits vary by state. South Carolina&rsquo;s maximum is on the lower end, according to the latest Congressional Research Service <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33362.pdf\">report</a>, from July 2019. The highest maximum, $1,192 per week, is in Massachusetts, which is among 11 states that add benefits for unemployed people with dependents.</p>\n\n<p>Nationally, regular unemployment covers half your wages, up to a cap of about $450 in regular earnings per week, Heidi Shierholz, former chief economist at the U.S. Department of Labor, told PolitiFact. So, a person who normally earns $450 would receive $225 in regular unemployment benefits, plus the $600 bonus, or $825 per week&nbsp; &mdash; more than their regular pay. That&rsquo;s about $21 per hour.</p>\n\n<p>Viewed another way, as of January 2020, the average weekly unemployment benefit was $385 per week, Gary Burtless, a senior fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution, told PolitiFact. Add $600 to that and that comes to more than $24 per hour.</p>\n\n<p>But that&rsquo;s based on an average, not a national standard.</p>\n\n<p>Burtless noted that unemployment payments vary not only by state, but also within a state from one recipient to another, because the benefit depends on each worker&rsquo;s earnings record.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Why $600?</div>\n\n<p>Asked by Fox News talk show host Sean Hannity why the higher unemployment payments aren&rsquo;t capped at what a recipient made on the job, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin <a href=\"https://video.foxnews.com/v/6144792302001#sp=show-clips\">said</a> state unemployment offices have 35-year-old computer systems, and a more complicated unemployment aid formula would have taken months to set up.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The simplest way was, and the fairest way was, $600 per person,&quot; Mnuchin said. &quot;In certain states, that might be a little bit too much money; in other states, it&rsquo;s less money. It&rsquo;s not a perfect system, but the president&rsquo;s objective was to make sure you get money in people&rsquo;s hands.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">No boost for the employed</div>\n\n<p>The main complaint of the Facebook claim, though, seemed to be that people who are still employed but earning less than $24 per hour aren&rsquo;t getting bonuses to boost them to that level.</p>\n\n<p>Most adults will receive a one-time stimulus payment of $1,200, which is expected to occur in April 2020. But that goes to the unemployed as well as the employed.</p>\n\n<p>In short, there is no additional pay from this stimulus package for people who remain employed. That includes people in essential jobs such as grocery store clerks, delivery workers, food and medical supply-chain workers, and lower-paid hospital staff.</p>\n\n<p>An earlier federal stimulus law &mdash; the Families First Coronavirus Response Act &mdash; gave all American businesses with fewer than 500 employees funds to provide employees with paid leave, either for the employee&rsquo;s own health needs or to care for family members. That will help many workers who previously didn&rsquo;t get paid sick leave from their employer.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>The post says, &quot;Unemployment now pays $24/hour, even if your wages were lower. Why don&rsquo;t &lsquo;essential&rsquo; people forced to still work get $24, too?&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This is an oversimplification. Other than a one-time stimulus payment of $1,200 that will go to most employed and unemployed adults, the latest&nbsp; federal stimulus law responding to the coronavirus outbreak does not contain any additional provision to boost the pay of workers still employed, including those in essential jobs earning less than $24 per hour.</p>\n\n<p>In addition, the law gives a $600-per-week boost in unemployment payments, meaning that some recipients will receive payments equivalent to a $24 hourly rate.</p>\n\n<p>However, the law does not specify that weekly unemployment payments be the equivalent of $24 per hour. Unemployed Americans who live in states with less generous unemployment benefits will receive less.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The statement is partially accurate but needs additional context, so our rating is Half True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/TheCityofMuskegonPage/posts/149877139836132?__tn__=-R\">post</a>, March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Sen. Lindsey Graham communications director Kevin Bishop, April 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, <a href=\"https://scholar.harvard.edu/miron/home\">Jeffrey Miron</a>, senior lecturer on economics at Harvard University and director of economic studies at the Cato Institute, April 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Labor, <a href=\"https://www.dol.gov/newsroom/releases/eta/eta20200402-0https://www.dol.gov/newsroom/releases/eta/eta20200402-0\">news release</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, <a href=\"https://lafollette.wisc.edu/faculty-staff/emeritus-faculty/andrew-reschovsky\">Andrew Reschovsky</a>, professor emeritus of public affairs and applied economics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, April 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/26/senate-stimulus-bill-whats-it-you/\">&quot;The Senate stimulus bill: What&rsquo;s in it for you,&quot;</a> March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Politico, <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/news/2020/04/03/lower-income-workers-coronavirus-stimulus-163949\">&quot;Lower income workers get wage boost from coronavirus stimulus,&quot;</a> April 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Fox News, &quot;Hannity&quot; <a href=\"https://video.foxnews.com/v/6144792302001#sp=show-clips\">interview</a> of Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>South Carolina Department of Employment &amp; Workforce, <a href=\"https://dew.sc.gov/individuals/apply-for-benefits/claims-process\">&quot;The Claims Process,&quot;</a> accessed April 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, economist <a href=\"https://taxfoundation.org/staff/karl-smith/\">Karl Smith</a>, vice president of federal tax and economic policy at the Tax Foundation, April 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Congress.gov., <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/116/bills/hr748/BILLS-116hr748enr.pdf\">H.R. 748</a>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Maryland Department of Labor, <a href=\"https://www.dllr.state.md.us/employment/uicaresfaqs.pdf\">&quot;Frequently Asked Questions,&quot;</a> accessed April 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Interview, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research senior economist <a href=\"https://www.upjohn.org/about/upjohn-team/staff/brad-j-hershbein\">Brad Hershbein</a>, April 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Michigan.gov, <a href=\"https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus/0,9753,7-406-98158-523450--,00.html\">news release</a>, accessed April 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Roll Call, <a href=\"https://www.rollcall.com/2020/03/25/unemployment-insurance-provision-hangs-up-coronavirus-relief-package/\">&quot;Unemployment insurance provision hangs up coronavirus relief package,&quot;</a> March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/article/coronavirus-stimulus-package-questions-answers.html\">&quot;F.A.Q. on Stimulus Checks, Unemployment and the Coronavirus Plan,&quot;</a> April 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Congressional Research Service, <a href=\"https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/IF/IF11475\">&quot;Unemployment Insurance Provisions in the CARES Act (H.R. 748, as Amended),&quot;</a> March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/27/how-unemployed-workers-could-get-more-than-100percent-of-their-paycheck.html\">&quot;Unemployed workers could get more than 100% of their paycheck under the coronavirus bill,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Congressional Research Service, <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33362.pdf\">&quot;Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits,&quot;</a> Oct. 18, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Bloomberg, <a href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-04-02/essential-workers-deserve-more-pay-than-non-essential-non-workers\">&quot;Essential Work Should Pay More Than Not Working,&quot;</a> April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, <a href=\"https://www.epi.org/people/heidi-shierholz/\">Heidi Shierholz</a>, senior economist and director of policy, Economic Policy Institute, and former chief economist at the U.S. Department of Labor, April 4, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, <a href=\"https://www.brookings.edu/experts/gary-burtless/\">Gary Burtless</a>, senior fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution, April 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Labor, <a href=\"https://www.dol.gov/newsroom/releases/whd/whd20200324\">news release</a>, March 24, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18288,
            "slug": "firing-inspector-general-donald-trump-falsely-repe",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "donald-trump",
                "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                "first_name": "Donald",
                "last_name": "Trump"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says fired inspector general Michael Atkinson brought a “terrible, inaccurate whistleblower report” to Congress.",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T13:54:17-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>President Donald Trump <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2019/dec/16/lie-of-the-year-donald-trump-whistleblower-wrong/\">repeated the 2019 Lie of the Year</a> in explaining why he fired the intelligence community inspector general who forwarded the whistleblower report to Congress that triggered impeachment hearings.</p>\n\n<p>When reporters asked why he fired Michael Atkinson, the inspector general of the intelligence community, Trump said Atkinson was a &quot;disgrace to IGs.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;He took this terrible, inaccurate whistleblower report &mdash; right? &mdash; and he brought it to Congress,&quot; Trump said at an <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-vice-president-pence-members-coronavirus-task-force-press-briefing-19/\">April 5 press conference</a>.</p>\n\n<p>For a long time, Trump has called his chat with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky &quot;perfect,&quot; and the whistleblower&rsquo;s account of that call &quot;fake.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But the whistleblower got just about everything right. PolitiFact deemed Trump&rsquo;s insistence that he got the call &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/oct/09/donald-trump/donald-trump-whistleblower-got-phone-call-almost-c/\">almost completely wrong</a>&quot; the most significant falsehood of 2019.</p>\n\n<p>We compared the <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/26/read-declassified-whistleblower-complaint-ukraine-/\">whistleblower complaint</a> with the <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/25/read-transcript-donald-trumps-call-ukrainian-presi/\">White House memorandum</a> of the July 25 call between Trump and Zelensky, and the <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/congressional-report/116th-congress/house-report/346\">House impeachment report</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Here are the excerpts from the whistleblower&rsquo;s filing, followed by whether the information is confirmed.</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>Early in the morning of 25 July, the President spoke by telephone with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>This was confirmed by the <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/25/read-transcript-donald-trumps-call-ukrainian-presi/\">memorandum of the call</a>.</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>After an initial exchange of pleasantries, the President used the remainder of the call to advance his personal interests.&nbsp;</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>Setting aside the characterization of the purpose as &quot;personal interests,&quot; the allocation of the number of words between pleasantries and a request for help with investigations accurately reflects the memorandum.</p>\n\n<p>The complaint then describes what Trump wanted Ukraine to do.</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>Initiate or continue an investigation into the activities of former Vice President Joseph Biden and his son, Hunter Biden</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>Confirmed, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/25/read-transcript-donald-trumps-call-ukrainian-presi/\">according to the memorandum</a> that quotes Trump as saying the following: &quot;The other thing. There&rsquo;s a lot of talk about Biden&rsquo;s son, that Biden stopped the prosecution and a lot of people want to find out about that so whatever you can do with the Attorney General would be great. Biden went around bragging that he stopped the prosecution so if you can look into it... It sounds horrible to me.&quot;</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>Assist in purportedly uncovering that allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election originated in Ukraine, with a specific request that the Ukrainian leader locate and turn over servers used by the Democratic National Committee (DNC) and examined by the U.S. cyber security firm Crowdstrike.</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>Confirmed, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/25/read-transcript-donald-trumps-call-ukrainian-presi/\">according to the memorandum</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Trump is quoted as saying: &quot;I would like you to do us a favor though because our country has been through a lot and Ukraine knows a lot about it. I would like you to find out what happened with this whole situation with Ukraine, they say Crowdstrike... I guess you have one of your wealthy people... The server, they say Ukraine has it. There are a lot of things that went on, the whole situation. I think you&rsquo;re surrounding yourself with some of the same people. I would like to have the Attorney General call you or your people and I would like you to get to the bottom of it.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;As you saw yesterday, that whole nonsense ended with a very poor performance by a man named Robert Mueller, an incompetent performance, but they say a lot of it started with Ukraine. Whatever you can do, it&rsquo;s very important that you do it if that&rsquo;s possible.&quot;</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>Meet or speak with two people the President named explicitly as his personal envoys on these matters, Mr. Giuliani and Attorney General Barr, to whom the President referred multiple times in tandem.&nbsp;</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>Confirmed, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/25/read-transcript-donald-trumps-call-ukrainian-presi/\">according to the memorandum</a>: Zelensky is the first to bring up Giuliani&rsquo;s name. As for what Trump said, he did mention both men several times and in tandem.</p>\n\n<p>Trump: &quot;Mr. Giuliani is a highly respected man. He was the mayor of New York City, a great mayor, and I would like him to call you. I will ask him to call you along with the Attorney General. Rudy very much knows what&rsquo;s happening and he is a very capable guy. If you could speak to him that would be great.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump: &quot;I would like to have the Attorney General call you or your people.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump: &quot;I will have Mr. Giuliani give you a call and I am also going to have Attorney General Barr call and we will get to the bottom of it.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>The President also praised Ukraine&rsquo;s Prosecutor General, Mr. Yuriy Lutsenko, and suggested that Mr. Zelenskyy might want to keep him in his position.</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>This is ambiguous. Trump made no reference to Lutsenko by name. What he said was, &quot;I heard you had a prosecutor who was very good and he was shut down and that&rsquo;s really unfair. A lot of people are talking about that, the way they shut your very good prosecutor down and you had some very bad people involved.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Trump might have been thinking of the previous prosecutor general Viktor Shokin; that would fit more with a prosecutor who had been &quot;shut down.&quot; The current prosecutor at the time, however, was Lutsenko. From the memorandum, which indicates that certain sections were left out and doesn&rsquo;t name the prosecutor, we can&rsquo;t tell for sure.</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>I was told by White House officials that no other (corruption) &quot;cases&quot; were discussed.</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>The memorandum shows that only the DNC server and the Bidens came up.</p>\n\n<blockquote>\n<p>I was told that a State Department official, Mr. T. Ulrich Brechbuhl, also listened in on the call.</p>\n</blockquote>\n\n<p>He was told wrong. Brechbuhl wasn&rsquo;t on the call. His boss, <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/congressional-report/116th-congress/house-report/346\">Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, was</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Trump said that the intelligence community inspector general passed along a &quot;terrible, inaccurate whistleblower report.&quot; In reality, the complaint got nearly every detail correct, as the memorandum released by the White House and the impeachment inquiry showed.</p>\n\n<p>It was correct on the request that Ukraine investigate the Bidens and the notion that Ukraine might have the DNC server that was hacked by the Russians in the 2016 election.</p>\n\n<p>It was correct that Trump aimed to connect the Ukrainians with Giluiani and Barr, even down to the detail of Trump mentioning the two in conjunction.</p>\n\n<p>The complaint described Trump as attempting to pressure Ukraine. In the impeachment inquiry, Democrats concluded that was correct, and most Republicans said it was wrong. But the key details the whistleblower offered to back that up were correct.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>White House, <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-vice-president-pence-members-coronavirus-task-force-press-briefing-19/\">Remarks by President Trump, Vice President Pence, and Members of the Coronavirus Task Force</a>, April 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Congress, <a href=\"https://www.congress.gov/congressional-report/116th-congress/house-report/346\">Report on the impeachment of President Donald J. Trump</a>, Dec. 15, 2019</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/26/read-declassified-whistleblower-complaint-ukraine-/\">Read the declassified whistleblower complaint on Ukraine, Biden and Trump</a>, Sept. 26, 2019</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/sep/25/read-transcript-donald-trumps-call-ukrainian-presi/\">Here&#39;s the readout of Donald Trump&#39;s call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky</a>, Sept. 25, 2019</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/oct/04/text-messages-show-us-diplomats-concern-trumps-pre/\">Read: Text messages between US diplomats about Ukraine aid, Trump phone call</a>, Oct. 4, 2019</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18287,
            "slug": "no-evidence-nostradamus-predicted-novel-coronaviru",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Nostradamus predicted the coronavirus in a 1551 passage about a plague spreading from the east.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T10:54:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Nostradamus, the 16th-century French prophet and astrologer who is believed to have predicted various notable historical events, supposedly also foresaw the new coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p style=\"\">Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=553295198650919&amp;set=gm.559835078061593&amp;type=3&amp;theater&amp;ifg=1\">posts</a> featuring an image of the astrologer claim that he wrote the coronavirus passage in 1551. The posts share the following words:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 36pt;\"><em>&quot;There will be a twin year (2020) from which will arise a queen (corona) who will come from the east (China) and who will spread a plague (virus) in the darkness of night, on a country with 7 hills (Italy) and will transform the twilight of men into dust (death), to destroy and ruin the world. It will be the end of the world economy as you know it.</em></p>\n\n<div>\n<p>We could find no passages in Nostradamus&rsquo; collective works that resemble these words.</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>Nostradamus is best known for <a href=\"http://www.nostradamus.org/qbrowser.html\">&quot;Les Proph&eacute;ties,&quot;</a> a collection of poetic quatrains that are united in sets of verses, or &quot;centuries,&quot; that was first published in 1555.</p>\n\n<p>This purported prediction does not follow the pattern of his typical vague, four-line poems, and we couldn&rsquo;t find anything resembling it in <a href=\"http://www.nostradamus.org/qbrowser.html\">Les Proph&eacute;ties</a>, or in <a href=\"https://nostradamiana.astrologer.ru/cent_english/eng_addenda.html\">various</a> <a href=\"https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00FN2X2Q4/ref=dp-kindle-redirect?_encoding=UTF8&amp;btkr=1\">versions</a> <a href=\"https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Complete_Prophecies_of_Nostradamus/Yw2_CwAAQBAJ?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1&amp;bsq=queen\">of his</a> <a href=\"https://nostradamiana.astrologer.ru/centuries-eng.html\">compiled works</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Recent social media posts also appear to be the first and only occurrences of this prophecy online, and none provide additional details or evidence as to where it was found, which typically indicates it was fabricated.</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence Nostradamus wrote this, it doesn&rsquo;t follow the quatrain format of his predictions and the words cannot be found in his works.</p>\n\n<p>We rate it False.</p>\n</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=553295198650919&amp;set=gm.559835078061593&amp;type=3&amp;theater&amp;ifg=1\">post,</a> April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Nostradamus.org, <a href=\"http://www.nostradamus.org/qbrowser.html\">Quatrain browser,</a> Accessed April 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Amazon, <a href=\"https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00FN2X2Q4/ref=dp-kindle-redirect?_encoding=UTF8&amp;btkr=1\">The Complete Prophecies of Nostradamus</a>, 2007</p>\n\n<p>Google Books, <a href=\"https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Complete_Prophecies_of_Nostradamus/Yw2_CwAAQBAJ?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1&amp;bsq=queen\">The Complete Prophecies of Nostradamus</a>, Dec. 7, 2015</p>\n\n<p>Snopes, <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/nostradamus-covid-19/\">Did Nostradamus Predict the COVID-19 Pandemic?</a>, March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://zelalemkibret.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/the-complete-works-of-nostradamus.pdf\">The Compleat Works of Nostradamus</a>, Compiled 2003</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18286,
            "slug": "fact-checking-viral-pa-facebook-post-coronavirus-s",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "The government is closing businesses to stop the spread of coronavirus even though \"the numbers are nothing compared to H1N1 or Ebola. Everyone needs to realize our government is up to something ...”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-06T09:18:14-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A few days after President Donald Trump declared the coronavirus a national emergency and cautioned against gathering in groups, <a href=\"https://m.facebook.com/andrew.hall.902819/posts/3590482107690889\">a Facebook post</a> accusing the government of being &quot;up to something&quot; went viral in Pennsylvania.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s the full post:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Is anyone paying attention to the bigger picture? And not what the media is feeding you? This virus is a distraction from the truth. Coming through Pennsylvania and stopped at a store and they have stopped selling gun ammo until further notice and all the cases are full so it&rsquo;s not like they have run out. They are closing liquor stores. Next will be the banks. Then our phones will stop working. They don&rsquo;t want venues of 50 or more people because they would have trouble trying to control 50-plus people. Something&rsquo;s not right here and everyone is dumb enough to think it&rsquo;s really just a virus. The numbers are nothing compared to H1N1 or Ebola. Everyone needs to realize our government is up to something and we are dumb enough to believe what you see on TV or on Facebook. Everyone better stock up on defense supplies because that toilet paper isn&rsquo;t going to protect you when they come.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Before we go any further, let&rsquo;s get one thing straight &ndash; the coronavirus is real.</p>\n\n<p>The number of cases in the U.S. and the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html\">grim tally of deaths</a> caused by the virus climbs exponentially every day, and the restrictions that drew skepticism from this Facebook user are the very measures that public health experts say will help slow the virus&rsquo; spread.</p>\n\n<p>There&rsquo;s a lot to unpack in this misleading Facebook post, so we&rsquo;ll take the claims one by one.</p>\n\n<p>When the post first appeared on March 16, there were <a href=\"https://whyy.org/articles/im-an-essential-business-gun-shops-in-pa-packed-ahead-of-coronavirus-closures/\">no restrictions on the sale of guns</a> or ammunition in Pennsylvania, and customers anxious about the coronavirus flooded firearms dealers. Then Gov. Tom Wolf ordered <a href=\"https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/all-non-life-sustaining-businesses-in-pennsylvania-to-close-physical-locations-as-of-8-pm-today-to-slow-spread-of-covid-19/\">gun sellers and other businesses</a> not deemed &quot;life-sustaining&quot; to close their doors. But he quickly reversed course under pressure from the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and <a href=\"https://apnews.com/d8dde6f12ec1d238da2db09375d8e84f\">allowed them to reopen</a> so long as the shops agreed to keep customers six feet apart.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/news/2020/04/01/gun-stores-states-white-house-coronavirus-157543\">Trump administration</a> also advised states to consider gun sellers and shooting ranges essential businesses &ndash; on par with grocery stores and pharmacies.</p>\n\n<p>The post gets one thing right. Pennsylvania did initially <a href=\"https://www.media.pa.gov/Pages/Liquor-Control-Board-Details.aspx?newsid=562\">close liquor stores</a>, which are state run.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.inquirer.com/news/pennsylvania/pennsylvania-fine-wine-good-spirits-online-alcohol-sales-delivery-20200401.html\">Liquor stores reopened</a> on Wednesday for online sales, but demand was so overwhelming that the Pennsylvania Fine Wine and Good Spirits website was unavailable for most users. The state liquor control board said access to the site would be &quot;randomized&quot; to prevent it from crashing.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook user also warned that the government would soon close banks and cut the phone lines.</p>\n\n<p>There&rsquo;s no evidence of this.</p>\n\n<p>Banks appear on Wolf&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://www.scribd.com/document/452553026/UPDATED-4-00pm-April-1-2020-Industry-Operation-Guidance\">list of life-sustaining businesses</a> allowed to remain open, although some bank branches have closed voluntarily to keep customers and staff safe and others have reduced their hours or <a href=\"https://www.td.com/us/en/personal-banking/COVID-19/\">moved to drive-through service</a>. Telecommunications companies like Philadelphia&rsquo;s Comcast are <a href=\"https://www.inquirer.com/health/coronavirus/comcast-data-cap-coronavirus-internet-essentials-20200316.html\">easing shutoffs and waiving late fees</a> to accommodate customers.</p>\n\n<p>Next the post argues that <a href=\"https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/gov-wolf-sec-of-health-pennsylvania-on-statewide-stay-at-home-order-beginning-at-8-pm-tonight-most-prudent-option-to-stop-the-spread/\">new rules against gathering in large groups</a> are designed to prevent people from organizing. Really they&rsquo;re the most important tool government officials have to stop the <a href=\"https://www.health.pa.gov/topics/disease/coronavirus/Pages/Stop-the-Spread.aspx\">spread of the coronavirus</a>, which scientists say is far more contagious than the flu. Pennsylvanians who defy the rules now risk arrest, and in New Jersey, 15 men who attended an ultra-Orthodox Jewish funeral were charged Wednesday with <a href=\"https://www.inquirer.com/news/coronavirus-new-jersey-lakewood-funeral-orthodox-jewish-fifteen-charged-20200402.html\">violating that state&rsquo;s ban</a> on large gatherings.</p>\n\n<p>Finally, the post suggests that coronavirus numbers don&rsquo;t compare to H1N1 or Ebola, but top <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinas-coronavirus-count-excluded-infected-people-with-no-symptoms-11585650226\">government scientists now predict</a> that the coronavirus will be far deadlier than either of those diseases.</p>\n\n<p>During the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/2009-h1n1-pandemic.html\">H1N1 outbreak</a> that started in 2009, more than 12,000 people in the U.S. died.</p>\n\n<p>About a dozen people were <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/history/2014-2016-outbreak/index.html\">sickened with Ebola</a> in 2014, but no one died.</p>\n\n<p>Last week, members of the Trump administration leading the government&rsquo;s response to the coronavirus outbreak announced that the deadly pathogen could kill between 100,000 and 240,000 Americans. So far, nearly 5,000 people have died &ndash; <a href=\"https://www.health.pa.gov/topics/disease/coronavirus/Pages/Cases.aspx\">90 of them in Pennsylvania</a>.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>State-run liquor stores did close in Pennsylvania as government officials scrambled to halt the spread of the coronavirus, but all the other claims made in this post are false.</p>\n\n<p>Most importantly, any suggestion that the coronavirus isn&rsquo;t real or that it&rsquo;s part of a government conspiracy is a ridiculous claim.</p>\n\n<p>The deadly virus is killing Americans right now, and abiding by unprecedented orders to stay home is the best way to halt its spread. We rate the post&rsquo;s claim about the government being &quot;up to something&quot; Pants on Fire.&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html\">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a>, Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Cases in the U.S.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://apnews.com/d8dde6f12ec1d238da2db09375d8e84f\">Associated Press</a>, &quot;Wolf reopens gun shops, orders more residents to stay home,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.media.pa.gov/Pages/Liquor-Control-Board-Details.aspx?newsid=562\">Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board</a>, &quot;Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board Announces Closure of All Fine Wine &amp; Good Spirits Stores,&quot; March 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.scribd.com/document/452553026/UPDATED-4-00pm-April-1-2020-Industry-Operation-Guidance\">State of Pennsylvania</a>, &quot;Industry Operation Guidance,&quot; Updated April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.inquirer.com/health/coronavirus/comcast-data-cap-coronavirus-internet-essentials-20200316.html\">The Philadelphia Inquirer</a>, &quot;Comcast offers free WiFi, waives data cap and late fees, won&rsquo;t disconnect service during coronavirus outbreak,&quot; March 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.governor.pa.gov/newsroom/gov-wolf-sec-of-health-pennsylvania-on-statewide-stay-at-home-order-beginning-at-8-pm-tonight-most-prudent-option-to-stop-the-spread/\">State of Pennsylvania</a>, &quot;Gov. Wolf, Sec. of Health: Pennsylvania on Statewide Stay-at-Home Order Beginning at 8 PM Tonight, &quot;Most Prudent Option to Stop the Spread,&quot; April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.health.pa.gov/topics/disease/coronavirus/Pages/Stop-the-Spread.aspx\">Pennsylvania Department of Health</a>, &quot;Help Stop the Spread,&quot; Updated March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinas-coronavirus-count-excluded-infected-people-with-no-symptoms-11585650226\">The Wall Street Journal</a>, &quot;White House Projects 100,000 to 240,000 U.S. Coronavirus Deaths,&quot; April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/2009-h1n1-pandemic.html\">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a>, &quot;2009 H1N1 Pandemic (H1N1pdm09 virus),&quot; June 11, 2019</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/history/2014-2016-outbreak/index.html\">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a>, &quot;2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa,&quot; March 8, 2019</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.health.pa.gov/topics/disease/coronavirus/Pages/Cases.aspx\">Pennsylvania Department of Health</a>, &quot;COVID-19 Cases in Pennsylvania,&quot; Updated April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p><br>\n&nbsp;</p>"
        }
    ]
}