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    "count": 17408,
    "next": "http://www.politifact.com/api/factchecks/?page=2",
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    "results": [
        {
            "id": 18249,
            "slug": "ads-attack-jill-karofsky-over-sexual-assault-case",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "republican-state-leadership-committee",
                "full_name": "Republican State Leadership Committee",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Republican State Leadership Committee"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "jill-karofsky",
                    "full_name": "Jill Karofsky",
                    "first_name": "Jill",
                    "last_name": "Karofsky"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Says Jill Karofsky as a prosecutor “went easy on” a Madison man in a 1999 sexual assault case",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T19:58:10-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>With the April 7, 2020 election bearing down, a national Republican group has jumped in the race for Wisconsin Supreme Court, attacking challenger Jill Karofsky.</p>\n\n<p>Liberal groups have lined up behind Karofsky in her battle against incumbent<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/personalities/daniel-kelly/\"> Daniel Kelly</a> and his conservative backers. At stake is a 10-year seat on the state&rsquo;s highest court, where conservatives currently hold a 5-2 majority.</p>\n\n<p>The<a href=\"https://rslc.gop/\"> Republican State Leadership Committee</a> released multiple ads March 26, 2020, addressing Karofsky&rsquo;s time as a Dane County prosecutor 20 years ago.</p>\n\n<p>Backed by the requisite ominous music,<a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7gmcaZThnd4\"> one ad</a> says this:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Liberal Jill Karofsky &mdash; dangerously soft on crime. As prosecutor, Karofsky even went easy on criminal predators, like no jail time for a monster who sexually assaulted a 5-year-old girl.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>A<a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Jll5oaMTLY\"> second ad</a> uses almost identical wording, saying &quot;as a prosecutor, she went easy on criminal predators.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In both ads, on-screen text notes the case in question is that of Donald A. Worley.</p>\n\n<p>But a closer look at the case file reveals a major oversight in the ad.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s what we found.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Ad hinges on 20-year-old case</div>\n\n<p>The Republican State Leadership Committee &mdash; which seeks to elect down-ballot state officials &mdash; is no stranger to Wisconsin politics. They made late forays into a number of previous races, including ads in support of conservative Brian Hagedorn in his successful 2019 Supreme Court bid and in<a href=\"http://archive.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/105404753.html/\"> support of Republicans</a> when they took over control of the state Legislature in 2010.</p>\n\n<p>This time around they&rsquo;re spending their money attacking Karofsky by highlighting the Worley case. <a href=\"https://www.wmc.org/\">Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce</a> is also funding airtime for the ad.</p>\n\n<p>The Madison man, then 26, was charged in February 1999 with child enticement and first-degree sexual assault of a child &mdash; serious felonies that carried decades of potential prison time.</p>\n\n<p>A plea agreement reached in March 2000 reduced both offenses to misdemeanors, and Worley was sentenced to three years probation with no jail time,<a href=\"https://wcca.wicourts.gov/caseDetail.html?caseNo=1999CF000396&amp;countyNo=13&amp;mode=details\"> online court records</a> show.</p>\n\n<p>Those online records list Karofsky as the prosecutor, which is what both groups pointed to when asked for evidence backing the ad.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 3 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>But they missed a critical detail: online court records list only the most recent prosecutor. Many district attorneys&#39; offices have different prosecutors handle hearings over the course of a given case, and that&rsquo;s what happened here.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Wrong prosecutor</div>\n\n<p>The prosecution&rsquo;s file from Worley&rsquo;s case, provided by Karofky&rsquo;s team, details which prosecutor handled different elements of the case.</p>\n\n<p>The prosecuting attorney for each appearance initials the file, and Dan Martin&rsquo;s initials are listed alongside appearances from the preliminary hearing in February 1999 to the request to close the case in March 2000 following the sentencing hearing.</p>\n\n<p>So Martin &mdash;&nbsp;not Karofsky &mdash;&nbsp;was at the controls when the plea deal was made.</p>\n\n<p>The file shows Karofsky didn&rsquo;t touch the case until more than a year after the plea agreement and sentencing. She represented the office for a motion hearing in July 2001, where the state requested that Worley not be allowed to remain in his family residence.</p>\n\n<p>Dane County District Attorney Ismael Ozanne confirmed the accuracy of the case file record in an email to PolitiFact Wisconsin.</p>\n\n<p>Karofksy&rsquo;s campaign issued a news release March 27, 2020, demanding the ads be taken down, and noting a cease-and-desist letter would be issued.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A pair of attack ads slam say Karofsky was &quot;soft&quot; as a prosecutor because she allowed Worley to get away with no jail time.</p>\n\n<p>But Karofsky didn&rsquo;t touch the case until more than a year after the plea agreement reducing the charges and the sentencing imposing no jail time. The ad is based on sloppy research that misunderstood the meaning of the online case records.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Wisconsin online court records, <a href=\"https://wcca.wicourts.gov/caseDetail.html?caseNo=1999CF000396&amp;countyNo=13&amp;mode=details\">Dane County case 1999CF396</a>, filed March 1, 1999</p>\n\n<p>YouTube.com, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Jll5oaMTLY\">JFI Wisconsin Advertisement - Kelly v. Karofsky</a>, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>YouTube.com, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7gmcaZThnd4\">Liberal Jill Karofsky</a>, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Sam Roecker, spokesman for Jill Karofsky, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Ismael Ozanne, Dane County district attorney, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Stami Williams, spokeswoman, Republican State Leadership Committee, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Nick Novak, spokesman, Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce, March 27, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18247,
            "slug": "conservative-group-meme-distorts-nevadas-chloroqui",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "turning-point-usa",
                "full_name": "Turning Point USA",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Turning Point USA"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak \"has banned the use of an anti-malaria drug that might help cure coronavirus.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T17:02:42-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A malaria drug that could potentially be used to treat COVID-19 has become the latest political touchpoint of the coronavirus pandemic.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://archive.is/hH37k\">A meme</a> published on Facebook by Turning Point USA, a conservative group that targets high school and college students, claims Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak bucked doctors&rsquo; recommendations and outlawed the use of chloroquine to treat the coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;WHAT?! Nevada&rsquo;s Leftist Governor Has Banned The Use Of An Anti-Malaria Drug That Might Help Cure Coronavirus!&quot; reads the caption on the meme, which was posted March 25, 2020. &quot;Big Government Is Deadly!&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.) It has been shared more than 10,000 times.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from Facebook)</em></p>\n\n<p>We&rsquo;ve seen <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/24/blog-posting/drinking-chloroquine-fish-tank-cleaner-wont-stop-c/\">a</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/23/facebook-posts/100-covid-19-cure-no-chloroquine-effectiveness-onl/\">lot</a> of confusion about chloroquine, which is also prescribed to treat rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, and its application to COVID-19. So we wanted to check out Turning Point USA&rsquo;s post.</p>\n\n<p>While Sisolak has limited the prescription of chloroquine for coronavirus patients, the move isn&rsquo;t a ban &mdash;&nbsp;and his order didn&rsquo;t contradict doctors&rsquo; advice about the drug, as this post suggests. Health officials and federal regulators have urged caution when using the drug to treat COVID-19 until more research is done. The order is also intended to prevent hoarding, so patients who need the drug still have access to it.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Regulation exempts hospitals, emergency rooms</div>\n\n<p>Sisolak has restricted prescribing chloroquine for COVID-19. But the order has an exemption for doctors issuing the drug to patients in hospitals and emergency rooms.</p>\n\n<p>On March 24, Sisolak, a Democrat, <a href=\"https://www.reviewjournal.com/local/local-nevada/sisolak-signs-restriction-order-for-2-drugs-1990149/\">signed</a> an emergency regulation that safeguards the supply of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, which is sold under the brand name Plaquenil and as a generic. The order prohibits doctors in outpatient settings from prescribing and dispensing the drugs for COVID-19 treatment. It also limits prescriptions to 30-day supplies.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;While the two drugs serve necessary medical purposes, there is no conclusive evidence at this time among COVID-19 experts or Nevada&rsquo;s own medical health advisory team that the drugs provide treatment for COVID-19 patients,&quot; Sisolak said <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/102340951389904/videos/523666878565661\">during a press conference</a>. &quot;The emergency regulation is aimed at preventing the hoarding of the drugs so those that actually need them can have access to them.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Sisolak&rsquo;s order came after President Donald Trump <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470503-1/president-trump-coronavirus-task-force-hold-briefing-white-house\">touted</a> the potential of chloroquine in treating COVID-19 patients during a March 19 press conference, saying it could be a &quot;game changer&quot; and a &quot;tremendous breakthrough.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED: </em><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/20/how-donald-trump-responded-coronavirus-pandemic/\">Timeline: How Donald Trump responded to the coronavirus pandemic</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>News outlets first reported that Sisolak&rsquo;s action was a ban on using chloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients. But that coverage missed a key fact: there is an exemption.</p>\n\n<p>A spokesman for Sisolak <a href=\"https://news3lv.com/news/local/gov-sisolak-reiterates-position-on-potential-coronavirus-drug\">told KSNV-TV</a> in Las Vegas that the regulation allows for a &quot;chart order for an inpatient in an institutional setting,&quot; meaning that doctors in hospitals and emergency rooms can still prescribe chloroquine to treat patients diagnosed with COVID-19. The Associated Press, for one, <a href=\"https://apnews.com/72f591f9b46fd46c1bfb3b4b5cf9f1bb\">corrected its initial story</a> on the order to reflect that exemption.</p>\n\n<p>So while Sisolak&rsquo;s order does restrict the prescription of chloroquine in Nevada, it does not constitute an outright ban, as Turning Point USA&rsquo;s meme claims.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Health officials pushed for chloroquine restrictions&nbsp;</div>\n\n<p>Nevada health officials advocated for restricting chloroquine prescriptions given the potential for hoarding. That&rsquo;s different from Turning Point USA&rsquo;s post, which makes it look like Sisolak disregarded physicians&rsquo; recommendations by issuing the emergency regulation.</p>\n\n<p>In <a href=\"http://bop.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/bopnvgov/content/Resources/ALL/Guidance%20on%20Dispensing%20Prescriptions%20for%20Chloroquine%20and%20Hydroxychloroquine%20in%20Response%20to%20COVID-19.pdf\">a March 20 letter</a>, the state&rsquo;s Board of Pharmacy noted that &quot;safety and efficacy have not been established&quot; for the use of hydroxychloroquine in treating COVID-19. Its guidance allowed for the use of chloroquine to treat coronavirus patients, but only as treatment &mdash;&nbsp;not prevention.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;In the effort to prevent the stockpiling of these medications, the Nevada State Board of Pharmacy is restricting the dispensing of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine,&quot; wrote J. David Wuest, executive secretary of the board.</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/26/fact-checking-covid-19-prevention-treatment-myths/\">Fact-checking COVID-19 prevention, treatment myths</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>As several news outlets <a href=\"https://www.propublica.org/article/doctors-are-hoarding-unproven-coronavirus-medicine-by-writing-prescriptions-for-themselves-and-their-families\">have</a> <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/24/business/doctors-buying-coronavirus-drugs.html\">reported</a>, physicians around the country have started to fraudulently prescribe themselves chloroquine in order to hoard it for their families. That hoarding <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/03/23/health/bc-us-med-virus-outbreak-malaria-drug-evidence.html\">has led to drug shortages</a> in some parts of the country, <a href=\"https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/tanyachen/kaiser-permanente-lupus-chloroquine\">affecting patients</a> who take chloroquine regularly to treat conditions like lupus and arthritis.</p>\n\n<p>Still, Sisolak&rsquo;s order was quickly criticized by organizations like Turning Point USA and politicians like Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/tedcruz/status/1242859017631870976\">who tweeted</a> March 25 that the governor was &quot;trying to score political points against Trump.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Effectiveness against COVID-19 is unproven&nbsp;</div>\n\n<p>Turning Point USA&rsquo;s meme makes it seem like chloroquine is a potential cure for the coronavirus. But the science is not settled.</p>\n\n<p>Trump&rsquo;s March 19 remarks on chloroquine were based on <a href=\"https://drive.google.com/file/d/186Bel9RqfsmEx55FDum4xY_IlWSHnGbj/view\">a recent French study</a> that found the malaria drug could be effective in treating patients with COVID-19. The authors, which include researchers from universities in France and Vietnam, concluded that the use of chloroquine sped up healing, and the effect was reinforced by adding azithromycin, an antibiotic.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But the study was based on only 20 people in France with COVID-19, and public health experts quickly put the findings into perspective.</p>\n\n<p>On March 19, the Food and Drug Administration <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-continues-facilitate-development-treatments\">published a statement</a> in which it said that while &quot;there are no FDA-approved therapeutics or drugs to treat, cure or prevent COVID-19,&quot; the agency is investigating whether chloroquine &quot;can be used to treat patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 to potentially reduce the duration of symptoms.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470538-1/president-trump-closes-us-mexico-border-essential-travel&amp;live=&amp;start=2292\">During a press conference</a> on March 20, Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, also tempered expectations for the malaria drug, saying the French study was based on anecdotal evidence.</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/23/facebook-posts/100-covid-19-cure-no-chloroquine-effectiveness-onl/\">A 100% COVID-19 cure? No, chloroquine effectiveness only anecdotal</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>&quot;The information that you&#39;re referring to specifically is anecdotal; it was not done in a controlled clinical trial,&quot; Fauci told a reporter. &quot;So you really can&#39;t make any definitive statement about it.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Based on that limited data, chloroquine is recommended for treatment of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in several countries, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/therapeutic-options.html\">according to</a> the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The drug is &quot;currently under investigation in clinical trials.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We reached out to Turning Point USA for a comment, but we haven&rsquo;t heard back.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Turning Point USA said in a Facebook post that Sisolak banned the use of chloroquine for COVID-19 against doctors&rsquo; recommendations.</p>\n\n<p>Nevada&rsquo;s emergency regulation restricts the prescription of chloroquine for COVID-19 patients in outpatient settings, but not in hospitals and emergency rooms. Sisolak signed the order on the recommendation of state health officials, who said the safety and efficacy of chloroquine in treating the coronavirus is unproven, and there is a potential for stockpiling the drug.</p>\n\n<p>While the Facebook post touts the potential of chloroquine in curing COVID-19, federal health officials and regulators have said that, as of now, the effectiveness of the drug is anecdotal. More research and clinical trials are needed before drawing a conclusion.</p>\n\n<p>Turning Point USA&rsquo;s post contains an element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression. We rate it Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Associated Press, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/03/21/us/politics/bc-us-fact-check-week.html\">AP FACT CHECK: Trump&#39;s Breathless Takes on Drugs for Virus</a>,&quot; March 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Associated Press, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/03/23/health/bc-us-med-virus-outbreak-malaria-drug-evidence.html\">Malaria Drugs&#39; Promise for Coronavirus Spurs Hope, Shortages</a>,&quot; March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Associated Press, &quot;<a href=\"https://apnews.com/72f591f9b46fd46c1bfb3b4b5cf9f1bb\">Nevada governor bars gatherings of more than 10 people</a>,&quot; March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>BuzzFeed News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/tanyachen/kaiser-permanente-lupus-chloroquine\">A Woman With Lupus Said Her Health Care Provider Is Stopping Her Chloroquine Prescription And Thanked Her For The &lsquo;Sacrifice</a>,&rsquo;&quot; March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/therapeutic-options.html\">Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Information for Clinicians on Therapeutic Options for COVID-19 Patients</a>, accessed March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>C-SPAN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470503-1/president-trump-coronavirus-task-force-hold-briefing-white-house\">President Trump and Coronavirus Task Force Brief Reporters</a>,&quot; March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>C-SPAN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470538-1/president-trump-closes-us-mexico-border-essential-travel&amp;live=&amp;start=2292\">President Trump and Coronavirus Task Force Hold News Conference</a>,&quot; March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://archive.is/hH37k\">Facebook post</a>, March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/102340951389904/videos/523666878565661\">Facebook video</a> from Gov. Steve Sisolak, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Food and Drug Administration, <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-continues-facilitate-development-treatments\">Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update: FDA Continues to Facilitate Development of Treatments</a>, March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>KSNV-TV, &quot;<a href=\"https://news3lv.com/news/local/gov-sisolak-reiterates-position-on-potential-coronavirus-drug\">Gov. Sisolak reiterates position on potential coronavirus drug</a>,&quot; March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Las Vegas Review-Journal, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.reviewjournal.com/local/local-nevada/sisolak-signs-restriction-order-for-2-drugs-1990149/\">Sisolak signs restriction order for 2 drugs</a>,&quot; March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Mediterranee Infection, <a href=\"https://drive.google.com/file/d/186Bel9RqfsmEx55FDum4xY_IlWSHnGbj/view\">&quot;Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin as a treatment of COVID-19: results of an open-label non-randomized clinical trial,&quot;</a> March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Nevada State Board of Pharmacy, &quot;<a href=\"http://bop.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/bopnvgov/content/Resources/ALL/Guidance%20on%20Dispensing%20Prescriptions%20for%20Chloroquine%20and%20Hydroxychloroquine%20in%20Response%20to%20COVID-19.pdf\">Guidance on the Dispensing of Prescriptions for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine in Response to COVID-19</a>,&quot; March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/24/business/doctors-buying-coronavirus-drugs.html\">States Say Some Doctors Stockpile Trial Coronavirus Drugs, for Themselves</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/23/facebook-posts/100-covid-19-cure-no-chloroquine-effectiveness-onl/\">A 100% COVID-19 cure? No, chloroquine effectiveness only anecdotal</a>,&quot; March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/24/blog-posting/drinking-chloroquine-fish-tank-cleaner-wont-stop-c/\">Drinking chloroquine fish-tank cleaner won&rsquo;t stop the coronavirus. It might kill you</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>ProPublica, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.propublica.org/article/doctors-are-hoarding-unproven-coronavirus-medicine-by-writing-prescriptions-for-themselves-and-their-families\">Doctors Are Hoarding Unproven Coronavirus Medicine by Writing Prescriptions for Themselves and Their Families</a>,&quot; March 24, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18248,
            "slug": "fact-checking-whether-biden-called-trump-xenophobi",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "donald-trump",
                "full_name": "Donald Trump",
                "first_name": "Donald",
                "last_name": "Trump"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "joe-biden",
                    "full_name": "Joe Biden",
                    "first_name": "Joe",
                    "last_name": "Biden"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Speaking of his restriction on travel from China, “I had (Joe) Biden calling me xenophobic. … He called me a racist, because of the fact that he felt it was a racist thing to stop people from China coming in.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T16:53:21-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Amid criticism of his administration&rsquo;s response to the coronavirus pandemic, President Donald Trump routinely flags one action as efficient and bold: restricting travel from China into the United States.</p>\n\n<p>Trump has said he instituted a travel ban against everyone&rsquo;s wishes and that &quot;nobody,&quot; not even doctors, wanted him to restrict travel. But &quot;probably tens of thousands&quot; of people would be dead now if he hadn&rsquo;t done so, he claimed on Fox News March 24.</p>\n\n<p>At the same time, he&rsquo;s claimed that former Vice President Joe Biden, a contender for the Democratic nomination for president, called him racist and xenophobic for restricting entry from China.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I had Biden calling me xenophobic,&quot; <a href=\"https://hannity.com/media-room/exclusive-watch-sean-hannitys-full-interview-with-president-trump-here/?utm_source=socialflow\">Trump said</a> on Sean Hannity&rsquo;s Fox News prime-time show March 26. &quot;He called me a racist, because of the fact that he felt it was a racist thing to stop people from China coming in.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Trump has said that about Biden at least three other times &mdash; <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1242281185084149762?s=20\">on Twitter</a>, <a href=\"https://factba.se/transcript/donald-trump-press-conference-coronavirus-briefing-march-21-2020\">at a White House briefing</a>, and <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/transcript-editor/shared/VTNfl43x_AZCew0iuaddKxpR0PK3QVIqOCQqt_pr8F1OGX3yZnXiAGT94j1ClyOEIXNKZkXUwiAFRzmSQafwVv6qdCw?loadFrom=PastedDeeplink&amp;ts=107.48\">during the Fox News town hall</a>.</p>\n\n<p>But Biden has not directly said that the travel restriction was xenophobic. He has used that phrase in reference to Trump and his handling of the coronavirus outbreak. Biden&rsquo;s campaign told PolitiFact that Biden&rsquo;s tweets were not specific to the restrictions on people coming from China.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\"><strong>Biden&rsquo;s use of the word &quot;xenophobic&quot;</strong></div>\n\n<p>The White House press office said Trump&rsquo;s claim is supported by a tweet Biden posted Feb. 1, the day after the Trump administration announced <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/proclamation-suspension-entry-immigrants-nonimmigrants-persons-pose-risk-transmitting-2019-novel-coronavirus/\">travel restrictions</a> on people who were in China 14 days prior to their attempted entry into the United States.</p>\n\n<p>Biden <a href=\"https://twitter.com/JoeBiden/status/1223727977361338370?s=20\">tweeted</a>: &quot;We are in the midst of a crisis with the coronavirus. We need to lead the way with science &mdash; not Donald Trump&rsquo;s record of hysteria, xenophobia, and fear-mongering. He is the worst possible person to lead our country through a global health emergency.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But Biden did not explicitly tie xenophobia to the travel restriction. His tweet reflects coronavirus remarks he made during a campaign stop in Iowa Jan. 31, the day the travel restrictions were announced.</p>\n\n<p>Biden <a href=\"https://youtu.be/QiOKZ8ARmqM?t=474\">said</a>: &quot;This is no time for Donald Trump&#39;s record of hysteria xenophobia, hysterical xenophobia, and fear-mongering to lead the way instead of science.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Biden again used the word &quot;xenophobic&quot; in March &mdash; once at a press conference and once in response to a Trump tweet. In the first, Biden was criticizing Trump for labeling coronavirus a &quot;<a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-address-nation/\">foreign</a>&quot; virus. In the second, it&rsquo;s not clear whether Biden&rsquo;s use of the word was in direct reference to the travel restriction.</p>\n\n<p>During a March 12 press conference Biden <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/transcript-editor/shared/rvaPIfixm8OG1G1E99uJT5xTtMIaLpsoXpRbQsClrFIOKuMeRv3LVPwbu2Wb2toh67nZv69DyEv06Mxpb1EAB9gelPM?loadFrom=PastedDeeplink&amp;ts=103.39\">said</a>, the United States should not be overly dismissive of the outbreak, &quot;but neither should we panic or fall back on xenophobia, labeling COVID-19 a foreign virus does not displace accountability for the misjudgments that have been taken thus far by the Trump administration.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Earlier that day, the Trump campaign <a href=\"https://twitter.com/TrumpWarRoom/status/1238112844283068416?s=20\">tweeted</a> that Democrats and news outlets were &quot;accusing President Trump of racism and xenophobia&quot; for his use of the phrase &quot;Chinese virus.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>On March 18, Trump <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1240243188708839424?s=20\">tweeted</a>: &quot;I always treated the Chinese Virus very seriously, and have done a very good job from the beginning, including my very early decision to close the &lsquo;borders&rsquo; from China - against the wishes of almost all. Many lives were saved. The Fake News new narrative is disgraceful &amp; false!&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Biden <a href=\"https://twitter.com/JoeBiden/status/1240361258957897728\">replied</a> the same day: &quot;Stop the xenophobic fear-mongering. Be honest. Take responsibility. Do your job.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>The tweet that Biden responded to included the phrase &quot;Chinese virus,&quot; which <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/19/donald-trump-calls-coronavirus-chinese-virus-healt/\">experts say</a> could foster discrimination toward people of Chinese or Asian origin.</p>\n\n<p>Andrew Bates, a Biden campaign spokesman, said Biden &quot;has decried Trump&#39;s xenophobia for years, and was saying that it shouldn&#39;t influence the U.S. approach to this outbreak. This was not in reference to coronavirus travel restrictions.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Travel restrictions that are supported by science, advocated by public health officials, and backed by a full strategy can be warranted, Bates said.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\"><strong>Our ruling</strong></div>\n\n<p>Speaking of his restriction on travel from China, Trump said, &quot;I had Biden calling me xenophobic. &hellip; . He called me a racist, because of the fact that he felt it was a racist thing to stop people from China coming in.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Biden has not directly said that the restrictions were xenophobic. Around the time the Trump administration announced the travel restriction, Biden said that Trump had a &quot;record of hysteria, xenophobia, and fear-mongering.&quot; Biden used the phrase &quot;xenophobic&quot; in reply to a Trump tweet about limiting entry to travelers from China and in which he described the coronavirus as the &quot;Chinese virus.&quot; Biden did not spell out which part of Trump&rsquo;s tweet was xenophobic.</p>\n\n<p>Trump&rsquo;s statement contains an element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression. We rate it Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Email interview, White House press office, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Andrew Bates, Joe Biden campaign spokesman, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Hannity.com, <a href=\"https://hannity.com/media-room/exclusive-watch-sean-hannitys-full-interview-with-president-trump-here/?utm_source=socialflow\">Interview with President Donald Trump</a>, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Rev.com, <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/transcript-editor/shared/VTNfl43x_AZCew0iuaddKxpR0PK3QVIqOCQqt_pr8F1OGX3yZnXiAGT94j1ClyOEIXNKZkXUwiAFRzmSQafwVv6qdCw?loadFrom=PastedDeeplink&amp;ts=107.48\">President Donald Trump&rsquo;s Fox News town hall</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Factba.se, <a href=\"https://factba.se/transcript/donald-trump-press-conference-coronavirus-briefing-march-21-2020\">President Donald Trump&rsquo;s March 21, 2020 press briefing</a></p>\n\n<p>Twitter, @realDonaldTrump <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1240243188708839424?s=20\">tweet</a>, March 18, 2020; <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1242281185084149762\">tweet</a>, March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, @JoeBiden <a href=\"https://twitter.com/JoeBiden/status/1223727977361338370\">tweet</a>, Feb. 1, 2020; <a href=\"https://twitter.com/JoeBiden/status/1240361258957897728\">tweet</a>, March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, @TrumpWarRoom <a href=\"https://twitter.com/TrumpWarRoom/status/1238112844283068416?s=20\">tweet</a>, March 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>WhiteHouse.gov, <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/proclamation-suspension-entry-immigrants-nonimmigrants-persons-pose-risk-transmitting-2019-novel-coronavirus/\">Proclamation on Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus</a>, Jan. 31, 2020; <a href=\"https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-address-nation/\">Remarks by President Trump in Address to the Nation</a>, March 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Rev.com, <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/joe-biden-speech-transcript-on-coronavirus-march-12-2020\">Joe Biden Speech Transcript on Coronavirus</a>, March 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/19/donald-trump-calls-coronavirus-chinese-virus-healt/\">Donald Trump calls the coronavirus the &lsquo;Chinese virus.&rsquo; Health experts say that&rsquo;s wrong</a>, March 19, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18245,
            "slug": "still-no-proof-sunlight-kills-new-coronavirus",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says to leave objects in the sun to avoid contracting the coronavirus.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T14:25:20-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Advice attributed to a delivery driver calls for leaving objects in the sun as a way to avoid contracting the coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>This is what was shared in a Facebook post:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I received an Amazon delivery this morning. The driver was almost to his truck by the time I opened the door, bent to pick up the box and said thank you. He turned and walked back toward the house. He said, &lsquo;Ma&rsquo;am, these deliveries come from the distribution center. We&rsquo;ve had positive testing for the virus. Leave the box out here in the sun for six to eight hours, then open the box and take the item out of any packaging before you take it in the house. Leave the box and packaging outside. Then go wash your hands immediately.&rsquo; Wow. Good information but this is getting freaky.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>If only.</p>\n\n<p>Sadly, there still is no proof that the sun can kill COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/donna.simmonsmontazeribilly/posts/3304814129533413\">post</a> was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.) It was soon deleted, but we found the <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/maryann.charlespavey/posts/10156632976790672\">same</a> <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/kelly.s.roy/posts/10220611343540754\">claim</a> elsewhere.</p>\n\n<p>Preliminary research into coronavirus indicates it <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/20/facebook-posts/covid-19-could-live-3-days-depending-surface/\">can live on cardboard surfaces</a> like boxes for up to 24 hours. But there is <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/11/facebook-posts/sun-exposure-does-not-kill-coronavirus/\">no evidence</a> that sun exposure kills the coronavirus, as we said in rating False a claim that &quot;being exposed to the sun for two hours&quot; kills the virus.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We also rated False a more general claim &mdash; that sun can kill the coronavirus. That claim was made by U.S. Rep. Greg Murphy, a North Carolina Republican and a physician. Experts said ultraviolet rays in sunlight aren&rsquo;t intense enough to kill the virus.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That sunlight isn&rsquo;t strong enough has also been <a href=\"https://factcheck.afp.com/health-experts-refute-misleading-claim-coronavirus-disinfectants\">reported</a> by AFP Fact Check.</p>\n\n<p>So what should you do about your cardboard packages? After digging into the research and advisories from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, <a href=\"https://thewirecutter.com/blog/coronavirus-packages/\">Wirecutter&rsquo;s Ganda Suthivarakom on March 24 wrote</a>: &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/prevention.html\">The CDC&rsquo;s advice</a> on protecting yourself does not include advice on disinfecting packages. Its general advice stands: Wash your hands frequently and avoid close contact with people.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>To be extra cautious, she writes, &quot;you can dispose of the outer packaging outside your home and wash your hands immediately after handling.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>There isn&rsquo;t evidence that leaving items in the sun can protect you from contracting the coronavirus. The best way to avoid COVID-19 is to wash your hands with soap and water, avoid touching your face, disinfect surfaces in your home daily and avoid close contact with people.</p>\n\n<p>We rate the Facebook statement False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/donna.simmonsmontazeribilly/posts/3304814129533413\">post</a>, March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/20/greg-murphy/no-sunlight-has-not-been-proven-kill-coronavirus/\">&quot;No, sunlight has not been proven to kill coronavirus,&quot;</a> March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/11/facebook-posts/sun-exposure-does-not-kill-coronavirus/\">&quot;Sun exposure does not kill the coronavirus,&quot;</a> March 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/20/facebook-posts/covid-19-could-live-3-days-depending-surface/\">&quot;Novel coronavirus could live up to 3 days, depending on the surface,&quot;</a> March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>WPXI-TV, <a href=\"https://www.wpxi.com/news/investigates/coronavirus-fact-or-fiction-11-investigates-claims-made-about-virus-your-health/YYGWILUQSBBTNEXDAJQRQLBFIY/\">&quot;Coronavirus Fact or Fiction: Are delivered packages safe to handle?&quot;</a> March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>KCRG-TV, <a href=\"https://www.kcrg.com/content/news/FACT-CHECK-Dont-trust-social-media-tips-on-Coronavirus-569108951.html\">&quot;Fact Check: Don&#39;t trust social media tips on Coronavirus,&quot;</a> March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>AFP Fact Check, <a href=\"https://factcheck.afp.com/health-experts-refute-misleading-claim-coronavirus-disinfectants\">&quot;Misleading report claims UV light, chlorine and high temperatures can kill COVID-19,&quot;</a> March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Elemental, <a href=\"https://elemental.medium.com/the-truth-about-vitamin-d-zinc-and-other-coronavirus-rumors-a217eb4b655f\">&quot;The Truth About Vitamin D, Zinc, and Other Coronavirus Rumors,&quot;</a> March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Wirecutter, <a href=\"https://thewirecutter.com/blog/coronavirus-packages/\">&quot;How to Handle Packages During the Coronavirus Pandemic,&quot;</a> March 24, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18246,
            "slug": "has-gov-tony-evers-banned-family-dinners-amid-wisc",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "duey-stroebel",
                "full_name": "Duey Stroebel",
                "first_name": "Duey",
                "last_name": "Stroebel"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says that under order from Gov. Tony Evers, he and his eight children can’t legally have dinner together anymore.",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T14:19:47-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>It&rsquo;s hard to find something that hasn&rsquo;t changed in Wisconsin amid the coronavirus pandemic &mdash; work, school, church, home.</p>\n\n<p>On the eve of Gov. Tony Evers&rsquo; &quot;Safer at Home&quot; order limiting all non-essential movement, a Republican lawmaker lamented the last item on that list.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Laura, my eight children and I are enjoying our last legal dinner together this evening from our spring break staycation,&quot; state Sen.<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/personalities/duey-stroebel/\"> Duey Stroebel</a>, R-Saukville, said in a March 24, 2020,<a href=\"https://twitter.com/SenStroebel/status/1242594544908038145\"> tweet</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Evers&rsquo;<a href=\"https://evers.wi.gov/Documents/COVID19/EMO12-SaferAtHome.pdf\"> 16-page order</a> &mdash; which took effect March 25, 2020 &mdash; has sweeping consequences throughout the state, but does it really ban family dinners?</p>\n\n<p>Let&rsquo;s take a closer look.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Key detail left out</div>\n\n<p>At first glance, Stroebel&rsquo;s claim to legal limitations within his home might sound off base. The order explicitly makes an allowance for family units.</p>\n\n<p>It says Wisconsinites &quot;do not need to maintain social distancing between family members in a single living unit or household members.&quot; A later section adds, &quot;Nothing in this Order prohibits the gathering of members of a single household or living unit.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>But it turns out Stroebel wasn&rsquo;t referencing a single household.</p>\n\n<p>John Soper, Stroebel&rsquo;s chief of staff, said in an email the senator&rsquo;s eight children range in age from 14 to 29. Only three of those children live at home, while five have their own residences.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Governor Evers mentioned specifically &lsquo;dinner parties&rsquo; as an activity that must stop under the new Order,&quot; Soper said. &quot;Senator Stroebel put out this tweet to highlight that there is no exemption for meeting immediate family (adult children, grandparents etc.), but there is for places like liquor stores and dry cleaners.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That changes the analysis dramatically.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Order bans combining households &ndash; even for family</div>\n\n<p>Indeed, there is no blanket exception to social distancing requirements for extended or even immediate family members if they live separately.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s the key line from Evers&rsquo; order: &quot;All public and private gatherings of any number of people that are not part of a single household or living unit are prohibited, except for the limited purposes expressly permitted in this Order.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Those &quot;limited purposes&quot; include things like providing care or transport for the health and safety of someone in another household.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Large family dinners that include people who do not live together are prohibited,&quot; said Melissa Baldauff, Evers&rsquo; spokeswoman.</p>\n\n<p>She said it&rsquo;s a requirement that affects everyone, including Evers.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;That&rsquo;s really hard on extended families, we get it,&quot; she said in an email. &quot;The governor&rsquo;s grown kids and their families aren&rsquo;t coming to visit him and the first lady at the executive residence right now.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;But that&rsquo;s the sacrifice we are asking of everyone in this state. Stay home and limit the number of people you have contact with. This kind of distancing is one of the most effective ways of stopping the spread of the disease.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Stroebel said in a tweet before the stay-at-home order that he was having his &quot;last legal dinner&quot; with his wife and eight children.</p>\n\n<p>Though this is technically true for Stroebel&rsquo;s family, people reading this tweet could well take away that their own one-household family can&rsquo;t get together to eat. To that extent, the tweet is misleading.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>There&rsquo;s a key difference between families that still live together under the same roof and those like Stroebel&rsquo;s with adult children &ndash; to the point that Evers&rsquo; order allows one and bans the other.</p>\n\n<p>So Stroebel is accurate, but only if you take into account key details that weren&rsquo;t included in his tweet.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s our definition of Half True.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Duey Stroebel, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/SenStroebel/status/1242594544908038145\">twitter</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Tony Evers, <a href=\"https://evers.wi.gov/Documents/COVID19/EMO12-SaferAtHome.pdf\">Executive Order #12, Safer at Home Order</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with John Soper, chief of staff for Duey Stroebel, March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Melissa Baldauff, spokeswoman for Tony Evers, March 25-26, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18244,
            "slug": "no-new-lawsuit-doesnt-say-pennsylvania-registered-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Swing State Hit With 2020 Voting Lawsuit - Accused Of Registering Over 1,500 Deceased People In Pennsylvania.”",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T10:19:33-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Two months before Pennsylvania voters cast their presidential primary ballots, one of the state&rsquo;s most populous counties is facing a federal lawsuit over maintenance of its voter rolls.</p>\n\n<p>Conservative website <a href=\"https://thepatriotjournal.com/swing-state-voting-lawsuit/?fbclid=IwAR1l0E4_Hl2_9DBPbr8YDiWv-OhHMh5J7WpDFF7wUUx7N9ZmTKTKcP-qPNI\">The Patriot Journal published a story</a> about the lawsuit with the headline:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Swing State Hit With 2020 Voting Lawsuit - Accused Of Registering Over 1,500 Deceased People In Pennsylvania.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We wondered whether the lawsuit really alleged registration of the dearly departed &ndash; one of the oldest dirty tricks in politics.</p>\n\n<p>There is a lawsuit, but it wasn&rsquo;t filed against Pennsylvania, a pivotal swing state. The Public Interest Legal Foundation, an Indiana-based nonprofit led by <a href=\"https://twitter.com/chrisgeidner/status/884550746037002241?s=20\">a former member</a> of President Donald Trump&rsquo;s defunct voter fraud commission, filed <a href=\"https://publicinterestlegal.org/files/1-Complaint-2.24.20.pdf\">suit against Allegheny County elections officials</a> last month.</p>\n\n<p>The complaint alleges that the county violated the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 by not making a &quot;reasonable effort&quot; to remove ineligible voters&rsquo; names from its registration lists. <a href=\"https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/vote-fraud-crusader-j-christian-adams-sparks-outrage-n796026\">Similar lawsuits have been filed against dozens of other counties</a> across the country by a man committed to preventing non-citizens from casting ballots in U.S. elections.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/ElectionLawCtr?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor\">J. Christian Adams</a>, the Trump appointee who leads the nonprofit, for years has warned about states improperly <a href=\"https://publicinterestlegal.org/blog/pilf-probes-noncitizen-voting-in-illinois/\">pushing noncitizens onto their voter rolls</a>. In 2016, the group published a report titled &quot;<a href=\"https://publicinterestlegal.org/files/Report_Alien-Invasion-in-Virginia.pdf\">Alien Invasion in Virginia</a>&quot; about its research into the problem in that state. Critics accuse Adams of <a href=\"https://www.aclu.org/blog/voting-rights/fighting-voter-suppression/trump-disbands-sham-election-commission-wants-homeland\">peddling baseless claims about voter fraud</a> and putting unsuspecting voters at risk of disenfranchisement.</p>\n\n<p>Does this latest lawsuit filed by the activist nonprofit allege that Allegheny County elections officials registered the dead to vote or that a deceased person has actually cast a ballot? No.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The complaint states that when the group obtained and reviewed the county&rsquo;s voter list last fall, it found 1,500 deceased voters whose registrations should have been canceled but remain active. The group also found more than 3,700 sets of duplicate, triplicate and quadruplicate voter registration records and more than 7,400 instances of failure to correctly process voters&rsquo; name changes.</p>\n\n<p>The lawsuit doesn&rsquo;t allege that the county improperly registered anyone to vote, rather that the county hasn&rsquo;t done enough to keep its list of active voters up to date.</p>\n\n<p>State and federal law require counties to purge their rolls anytime a voter moves out of state, dies or requests removal in writing. We called Allegheny County Manager of Elections David Voye to find out how often he does list maintenance and to ask whether the county had discovered any suspicious instances of dead voters rising to cast ballots. But we haven&rsquo;t heard back.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.post-gazette.com/news/politics-local/2020/02/25/Allegheny-County-voter-rolls-maintenance-lawsuit-voting-registration-act/stories/202002250168\">When asked about the lawsuit by a reporter for The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette</a>, he said each citizen registered to vote gets one vote, and &quot;there are no allegations (in the lawsuit) that anything to the contrary has occurred.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;&quot;As is always the case with voter registration list maintenance, the utmost care will be taken to ensure that no one is disenfranchised,&quot; Voye said.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>The Patriot Journal headline stated that a swing state had been accused of registering hundreds of dead Pennsylvanians to vote.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The claim gets some critical facts false. The lawsuit was filed against county elections officials, not the state. And the complaint doesn&rsquo;t allege registration of the dead. It alleges that the county officials haven&rsquo;t done enough to remove deceased voters from the rolls. We rate this statement Mostly False.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><em>This story has been updated to reflect that while the nonprofit behind the lawsuit&nbsp;has warned about&nbsp;states pushing noncitizens onto their voter rolls, the lawsuits the group files are not explicitly designed to stop an alien invasion at the ballot box.</em>&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://publicinterestlegal.org/files/1-Complaint-2.24.20.pdf\">Public Interest Legal Foundation v. David Voye, Manager of Elections for Allegheny County</a>, et al, filed Feb. 24, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.post-gazette.com/news/politics-local/2020/02/25/Allegheny-County-voter-rolls-maintenance-lawsuit-voting-registration-act/stories/202002250168\">Allegheny County sued over maintenance of voter rolls</a>,&quot; Feb. 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NBC News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/vote-fraud-crusader-j-christian-adams-sparks-outrage-n796026\">Vote Fraud Crusader J. Christian Adams Sparks Outrage</a>,&quot; Aug. 27, 2017&nbsp;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18240,
            "slug": "justice-kellys-claim-maverick-title-relies-old-ana",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "daniel-kelly",
                "full_name": "Daniel Kelly",
                "first_name": "Daniel",
                "last_name": "Kelly"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says a Marquette professor called him a \"maverick\" and found no correlation between his  opinions and conservative background.",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-27T10:05:21-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>State Supreme Court Justice Daniel Kelly likes to paint himself as a &quot;constitutional textualist.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Kelly&rsquo;s bid to hold onto his seat against Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky in the April 7, 2020 election has pitted conservatives and liberals against each other, with the state GOP and President Donald Trump backing Kelly, while Karofsky has the support of Democrats.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But Kelly claims that on the bench he sets aside his conservative views and focuses only on the letter of the law.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>He made that argument again during a <a href=\"https://www.wisn.com/article/kelly-calls-charge-ugly-slander/31270027\">March 8, 2020 interview</a> on WISN TV&rsquo;s UpFront, and used a blog run by a Marquette law professor to bolster his claim. That professor, Kelly said, found no correlation between his opinions and conservative background and even called him a maverick.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;He starts out with what he believes he knows about my politics, and then he compares the opinions that I write and join,&quot; Kelly said. &quot;He&rsquo;s looking to see if there&rsquo;s any necessary correlation between the two. And his conclusion was that there&rsquo;s not a necessary correlation there, and in fact, he called me a maverick.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>A professor who analyzes state Supreme Court justices did suggest Kelly could be a maverick among conservatives &mdash; in 2017, and in one type of case. But a more recent review of opinions indicates that title may belong to another justice.</p>\n\n<p>So how does Kelly&rsquo;s claim stack up?</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Some constitutional theory</div>\n\n<p>The blog Kelly referenced, <a href=\"http://www.scowstats.com/\">SCOWstats</a>, is run by Marquette University history professor Alan Ball.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>When asked for evidence to back Kelly&rsquo;s claim, his campaign referred PolitiFact Wisconsin to an Oct. 16, 2017 post by Ball titled <a href=\"http://www.scowstats.com/2017/10/16/justice-kelly-a-maverick-an-update-on-fourth-amendment-cases/\">&quot;Justice Kelly a Maverick? An Update on Fourth Amendment Cases.&quot;</a> In that piece, Ball found that Kelly and Justice Rebecca Bradley were more receptive to Fourth Amendment arguments than their predecessors.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Reminder: <a href=\"https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/fourth_amendment\">The Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution</a> protects people against &quot;unreasonable searches and seizures.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Most Fourth Amendment cases that come before the state Supreme Court are criminal ones, Ball told PolitiFact Wisconsin. That could mean the search of a vehicle in a drug case, as one example. Liberal justices tend to be more sympathetic to defendants, Ball said, while conservatives often support the state and agree the evidence was admissible.</p>\n\n<p>Ball noted that Kelly had only cast a small number of votes at the time of writing and said &quot;this early impression will need to be checked against the results from subsequent terms.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But Ball was struck by an opinion written by Kelly that cautioned against giving the state Legislature the power to erode people&rsquo;s constitutional rights, using arguments that could have come from a more liberal justice.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;There are certain parts of the State that experience a disproportionate amount of crime,&quot; Kelly wrote in his opinion for <a href=\"https://www.wicourts.gov/sc/opinion/DisplayDocument.pdf?content=pdf&amp;seqNo=192412\">State of Wisconsin v. Navdeep S. Brar</a>. &quot;Perhaps the legislature might decide police need greater access to homes and other buildings in such areas.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>To Ball, that opinion and Kelly&rsquo;s receptiveness to Fourth Amendment arguments distinguished him from other conservatives.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Thus, if one were asked to predict who might emerge, if only occasionally, as a maverick among the court&rsquo;s five &lsquo;conservatives&rsquo; in the upcoming term, the most conceivable candidate could well be Justice Kelly, and a promising place to look for evidence of this would be his separate opinions in Fourth Amendment criminal cases,&quot; Ball wrote.</p>\n\n<p>While Kelly cited the post as evidence that he&rsquo;s an independent thinker, it&rsquo;s not quite that straightforward.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Pay attention to Ball&rsquo;s phrasing. He didn&rsquo;t outright call Kelly a maverick &mdash; he instead speculated that the justice could emerge as a possible, but only occasional maverick.</p>\n\n<p>Plus, Ball wrote that post after Kelly&rsquo;s first term and focused only on Fourth Amendment cases. That&rsquo;s certainly not enough for Kelly to hinge his identity on.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">That was then</div>\n\n<p>Kelly&rsquo;s claim also omits some key information: Ball wrote another, more recent, blog post assigning the title of maverick to someone else.</p>\n\n<p>On Jan. 30, 2020, <a href=\"http://www.scowstats.com/2020/01/30/a-new-maverick-on-the-wisconsin-supreme-court/\">Ball argued in a post</a> that Justice Rebecca Bradley is proving to be more independent than Kelly. The two were in lockstep during the 2016-17 term, Ball&rsquo;s data show, but Bradley has increasingly deviated from her fellow conservatives.</p>\n\n<p>In 2018-19, for example, Kelly voted with conservative Chief Justice Patience Roggensack on two more cases than Bradley, according to Ball. Kelly voted with Justice Annette Ziegler 74% of the time that term, compared to 63% for Bradley.</p>\n\n<p>So far this term, Kelly has voted with Roggensack and Ziegler on every case, while Bradley has only voted with them 43% of the time. Ball expects that gap to close as the term progresses, but said Bradley &mdash; as it stands now &mdash; is still twice as likely to disagree with other conservatives than Kelly.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you wanted to call any of them a maverick, she would be a better candidate this year than Kelly,&quot; he said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Translation: Kelly is relying on an outdated analysis as evidence of his independence.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>In a TV interview, Kelly claimed that a Marquette law professor called him a &quot;maverick&quot; and found no correlation between Kelly&#39;s opinions and conservative background.</p>\n\n<p>The professor analyzed Kelly&rsquo;s rulings on Fourth Amendment cases in 2017 and determined that Kelly &quot;might&quot; emerge as a maverick after standing out among his fellow conservatives. But that&rsquo;s hardly enough to stake an identity on.</p>\n\n<p>And earlier this year, Ball awarded the label to a new justice: Rebecca Bradley. Kelly&rsquo;s claim completely disregards the most up-to-date analysis of his opinions.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A statement is Mostly False when it contains some element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression.</p>\n\n<p>That fits here.</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://www.wisn.com/article/kelly-calls-charge-ugly-slander/31270027\">Justice Daniel Kelly calls charge &lsquo;ugly slander,&rsquo;</a> UpFront, WISN, March 8, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Email from Charles Nichols, campaign manager for Friends of Justice Daniel Kelly, March 20, 2020.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://www.scowstats.com/2017/10/16/justice-kelly-a-maverick-an-update-on-fourth-amendment-cases/\">Justice Kelly a Maverick? An Update on Fourth Amendment Cases</a>, SCOWstats, Oct. 16, 2017.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://www.scowstats.com/2020/01/30/a-new-maverick-on-the-wisconsin-supreme-court/\">A New Maverick on the Wisconsin Supreme Court?</a>, SCOWstats, Jan. 30, 2020.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/02/18/daniel-kelly-ed-fallone-jill-karofsky/4785953002/\">Wisconsin Supreme Court race will pit Daniel Kelly against Jill Karofsky</a>, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Feb. 18, 2020.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/fourth_amendment\">Legal Information Institute</a>, Cornell Law School, accessed March 24, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Interview with Alan Ball, professor of history at Marquette University, March 24, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Email from Alan Ball, professor of history at Marquette University, March 24, 2020.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.wicourts.gov/sc/opinion/DisplayDocument.pdf?content=pdf&amp;seqNo=192412\">State of Wisconsin v. Navdeep S. Brar</a>, Supreme Court of Wisconsin, accessed March 24, 2020.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.merriam-webster.com/\">Merriam-Webster</a>, accessed March 24, 2020.</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18243,
            "slug": "theres-no-evidence-covid-19-can-survive-surfaces-1",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says the CDC now says that the coronavirus can survive on surfaces for up to 17 days.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-26T17:26:51-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A CNBC story circulating on Facebook displayed a misleading headline that claimed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the coronavirus &quot;survived&quot; in cruise ship cabins for up to 17 days.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The headline, which has since been <a href=\"http://archive.is/mBMzN\">changed</a>, led <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/derek.and.doyle/posts/906504856453509\">some Facebook users</a> who shared the story to believe that the CDC now says the virus can survive on surfaces that long.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The organization has made no such statement.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>The story was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p><em><strong>Knowing the facts has never been more important. <a href=\"https://checkout.fundjournalism.org/memberform?org_id=politifact&amp;campaign=7011L000001NN92QAG\">Please consider donating to PolitiFact today.</a> </strong></em></p>\n\n<p>The World Health Organization <a href=\"https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses\">says</a> it&rsquo;s not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).&quot;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6912e3.htm?s_cid=mm6912e3_w\">New CDC research</a> conducted on the Diamond Princess cruise ship found traces of the coronavirus on some of the ship&rsquo;s surfaces up to 17 days after passengers disembarked. But traces are not the same thing as live viruses.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The report doesn&rsquo;t conclude that the virus &quot;survived&quot; on any of the surfaces that long and the CDC hasn&rsquo;t issued an official statement that gives that assessment, either.</p>\n\n<p>Dr. Akiko Iwasaki, a professor of immunobiology and molecular, cellular and developmental biology at Yale University, also told us it was the presence of the virus that was found, not a live sample.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The CDC report examined the presence of viral RNA on various surfaces of the cruise ship. They found viral RNA up to 17 days after cabins were vacated on the Diamond Princess,&quot; Iwasaki wrote in an email. &quot;A piece of viral RNA is not the same thing as a live infectious virus. In order for a virus to be infectious, it has to have intact membrane, spike protein and the whole intact genome (there are close to 30,000 bases of genetic code in the viral genome).&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We previously looked at how long the virus can survive on certain surfaces <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/20/facebook-posts/covid-19-could-live-3-days-depending-surface/\">in a recent fact-check</a> and found research suggesting it can live for up to three hours in the air, four hours on copper, 24 hours on cardboard and three days on plastic and stainless steel. It&rsquo;s important to note that the study hasn&rsquo;t been peer-reviewed and more research is needed.</p>\n\n<p>The WHO and other health experts recommend that people disinfect surfaces often and wash their hands to avoid contracting or spreading the virus.</p>\n\n<p>More research needs to be done, but there is no evidence that the coronavirus can surive for up to 17 days on various surfaces. We rate this False.&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Archive.is, CNBC <a href=\"http://archive.is/mBMzN\">CDC says coronavirus RNA found in Princess Cruise ship cabins up to 17 days after passengers left</a>, March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/derek.and.doyle/posts/906504856453509\">post</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/20/facebook-posts/covid-19-could-live-3-days-depending-surface/\">Novel coronavirus could live up to 3 days, depending on the surface</a>, March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6912e3.htm?s_cid=mm6912e3_w\">Public Health Responses to COVID-19 Outbreaks on Cruise Ships &mdash; Worldwide, February&ndash;March 2020,</a> March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses\">Q&amp;A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)</a>, March 9, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Dr. Akiko Iwasaki professor of immunobiology and molecular, cellular and developmental biology at Yale University, March 26, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18241,
            "slug": "some-fast-food-chains-turn-away-truckers-drive-thr",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says truck drivers are being turned away from fast-food restaurants during the COVID-19 pandemic.",
            "ruling_slug": "mostly-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-26T15:57:33-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>As truck drivers across the country provide an essential service, delivering food and supplies during the COVID-19 pandemic, complaints have surfaced about some fast-food chains turning them away.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In response to the epidemic, many restaurants are offering only drive-thru service. But Facebook posts, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/groups/TheRealNewsandAlertsofAlleghenyCounty/permalink/532134694158061/\">like</a> <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/carl.brantley.777/posts/875564792866959\">these</a>, chronicle story after story of truckers attempting to get meals at popular fast-food restaurants only to be turned away when they attempt to walk up and order at these drive-thru windows:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 36pt;\"><em>&quot;***Glenshaw***This McDonalds is Refusing to serve truckers, because they can&rsquo;t drive through the drive-thru. The manager was disrespectful. They are out supplying (sic) are stores with food for all of us. They are out all night and can&rsquo;t eat or get a coffee?&quot;</em></p>\n\n<p>The posts were flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.) But in this case, there&#39;s more truth to the claim than not.</p>\n\n<p>Fast-food restaurants including McDonald&rsquo;s, Wendy&rsquo;s, KFC and Taco Bell <a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-starbucks-chick-fil-a-and-more-chains-close-seating-2020-3\">recently announced</a> they were shutting down dining rooms amid the coronavirus outbreak and switching to a to-go model, emphasizing delivery and drive-thru orders.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Social media posts say truckers can&rsquo;t maneuver their rigs through drive-thru lanes, so their only option is to walk up to the windows.</p>\n\n<p>Trucking news website Transportation Nation <a href=\"https://transportationnation.com/trucking-group-asks-fast-food-giant-to-accommodate-truckers-at-drive-thru-windows/\">reported</a> that one trucking group reached out to McDonald&rsquo;s on March 18 asking for changes to be made to allow truckers easier access to food.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Truckers are having a difficult time finding food on the road due to various closures because of the national emergency,&quot; <a href=\"https://transportationnation.com/trucking-group-asks-fast-food-giant-to-accommodate-truckers-at-drive-thru-windows/\">wrote</a> James Lamb, president of the 15,000-member Small Business in Transportation Coalition. &quot;We are told they are being refused service when they walk up to your drive thru windows because they are not in sedans and their 80,000 lb. big rig trucks do not fit through your drive thru driveways.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Lamb asked the company to make temporary accommodations for trucker customers.</p>\n\n<p>McDonald&rsquo;s <a href=\"https://news.mcdonalds.com/McDonalds-US-coronavirus-update\">responded</a> by creating a curbside ordering system. The fast-food chain pointed PolitiFact to a March 23 <a href=\"https://news.mcdonalds.com/supporting-americas-truck-drivers\">statement</a> that addresses the issue:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 36pt;\">&quot;<em>As the world continues to address the quickly changing landscape, we are in this together with you, our valued friends in the trucking and transportation industry. Thank you for everything you are doing to keep essential parts of our economy going.</em></p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 36pt;\"><em>&quot;However, at some locations, only Drive-Thru and McDelivery are available. We realize that you can&rsquo;t bring your rig through the Drive-Thru and for safety reasons, we cannot accept walk up orders at the Drive-Thru window.&quot;</em></p>\n\n<p>McDonald&rsquo;s instructed truckers to use its mobile order and pay app and then walk to &quot;the designated Trucker curbside sign on the sidewalk outside our designated door.&quot; An employee will bring the order out when it&rsquo;s ready.</p>\n\n<p>But it&rsquo;s not just McDonald&rsquo;s. Reports of similar incidents at Wendy&rsquo;s and Burger King have also surfaced. We reached out to both, but only heard back from Wendy&rsquo;s. A spokesperson sent a statement saying Wendy&rsquo;s is &quot;particularly appreciative of the nation&rsquo;s truck drivers who are a vital part of our supply chain.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>It continued: &quot;We are continuing to explore options to continue to make Wendy&rsquo;s food available to as many of our loyal customers as possible during this difficult time, but of course we must continue to focus on safety and security at our restaurants as a top priority.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Social media posts claim truck drivers are being turned away from fast-food restaurants with shuttered dining rooms since they can&rsquo;t fit their rigs in drive-thru lanes.</p>\n\n<p>This is really happening. It&rsquo;s worth noting that McDonald&rsquo;s has responded with a curbside ordering app at some locations to help accommodate truckers. And Wendy&rsquo;s says they are exploring options.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>These reports are accurate but need additional, updated information. We rate them Mostly True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/groups/TheRealNewsandAlertsofAlleghenyCounty/permalink/532134694158061/\">post,</a> March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/carl.brantley.777/posts/875564792866959\">post</a>, March 23, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=3114480231907276&amp;set=a.536251929730132&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Transportation Nation, <a href=\"https://transportationnation.com/trucking-group-asks-fast-food-giant-to-accommodate-truckers-at-drive-thru-windows/\">Trucking Group Asks Fast Food Giant to &quot;Please Help Truckers&quot; at Drive Thrus</a></p>\n\n<p>Business Insider, <a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-mcdonalds-ordering-system-for-truck-drivers-2020-3\">McDonald&#39;s is pushing an ordering system invented for truckers, as 1.8 million drivers struggle to find food amid the coronavirus pandemic</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>McDonalds, <a href=\"https://news.mcdonalds.com/supporting-americas-truck-drivers\">Supporting America&rsquo;s Truck Drivers</a>, March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Wendy&rsquo;s media relations, March 25, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18242,
            "slug": "checking-cornyn-chinese-culture-and-coronavirus",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "john-cornyn",
                "full_name": "John Cornyn",
                "first_name": "John",
                "last_name": "Cornyn"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“China is to blame because the culture where people eat bats and snakes and dogs and things like that, these viruses are transmitted from the animal to the people and that's why China has been the source of a lot of these viruses like SARS, like MERS, the Swine Flu and now the coronavirus.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-03-26T15:51:30-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>In <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200318/cornyn-draws-rebuke-from-democrats-over-comments-about-china-coronavirus-origins\">separate</a> interviews with reporters on March 18, U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, said China has been the source of multiple recent contagions breaking out because of what he called a culture of eating some animals such as bats, snakes and dogs.</p>\n\n<p>In remarks captured by <a href=\"https://twitter.com/thehill/status/1240364608390606850?s=20\">The Hill,</a> Cornyn said this applies to the new coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;China is to blame because the culture where people eat bats and snakes and dogs and things like that, these viruses are transmitted from the animal to the people and that&#39;s why China has been the source of a lot of these viruses like SARS, like MERS, the swine flu and now the coronavirus,&quot; he said. &quot;I think they have a fundamental problem and I don&#39;t object to geographically identifying where it is coming from.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>He made a similar comment on a weekly conference call with reporters in Texas, stating that the &quot;open meat markets that serve everything from bats to tapirs to snake to dog meat&quot; allow viruses to jump from animals to humans.</p>\n\n<p>The Hill&rsquo;s video clip of Cornyn&rsquo;s remark was shared thousands of times on social media, so we&rsquo;ll focus on fact-checking that statement, keeping the context of his second claim in mind.</p>\n\n<p>Cornyn spokesman Drew Brandewie said Cornyn&rsquo;s statement is referring to the culture behind so-called wet markets in China.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If people didn&rsquo;t eat that type of meat, wet markets would not exist,&quot; he said in an interview, referencing the animals Cornyn identified in his remarks.</p>\n\n<p>Let&rsquo;s dive in.</p>\n\n<p><strong>SARS, MERS and Swine Flu</strong></p>\n\n<p>Before we address the parts of Cornyn&rsquo;s claim related to the coronavirus, let&rsquo;s take a look at his assertion that the viruses SARS, MERS and swine flu originated in China.</p>\n\n<p>Cornyn is right about SARS, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, which was first reported in 2003 in the Guangdong province of southern China, according to the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/sars/about/fs-sars.html#outbreak\">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</a>.</p>\n\n<p>SARS is thought to be an animal virus, but its source remains uncertain. It is believed to have spread from the source animal to other animals and infected humans, according to the <a href=\"https://www.who.int/ith/diseases/sars/en/\">World Health Organization.</a></p>\n\n<p>But Cornyn is wrong about where the first MERS and swine flu cases were reported. Brandewie said Cornyn misspoke when included them in his list.</p>\n\n<p>MERS, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, according to the&nbsp;<a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/index.html\">CDC.</a></p>\n\n<p>Swine flu, or the H1N1 flu, was first identified in humans in the United States in 2009, according to the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/information_h1n1_virus_qa.htm\">CDC</a>.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Transmission of the virus</strong></p>\n\n<p>The first part of Cornyn&rsquo;s claim states that people in China &quot;eat bats and snakes and dogs and things like that.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But Peter Li, associate professor of East Asian Politics at the University of Houston, said this type of cuisine is not representative of Chinese culture.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Chinese as a whole do not have wildlife eating habit,&quot; Li said in an email. &quot;It is the eating habit of a small number of people, just like a small number of people in the U.S. dare to eat rattlesnakes or the like. &hellip; The eating habit is not Chinese and not traditional.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Even considering the small population that may consume these animals, Adam Kamradt-Scott, an associate professor of global health security at the University of Sydney in Australia, said &quot;The consumption of exotic meats is not, in itself, the problem.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The issue is instead the level and extent of the human-animal interface that wet markets permit,&quot; he said in an email. &quot;Having said this, we have yet to identify the host animal for the COVID-19 virus. &hellip; It has also not been verified whether the COVID-19 virus infected humans at the wet market in Wuhan, only that some of the first cases to be identified had a history of having visited the wet market.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/summary.html\">CDC&rsquo;s situation page</a> for the new virus states that early cases in China &quot;had some link&quot; to the market, as did numerous news articles highlighted by Brandewie in response to PolitiFact&rsquo;s inquiry.</p>\n\n<p>But researchers have yet to pinpoint when, where or how the virus was transmitted from animals to humans.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It was originally suggested that it began at the Wuhan fish market, but there is no longer good evidence to support that,&quot; said Vincent Racaniello, a virology professor in the Microbiology and Immunology Department at Columbia University who is researching the virus. &quot;The first case was not associated with that market and now we think there were earlier clusters in November not associated with the market.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Racaniello pointed to a paper published in the<a href=\"http://nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2001316\"> New England Journal of Medicine</a> at the end of January by researchers in China looking at the first 425 confirmed cases of the virus.</p>\n\n<p>The data shows that while the first reported cases of the new virus were linked to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, the first identified case of the virus predated the publicly reported cases and was found in a person with no connection to the market.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30183-5/fulltext\">Other </a>researchers also <a href=\"https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3074991/coronavirus-chinas-first-confirmed-covid-19-case-traced-back\">identified</a> early cases unrelated to the market.</p>\n\n<p>In the March 15 episode of his virology podcast, <a href=\"http://www.microbe.tv/twiv/\">This Week in Virology</a>, Racaniello interviewed coronavirus researcher Ralph Baric of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill about the origins of the current pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>Baric said researchers have identified numerous SARS-like strains in bats and said it is &quot;just a question of time for when a human comes in contact with a bat&quot; carrying these viruses and that sparks a new pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>He added that it is entirely possible that the current outbreak was caused by a person in rural China who came into contact with a bat or bat guano and then traveled to Wuhan and started the outbreak.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Baric said the initial contact could have occurred in a farmer harvesting bat guano to use as fertilizer or &quot;just by random chance&quot; in a person who came into contact with bat guano when a bat flew overhead and its droppings fell.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Not strictly cultural</strong></p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s true that markets that sell live animals that are slaughtered on the premises pose a risk or viruses to be transmitted from animals to humans, but experts said this risk exists across the globe and is not unique to China.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;His claim, if it were true, is ridiculous,&quot; said Li, the University of Houston professor. &quot;No country in the world monopolizes the outbreaks of epidemics.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Racaniello said that suggesting the new coronavirus is &quot;spread simply by eating a bat is too simplistic,&quot; as is pointing only to China as the source of new viruses.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you eliminated all eating of bats, you would still have these spillovers,&quot; he said. &quot;The four mild coronaviruses we have probably crossed from bats into humans hundreds of years ago &mdash; that could have happened anywhere. This is much broader than eating a bat in a meat market. I think that&rsquo;s the important key here, that there are a lot of ways for viruses to get from various animals into humans.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Peter Daszak, a disease ecologist and president of the research organization EcoHealth Alliance, said global health experts discussed the potential of a new pandemic in 2018 (labeling it &quot;Disease X&quot;), as pandemics are on the rise and the world&rsquo;s strategy for dealing with these illnesses is &quot;woefully inadequate,&quot; in <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/27/opinion/coronavirus-pandemics.html\">&nbsp;op-ed for the New York Times.</a></p>\n\n<p>Daszak wrote:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;These spillovers are increasing exponentially as our ecological footprint brings us closer to wildlife in remote areas and the wildlife trade brings these animals into urban centers. Unprecedented road-building, deforestation, land clearing and agricultural development, as well as globalized travel and trade, make us supremely susceptible to pathogens like coronaviruses.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Science writer David Quammen discussed future risk during an interview on <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/transcripts/802938289\">NPR&rsquo;s Fresh Air </a>in February, and said the reason the globe is seeing more viruses in humans is because we &quot;are so abundant and so disruptive on this planet that we come in contact with these things.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>He continued:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;There&#39;s 7.7 billion of us. We&#39;re cutting the tropical forests. We&#39;re building work camps in those forests and villages. We&#39;re eating the wildlife. We&#39;re transporting wildlife around the world. We&#39;re raising a lot of domestic livestock that become exposed to viruses through wildlife.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We&#39;re doing all these forms of disruption that I say sometimes that you go into a forest and you shake the trees, literally and figuratively, and viruses fall out. And if they fall out of their hosts, they need a new host. And we&#39;re there. We&#39;re available. We&#39;re their opportunity. And then we fly around the world and carry it every which way.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our Ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>Cornyn said: &quot;China is to blame because the culture where people eat bats and snakes and dogs and things like that, these viruses are transmitted from the animal to the people and that&#39;s why China has been the source of a lot of these viruses like SARS, like MERS, the Swine Flu and now the coronavirus.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>First of all, Cornyn is wrong that MERS and the Swine Flu were first identified in humans in China. He is right that SARS and the new coronavirus were first identified in humans there.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The problem with Cornyn&rsquo;s claim is his assertion that Chinese culture is at fault. Experts said the threat of viral transmission from animal to human is not unique to China, and the risk of this kind of spillover is growing globally as humans come into closer contact with animals.</p>\n\n<p>Plus, experts noted that any consumption of the animals Cornyn mentioned is not, in itself, the problem.</p>\n\n<p>It is also worth noting that researchers have not pinpointed exactly when, where or how the coronavirus hopped from animals to humans. While early reports indicated that the virus jumped from animals to humans at a seafood market in Wuhan, further study has identified cases predating those in people with no connection to the market.</p>\n\n<p>Taken as a whole, Cornyn&rsquo;s statement is not accurate. We rate this claim False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>The Hill, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/thehill/status/1240364608390606850?s=20\">Tweet</a>, March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200318/cornyn-draws-rebuke-from-democrats-over-comments-about-china-coronavirus-origins\">Cornyn draws rebuke from Democrats over comments about China, coronavirus origins</a>, March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA Today,<a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/03/16/coronavirus-fact-check-where-did-covid-19-start-experts-say-china/5053783002/\"> Fact check: Coronavirus originated in China, not elsewhere, researchers and studies say</a>, March 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Cornyn spokesman Drew Brandewie, March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Phone interview with Brandewie, March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Peter Li, Associate Professor of East Asian Politics, University of Houston-Downtown, March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Adam Kamradt-Scott, associate professor at the University of Sydney, March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NPR, <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/01/31/800975655/why-theyre-called-wet-markets-and-what-health-risks-they-might-pose\">Why They&#39;re Called &#39;Wet Markets&#39; &mdash; And What Health Risks They Might Pose</a>, Jan. 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NPR, <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/transcripts/802938289\">New Coronavirus &#39;Won&#39;t Be The Last&#39; Outbreak To Move From Animal To Human</a>, Feb, 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Forbes, <a href=\"https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2020/03/17/covid-19-coronavirus-did-not-come-from-a-lab-study-shows-natural-origins/#309aec193728\">No, COVID-19 Coronavirus Was Not Bioengineered. Here&rsquo;s The Research That Debunks That Idea</a>, March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New England Journal of Medicine, <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2002106?query=TOC\">Perspective: Escaping Pandora&rsquo;s Box &mdash; Another Novel Coronavirus</a>, Feb. 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Vox, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPpoJGYlW54\">How wildlife trade is linked to coronavirus</a>, March 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Vox, <a href=\"https://www.vox.com/2020/2/7/21126758/coronavirus-xenophobia-racism-china-asians\">The coronavirus exposes the history of racism and &quot;cleanliness,&quot;</a> Feb, 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Vox, The conspiracy theories about the origins of the coronavirus, debunked, March 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/summary.html\">Situation Summary</a>, accessed March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/sars/about/fs-sars.html#outbreak\">SARS Basics Fact Sheet</a>, accessed March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/index.html\">Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)</a>, accessed March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/information_h1n1_virus_qa.htm\">Origin of 2009 H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu): Questions and Answers</a>, Nov, 25, 2009</p>\n\n<p>Phone interview with Vincent Racaniello, microbiology and immunology professor at Columbia University, March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New England Journal of Medicine, <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2001316\">Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus&ndash;Infected Pneumonia</a>, Jan. 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/27/opinion/coronavirus-pandemics.html\">We Knew Disease X Was Coming. It&rsquo;s Here Now</a>., Feb. 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Eater, <a href=\"https://www.eater.com/2020/1/31/21117076/coronavirus-incites-racism-against-chinese-people-and-their-diets-wuhan-market\">Pinning Coronavirus on How Chinese People Eat Plays Into Racist Assumptions,</a> Jan. 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Time, <a href=\"https://time.com/5770904/wuhan-coronavirus-wild-animals/\">The West Blames the Wuhan Coronavirus on China&rsquo;s Love of Eating Wild Animals. The Truth Is More Complex</a>, Jan. 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>This Week in Virology, <a href=\"http://www.microbe.tv/twiv/twiv-591/\">Coronavirus update with Ralph Baric</a>, March 15, 2020</p>"
        }
    ]
}