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    "count": 17978,
    "next": "http://www.politifact.com/api/factchecks/?format=api&page=2",
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    "results": [
        {
            "id": 18807,
            "slug": "did-software-cause-wisconsins-unemployment-backlog",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "chris-kapanga",
                "full_name": "Chris Kapenga",
                "first_name": "Chris",
                "last_name": "Kapenga"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says the Tony Evers administration is wrong to blame old computer software being used to process unemployment claims; it “has nothing to do with” the backlog.",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-03T10:07:41-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>In Wisconsin, the surge in unemployment claims due to the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a surge of frustration from those out of work who are relying on the state for help.</p>\n\n<p>More than 150,000 applicants have faced issues with claims, resulting in weeks -- and sometimes months -- without getting much-needed payments.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>So far, the state Department of Workforce Development, which oversees the payments, has blamed the problem largely on a decades-old software program that powers the system.</p>\n\n<p>But state Sen. Chris Kapenga, R- Delafield, has a different take on blaming software for the backlog.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It is a complete lie,&quot; Kapenga said in a June 21, 2020 interview <a href=\"http://legis.wisconsin.gov/senate/33/kapenga/media/1223/senator-chris-kapenga-full-interview.mp4\">on WTMJ radio</a>. &quot;The software they&rsquo;re using for back-end processing has nothing to do with the problems that are caused right now.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>He went on to say he believes mismanagement is to blame for the issues, as well as a lack of employees and a failure to have a plan to handle an inundation of claims.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Is he right that the Evers administration is wrongly blaming the software system?</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Kapenga&rsquo;s view</div>\n\n<p>When asked to provide backup for the claim, Kapenga said that the software can&rsquo;t be the root of the problem, because the problems leading to the backlogs are actually starting before the computer system, known as COBOL, would even be involved.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;A basic explanation to help better understand this issue is that COBOL is simply the &lsquo;delivery person&rsquo; that takes the check to the claimant once all the other systems and processes determine who, where and how much,&quot; he said in a June 24, 2020 email. &quot;The massive backlog in payment of claims is because one or all of the pieces of information required to make the delivery has not yet been determined.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The system can&rsquo;t do its job if it isn&rsquo;t told what to do.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>He said that in order to get the who, where and how much into the system, the department needs more staff to do the work, which is where the problem lies.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I have stated publicly that they should have immediately pulled people in (from existing resources in other agencies) and worked 24/7 to manage the load,&quot; he said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Kapenga&rsquo;s view is supported by recent media reports, which have explored the same issue in other states that use the software to power their systems.</p>\n\n<p>An April 22, 2020 <a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/cant-file-unemployment-dont-blame-cobol/\">report from Wired.com</a>, noted that COBOL is typically only used for back-office tasks, such as processing forms and payments, not for the front-end public interface that applicants see when they log on to the state website.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But the article highlights one issue that can cause backups when it comes to COBOL -- the fact making changes to the system requires coders familiar with the 60-year-old program.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>So any change to the rules, such as the recent lifting of the one-week waiting period for new claims, has to be written into the code. And that takes time.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The state&rsquo;s take</div>\n\n<p>Ben Jedd, communications director for the Department of Workforce Development said in a June 24, 2020 email exchange that the reprogramming of the software did take time, resulting in some delays.</p>\n\n<p>For instance, the code had to be rewritten to handle three new federal programs that gave Wisconsinites more money, such as the $600 enhanced payment.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>What&rsquo;s more, he said, each of the changes had to be handled one at a time.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The linear nature of implementations of the new programs results in delays and increased backlog of claims for (the federal programs),&quot; he said. &quot;Additionally, due to the archaic nature of the system and lack of automation, processing of claims and subsequent release of benefits payments to claimants, requires a significant amount of manual exception processing further adding to the backlog.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Jedd said that programming was done while state lawmakers were waiting to pass a bill that waived the standard one-week waiting period before getting benefits.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Once the law was signed, the programs had to be tested to be sure they were running correctly. That took two weeks.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Aside from the reprogramming, Jedd said other issues have contributed to the backlog, starting with ramping up staffing. That includes new hires to process claims and to sort out errors and adjudicate unusual circumstances.</p>\n\n<p>According to <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/wisconsin/2020/06/19/wisconsin-unemployment-backlog-may-persist-until-august/3192799001/\">a June 19, 2020 article in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel</a>, hundreds of new staff members had to be hired and trained, a process that took months. In all, the department says it has hired <a href=\"https://dwd.wisconsin.gov/news/2020/pdf/200623-ui-data.pdf\">more than 1,000 people</a>, including for the call center.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;With unemployment as low as it was, the staffing levels were as low as they&#39;d been in years,&quot; Jedd said. &quot;When the pandemic hit, we had to go from the lowest staffing level to the level needed to address this situation, which we have done as quickly as possible with the required recruiting, vetting, hiring, and training.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It was not possible to onboard staff at the necessary levels overnight.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our rating</div>\n\n<p>Kapenga claimed the Evers administration is wrong to blame old computer software being used to process unemployment claims, declaring it &quot;has nothing to do with&quot; the backlog.</p>\n\n<p>To be sure, there were many other problems leading to the backlog, including the sudden volume of claims and the need to ramp up staffing overnight. What&rsquo;s more, there were several changes made to the system, including new payments and the waiver of a one-week waiting period. That&rsquo;s where Kapenga is wrong to say the computer system had no role in delays.</p>\n\n<p>The decades-old system had to be reprogrammed to accommodate those changes -- and news reports note only coders familiar with the programs could get the job done.</p>\n\n<p>We rate the claim Half True.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>",
            "sources": "<p>WTMJ radio, <a href=\"http://legis.wisconsin.gov/senate/33/kapenga/media/1223/senator-chris-kapenga-full-interview.mp4\">Recording of June 21 interview with Chris Kapenga</a>, June 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email conversation with Chris Kapenga, June 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Wired.com, &quot;Can&rsquo;t file for unemployment? Don&rsquo;t blame Cobol,&quot; April 22, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email conversation with Ben Jedd, Department of Workforce Development communications director, June 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/wisconsin/2020/06/19/wisconsin-unemployment-backlog-may-persist-until-august/3192799001/\">Thousands waiting on unemployment payment despite hires by Department of Workforce Development</a>,&quot; June 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://dwd.wisconsin.gov/news/2020/pdf/200623-ui-data.pdf\">Department of Workforce Development, &quot;DWD releases information on unemployment data</a>,&quot; June 23, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18829,
            "slug": "desantis-falsely-claims-he-was-never-asked-about-c",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "ron-desantis",
                "full_name": "Ron DeSantis",
                "first_name": "Ron",
                "last_name": "DeSantis"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "\"I would do press events in May, I would never be asked about coronavirus.''",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-03T08:00:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Gov. Ron DeSantis has a new narrative about Florida&rsquo;s rising COVID-19 numbers: As cases leveled off in May, the media stopped covering the story, and the public grew complacent.</p>\n\n<p>DeSantis made this case during his <a href=\"https://twitter.com/scontorno/status/1278776147627687936\">July 2 meeting in Tampa with Vice President Mike Pence</a>, where he said that the pandemic <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?473616-1/vice-president-pence-pledges-resources-combat-coronavirus-spread-florida\">&quot;fell out of the news.&quot; at the end of May and beginning of June.</a></p>\n\n<p>A week earlier, DeSantis said the media had returned its attention to the pandemic as the <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/florida-coronavirus-cases.html\">caseload grew in June</a> amid reopenings of restaurants, shops and beaches.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Well, I think now this is back in the news. I think people understand. Look, it was natural. It wasn&rsquo;t much, I mean, I would do press events in May, I would never be asked about coronavirus,&quot; <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-june-26-covid-19-press-conference-transcript\">DeSantis said June 26</a>. &quot;It was about all these other things. Now it&rsquo;s something that they are (asking about).&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The other major news story that swept the nation and Florida starting in late May was the protests about police brutality and racism that followed George Floyd&rsquo;s killing in police custody. As Florida journalists covered weeks of protests across the state, media outlets continued their pandemic coverage. In the week following Floyd&rsquo;s death, we found news articles about <a href=\"https://www.sun-sentinel.com/coronavirus/fl-ne-florida-coronavirus-deaths-cases-tuesday-may-26-20200526-ydcohv3mkjb5jmbi7223dobwaq-story.html\">Florida&rsquo;s COVID-19 case numbers</a>, <a href=\"https://www.sun-sentinel.com/coronavirus/fl-ne-broward-beaches-gyms-reopen-20200526-bg77u3nrrzcsva4bg3t6zc7cfm-story.html\">reopenings of beaches and gyms in Broward,</a> a <a href=\"https://www.jacksonville.com/photogallery/LK/20200531/PHOTOGALLERY/531009994/PH/1\">photo gallery</a> of pandemic life in Jacksonville, updates on <a href=\"https://www.heraldtribune.com/news/20200529/coronavirus-update-what-you-need-to-know-friday-may-29\">openings and closings in southwest Florida</a>, and the <a href=\"https://www.tampabay.com/hurricane/2020/05/31/hurricane-2020-covid-19-will-impact-your-hurricane-preparations-column/\">impact of the pandemic on hurricane planning</a>, just to name a few of thousands of examples we found in Nexis.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/maryellenklas/status/1276591135469776908?s=21\">Reporters </a>pushed back against DeSantis, so we wanted to look into it.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We found that <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcript-tag/florida-governor-ron-desantis-transcripts\">multiple transcripts</a> of DeSantis press conferences in May show reporters asking him about lifting COVID-19 restrictions on businesses, the state&rsquo;s rising unemployment and flawed benefits system, the plan for addressing spikes, and outbreaks in nursing homes and prisons.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We sent a link to those transcripts to spokespersons for DeSantis and asked what he was referring to when he said he wasn&rsquo;t asked about the coronavirus. We did not get a response to our emails or phone messages.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Some of the COVID-19 questions</div>\n\n<p>The press conferences we reviewed showed DeSantis taking questions about COVID-19, even if that wasn&rsquo;t the main topic of the event. Reporters asked him about the pandemic at press conferences on <a href=\"https://thefloridachannel.org/videos/5-26-20-press-conference-on-florida-supreme-court-appointments/\">judicial appointments</a> and a <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-may-18-covid-19-press-conference-transcript\">road construction project</a>.</p>\n\n<p>We found at least a dozen times reporters asked DeSantis about COVID-19 in May. Here are a few examples. For our review, we used the transcript service Rev.com and video from the Florida Channel, a public affairs programming service based at the state Capitol.</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-covid-19-briefing-may-3\">May 3:</a></strong> Reporters asked about applicants for unemployment, antibody testing and efforts to protect people in nursing homes as well as a prison outbreak.</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-covid-19-press-conference-transcript-may-8\">May 8:</a></strong> A reporter asked a question about the phases of reopening in South Florida.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-covid-19-press-conference-transcript-may-11\">May 11:</a></strong> DeSantis faced questions about people awaiting unemployment checks and the state&rsquo;s unemployment website. A reporter started to ask a question about one of the covid case models that the state was looking at and DeSantis interjected: &quot;Has that been accurate so far? Have any of the models been accurate so far?&quot;</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-covid-19-press-conference-transcript-may-13\">May 13:</a></strong> DeSantis faced a couple of questions about cases in long-term facilities including if he had considered testing for all residents and staff and why Florida was not pursuing the <a href=\"https://khn.org/morning-breakout/white-house-recommends-all-nursing-home-residents-staff-be-tested-in-next-two-weeks/\">White House recommendation</a> to test everyone in nursing homes.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://thefloridachannel.org/videos/5-15-20-press-conference-on-coronavirus-covid-19/\">May 15</a>:</strong> Reporters asked questions about unemployment as well as when bars would be allowed to reopen and vacation rentals could resume. A reporter also asked if parents should send their children to summer camp.</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcripts/florida-governor-ron-desantis-may-22-coronavirus-press-conference-transcript\">May 22</a>:</strong> Reporters asked questions about lifting restrictions, the number of pending unemployment claims and if the state had a plan if COVID-19 spiked in the future.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>DeSantis said, &quot;I would do press events in May, I would never be asked about coronavirus,&#39;&#39;</p>\n\n<p>His spokespersons did not respond to our multiple queries to figure out which events he had in mind. Our own review shows that he was asked about coronavirus issues at many press conferences. Questions related to unemployment, nursing homes, rules about reopening and how the state would handle spikes.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim False.</p>\n\n<p><br>\n&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, <a href=\"https://www.flgov.com/2020/05/\">Press releases</a>, May 2020</p>\n\n<p>Rev.com, <a href=\"https://www.rev.com/blog/transcript-tag/florida-governor-ron-desantis-transcripts\">Gov. Ron DeSantis press conferences</a>, May 2020</p>\n\n<p>Florida Channel, <a href=\"https://thefloridachannel.org/videos/7-1-20-press-conference-on-funding-for-historically-black-colleges-and-universities/\">Press Conference on Funding for Historically Black Colleges and Universities</a>, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Miami Herald reporter Mary Ellen Klas, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/maryellenklas/status/1276591135469776908?s=21\">Tweet,</a> July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Miami Herald reporter David Smiley, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/NewsbySmiley/status/1278415241462906880\">Tweet</a>, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Tampa Bay Times reporter Steve Contorno, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/scontorno/status/1278776147627687936\">Tweet</a>, July 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Politico Florida playbook, <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/newsletters/florida-playbook/2020/05/14/the-desantis-battle-with-the-media-play-ball-governor-says-election-officials-raise-more-warnings-about-2020-david-riveras-venezuelan-payday-489220\">The DeSantis&#39; battle with the media &mdash; Play ball! governor says &mdash; Election officials raise more warnings about 2020 &mdash; David Rivera&#39;s Venezuelan payday? </a>May 14, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Politico Nightly, <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/newsletters/politico-nightly-coronavirus-special-edition/2020/05/14/florida-man-beats-covid-for-now-489225\">Florida man beats Covid, for now</a>, May 14, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Florida Politics, <a href=\"https://floridapolitics.com/archives/345546-gov-beach-corona\">Gov. DeSantis promotes beach as place to escape coronavirus</a>, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/florida-coronavirus-cases.html\">Florida Coronavirus Map and Case Count</a>, Accessed July 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Nick Gaudio, Rev.com spokesman, July 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18831,
            "slug": "attack-ad-wrongly-claims-pritzker-hiked-politician",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "illinois-rising-action",
                "full_name": "Illinois Rising Action",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Illinois Rising Action"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“While voters were distracted, (Gov. J.B.) Pritzker gave huge pay raises to his politician buddies.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-03T07:00:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A new group affiliated with a national Republican opposition research organization is targeting Democratic Gov. J.B. Pritzker over the perennially fraught issue of lawmaker pay.</p>\n\n<p>Illinois Rising Action, a nonprofit <a href=\"https://ilrisingaction.org/america-rising-launches-illinois-rising-action-to-combat-liberal-policies-in-illinois/\">launched in March</a> by America Rising Squared, is out with an ad accusing Pritzker of putting the interests of politicians above those of working families during the COVID-19 pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;While voters were distracted, Pritzker gave huge pay raises to his politician buddies,&quot; a narrator says halfway through <a href=\"https://ilrisingaction.org/watch-our-new-ad-exposing-governor-pritzkers-failures/\">the 30-second spot</a>, which includes boilerplate imagery of an envelope being passed across a table. The group has said it spent <a href=\"https://www.chicagotribune.com/politics/ct-gun-permits-pritzker-ad-phase-4-spin-20200625-4xvklo4ghzfgnaaj74vyefzgzm-story.html\">$1 million on the TV ad buy</a>.</p>\n\n<p>The ad cites <a href=\"https://wgem.com/2020/05/24/pritzker-claims-lawmakers-wont-get-pay-raise-through-budget-many-say-it-is-still-in-proposal/\">an article</a> published in May by a news station based in Quincy, which claimed state lawmakers &quot;gave themselves an $1,800 pay raise&quot; by including a cost-of-living increase in the budget they approved for the new fiscal year, which began July 1.</p>\n\n<p>Leaders in the Democrat-controlled General Assembly, long vocal about refusing such raises, are adamant there is no raise on the books. So we decided to check it out.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The budget includes $0 for lawmaker raises</div>\n\n<p>There&rsquo;s an interesting history behind the way state lawmakers are compensated, a system long criticized as political cowardice.</p>\n\n<p>Decades ago, every time lawmakers wanted more taxpayer money in their personal bank accounts, they were required to pass a bill. Voting themselves pay raises in lean years was a liability come election time. So, through a series of acts <a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/commission/lru/Preface2019.pdf\">in the 1980s</a> criticized at the time as backdoor menuevers, they gave themselves an automatic cost-of-living bump each year.</p>\n\n<p>That means the only time lawmakers need to act on their personal pay is if they want to reject their automatic raises, which they have routinely done for <a href=\"http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs3.asp?ActID=455&amp;ChapterID=6\">most of the past decade</a>.</p>\n\n<p>But <a href=\"http://www.trbas.com/media/media/acrobat/2019-07/70059076182520-09103902.pdf\">last year</a> a circuit court judge ruled unconstitutional the pay freezes for lawmakers passed during their terms. The longstanding maneuver was challenged in court by two former lawmakers who want their back pay. The state is appealing that judge&rsquo;s ruling.</p>\n\n<p>This year &mdash; faced with that legal decision &mdash; Democratic leaders took a different approach by <a href=\"https://www.wcia.com/news/capitol-news/new-state-budget-lists-automatic-annual-pay-raise-for-legislators-at-0/\">freezing legislator pay</a> indirectly through their spending bill. Instead of rejecting the pay increase, they simply <a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/101/PDF/101-0637.pdf\">appropriated</a> no money for it. It&rsquo;s a move experts say could face similar legal challenges from dissenting lawmakers who feel entitled to their raises.</p>\n\n<p>Republican lawmakers are suspicious of this new tactic, which comes only a year after Pritzker signed a budget that gave legislators their first raise since 2008, hiking their base pay to more than $69,000. The governor defended that increase based on &quot;<a href=\"https://www.chicagotribune.com/politics/ct-met-illinois-budget-jb-pritzker-20190604-story.html\">how hard these legislators are working</a>.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This year, Pritzker and the General Assembly have promised no such raises, a point Pritzker reiterates in <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SYPwZXdnKts&amp;feature=youtu.be\">a TV spot</a> of his own responding to Illinois Rising Action&rsquo;s attack.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">A future lawsuit could force payments</div>\n\n<p>So we asked Illinois Rising Action for their evidence that lawmakers are getting a raise this year thanks to Pritzker.</p>\n\n<p>Kayleen Carlson, the group&rsquo;s executive director, referred to <a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=098-0682\">yet another law</a>, passed in 2014, that made lawmaker pay a &quot;continuing appropriation,&quot; which she argues makes the $0 appropriation for raises in the budget Pritzker signed an empty gesture.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Since 2014, Illinois law automatically increases state lawmakers&rsquo; pay through a &lsquo;continuing appropriation,&rsquo;&quot; Carlson wrote in an email. &quot;This means that legislators who want to foreclose a pay increase must pass a bill specifically to do so.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Regardless, Democratic Comptroller Susana Mendoza, the official in charge of cutting the state&rsquo;s checks, promises there will be no raises this fiscal year. She even released <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ETtWRP3U14&amp;feature=youtu.be\">a video</a> to underscore that message.</p>\n\n<p>Experts say the decades of political gamesmanship lawmakers have used to avoid voting for their own pay raises may be finally coming to a head.</p>\n\n<p>Charles N. Wheeler III, who has followed the General Assembly for decades as both a journalist and professor at the University of Illinois Springfield, said there is one obvious fix &mdash; go back to the politically inconvenient practice of forcing lawmakers to vote on pay increases.</p>\n\n<p>One Republican senator <a href=\"http://ilga.gov/legislation/BillStatus.asp?GA=101&amp;DocTypeID=SB&amp;DocNum=3607&amp;GAID=15&amp;SessionID=108&amp;LegID=125481\">proposed legislation</a> in February to do just that, but the bill died in committee without ever coming up for a vote. Under that legislation, the fix wouldn&rsquo;t take effect until 2023, when lawmakers will all begin new terms.</p>\n\n<p>As for the ad&rsquo;s claim, Wheeler called it &quot;a convenient misstatement of the facts.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you wanted to be more accurate, you would say the governor and the Democratic majorities failed to take the actions that would have been needed to eliminate these things going forward,&quot; he said. &quot;But that&rsquo;s not as effective as saying, &lsquo;he gave his buddies a pay raise.&rsquo;&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Illinois Rising Action&rsquo;s ad says &quot;while voters were distracted, Pritzker gave huge pay raises to his politician buddies.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The group was referencing the annual cost-of-living adjustments legislators are provided with automatically under state law. For most of the past decade, legislators have passed bills rejecting those raises.</p>\n\n<p>Because of a recent legal decision, lawmakers used a different maneuver to freeze pay this year in the budget Pritzker signed. Lawmakers have gotten no pay raise this year, and the governor made no moves designed to give them one.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim False.</p>\n\n<hr>\n<p><em><strong>FALSE</strong> &mdash; The statement is not accurate.</em></p>\n\n<p><em>Click here <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2018/feb/12/principles-truth-o-meter-politifacts-methodology-i/#Truth-O-Meter%20ratings\">for more</a> on the six PolitiFact ratings and how we select facts to check.</em></p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://ilrisingaction.org/america-rising-launches-illinois-rising-action-to-combat-liberal-policies-in-illinois/\">Press release</a>, Illinois Rising Action, March 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://ilrisingaction.org/watch-our-new-ad-exposing-governor-pritzkers-failures/\">Press release</a>, Illinois Rising Action, June 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>&quot;State lawmakers, officials win raise,&quot; Chicago Tribune, Dec. 11, 1984</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Revise salary review board to end &lsquo;back-door&rsquo; pay raises,&quot; Bloomington Pantagraph, Sept. 25, 1985</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/commission/lru/Preface2019.pdf\">Preface to Lawmaking</a>, Illinois General Assembly Commission on Government Forecasting and Accountability, October 2019</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs3.asp?ActID=455&amp;ChapterID=6\">Compensation Review Act</a>, Illinois General Assembly</p>\n\n<p>Emails, Julie Roin, professor at the University of Chicago Law School, June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>&quot;<a href=\"https://www.wcia.com/news/capitol-news/new-state-budget-lists-automatic-annual-pay-raise-for-legislators-at-0/\">New state budget lists &lsquo;automatic&rsquo; annual pay raise for legislators at $0</a>,&quot; WCIA, May 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/101/PDF/101-0637.pdf\">P.A. 101-0637</a>, Illinois General Assembly</p>\n\n<p>&quot;<a href=\"https://www.chicagotribune.com/politics/ct-met-illinois-budget-jb-pritzker-20190604-story.html\">Gov. J.B. Pritzker says he will sign budget with legislative pay increases, defends lawmakers&rsquo; hard work,</a>&quot; Chicago Tribune, June 4, 2019</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SYPwZXdnKts&amp;feature=youtu.be\">Ad</a>, J.B. Pritzker, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Kayleen Carlson, executive director of Illinois Rising Action, June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=098-0682\">P.A. 098-0682</a>, Illinois General Assembly</p>\n\n<p>Emails and phone interview, Charles N. Wheeler III, professor emeritus of public affairs reporting at the University of Illinois Springfield, June 29 &amp; 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://ilga.gov/legislation/BillStatus.asp?GA=101&amp;DocTypeID=SB&amp;DocNum=3607&amp;GAID=15&amp;SessionID=108&amp;LegID=125481\">SB3607</a>, Illinois General Assembly</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18830,
            "slug": "fact-checking-claims-about-nurses-getting-nothing-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Nurses submitting coronavirus tests say they all are coming back positive.",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T18:01:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>What do Elon Musk and the winner of &quot;Project Runway&quot; Season 3 have in common? They&rsquo;ve both shared unproven claims about false-positive coronavirus test results.</p>\n\n<p>Since states started reopening in May, COVID-19 cases have <a href=\"https://finance.yahoo.com/news/u-scales-back-reopenings-vaccine-000254420.html\">increased</a> in the United States. <a href=\"https://archive.vn/AZpnf\">A June 27 post</a> claims that&rsquo;s because the labs that process coronavirus tests are falsifying results.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It&rsquo;s frightening how we&rsquo;re being rail railroaded,&quot; reads the post, which is a screenshot of <a href=\"https://archive.vn/slodl\">an Instagram post</a> from Jeffrey Sebelia, the winner of the third season of &quot;Project Runway.&quot; &quot;My mom actually knows a nurse in San Francisco who was giving COVID tests. After every test came back positive she got suspicious. So she sent in two separate blank tests. Unused swabs. Those both came back positive.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Sebelia said his mom and some co-workers used fake names to submit 10 unused swabs that all tested positive.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;What the he&rsquo;ll is going on ????&quot; reads the post, which we cannot access since Sebelia&rsquo;s account is private. &quot;It&rsquo;s beyond greed and money for hospitals. We are being controlled and manipulated beyond anything we could ever imagine.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.) Similar posts have been shared thousands of times, according to CrowdTangle, an audience metrics tool.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from Facebook)</em></p>\n\n<p>We reached out to Sebelia for evidence to back up his post. He told us it was a &quot;word-of-mouth story&quot; from his mom.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;She doesn&rsquo;t lie but beyond that there is no proof,&quot; he said in an email.</p>\n\n<p>Sebelia is right &mdash;&nbsp;there is no proof to back up his claims. But over the past several weeks, many social media users &mdash; <a href=\"https://www.mercurynews.com/tesla-ceo-musk-wrong-on-coronavirus-testing-uc-berkeley-expert\">including Musk</a>, the CEO of Tesla and SpaceX &mdash; have passed on secondhand stories about fraudulent COVID-19 tests or unproven claims about false-positives. So we wanted to look into the notion that labs are falsifying COVID-19 test results.</p>\n\n<p>Public health officials say that false-positive tests are rare; the real concern is false-negatives.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Labs aren&rsquo;t manipulating results</div>\n\n<p>While COVID-19 tests may sometimes produce false-positive results, there is no evidence that labs are deliberately manipulating samples. And public health officials are more concerned about false-negatives than false-positives.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/may/05/coronavirus-testing-what-we-know-all-one-place/\">There are</a> three main coronavirus tests: diagnostic, antibody and antigen. Diagnostic tests look for the genetic material of the coronavirus in a sample that&rsquo;s typically taken from a person&rsquo;s nose or throat. Health care providers and public health officials use them to confirm whether someone has the disease.</p>\n\n<p>Since diagnostic tests <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/may/05/coronavirus-testing-what-we-know-all-one-place/\">are considered</a> the most common and reliable COVID-19 test, we&rsquo;re going to focus on them.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://khn.org/news/abbott-rapid-test-problems-grow-fda-standards-on-covid-tests-under-fire/\">There are</a> more than 100 diagnostic tests that have received emergency use authorization from the Food and Drug Administration. Many cities and health care providers <a href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2020/03/next-covid-19-testing-crisis/609193/\">use</a> private firms like LabCorp and Quest Diagnostics to provide and process diagnostic coronavirus tests. We reached out to both companies for a comment, but we haven&rsquo;t heard back.</p>\n\n<p>We could find no evidence that labs are deliberately altering coronavirus test results to create false-positives.</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/apr/28/international-supply-chain-behind-coronavirus-test/\">The international supply chain behind coronavirus testing</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>The accuracy of a coronavirus diagnostic test depends on several factors, including the timing of the test and how it was stored. There <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/01/accuracy-of-coronavirus-tests-questioned-after-pga-golfer-tests-positive-and-then-negative.html\">have been</a> <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/voices/2020/07/01/coronavirus-testing-false-positive-negative-covid-19-column/3278625001/\">several</a> <a href=\"https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/03/19/coronavirus-false-test-results-with-the-push-to-screen-come-questions-of-accuracy/\">cases</a> of tests producing the wrong results.</p>\n\n<p>In mid-May, the Food and Drug Administration <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-informs-public-about-possible-accuracy-concerns-abbott-id-now-point\">issued a warning</a> saying that a rapid-response test from Abbott Laboratories could produce false-negative results.</p>\n\n<p>Abbott <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/21/health/abbott-laboratories-coronavirus-rapid-test/index.html\">advised</a> health care providers not to store patient samples in solutions known as &quot;viral transport media.&quot; The company said the swabs should be placed directly into the device and then the test will work as expected.</p>\n\n<p>The accuracy of COVID-19 tests, particularly for people who are not experiencing symptoms, <a href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2020/06/how-negative-covid-19-test-can-mislead/613246/\">is still uncertain</a>. But false-positive results appear to be an outlier.</p>\n\n<p>A <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/media/136150/download\">LabCorp fact sheet</a> for the company&rsquo;s diagnostic coronavirus test says there is a &quot;very small chance&quot; the test can give false-positive results. <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/media/134922/download\">The instructions</a> for a similar test from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say that false test results are &quot;highly dependent on prevalence.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;False-negative test results are more likely when prevalence of disease is high,&quot; the document reads. &quot;False-positive test results are more likely when prevalence is moderate to low.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In layman&#39;s terms: as coronavirus infections increase, so does the chance of false-negative results. So it stands to reason that, as the U.S. continues to see new COVID-19 cases rise, false-negative results are more common than false-positives.</p>\n\n<p>That fact can have worse unintended consequences than false-positive results. <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/media/134920/download\">People who receive false-negative results</a> may not seek treatment for COVID-19 symptoms and risk infecting more people.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Posts echo existing conspiracy theories</div>\n\n<p>Sebelia&rsquo;s post inspired a slew of copy-pasted hoaxes about COVID-19 testing. Many cite friends or family members, and they echo months-old conspiracy theories about the coronavirus pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>A <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701185205/https://www.facebook.com/reportingfrommybasket/photos/a.1111245465631090/3122780044477612/?type=3&amp;__xts__[0]=68.ARBsl7pCfZkNDrPmtklcXUMrMFkZbT5QNGVn31yhQUdr2QCrJqRUqqD2EQi5qN_c8Hs_4-ZmjzuQwuZMX8wmrB66Wr8GOtXsgzOrpOybMqDlZjQpkIau5Pfs-Z8d0L3lW6axKL6ZFYrYEG2PoYcd4VNzlZrnkqo-jqVtieux3It04sF4dkRYqQm1qzUMrRAjVB4gQew05Qj0rR0HX9hHQszOKpgCWiN13vOQeeBGOG06tWL5SpSbFkqT4peJsMlfaKwOJ1cWgxgEqrq1Oz_bbRefFWEcmso82ejzWpe5Zip-_zS5mg-1SiOQpuuo05UZc3H-EAJZ\">June 30 Facebook post</a> is very similar to Sebelia&rsquo;s story.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Nurses at a hospital doing covid testing became suspicious when all their tests were coming back positive,&quot; reads the post. &quot;They sent 2 tests with unused swabs and they came back positive. Nurses used fake names, sent 10 unused swabs to be tested and all came back positive. We are being played!&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post is a screenshot of <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200629103544/https://twitter.com/taymanrobert/status/1277549256094756865\">a now-deleted tweet</a> from a user named Robert Tayman, whose account was created in February and regularly promotes conspiratorial content. He said in <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200629150939/https://twitter.com/TaymanRobert/status/1277617731806924806\">a follow-up tweet</a> (also deleted) that the nurses are &quot;close personal friends that work at a major hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from Twitter)</em></p>\n\n<p>The Baltimore Department of Health denied commenting for this story.</p>\n\n<p>Tayman&rsquo;s tweet was deleted, but screenshots quickly made their way to Facebook, where they were shared thousands of times.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701182225/https://www.facebook.com/289625811478302/posts/977324456041764\">first</a> few posts with Tayman&rsquo;s tweet were published in conservative and anti-media groups on June 29, according to CrowdTangle. At first, users started off linking to the tweet, but soon users were <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701183859/https://www.facebook.com/618189351654509/posts/1946548328818598\">posting screenshots</a> of the post. Eventually, the text of the tweet was <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701183722/https://www.facebook.com/559644064953897/posts/599788190939484\">copied and shared</a> with no context at all &mdash;&nbsp;similar to how chain emails work.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/Smoyu\">Another Facebook post</a>, published June 29, also recounts the story about nurses sending in &quot;10 unused swabs&quot; that all came back positive. The post is a screenshot of an Instagram post and cites a sister who&rsquo;s a cardiac ICU nurse.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The consensus was not that +cases don&rsquo;t exist, but that the numbers are exaggerated,&quot; reads text in the screenshot.</p>\n\n<p>In each iteration of the post, the one clear theme is that every test comes back positive. But that belies the actual numbers hospitals and health departments are reporting. According to data compiled by the <a href=\"https://covidtracking.com/\">COVID Tracking Project</a>, the rate of positive coronavirus tests has never exceeded 21.9% (that was in early April). The positivity testing rate hit a low of 4.4% in mid-June. <a href=\"https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/testing/individual-states\">Currently, it&rsquo;s around 7%</a>. That means 93% of tests produce negative results.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>These recent posts were not created in a vacuum. Similar rumors have circulated recently in <a href=\"https://www.vishvasnews.com/health/fact-check-no-this-thane-lab-is-not-sealed-over-false-positive-covid-testing/\">India</a> and <a href=\"https://teyit.org/pcr-testlerinin-yuzde-50-yanlis-pozitif-sonuc-verdigi-iddiasi/\">Turkey</a>. And conspiracy theories that claim officials are falsifying coronavirus test results &mdash;&nbsp;or that the pandemic itself is fabricated &mdash;&nbsp;have been circulating online for months.</p>\n\n<p>In late March, a website called the Cabal Times <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200504201309/http://www.cabaltimes.com/2020/03/29/plandemic/\">wrote about</a> a video from a Swedish YouTuber who goes by the name Zakleo Se Bumbar. The video spins an elaborate conspiracy theory that asserts false-positive COVID-19 tests are driving the bulk of new cases.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>The Facebook post claims that labs are manipulating coronavirus tests to create false-positive results.</p>\n\n<p>We could find no evidence to back that up. Sebelia, the source of the claim, said it was a &quot;word-of-mouth story&quot; from his mom without proof. Similarly inaccurate or unproven claims about coronavirus tests have been circulating for weeks, many of which echo months-old conspiracy theories about the pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>While COVID-19 tests may sometimes produce false-positive results, there is no evidence that labs are deliberately manipulating samples. Experts are more concerned about false-negatives, which could pose health consequences.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post is inaccurate. We rate it False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>The Atlantic, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2020/03/next-covid-19-testing-crisis/609193/\">Private Labs Are Fueling a New Coronavirus Testing Crisis</a>,&quot; March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Atlantic, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2020/06/how-negative-covid-19-test-can-mislead/613246/\">What a Negative COVID-19 Test Really Means</a>,&quot; June 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Business Insider, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/elon-musk-coronavirus-death-counts-lie-too-high-2020-5\">Elon Musk is sending Tesla employees back to work in defiance of a California lockdown. His view of the coronavirus pandemic is dangerously misguided</a>.&quot; May 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Cabal Times, &quot;<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200504201309/http://www.cabaltimes.com/2020/03/29/plandemic/\">Conspiracy Theory Review-Analysis; Are the COVID-19 Test Kits Designed to Produce False Positives (Plandemic)?</a>&quot; March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/media/134922/download\">CDC 2019-Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Real-Time RT-PCR Diagnostic Panel</a>,&quot; June 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/media/134920/download\">FACT SHEET FOR HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS: CDC - 2019-nCoV Real-Time RT-PCR Diagnostic Panel</a>,&quot; June 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/01/accuracy-of-coronavirus-tests-questioned-after-pga-golfer-tests-positive-and-then-negative.html\">Accuracy of coronavirus tests questioned after PGA golfer tests positive, and then negative</a>,&quot; July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.crowdtangle.com/\">CrowdTangle</a>, accessed July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email from Jeffrey Sebelia, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701183217/https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10207420052255331&amp;set=a.1467862712385&amp;type=3\">Facebook post</a>, June 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701191541/https://www.facebook.com/GrandNagel/posts/10216341104816409\">Facebook post</a>, June 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701192115/https://www.facebook.com/346378325942318/posts/726089234637890\">Facebook post</a>, June 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701182225/https://www.facebook.com/289625811478302/posts/977324456041764\">Facebook post</a>, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701183722/https://www.facebook.com/559644064953897/posts/599788190939484\">Facebook post</a>, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701183859/https://www.facebook.com/618189351654509/posts/1946548328818598\">Facebook post</a>, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://archive.vn/Smoyu\">Facebook post</a>, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701185205/https://www.facebook.com/reportingfrommybasket/photos/a.1111245465631090/3122780044477612/?type=3&amp;__xts__[0]=68.ARBsl7pCfZkNDrPmtklcXUMrMFkZbT5QNGVn31yhQUdr2QCrJqRUqqD2EQi5qN_c8Hs_4-ZmjzuQwuZMX8wmrB66Wr8GOtXsgzOrpOybMqDlZjQpkIau5Pfs-Z8d0L3lW6axKL6ZFYrYEG2PoYcd4VNzlZrnkqo-jqVtieux3It04sF4dkRYqQm1qzUMrRAjVB4gQew05Qj0rR0HX9hHQszOKpgCWiN13vOQeeBGOG06tWL5SpSbFkqT4peJsMlfaKwOJ1cWgxgEqrq1Oz_bbRefFWEcmso82ejzWpe5Zip-_zS5mg-1SiOQpuuo05UZc3H-EAJZ\">Facebook post</a>, June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701192543/https://www.facebook.com/347821815369877/posts/1614234995395213\">Facebook post</a>, March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Food and Drug Administration, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-informs-public-about-possible-accuracy-concerns-abbott-id-now-point\">Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update: FDA Informs Public About Possible Accuracy Concerns with Abbott ID NOW Point-of-Care Test</a>,&quot; May 14, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Geekwire, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.geekwire.com/2020/public-health-officials-reality-check-elon-musks-tweets-coronavirus-testing/\">Public health officials do a reality check on Elon Musk&rsquo;s tweets about COVID-19 tests</a>,&quot; June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Kaiser Health News, &quot;<a href=\"https://khn.org/news/abbott-rapid-test-problems-grow-fda-standards-on-covid-tests-under-fire/\">As Problems Grow With Abbott&rsquo;s Fast COVID Test, FDA Standards Are Under Fire</a>,&quot; June 22, 2020</p>\n\n<p>LabCorp, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/media/136150/download\">FACT SHEET FOR PATIENTS: LabCorp&rsquo;s COVID-19 RT-PCR Test</a>,&quot; April 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Mercury News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/03/19/coronavirus-false-test-results-with-the-push-to-screen-come-questions-of-accuracy/\">Coronavirus false test results: With the push to screen come questions of accuracy</a>,&quot; March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Mercury News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/06/30/tesla-ceo-musk-wrong-on-coronavirus-testing-uc-berkeley-expert/\">Tesla CEO Musk wrong on coronavirus testing: UC Berkeley expert</a>,&quot; June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NBC News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/01/accuracy-of-coronavirus-tests-questioned-after-pga-golfer-tests-positive-and-then-negative.html\">Accuracy of coronavirus tests questioned after PGA golfer tests positive, and then negative</a>,&quot; July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/may/05/coronavirus-testing-what-we-know-all-one-place/\">Coronavirus testing: What we know, all in one place</a>,&quot; May 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200701220023/https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/1277507826529660928?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1277507826529660928%7Ctwgr%5E&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.geekwire.com%2F2020%2Fpublic-health-officials-reality-check-elon-musks-tweets-coronavirus-testing%2F\">Tweet</a> from Elon Musk, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200629103544/https://twitter.com/taymanrobert/status/1277549256094756865\">Tweet</a> from Robert Tayman, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200629150939/https://twitter.com/TaymanRobert/status/1277617731806924806\">Tweet</a> from Robert Tayman, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA Today, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/voices/2020/07/01/coronavirus-testing-false-positive-negative-covid-19-column/3278625001/\">Coronavirus uncertainty: I tested negative, then positive, then negative again.</a>&quot; July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2020/06/11/2-million-coronavirus-cases-us/\">U.S. eclipses 2 million coronavirus cases</a>,&quot; June 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>YouTube video, March 26, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18828,
            "slug": "no-oklahoma-didnt-have-100-covid-positive-test-rat",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Oklahoma 100% coronavirus test rate after Trump Tulsa rally.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T17:47:07-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>President Donald Trump&rsquo;s campaign <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jun/21/stump-speech-analyzer-donald-trump-tulsa/\">rally</a> in Tulsa, Okla., was notable for being his first since the start of the coronavirus pandemic and nationwide Black Lives Matter protests, and for attracting far <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/23/viral-image/facebook-user-posts-photo-past-trump-rally-wrongly/\">fewer</a> people than expected.</p>\n\n<p>But the June 20 indoor rally, where many attendees did not wear masks, did not lead to a 100% test rate for COVID-19, as a headline briefly claimed.</p>\n\n<p>This was the original headline on a PoliticusUSA.com article on June 29: &quot;Oklahoma 100% coronavirus test rate after Trump Tulsa rally.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The original <a href=\"http://archive.is/01qB8\">post</a> &mdash; shared more than 253,000 times, according to PoliticusUSA &mdash; was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>The article quoted MSNBC talk show host Chris Hayes as saying on June 29:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Yesterday in Oklahoma, they tested 352 people for the coronavirus, and every single test came back positive. Today they tested another 178 people, and all those tests came back positive, too.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you can&rsquo;t do the math in your head, that&#39;s a 100% positive rate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But three days later, on July 2, the website <a href=\"https://www.politicususa.com/2020/06/29/oklahoma-seeing-100-percent-positive-test-rate-for-covid-19-following-trumps-tulsa-rally.html?fbclid=IwAR2M8t16onXrD6OIH9pTt8xCUfZuPtl-hMCaSoouP7q4sZkf9eyIgHgyL-I\">revised</a> the article and replaced the original headline with this:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Correction: MSNBC&rsquo;s Chris Hayes Misinterpreted Oklahoma Virus Test Data.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The revised article quotes Hayes as correcting himself.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s what Hayes <a href=\"https://twitter.com/allinwithchris/status/1278725144131833861\">said</a> on his show, per a July 2 tweet from the show:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 36pt;\">&quot;On Monday, I said that in Oklahoma, authorities tested 352 people for coronavirus over the weekend and found every test positive. They then tested another 178 people and found them all positive, as well. I was so incredulous over those numbers, I even checked the <a href=\"https://looker-dashboards.ok.gov/embed/dashboards/75\">website</a> of the Oklahoma State Department of Health to confirm those numbers before we went on air. Indeed, that is what is on the official website. We weren&rsquo;t wrong. That&rsquo;s what they report. The problem is, there is a lag in the way that Oklahoma reports its data. With fewer, but almost entirely positive tests being reported on the weekends, and then larger numbers, including negative tests bulk-reported later in the week. So, those numbers I cited on Monday did not provide a clear or complete picture because they were not the final numbers for Oklahoma&rsquo;s weekend testing. I have a cardinal rule that I violated there, that if a statistic sounds too wild to be true, it probably is. I&rsquo;m going to remind myself of that in the future.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Oklahoma City TV reporter Dillon Richards had already knocked down the original article, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/KOCODillon/status/1278378696328523777\">tweeting</a>: &quot;Not only are these dates incorrect (this is referring to Sunday and Monday) ... Oklahoma generally doesn&#39;t report negative tests on Sundays and Mondays, so the rate always appears to be 100% when it really isn&#39;t.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We rate the original post False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>PoliticusUSA, <a href=\"https://www.politicususa.com/2020/06/29/oklahoma-seeing-100-percent-positive-test-rate-for-covid-19-following-trumps-tulsa-rally.html?fbclid=IwAR2M8t16onXrD6OIH9pTt8xCUfZuPtl-hMCaSoouP7q4sZkf9eyIgHgyL-I\">&quot;Oklahoma 100% coronavirus test rate after Trump Tulsa rally,&quot;</a> June 29, 2020 (archived <a href=\"http://archive.is/01qB8\">here</a>)</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, KOCO-TV reporter Dillon Richards <a href=\"https://twitter.com/KOCODillon/status/1278378696328523777\">tweet</a>, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, All in With Chris Hayes show <a href=\"https://twitter.com/allinwithchris/status/1278725144131833861\">tweet</a> of Hayes video (2:15), July 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18826,
            "slug": "no-taylor-swift-didnt-say-we-should-remove-statue-",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Taylor Swift wants to remove the Statue of Liberty",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T17:37:10-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Taylor Swift has taken a public stance in support of removing Confederate monuments in her home state of Tennessee. But has the popular singer-songwriter also advocated taking down the Statue of Liberty?&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>No. But that&rsquo;s not what a <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10223714143346243&amp;set=a.3020234149519&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">falsified image</a> being passed around on Facebook would have you to believe:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Taylor Swift says we should remove The Statue Of Liberty,&quot; reads what looks like a headline in a screengrab of a news story dated June 18, 2020. Below the supposed headline, a blurb with a typo&nbsp;reads, &quot;How can you have a moment to freedom that was built by slaves. Racist monuments make me sick.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>The design of the post &mdash; which includes a banner with a &quot;G1&quot; logo and the word &quot;World&quot; &mdash; appears to imitate the design of an article from the Brazilian site <a href=\"https://www.globo.com/\">globo</a>, the website associated with the Brazilian television network Globo. G1 is the name of the news portal for the site. The site is real, but there weren&rsquo;t any articles posted about Swift on June 18.</p>\n\n<p>We did a Google search of the headline in the image and narrowed it down to articles posted on June 18, but the search turned up nothing. Another Google search of the headline alone also produced no results. We did the same thing in Nexis, which holds news archives, and nothing came up.</p>\n\n<p>We do know that in a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/taylorswift13/status/1271534712423698434?s=20\">June 12 tweet</a>, Swift called for the removal of statues that honor Confederate leaders and other historical figures:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;As a Tennessean, it makes me sick that there are monuments standing in our state that celebrate racist historical figures who did evil things. Edward Carmack and Nathan Bedford Forrest were DESPICABLE figures in our state history and should be treated as such,&quot; Swift said.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://tnmuseum.org/Stories/posts/who-was-edward-carmack\">Carmack</a> was a white politician and newspaperman who in 1892 incited a mob that destroyed the newspaper office where investigative journalist Ida B. Wells worked. A statue of Carmack resided at the Tennessee State Capitol for over 90 years, before recently being <a href=\"https://www.newschannel5.com/news/the-history-behind-the-edward-carmack-statue-torn-down-during-protest\">toppled</a> at a demonstration in Nashville. Wells, who was African American, was posthumously awarded a 2020 <a href=\"https://www.pulitzer.org/winners/ida-b-wells\">Pulitzer Prize</a> for her work chronicling &quot;horrific and vicious violence against African Americans during the era of lynching.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://guides.loc.gov/chronicling-america-nathan-bedford-forrest\">Forrest</a> was a Confederate general and the Ku Klux Klan&rsquo;s first grand wizard. The Tennessee State Capitol holds a bust of Forrest, and the Tennessee Capitol Commission is <a href=\"https://fox17.com/news/local/tennessee-capitol-commission-expected-to-vote-on-nathan-bedford-forrest-bust-next-week\">expected</a> to vote on whether to remove it from the building in July.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post circulating on the internet has a headline that reads, &quot;Taylor Swift says we should remove the Statue Of Liberty.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence Taylor Swift has stated support for removal of the Statue of Liberty. A search of news archives and Google surfaced no article like the one that this Facebook post purports to show.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this post Pants on Fire!</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://twitter.com/taylorswift13/status/1271534712423698434?s=20\">Tweet</a> by Talor Swift, June 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Tennessee State Museum, <a href=\"https://tnmuseum.org/Stories/posts/who-was-edward-carmack\">Who Was Edward Carmack, and Why Is There a Statue of Him at the State Capitol</a>, June 10, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Library of Congress, <a href=\"https://guides.loc.gov/chronicling-america-nathan-bedford-forrest\">Nathan Bedford Forrest: Topics in Chronicling America</a>, accessed July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Fox17, <a href=\"https://fox17.com/news/local/tennessee-capitol-commission-expected-to-vote-on-nathan-bedford-forrest-bust-next-week\">Tennessee Capitol Commission expected to vote on Nathan Bedford Forrest bust next week</a>, July 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18827,
            "slug": "wisconsin-manufacturing-job-loss-blame-china",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "\"China has been stealing our manufacturing, costing Wisconsin almost 90,000 jobs.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T17:21:07-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Is China to blame for all the manufacturing jobs Wisconsin lost in recent decades?</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s the claim from a Facebook video making the rounds in the runup to the November 2020 presidential election.</p>\n\n<p>President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden are ramping up their own campaign ads, but an avalanche of outside groups are trying to get their own messages across.</p>\n\n<p>A <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/AmericaFirstAction/videos/546601649352618/?v=546601649352618\">June 4, 2020 Facebook video</a> from conservative SuperPAC America First Action attacks the former vice president for not understanding &quot;the threat&quot; China poses to the United States.</p>\n\n<p>The video features Biden and then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at a State Department <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?297591-1/president-hu-luncheon-toasts\">luncheon on January 19, 2011</a>, toasting Hu Jintao, who was president of China at the time.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The caption of the video reads: &quot;China Has Been Stealing Our Manufacturing, Costing Wisconsin Almost 90,000 Jobs! Joe Biden Doesn&#39;t Understand the Threat. To Stop China, You Have to Stop Joe Biden.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">Read more about our partnership with Facebook</a>).</p>\n\n<p>We are going to focus on the first part of that caption.</p>\n\n<p>Has China really cost Wisconsin 90,000 jobs?</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The claim</div>\n\n<p>When asked to back up the claim, America First Action spokesperson Kelly Sadler pointed to <a href=\"https://www.epi.org/publication/growing-china-trade-deficits-costs-us-jobs/\">a January 30, 2020, report</a> from the Economic Policy Institute, a left-leaning think tank.</p>\n\n<p>The report argues the United States&rsquo; trade deficit with China has cost Americans millions of jobs since China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. It estimates 88,900 Wisconsin jobs were displaced due to the &quot;goods trade deficit with China&quot; from 2001 to 2018.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The report claims the growing trade deficit over the 17-year period &quot;was responsible for the loss of 3.7 million U.S. jobs,&quot; including 2.8 million manufacturing jobs.</p>\n\n<p>The deficit is substantial. In 2019 alone, the U.S. imported $345 billion more in goods from China than it exported.</p>\n\n<p>And the manufacturing climate has certainly changed in the last two decades.</p>\n\n<p>An <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2017/mar/24/donald-trump/trump-china-joined-wto-us-has-lost-60000-factories/\">analysis of Census data by PolitiFact</a> found that the U.S. lost more than 60,000 factories from 2001 to 2017.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>What&rsquo;s more, <a href=\"https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/WIMFG\">Federal Reserve Economic data</a> shows the number of employees in manufacturing jobs in Wisconsin decreased from about 584,400 in January 2001 to around 483,400 in January 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>So Wisconsin did lose about 100,000 manufacturing jobs since 2001, but is it reasonable to attribute that all to China?</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Assessing blame for manufacturing drops</div>\n\n<p>China has had a significant negative effect on Wisconsin&rsquo;s manufacturing workforce, but that doesn&rsquo;t mean it is the only factor in job loss.</p>\n\n<p>David Hummels, a <a href=\"https://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2019/Q4/purdue-experts-available-to-discuss-u.s.china-trade-negotiations-in-washington.html\">professor of economics at Purdue University</a>, said trade deficits do not &quot;cause&quot; job losses. Instead, he pointed to specialization, saying trade can cause particular sectors of the economy to expand or contract.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>He noted people tend to buy things that have a lower cost and higher quality. Since production in certain industries tends to be cheaper in China, U.S.-based manufacturers are sometimes left out of the competition.</p>\n\n<p>Hummels also said that while some changes in unemployment can be attributed to China, technological changes also influence employment rates.</p>\n\n<p>Michael Hicks, a <a href=\"https://www.bsu.edu/academics/centersandinstitutes/cber/about-us/staff/hicksmichael\">professor of economics at Ball State University</a>, echoed this idea. Hicks noted Wisconsin&rsquo;s factory employment rate rose after 2010, even as the U.S.&rsquo;s trade deficit with China continued to increase.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Hicks led a <a href=\"https://conexus.cberdata.org/files/MfgReality.pdf\">2017 study</a> that found productivity increases had resulted in 88 percent of&nbsp; job losses in manufacturing in the United States. The study estimated trade accounted for just 13.4% of losses between 2000 and 2010.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>While Wisconsin&rsquo;s factory employment shrank from 2001 to 2018, non-factory employment rose by more than 400,000, he noted in an email.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you are going to blame China for the lost factory jobs, you need to also credit them with the gain of 409,000 non-factory jobs,&quot; he said.</p>\n\n<p>Kurt Bauer, president of industry trade group Wisconsin Manufacturers &amp; Commerce, attributed the loss of Wisconsin manufacturing jobs to trade, as well as demographics, in a <a href=\"https://issuu.com/wmc1/docs/wbv_i34_individual_pages/6\">fall 2019 magazine column</a></p>\n\n<p>Bauer claimed that 81% of WMC members said they are having trouble finding workers &quot;because there are simply fewer people of working age in Wisconsin.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I would argue that demographics may be impacting job numbers just as much as economic factors,&quot; he wrote in the column.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s not to say China had no role, of course.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It is reasonable to say that trade with China, along with changes in mechanization and automation, led to a pretty sharp contraction in manufacturing employment in the U.S. since 2000,&quot; said Hummels, the professor from Purdue.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>America First Action on Facebook said China has cost Wisconsin almost 90,000 jobs.</p>\n\n<p>The state has in fact lost around 90,000 manufacturing jobs since the early 2000s. While this shift in the number of jobs can be partially attributed to the trade deficit with China, experts say that is not the only factor.</p>\n\n<p>Our definition of Mostly False is &quot;the statement contains an element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That fits here.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>America First Action, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/AmericaFirstAction/videos/546601649352618/?v=546601649352618\">Facebook</a>, June 6, 2020</p>\n\n<p>America First Action, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/AmericaFirstAction/videos/574959840099027/?v=574959840099027\">Facebook video #2</a>, June 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email with <a href=\"https://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2019/Q4/purdue-experts-available-to-discuss-u.s.china-trade-negotiations-in-washington.html\">David Hummels</a>, professor of economics, Purdue University, June, 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email with Kelly Sadler, Communications Director, America First, June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email with <a href=\"https://www.bsu.edu/academics/centersandinstitutes/cber/about-us/staff/hicksmichael\">Michael Hicks</a>, professor of economics, Ball State University, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email Interview <a href=\"https://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~mchinn/\">Menzie David Chinn</a>, professor of economics and public affairs, University of Wisconsin&ndash;Madison, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CSPAN, <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?297591-1/president-hu-luncheon-toasts\">President Hu Luncheon Toasts</a>, Jan. 19, 2011</p>\n\n<p>Economic Policy Institute, <a href=\"https://www.epi.org/publication/growing-china-trade-deficits-costs-us-jobs/\">Growing China trade deficit cost 3.7 million American jobs between 2001 and 2018</a>, January 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact National, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2017/mar/24/donald-trump/trump-china-joined-wto-us-has-lost-60000-factories/\">Trump: Since China joined WTO, U.S. has lost 60,000 factories</a>, March 24, 2017</p>\n\n<p>U.S. State Department, <a href=\"https://1997-2001.state.gov/regions/eap/fs-china_pntr-wto_000524.html#:~:text=The%20U.S.%20House%20of%20Representatives,)%20on%20May%2024%2C%202000.\">China: WTO Accession and Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR)</a>, May 24, 2000</p>\n\n<p>Federal Reserve Economic Data, <a href=\"https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/WIMFG\">All Employees: Manufacturing in Wisconsin</a>, May 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Census Bureau, <a href=\"https://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c5700.html#2001\">Trade in Goods with China</a>, Accessed June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Hicks and Devaraj, <a href=\"https://conexus.cberdata.org/files/MfgReality.pdf\">Ball State University study</a>, April 2017</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact Wisconsin, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2019/nov/13/dissecting-spin-wisconsin-manufacturing-numbers/\">Dissecting the spin on manufacturing numbers</a>, November 13, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Wisconsin Business Voice, <a href=\"https://issuu.com/wmc1/docs/wbv_i34_individual_pages/6\">Manufacturing Slowdown Has Multiple Causes</a>, Fall 2019</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18825,
            "slug": "sensor-cant-track-quickly-changing-oxygen-levels-m",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Video of man using an air-quality monitor proves that people are “not getting enough oxygen” while wearing masks",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T16:57:01-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A two-and-a-half minute <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/greg.worthington.98/videos/3862747740421751/\">video</a> shared thousands of times on social media warns viewers that the protective face masks recommended to stop the spread of coronavirus are not&nbsp;safe for work.</p>\n\n<p>The man in the video uses an air-quality monitor to measure the oxygen saturation under his mask before determining that wearing a mask leads to dangerously low oxygen intake.</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged by Facebook as part of efforts to combat false news and information on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>We took a closer look at this claim and found it lacks credibility. First, air quality monitors are not applicable for this kind of experiment. Second, scientists say that overall air quality is not generally adversely affected when healthy people wear most types of masks.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>The video</strong></p>\n\n<p>Referencing Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards, the man in the video explains that an environment must be at least 19.5% oxygen for it to be safe for someone to work in. To demonstrate, he puts the hose of the air-quality monitor next to his mouth without a mask on and then shows the camera the 20.6% oxygen reading on the monitor.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The man then puts on a protective face mask like those recommended to protect against the spread of the coronavirus and again tests the air quality, this time placing the hose underneath the mask. After a few seconds the monitor&rsquo;s alarm begins to go off and the man explains that this means it is measuring a &quot;hazardous atmosphere.&quot; After measuring the air for about 17 seconds, he pulls the hose out from under his mask and holds the monitor up to the camera again. The monitor reads 17.4% oxygen. It takes 10 seconds for the monitor&rsquo;s alarm to stop as it climbs back up to a safe level of 19.5%.</p>\n\n<p>The man pulls off his mask and explains that if you are &quot;getting headaches and stuff like that, there&rsquo;s why, because you&rsquo;re not getting enough oxygen.&quot; He goes on to explain that if &quot;you are exerted ... it&rsquo;s only going to get worse from there.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>A <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/jeff.neff.528/videos/vb.1395070024/10223325902121203/?type=2&amp;theater\">similar but longer video post by Pennsylvania state Senate candidate Jeff Neff</a> arrives at a similar conclusion and has gotten thousands of shares.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Measuring oxygen in a mask is complicated</strong></p>\n\n<p>The OSHA guidelines the man in the video references are correct. <a href=\"https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/shipyard/shiprepair/confinedspace/oxygendeficient.html\">OSHA</a> defines an atmosphere that is less than 19.5% oxygen as oxygen deficient. A Department of Labor spokesperson told PolitiFact that OSHA has not determined how face masks impact oxygen levels and caution employers to consider how they use masks in atypical work environments. <a href=\"https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/covid-19/covid-19-faq.html\">OSHA</a> promotes the use of personal protective equipment and other safety measures by employers.</p>\n\n<p>As long as the atmosphere outside of your mask is normal and not oxygen deficient, you should be fine. Ben Neuman, a Texas A&amp;M University-Texarkana virologist, explained in another <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/12/facebook-posts/masks-covid-19-are-effective-six-part-facebook-tak/\">fact-check</a> that masks &quot;won&#39;t materially change the makeup of air that comes through the mask.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in a mask are constantly changing as humans breathe frequently and quickly, about 12 to 25 breaths <a href=\"https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/10881-vital-signs#:~:text=Respiratory%20rate%3A%20A%20person's%20respiratory,while%20resting%20is%20considered%20abnormal.\">per minute</a> when at rest. Breathing in a mask, you expel high levels of carbon dioxide before quickly sucking in oxygen from the outside atmosphere into your mask.</p>\n\n<p>Roy McKay, professor emeritus for environmental and public health sciences at University of Cincinnati, explained that sudden breathing changes within a mask can cause meters like the one in the video to display short &quot;peak&quot; values that are tracking a quick change in oxygen concentration.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Kirsten Koehler, associate professor at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, agreed that the sensor could have been having a response to a rapid change in oxygen levels. She said that it takes about 10 seconds for a sensor to respond to a change in oxygen concentrations, which can&rsquo;t keep up with human breathing.</p>\n\n<p>In an article McKay is writing on the quick changes in carbon dioxide and oxygen concentrations within N95 masks, he concludes that &quot;most healthy people are unaffected by these concentrations&hellip; however, some otherwise healthy people are more sensitive and find the concentrations uncomfortable and possibly cause headaches.&quot; An <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/n95-respirators-surgical-masks-and-face-masks#s3\">N95 mask</a> is designed to form a seal around the mouth and nose, so the only air entering the mask is through a filter. The <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html\">CDC</a> currently does not recommend the general public wears N95 masks.</p>\n\n<p>That research is specifically on N95 masks, and doesn&rsquo;t apply to thin surgical masks and cloth masks, which McKay assumes will have better oxygen concentrations because of their relaxed fit.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our rating</strong></p>\n\n<p>In a video on Facebook, a man uses an air-quality monitor to prove that people are &quot;not getting enough oxygen&quot; while wearing masks.</p>\n\n<p>While the sensor he used is probably showing a somewhat accurate reading, experts explained that this sensor can&rsquo;t pick up on how the oxygen within the atmosphere of the mask changes with each breath. Unless you are using an N95 or sealed mask, you probably won&rsquo;t experience dangerously low oxygen levels or get a headache from wearing a mask.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim Mostly False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/jun/12/facebook-posts/masks-covid-19-are-effective-six-part-facebook-tak/\">Masks for COVID-19 are effective, as a six-part Facebook takedown fails</a>, June 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/greg.worthington.98/videos/3862747740421751/\">post</a>, June 23, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/jeff.neff.528/videos/vb.1395070024/10223325902121203/?type=2&amp;theater\">post</a>, June 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>OSHA, <a href=\"https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/shipyard/shiprepair/confinedspace/oxygendeficient.html\">Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres: Oxygen-Deficient or Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres</a>, accessed on July 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>OSHA, <a href=\"https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/covid-19/covid-19-faq.html\">COVID-19 FAQs</a>, accessed on July 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Cleveland Clinic, <a href=\"https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/10881-vital-signs#:~:text=Respiratory%20rate%3A%20A%20person's%20respiratory,while%20resting%20is%20considered%20abnormal\">Vital Signs</a>, Jan 23, 2019</p>\n\n<p>FDA, <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/n95-respirators-surgical-masks-and-face-masks#s3\">N95 Respirators, Surgical Masks, and Face Masks</a>, June 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CDC, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html\">How to Protect Yourself &amp; Others</a>, April 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Roy McKay, Professor Emeritus for Environmental and Public Health Sciences at University of Cincinnati, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Kirsten Koehler, Associate Professor of Environmental Health and Engineering at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Department of Labor spokesperson, July 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18824,
            "slug": "wisconsin-senator-wrong-attribute-rising-covid-cas",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "chris-kapanga",
                "full_name": "Chris Kapenga",
                "first_name": "Chris",
                "last_name": "Kapenga"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“The (COVID-19) cases are going up, but it's because the testing is going up.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T16:44:04-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>After an extended period of mostly positive trends, COVID-19 is making a resurgence in America.</p>\n\n<p>At least 21 states were pausing reopening plans or taking new steps to limit the virus as of June 30, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/06/30/covid-cases-states-pausing-reopening-plans-list/3284513001/\">USA TODAY reported</a>. In Wisconsin, new cases rose noticeably the last two weeks of June after falling steadily in the first half of the month.</p>\n\n<p>The reversal has led to an increased push for mask usage and other measures to limit the spread.</p>\n\n<p>But one Wisconsin lawmaker said a step like mandating masks isn&#39;t&nbsp;needed, pointing in part to the number of tests being conducted.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The cases are going up, but it&#39;s because the testing is going up,&quot; Sen.<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/personalities/chris-kapanga/\"> Chris Kapenga</a>, R-Delafield, said in an<a href=\"https://www.wisn.com/article/coronavirus-wisconsin-unlikely-to-issue-statewide-face-mask-mandate/33004061\"> interview with WISN-TV</a> on June 29, 2020. &quot;The hospitalization rate is still within the comfort zone of every single hospital.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We&rsquo;ll focus on the first part of this phrase, since the interplay of testing and case trends is critical to understanding what the virus is doing in our state.</p>\n\n<p>Essentially, Kapenga is blaming the increase only on the volume of tests.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s why that&rsquo;s wrong.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Testing isn&rsquo;t going up</div>\n\n<p>Wisconsin isn&rsquo;t seeing a surge as significant as some states in the South, but the cases are clearly rising.</p>\n\n<p>The<a href=\"https://projects.jsonline.com/topics/coronavirus/tracking/covid-19-cases-testing-and-deaths-in-wisconsin.html\"> seven-day average of new cases</a> was around 270 in mid-June, but it rose to more than 400 by late June when Kapenga made his statement. The seven-day average is the best judge of general trends since it smooths out the daily stats, which can jump up and down for a variety of reasons.</p>\n\n<p>But Kapenga&rsquo;s reasoning fails on two fronts.</p>\n\n<p>First, this ignores the more detailed stats that show what is actually driving the increase.</p>\n\n<p>Experts say people here are letting their guard down,<a href=\"https://www.postcrescent.com/in-depth/news/2020/07/01/coronavirus-up-young-wisconsin-people-protests-bars-blame-spread/3278490001/\"> particularly residents in their 20s</a> who went from 20% of the state&rsquo;s positive tests before June 22 to 40% after that date. They point to the increasing willingness &mdash; in that age group and others &mdash; to get together at bars, parties and other social events.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Contact tracing has confirmed these get-togethers as an increasingly common source of COVID-19 infections. The trend has spurred officials in Madison to<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2020/07/01/madison-bars-dane-county-closes-bars-ahead-july-4th-weekend/5354994002/\"> order bars to close</a> again.</p>\n\n<p>Second, his basic premise is flat wrong &mdash; testing isn&rsquo;t going up.</p>\n\n<p>The<a href=\"https://projects.jsonline.com/topics/coronavirus/tracking/covid-19-cases-testing-and-deaths-in-wisconsin.html\"> seven-day average of daily tests</a> in Wisconsin peaked at 12,000 on June 9 and has marched steadily downward since. The average was just over 9,000 on June 29 when Kapenga made his claim.</p>\n\n<p>Throughout May, new cases and testing volume both generally rose. But the trends separated after that. And in the last half of June new cases rose as testing dropped.</p>\n\n<p>The<a href=\"https://projects.jsonline.com/topics/coronavirus/tracking/covid-19-cases-testing-and-deaths-in-wisconsin.html\"> seven-day average of daily tests</a> in Wisconsin peaked at 12,000 on June 9 and has marched steadily downward since. The average was just over 9,000 on June 29 when Kapenga made his claim.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">&nbsp;</div>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">\n<p>In a statement to PolitiFact Wisconsin, Kapenga said his full comments to&nbsp;WISN focused on hospitalizations, which have continued to drop throughout June.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The interview was largely about face mask mandates and not a detailed analysis of testing data and trends,&quot; Kapenga said. &quot;This statement was a generality and not intended to be a commentary on any new trend beginning at that time of the interview.&quot;</p>\n</div>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Addressing rising COVID-19 case counts in Wisconsin, Kapenga said measures like mandatory mask use aren&rsquo;t necessary because cases are rising due to increased testing.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s flat wrong.</p>\n\n<p>Experts say there are clear drivers to the recent uptick, like residents in their 20s largely ignoring social distancing. So Kapenga&rsquo;s attempt to minimize the trend to a result of testing frequency is misguided.</p>\n\n<p>Most notably, Kapenga&rsquo;s core premise is simply not accurate. Testing was dropping, not rising, in late June as cases rose. He defended his claim as a &quot;generality,&quot; but it&rsquo;s a generality that hasn&rsquo;t been true since May.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this False.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>WISN-TV, <a href=\"https://www.wisn.com/article/coronavirus-wisconsin-unlikely-to-issue-statewide-face-mask-mandate/33004061\">Wisconsin unlikely to issue statewide face mask mandate</a>, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA TODAY, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/06/30/covid-cases-states-pausing-reopening-plans-list/3284513001/\">At least 21 states pause reopening or take new steps to limit the spread of COVID-19</a>, June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, <a href=\"https://projects.jsonline.com/topics/coronavirus/tracking/covid-19-cases-testing-and-deaths-in-wisconsin.html\">Tracking coronavirus in Wisconsin</a>, updated July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/in-depth/news/2020/07/01/coronavirus-up-young-wisconsin-people-protests-bars-blame-spread/3278490001/\">Coronavirus is spreading so fast among Wisconsin 20-somethings that the CDC came to investigate. Is it protests? Bars? Here&#39;s what we know</a>, July 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Chris Kapenga, email, July 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18823,
            "slug": "dems-exaggerate-slamming-trump-farm-bailouts-hando",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "state-democratic-party-wisconsin",
                "full_name": "Democratic Party of Wisconsin",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Democratic Party of Wisconsin"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Trump used farmers’ struggles “to push through a multi-billion dollar bailout program that was nothing more than a handout for large agricultural companies.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-02T14:21:31-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Shortly before President Donald Trump&rsquo;s<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/jun/26/fact-checking-trumps-visit-wisconsin-Marinette/\"> latest visit to Wisconsin</a>, state Democrats leveled a series of attacks on his agriculture policies.</p>\n\n<p>A<a href=\"https://www.wispolitics.com/2020/wisdems-farmers-have-been-crushed-by-trumps-failed-covid-19-response-but-hes-been-dragging-them-down-his-entire-presidency/\"> June 18, 2020, news release</a> from the Democratic Party of Wisconsin asserted Trump&rsquo;s &quot;failed COVID-19 response has crushed farmers in Wisconsin&quot; and criticized the president&rsquo;s trade war with China. Then it turned to the recent federal bailout efforts.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Trump has never seen farmers as more than a political pawn critical to his re-election chances,&quot; the release said. &quot;He used their pain to push through a multi-billion-dollar bailout program that was nothing more than a handout for large agricultural companies.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s a key topic in Wisconsin, where<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/money/2020/04/14/wisconsin-farm-bankruptcies-rise-coronavirus-devastates-food-service/2984444001/\"> 36 farmers filed for Chapter 12 bankruptcy</a> in the first quarter of 2020 alone, compared to 57 in all of 2019.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Have Trump&rsquo;s bailouts really helped only the largest farming operations?</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Bailouts operated under different limits</div>\n\n<p>The government provides billions of dollars to farmers through an array of programs, including crop insurance and commodity programs to help farmers survive low yields or low prices, and various disaster aid.</p>\n\n<p>But the Wisconsin Democrats&rsquo; reference to &quot;bailouts&quot; narrows the focus to the two recent programs that provided additional aid to farmers.</p>\n\n<p>The<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/manage/mfp\"> Market Facilitation Program</a> paid out more than $14 billion in 2018 and 2019 to mitigate impacts from trade wars, and the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program &mdash;<a href=\"https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2020/04/17/usda-announces-coronavirus-food-assistance-program\"> announced in April</a> &mdash; is intended to provide up to $19 billion for farmers affected by the pandemic.</p>\n\n<p>Farm involved in directly producing crops were eligible, including large industrial farm operations.</p>\n\n<p>Here&rsquo;s what we know about who got that money.</p>\n\n<p>Payments from the Market Facilitation Program have skewed heavily to large farms, according to the Environmental Working Group, which describes itself as a non-profit organization dedicated to protecting human health and the environment. The group obtained detailed data through October 2019 via Freedom of Information Act requests.</p>\n\n<p>Through that point, 55% of payments went to the top (largest) 10% of farmers &mdash; an average of $128,000 per recipient. Just 25% of payments went to the lowest 80% of farmers &mdash; an average of $7,000.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;This money really does go to the largest farms, and the smallest farms are the ones that need it the most,&quot; said Anne Schechinger, senior economics analyst with the group.</p>\n\n<p>The overall average was $23,000 per recipient.</p>\n\n<p>Large farms could collect a higher share of the money in the market program because of a loophole in the maximum payment policy, Schechinger noted in a July 2019<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/07/31/trumps-billion-farm-bailout-will-make-rich-farmers-richer-hasten-small-farm-failure-study-says/\"> Washington Post story</a>. Payouts were capped at $250,000 per person, but many farms are set up as partnerships, so each partner could receive that amount &mdash; even if there were a dozen or more.</p>\n\n<p>The second bailout, addressing the coronavirus impact, <a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cfapfrm-05212020.pdf\">limited the payouts</a> to three shareholders, so $750,000 per farm. The coronavirus program also generally limits the aid to farms with average annual income of $900,000 or less from 2016 to 2018.</p>\n\n<p>The payments have changed somewhat as a result.</p>\n\n<p>As of June 15, 2020 &mdash; the latest available data at the time of the Wisconsin Democrats&rsquo; news release &mdash; the<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/sites/default/files/documents/CFAP-PaymentReportData-06152020.pdf\"> average payment</a> under the coronavirus program was $13,000. That could mean fewer farms were getting massive payouts. (The average rose to about $15,000 in the<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/sites/default/files/documents/CFAP-PaymentReportData-06292020.pdf\"> June 29, 2020, update</a>)</p>\n\n<p>But that&rsquo;s the most detail we have on the coronavirus program, since the government hasn&rsquo;t yet released a breakdown of individual payments. So there&rsquo;s no way for the state Democratic Party to prove this element of their claim.</p>\n\n<p>The coronavirus program is ongoing, with<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/cfap\"> applications accepted</a> through Aug. 28, 2020. Producers are eligible if they have suffered a 5% or greater loss during the pandemic.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>The Democratic Party of Wisconsin claimed in a news release that bailouts under Trump have been &quot;nothing more than a handout for large agricultural companies.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The first of the two farm bailouts did indeed skew toward large farms, with 10% of recipients receiving 55% of the funding.</p>\n\n<p>We don&rsquo;t yet have detailed data on the second bailout that would conclusively confirm or rebut this claim, so the state Democratic party can&rsquo;t prove whether their assertion holds true for this program. But we do know the government changed the payment caps to limit how much the largest farms can receive.</p>\n\n<p>And the claim wasn&rsquo;t simply that payments skewed toward large farms, it was that the bailouts were &quot;nothing more than a handout&quot; for large producers. That&rsquo;s a significant exaggeration.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim Mostly False.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Wisconsin Democratic Party,<a href=\"https://www.wispolitics.com/2020/wisdems-farmers-have-been-crushed-by-trumps-failed-covid-19-response-but-hes-been-dragging-them-down-his-entire-presidency/\"> news release</a>, June 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Interview with <a href=\"https://www.ewg.org/experts/anne-weir-schechinger.php\">Anne Schechinger</a>, senior economics analyst, Environmental Working Group, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Agriculture, Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, June 15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Agriculture,<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/sites/default/files/documents/CFAP-PaymentReportData-06292020.pdf\"> Coronavirus Food Assistance Program</a>, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Courtney Beyer, spokeswoman for Democratic Party of Wisconsin, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Agriculture,<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/manage/mfp\"> Market Facilitation Program</a>, accessed June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of Agriculture,<a href=\"https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2020/04/17/usda-announces-coronavirus-food-assistance-program\"> USDA Announces Coronavirus Food Assistance Program</a>, April 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Washington Post,<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/07/31/trumps-billion-farm-bailout-will-make-rich-farmers-richer-hasten-small-farm-failure-study-says/\"> Trump&rsquo;s $16 billion farm bailout will make rich farmers richer, report says</a>, July 31, 2009</p>\n\n<p>Federal Register,<a href=\"https://www.farmers.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cfapfrm-05212020.pdf\"> Rules and Regulations for Coronavirus Food Assistance Program</a>, May 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/money/2020/04/14/wisconsin-farm-bankruptcies-rise-coronavirus-devastates-food-service/2984444001/\"> Wisconsin farm bankruptcies rising rapidly as coronavirus weighs heavily on agriculture</a>, April 14, 2020</p>"
        }
    ]
}