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    "results": [
        {
            "id": 18275,
            "slug": "no-us-isnt-developing-vaccine-or-antivirus-chip-tr",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says the U.S. is developing an “antivirus” that includes a chip to track your movement.",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-03T11:02:53-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>According to a theory circulating on the internet, the United States government will soon have an &quot;antivirus&quot; for the novel coronavirus that involves inserting a chip into your body to track your movements.</p>\n\n<p>That&#39;s news to us.</p>\n\n<p>We came across a <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=241424940365839&amp;set=a.114075076434160&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">lengthy Facebook post</a> that claims an &quot;RFID chip&quot; will be included in the antivirus, enabling the government to &quot;<em>watch your location, the speed your (sic) walking and even WHAT&rsquo;S IN YOUR BLOODSTREAM.</em>&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>This is a hoax. There is no credible evidence that supports this theory. What&rsquo;s more, the term &quot;antivirus&quot; typically refers to software designed to detect and eliminate computer viruses &mdash; not a vaccine for the human body.</p>\n\n<p><strong><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/12/7-ways-avoid-misinformation-during-coronavirus-pan/\"><em>Related</em>:</a><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/12/7-ways-avoid-misinformation-during-coronavirus-pan/\"> 7 ways to avoid misinformation during the coronavirus pandemic</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>RFID refers to radio-frequency identification technology, which has been around in one form or another since the 1970s. It uses small chips that emit radio waves to identify people or objects, according to the <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/radio-frequency-identification-rfid-what-it\">Department of Homeland Security.</a></p>\n\n<p>Dr. Wilbur Chen, an infectious-disease scientist at the University of Maryland&rsquo;s Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, said the idea of a vaccine containing RFID technology is preposterous.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Even the smallest version of RFID chips are rather large such that none would ever fit into a vaccine needle &mdash; these are very small-bore needles,&quot; Dr. Chen told PolitiFact in an email, referring to the diameter of the needles. &quot;The RFID chips that are routinely used for the tracking of pets are as small as a grain of rice &hellip; or in other words, they are as large as a grain of rice, and no vaccine needles in use are that large in diameter.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Mark Fenster, a law professor at the University of Florida who has written extensively about conspiracy theories, told us this type of hoax is typical of many theories rooted in otherwise legitimate concerns about privacy. It isn&rsquo;t surprising that the hoax has been adapted to the current outbreak and included in misinformation about the novel coronavirus, he said.</p>\n\n<p>Tracking technology has been deployed in the battle against the coronavirus. Singapore, China and South Korea <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/27/coronavirus-surveillance-used-by-governments-to-fight-pandemic-privacy-concerns.html\">have employed</a> a number of data-generating tools to help track movement, monitor quarantines and identify where infected people are, for example. Human-rights organizations say the ramped up surveillance comes with <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/03/19/privacy-coronavirus-phone-data/\">significant privacy concerns and ethical challenges</a> that the U.S. is still grappling with.</p>\n\n<p>But while there is ongoing discussion of how to use technology to help track virus spread, this &quot;antivirus&quot; implant notion remains very far afield from what is actually unfolding.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The fear of insertion of tracking chips and other things like that into our bodies has been a longstanding bogeyman for theorists,&quot; Fenster said. &quot;There is a lot of tracking that goes on, but the suggestion that it&rsquo;s being used in this manner and this way seems absurd. This comes from the stream of conspiracy theories of the last 50 years. It has nothing to do with science and everything to do with conspiracy theories.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Social media has been rife with falsehoods and hoaxes about the novel coronavirus, and the response to it. This is another one. Pants on Fire!</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=241424940365839&amp;set=a.114075076434160&amp;type=3\">post,</a> March 16, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Department of Homeland Security, <a href=\"https://www.dhs.gov/radio-frequency-identification-rfid-what-it\">Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): What is it?</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/27/coronavirus-surveillance-used-by-governments-to-fight-pandemic-privacy-concerns.html\">Use of surveillance to fight coronavirus raises concerns about government power after pandemic ends</a>, March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/03/19/privacy-coronavirus-phone-data/\">Government efforts to track virus through phone location data complicated by privacy concerns</a>, March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Phone interview, Mark Fenster law professor at the University of Florida, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Dr. Wilbur Chen infectious disease expert at the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, April 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18274,
            "slug": "now-texas-among-states-lowest-coronavirus-death-ra",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "dan-patrick",
                "full_name": "Dan Patrick",
                "first_name": "Dan",
                "last_name": "Patrick"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says for the coronavirus, “the death rate in Texas, per capita of 29 million people, we're one of the lowest in the country.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "mostly-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-03T10:10:43-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>During a <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200331/abbott-issues-statewide-stay-at-home-order-allows-religious-services\">March coronavirus briefing</a>, Texas Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick said the state has one of the lowest coronavirus death rates in the country &mdash; a trend he said he hopes will continue through April.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;If you look at the death rate in Texas, per capita of 29 million people, we&#39;re one of the lowest in the country,&quot; he said. &quot;But we need to continue that for the rest of April. And even be better at that.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The first issue here is that Patrick is conflating two calculations in his statement: the death rate for the coronavirus and the number of coronavirus deaths per capita in Texas.</p>\n\n<p>The death rate of a particular illness or disease is calculated by dividing the number of fatalities by the number of confirmed cases of the illness. A geography&rsquo;s total population isn&rsquo;t a factor.</p>\n\n<p>It is possible to look at the number of coronavirus deaths per capita, but it says less about the danger posed by the virus than the death rate. To give Patrick a fair shake, we&rsquo;ll take a look at both of these figures and how Texas compares to other states. Patrick did not return a request for comment seeking clarification on his statement.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The death rate is generally a function of the number of people infected,&quot; said Dr. Myron Cohen, director of the Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in an email. &quot;We are often unsure of this because this depends on sampling, and the tests deployed.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>For this reason, we&rsquo;ll also look at the number of tests administered by each state. As more tests are administered and more cases are identified, the death rate for the virus will change.</p>\n\n<p>Given that the number of cases and fatalities is constantly changing, this fact-check will use data from March 31 &mdash; the day Patrick made his statement.</p>\n\n<p>Along these lines, it is important to remember that the death rate at this point in time is just a snapshot.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Case fatality rates are not constant. They can change considerably during an epidemic if, for example, it is discovered that there are many more milder cases than originally thought,&quot; according to a statement from the World Health Organization to PolitiFact <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/18/ron-paul/ron-paul-wrong-say-no-basis-coronavirus-death-rate/\">at the end of March</a>.</p>\n\n<p>The WHO also noted that the rate may vary across different geographies due to &quot;demographic factors, for example differences in the age structure of the population.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><strong>End of March numbers</strong></p>\n\n<p>At the time of Patrick&rsquo;s remarks, there were 3,266 confirmed cases of the coronavirus in Texas and 41 related deaths reported by state health authorities. This puts the approximate death rate for the virus at 1.26%, meaning 1.26% of people who tested positive for the virus died.</p>\n\n<p>Looking at <a href=\"https://covidtracking.com/data\">all 50 states</a>, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, Texas is among the areas with the lowest coronavirus death rate. Eleven states had a lower death rate when Patrick made his statement, including several with just one death: Wisconsin (1.18%), Missouri (1.06%), Tennessee (1.03%), South Dakota (0.93%), New Hampshire, (0.82%), West Virginia (0.62%), Utah (0.56%), North Carolina (0.53%), Hawaii (0.47%) and Wyoming, which had reported zero coronavirus deaths on the last day of March.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It appears that Texas is among the states with low coronavirus deaths, but that is still true of large portions of the U.S. at this point,&quot; said Dr. Dhitinut Ratnapradipa, an environmental health professor at Sam Houston State University.</p>\n\n<p>At the time of Patrick&rsquo;s claim, 29 states had a death rate of less than 2%.</p>\n\n<p>The state with the highest death rate on March 31 was Louisiana, with about 5,237 confirmed coronavirus cases and 239 deaths, a rate of 4.56%.</p>\n\n<p>Patrick&rsquo;s statement also referenced deaths &quot;per capita of 29 million people&quot; in Texas.</p>\n\n<p>Texas is among the states with the fewest deaths per capita, based on March 31 coronavirus data and 2018 1-year population estimates from the Census Bureau&rsquo;s American Communities Survey.</p>\n\n<p>When Patrick spoke, there had been fewer than one coronavirus death for every 100,000 people in Texas. The state with the most deaths per capita at the time was New York, with about eight deaths per 100,000 people.</p>\n\n<p>But Texas is also among the states that have administered the fewest number of coronavirus tests per capita.</p>\n\n<p>At the time of Patrick&rsquo;s statement, Texas had administered 42,992 coronavirus tests &mdash; about 150 per 100,000 people. New York had administered about 1,050 tests per 100,000 people, or 205,186 tests in total.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The number of confirmed cases is directly related to testing,&quot; Ratnapradipa said in an email. &quot;There is likely widespread community infection of people with no or mild symptoms who are not being tested. This means that we cannot accurately calculate a COVID-19 fatality rate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Cohen said it is important to remember that the current pandemic is &quot;dynamic and growing, worldwide&quot; and that declaring any kind of victory over the virus &quot;is probably a bad idea at this point in time for most places on the planet.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Since Patrick made this claim, the number of coronavirus-related deaths in the state has almost doubled, the state confirmed more than 1,000 additional cases and administered more than 10,000 additional tests.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>Patrick said looking at the coronavirus &quot;death rate in Texas, per capita of 29 million people, we&#39;re one of the lowest in the country.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Patrick&rsquo;s statement equates the death rate for coronavirus and the number of coronavirus deaths per capita in Texas, two different calculations.</p>\n\n<p>It is true that, at the time of Patrick&rsquo;s statement, Texas was among the states with the lowest coronavirus death rate (and those with lowest number of deaths per capita) &mdash; but not by much. There were 29 states with a death rate of less than 2%.</p>\n\n<p>Experts cautioned that the actual coronavirus death rate cannot be accurately calculated until more people have been tested &mdash; and Texas is among the states with the lowest number of tests administered per capita.</p>\n\n<p>Patrick&rsquo;s comparison is accurate based on the information available at the time of his statement, but his claim needs clarification and is missing important context about testing. We rate it Mostly True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Pool Report 1: Fort Worth Star-Telegram, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Austin American-Statesman, <a href=\"https://www.statesman.com/news/20200331/abbott-issues-statewide-stay-at-home-order-allows-religious-services\">Abbott issues statewide stay-at-home order, allows religious services</a>, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The COVID Tracking Project, <a href=\"https://covidtracking.com/data\">State by State data</a>, accessed April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Census, <a href=\"https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=Population%20by%20state&amp;g=0100000US,.04000.001&amp;tid=ACSDT5Y2018.B01003&amp;vintage=2010&amp;hidePreview=true&amp;tp=false&amp;moe=false\">American Communities Survey: Five-year population estimates for 2018</a>, accessed April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact Texas, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/18/ron-paul/ron-paul-wrong-say-no-basis-coronavirus-death-rate/\">Ron Paul wrong to say no basis for coronavirus death rate</a>, March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>World Health Organization statement, received March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NPR,<a href=\"https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/03/27/821958435/why-death-rates-from-coronavirus-can-be-deceiving\"> Why &#39;Death Rates&#39; From Coronavirus Can Be Deceiving</a>, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with <a href=\"https://www.med.unc.edu/medicine/directory/myron-cohen-md/\">Dr. Myron Cohen</a>, director of the Institute for Global Health &amp; Infectious Diseases at the University of North Carolina, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with <a href=\"https://www.shsu.edu/dept/office-of-research-and-sponsored-programs/faculty-research-council-/faculty-research-council\">Dr. Dhitinut Ratnapradipa</a>, an environmental health professor at Sam Houston State University, April 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18262,
            "slug": "wisconsin-justice-kelly-overreaches-claim-challeng",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "daniel-kelly",
                "full_name": "Daniel Kelly",
                "first_name": "Daniel",
                "last_name": "Kelly"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says rival Jill Karofsky wants \"to disarm law abiding citizens.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "barely-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T20:16:11-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>In the race for a seat on the state Supreme Court, Justice Daniel Kelly and challenger Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky have clashed on many fronts, but perhaps especially so on guns and the Second Amendment.</p>\n\n<p>Kelly faced criticism after hosting a <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/investigations/daniel-bice/2020/03/02/justice-dan-kelly-held-fundraiser-gun-range-day-after-molson-coors-shooting/4929200002/\">fundraiser at a Brookfield gun range the day after the Molson Coors shooting</a>. At a March 12, 2020, <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/03/12/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-trade-ethical-punches-forum/5030435002/\">forum hosted by the Milwaukee Bar Association, </a>Kelly called the criticism a cheap political hit.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Meanwhile, at the same <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/03/12/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-trade-ethical-punches-forum/5030435002/\">forum</a>, Karofsky called Kelly posing with an assault-style rifle &quot;a clearly partisan move.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Even before that, Kelly&rsquo;s campaign made a stronger accusation in a March 3, 2020 email sent to supporters, in which Kelly claimed: &quot;Judge Karofsky and her radical liberal allies want to disarm law abiding citizens.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Is the assertion correct?&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The evidence</div>\n\n<p>When asked to back up the claim, Kelly campaign manager Charles Nichols first pointed to a series of Karofsky tweets.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;In December 2019, Jill Karofsky called for increased gun control laws on Twitter following two incidents in Wisconsin schools,&quot; Nichols said in an email. &quot;Law enforcement later revealed that the weapons used in both incidents weren&rsquo;t actually guns. Karofsky&rsquo;s tweet called on lawmakers to put forward stricter gun laws.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But putting forward stricter gun laws is not the same as wanting to &quot;disarm law abiding citizens.&quot; For instance, one often-discussed legislative proposal is to tighten background checks, which would fall far short of disarming citizens.</p>\n\n<p>Let&rsquo;s take a closer look.</p>\n\n<p>On Dec. 2, 2019, at <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/education/2019/12/03/the-drills-paid-off-superintendent-credits-training-students-staff/2595009001/\">Waukesha South High School</a>, an &quot;angry&quot; 17-year-old student pointed a pellet gun at the head of a fellow student, pulled a pellet gun again later when officers arrived, and then was shot three times by police, according to news reports.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The following day, at <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-high-school-lockdown-police-responding-situation/2595488001/\">Oshkosh West High School</a>, a 16-year-old student with an &quot;edged weapon&quot; stabbed a school resource officer, and the officer shot the student.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://twitter.com/judgekarofsky/status/1201930623407022082\">Karofsky tweets</a> in question all came on Dec. 3, 2019, beginning with this one:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;As a mom of two teenagers, my heart races every time I hear about yet another school shooting. I&#39;m relieved that no one was killed in yesterday&rsquo;s shooting at Waukesha South High School, and today&rsquo;s shooting at Oshkosh West High School.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>She went on to refer to families in <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-school-stabbing-shooting-other-threats-unsubstantiated/2603589001/\">Sparta</a> and at <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/communities/waukesha/news/waukesha/2019/12/02/waukesha-north-student-taken-into-custody-reports-firearm/2589947001/\">Waukesha North</a> who &quot;had to deal with lockdowns&quot; and a &quot;hit list in Shorewood.&quot; She thanked first responders, and said parents should not have to worry about the safety of their kids at school.</p>\n\n<p>Pretty straightforward.</p>\n\n<p>Then&nbsp;she got to what the Kelly campaign is citing.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It&#39;s up to the policy-makers to decide what the law should be, and judges like me are here to apply and interpret the law. But I know action is needed,&quot; she tweeted.</p>\n\n<p>Then she added <a href=\"https://twitter.com/judgekarofsky/status/1201930895944536064\">this:</a>&nbsp; &quot;We can respect constitutional rights and at the same time take steps to make every family safer. It&rsquo;s way past time for lawmakers to step up to the plate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>So, as evidence, the tweets don&rsquo;t really stand up.</p>\n\n<p>Karofsky did not advocate any specific changes, noted it&rsquo;s up to policymakers to decide what laws to advance, and talked explicitly about respecting constitutional rights in the process. As in a trial, we view the burden of proof as falling on the one who makes the charges. So far, Kelly clearly falls short.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">More evidence</div>\n\n<p>Nichols, the Kelly campaign manager, also pointed to a <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/01/24/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-history-voter-id-guns-abortion/4558664002/\">Jan. 24, 2020</a> Milwaukee Journal Sentinel article that laid out the views and records of the candidates on a series of hot-button issues.</p>\n\n<p>In a section on guns, the article described the candidates and their views on a 2008 U.S. Supreme Court decision known as Heller, which held the right to bear arms in the Second Amendment of the Constitution is an individual right, rather than a collective right for groups like militias.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I&#39;ve read it carefully, and I&#39;ve not identified any errors,&quot; the article quoted Kelly as saying of the decision.</p>\n\n<p>Meanwhile, the article offered this position from Karofsky:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;I think that there are ways that are constitutional that we are able to limit people&#39;s possession of firearms so that we&#39;re able to live in a country where we don&rsquo;t have to send our kids to school for code-red drills.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>As with the tweets, that stops well short of what Kelly claimed. What&rsquo;s more, it specifically describes finding ways that are constitutional to make any changes.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Judge Karofsky has made it clear throughout this campaign that she supports the Second Amendment and the precedent established in the Heller decision,&quot; Karofsky spokesman Sam Roecker said in an email. &quot;Dan Kelly knows this precedent requires judges to uphold the law and an individual&#39;s right to own a gun.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Kelly claimed Karofsky wants &quot;to disarm law abiding citizens.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rather than cite any past rulings as evidence, Kelly points to a series of tweets and a Karofsky quote in a newspaper story on the race.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In both cases, Karofsky indicates she feels lawmakers should take steps to reduce gun violence -- even calling on them to &quot;step up to the plate.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>But nowhere did she call for disarming residents. Indeed, in both places she framed the comments around abiding by the constitution, even noting it&rsquo;s up to policy-makers to &quot;decide what the law should be.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>As evidence, that&rsquo;s pretty thin.</p>\n\n<p>Our definition of Mostly False is a &quot;statement contains an element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That fits here.</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>\n\n<p><br>\n&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Email, State Supreme Court Justice Daniel Kelly campaign, March 3, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Sam Roecker, spokesman for the Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky campaign, March 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Charles Nichols, campaign manager, Friends of Justice Daniel Kelly, March 18, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"http://archive.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/wisconsin-supreme-court-race-joanne-kloppenburg-vs-rebecca-bradley-b99698483z1-374671861.html/\">Rebecca Bradley beats JoAnne Kloppenburg in high court race</a>,&quot; April 6, 2016.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/03/12/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-trade-ethical-punches-forum/5030435002/\">Kelly, Karofsky trade more ethical punches at Wisconsin Supreme Court candidate forum,</a>&quot; March 12, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/education/2019/12/03/the-drills-paid-off-superintendent-credits-training-students-staff/2595009001/\">Angry student brought two pellet guns to Waukesha South and ended up shot three times by police</a>,&quot; Dec. 3, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-high-school-lockdown-police-responding-situation/2595488001/\">Student, officer injured at Oshkosh West High School as stabbing, shooting rattle community,</a>&quot; Dec. 3, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/01/24/wisconsin-supreme-court-candidates-history-voter-id-guns-abortion/4558664002/\">Wisconsin&#39;s Supreme Court candidates&#39; opinions on past cases show their views on abortion, guns and voter ID,</a>&quot; Jan 24, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/communities/waukesha/news/waukesha/2019/12/02/waukesha-north-student-taken-into-custody-reports-firearm/2589947001/\">A student was taken into custody after a report of a gun at Waukesha North High School,</a>&quot; Dec. 3, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/local/2019/12/03/oshkosh-west-school-stabbing-shooting-other-threats-unsubstantiated/2603589001/\">Reports of other Wisconsin school threats aren&rsquo;t substantiated, police say</a>, Dec. 3, 2019.</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/communities/northshore/crime/2019/11/12/shorewood-high-school-student-wrote-hit-list-district-says/2580534001/\">Shorewood schools will reopen Thursday after a student created a hit list and brought a loaded magazine to school, district says</a>,&quot;Nov. 12, 2019.<br>\n&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Twitter, Dane County Circuit Judge Jill Karofsky, <a href=\"https://twitter.com/judgekarofsky/status/1201930895944536064\">Dec. 3, 2019.</a></p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18273,
            "slug": "chloroquine-not-banned-michigan-new-york-and-nevad",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "andrew-cuomo",
                    "full_name": "Andrew Cuomo",
                    "first_name": "Andrew",
                    "last_name": "Cuomo"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Says the governors of Michigan, New York and Nevada “have issued orders banning the prescription of hydroxychloroquine to patients with COVID-19.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T18:04:40-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Facebook pages and groups are promoting misleading information about several states&rsquo; decisions to restrict access to a malaria drug that could be used to treat COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://archive.is/f5dTV\">One post</a>, published March 29 in a group called &quot;Keep America great Trump Pence 2020,&quot; claims that three Democratic governors have &quot;issued orders banning the prescription of hydroxychloroquine to patients with COVID-19.&quot; The post includes photos of Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo and Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;For a drug deemed safe by doctors and has a history of safely treating malaria for the last 40-50 years,&quot; reads a caption on the post. &quot;So now ask yourself...who is the enemy.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The photo collage also asserts that the governors are &quot;threatening the licenses of doctors and pharmacist(s).&quot; That&rsquo;s similar to a claim made in <a href=\"http://archive.is/2nNpq\">a Facebook post</a> published by Trending Politics, a conservative opinion website, on March 27.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The Democrat Governor of Michigan along with other Democrat governors are THREATENING doctors who prescribe the promising drug Chloroquine to Coronavirus patients,&quot; reads text on an image of Whitmer.</p>\n\n<p>The posts were flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.) Collectively, they&rsquo;ve been shared thousands of times.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>(Screenshot from Facebook)</em></p>\n\n<p>Since President Donald Trump said during <a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470503-1/president-trump-coronavirus-task-force-hold-briefing-white-house\">a March 19 press briefing</a> that chloroquine could potentially be used to treat COVID-19, several states have restricted access to the malaria drug to prevent stockpiling &mdash;&nbsp;including New York and Nevada. But neither of those orders bans the use of chloroquine outright, and Michigan has not taken formal action to restrict access to the drug.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">New York, Nevada restrict access to chloroquine</div>\n\n<p>New York and Nevada have limited access to chloroquine since Trump&rsquo;s March 19 press briefing. But neither of the actions comprise an outright ban on the drug.</p>\n\n<p>Take Nevada, for example. On March 24, Sisolak <a href=\"https://www.reviewjournal.com/local/local-nevada/sisolak-signs-restriction-order-for-2-drugs-1990149/\">signed</a> an emergency regulation that safeguards the supply of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, which is sold under the brand name Plaquenil and as a generic. The order prohibits doctors in outpatient settings from prescribing and dispensing the drugs for COVID-19 treatment. It also limits prescriptions to 30-day supplies.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;While the two drugs serve necessary medical purposes, there is no conclusive evidence at this time among COVID-19 experts or Nevada&rsquo;s own medical health advisory team that the drugs provide treatment for COVID-19 patients,&quot; Sisolak said <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/102340951389904/videos/523666878565661\">during a press conference</a>. &quot;The emergency regulation is aimed at preventing the hoarding of the drugs so those that actually need them can have access to them.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>As several news outlets <a href=\"https://www.propublica.org/article/doctors-are-hoarding-unproven-coronavirus-medicine-by-writing-prescriptions-for-themselves-and-their-families\">have</a> <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/24/business/doctors-buying-coronavirus-drugs.html\">reported</a>, physicians around the country have started to prescribe themselves chloroquine in order to hoard it for their families. That hoarding <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/03/23/health/bc-us-med-virus-outbreak-malaria-drug-evidence.html\">has led to drug shortages</a> in some parts of the country, <a href=\"https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/tanyachen/kaiser-permanente-lupus-chloroquine\">affecting patients</a> who take chloroquine regularly to treat conditions like lupus and arthritis.</p>\n\n<p>Conservative organizations like Turning Point USA <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/27/turning-point-usa/conservative-group-meme-distorts-nevadas-chloroqui/\">took Nevada&rsquo;s order to mean</a> Sisolak was banning any use of chloroquine for COVID-19 patients. But there is an exemption to the order.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/27/turning-point-usa/conservative-group-meme-distorts-nevadas-chloroqui/\">Conservative group&#39;s meme distorts Nevada&rsquo;s chloroquine restrictions</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>A spokesman for Sisolak <a href=\"https://news3lv.com/news/local/gov-sisolak-reiterates-position-on-potential-coronavirus-drug\">told KSNV-TV</a> in Las Vegas that the regulation allows for a &quot;chart order for an inpatient in an institutional setting,&quot; meaning that doctors in hospitals and emergency rooms can still prescribe chloroquine to treat patients diagnosed with COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s similar to what the government has done in New York.</p>\n\n<p>On March 23, Cuomo <a href=\"https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/no-20210-continuing-temporary-suspension-and-modification-laws-relating-disaster-emergency\">signed an executive order</a> restricting the prescription of chloroquine &quot;except when written as prescribed for an FDA-approved indication; or as part of a state approved clinical trial related to COVID-19 for a patient who has tested positive for COVID-19.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The state <a href=\"https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/amid-ongoing-covid-19-pandemic-governor-cuomo-accepts-recommendation-army-corps-engineers-four\">has acquired</a> more than 800,000 doses of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine for clinical trials. And while the Food and Drug Administration <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-continues-facilitate-development-treatments\">has said</a> there are no approved drugs to treat or prevent the coronavirus, the agency is investigating whether chloroquine &quot;can be used to treat patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 to potentially reduce the duration of symptoms.&quot; On March 28, the FDA <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization\">signed</a> an emergency authorization for the use of chloroquine to treat patients hospitalized with COVID-19.</p>\n\n<p>The day before that action, Cuomo <a href=\"https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/no-20211-continuing-temporary-suspension-and-modification-laws-relating-disaster-emergency\">amended</a> his previous restrictions on the drug.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The new rules allow health care providers to prescribe the drug for &quot;patients in inpatient settings and acute settings; for residents in a subacute part of a skilled nursing facility; or as part of an study approved by an Institutional Review Board.&quot; The change means that, similar to Nevada, doctors in New York can now prescribe chloroquine to COVID-19 patients in hospitals and emergency rooms, but not in outpatient settings.</p>\n\n<p>Bottom line: Neither Nevada nor New York currently bans the use of chloroquine to treat coronavirus patients.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Michigan warns of &lsquo;administrative action&rsquo; for stockpiling</div>\n\n<p>Michigan has taken no formal action to restrict access to chloroquine. Instead, it has asked prescribers to not stockpile the drug for friends and family.</p>\n\n<p>On March 24, the state&rsquo;s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs <a href=\"https://www.michigan.gov/documents/lara/Reminder_of_Appropriate_Prescribing_and_Dispensing_3-24-2020_684869_7.pdf\">sent a letter</a> to &quot;licensed prescribers and dispensers&quot; about chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine. It said that the department had received &quot;multiple allegations of Michigan physicians inappropriately prescribing hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine to themselves, family, friends, and/or coworkers without a legitimate medical purpose.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Prescribing hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine without further proof of efficacy for treating COVID-19 or with the intent to stockpile the drug may create a shortage for patients with lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or other ailments for which chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are proven treatments,&quot; the letter reads. &quot;Reports of this conduct will be evaluated and may be further investigated for administrative action.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The letter did not outline any new regulatory action related to chloroquine. In <a href=\"https://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-89505-523363--,00.html\">a follow-up statement</a> published March 27, the department said the purpose of the correspondence was &quot;to remind both prescribers and dispensers of their continued obligation to adhere to the standards of practice.&quot;</p>\n\n<p><strong><em>RELATED:</em> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/23/facebook-posts/100-covid-19-cure-no-chloroquine-effectiveness-onl/\">A 100% COVID-19 cure? No, chloroquine effectiveness only anecdotal</a></strong></p>\n\n<p>On March 31, however, the state shifted course. It <a href=\"https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2020/03/31/michigan-requests-hydroxychloroquine-national-stockpile-covid-19/5094307002/\">requested</a> chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine from the Strategic National Stockpile based on the FDA emergency authorization for using the drug to treat severe cases of COVID-19. <a href=\"https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2020/03/31/metro-hospitals-share-load-treatments-outbreak-strains-resources/5088018002/\">The Detroit News reported</a> that several hospitals in the metro area are using chloroquine to treat hospitalized patients.</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.detroitnews.com/story/opinion/2020/03/31/editor-were-committed-reliable-information/5090635002/\">In an op-ed</a>, Michigan Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey explained why the government included the &quot;administrative action&quot; wording in its original letter.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We needed something to prevent chloroquine from becoming the next toilet paper,&quot; he told the Detroit News. &quot;I quickly requested of (Whitmer&rsquo;s) staff that they put something out, and somehow in the translation it was prohibiting use of these drugs &mdash; and that wasn&#39;t the intent.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post claims the governors of Michigan, Nevada and New York have ordered banning the use of chloroquine for COVID-19 patients.</p>\n\n<p>Nevada and New York have restricted access to the malaria drug in an effort to limit stockpiling. Each state has exemptions for patients hospitalized with the coronavirus. Michigan has taken no additional regulatory action to restrict access to chloroquine; instead, it has asked prescribers to avoid giving the drug to potential stockpilers.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook posts are inaccurate. We rate them False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>C-SPAN, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.c-span.org/video/?470503-1/president-trump-coronavirus-task-force-hold-briefing-white-house\">President Trump and Coronavirus Task Force Brief Reporters</a>,&quot; March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Detroit News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.detroitnews.com/story/opinion/2020/03/31/editor-were-committed-reliable-information/5090635002/\">From the editor: At The Detroit News, we&#39;re committed to reliable information</a>,&quot; March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Detroit News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2020/03/31/metro-hospitals-share-load-treatments-outbreak-strains-resources/5088018002/\">Metro Detroit hospitals team on treatments as outbreak strains resources</a>,&quot; March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Detroit News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2020/03/31/michigan-requests-hydroxychloroquine-national-stockpile-covid-19/5094307002/\">Michigan requests hydroxychloroquine from national stockpile to treat COVID-19</a>,&quot; March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://archive.is/2nNpq\">Facebook post</a>, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"http://archive.is/f5dTV\">Facebook post</a>, March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/102340951389904/videos/523666878565661\">Facebook video</a> from Gov. Steve Sisolak, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Governor of New York, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/amid-ongoing-covid-19-pandemic-governor-cuomo-accepts-recommendation-army-corps-engineers-four\">Amid Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic, Governor Cuomo Accepts Recommendation of Army Corps of Engineers for Four Temporary Hospital Sites in New York</a>,&quot; March 22, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Governor of New York, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/no-20210-continuing-temporary-suspension-and-modification-laws-relating-disaster-emergency\">No. 202.10: Continuing Temporary Suspension and Modification of Laws Relating to the Disaster Emergency</a>,&quot; March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Governor of New York, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/no-20211-continuing-temporary-suspension-and-modification-laws-relating-disaster-emergency\">No. 202.11: Continuing Temporary Suspension and Modification of Laws Relating to the Disaster Emergency</a>,&quot; March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>KSNV-TV, &quot;<a href=\"https://news3lv.com/news/local/gov-sisolak-reiterates-position-on-potential-coronavirus-drug\">Gov. Sisolak reiterates position on potential coronavirus drug</a>,&quot; March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Las Vegas Review-Journal, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.reviewjournal.com/local/local-nevada/sisolak-signs-restriction-order-for-2-drugs-1990149/\">Sisolak signs restriction order for 2 drugs</a>,&quot; March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.michigan.gov/documents/lara/Reminder_of_Appropriate_Prescribing_and_Dispensing_3-24-2020_684869_7.pdf\">Letter</a> from the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-89505-523363--,00.html\">Correspondence to Licensed Prescribers and Dispensers</a>,&quot; March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/27/turning-point-usa/conservative-group-meme-distorts-nevadas-chloroqui/\">Conservative group&#39;s meme distorts Nevada&rsquo;s chloroquine restrictions</a>,&quot; March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Food and Drug Administration, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-continues-facilitate-development-treatments\">Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update: FDA Continues to Facilitate Development of Treatments</a>,&quot; March 19, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Food and Drug Administration, <a href=\"https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization\">Emergency Use Authorization</a>, accessed April 2, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18271,
            "slug": "no-italy-didnt-arrest-doctor-murdering-thousands-c",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Italy arrested a doctor “for intentionally killing over 3,000 coronavirus patients.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T16:47:28-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>More than 50,000 people around the world <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/04/02/coronavirus-latest-news/\">have died from COVID-19</a>, with more than half of all fatalities coming from four European countries, including Italy. In March, Italy <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/21/world/europe/italy-coronavirus-center-lessons.html\">surpassed China as the country with the highest death toll</a>. A <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://n5ti.com/italy-07099/?fbclid=IwAR2itSaDKrGRBNKGR1ql1G_sHaepNBgu_64euW5MlB0q3kJrZojqWZzhs6M\">blog post </a>shared on Facebook claims that thousands of those deaths were intentional.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Italy arrest (sic) doctor for intentionally killing over 3,000 coronavirus patients,&quot; the post&rsquo;s title says. A photo shows a man in tan scrubs walking in handcuffs and flanked by law enforcement. The story goes on to say that Dr. Sergio Kerr &quot;administered Benadryl, Ditropan and doxepin which are anticholinergic medications which worsen pneumonia.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s because it&rsquo;s not a real news story.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.heraldbulletin.com/news/former-pendleton-physician-jones-placed-on-in-home-detention/article_0cb1f764-222a-11e8-bea7-5308e93088bf.html\">photo of the man</a> in the blog post is from the Anderson, Ind., newspaper, the Herald Bulletin, which reported in 2014 on the arrest of a physician charged with several drug offenses.</p>\n\n<p>A doctor accused of murdering more than 3,000 people, not to mention coronavirus patients, would draw wide media attention. And yet searching for information about Dr. Sergio Kerr, we found no such reports.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this blog post Pants on Fire.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/04/02/coronavirus-latest-news/\">Live updates: Coronavirus death toll passes 50,000 worldwide; U.S. unemployment claims explode</a>, April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/21/world/europe/italy-coronavirus-center-lessons.html\">Italy, pandemic&rsquo;s new epicenter, has lessons for the world</a>, March 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>News NT, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/save/https://n5ti.com/italy-07099/?fbclid=IwAR2itSaDKrGRBNKGR1ql1G_sHaepNBgu_64euW5MlB0q3kJrZojqWZzhs6M\">Italy arrest doctor for intentionally killing over 3,000 coronavirus patients</a>, visited April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Herald Bulletin, <a href=\"https://www.heraldbulletin.com/news/former-pendleton-physician-jones-placed-on-in-home-detention/article_0cb1f764-222a-11e8-bea7-5308e93088bf.html\">Former Pendleton physician Jones placed on in-home detention</a>, March 7, 2018</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18270,
            "slug": "yes-us-shipped-donated-personal-protective-equipme",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“On February 7, the WHO warned about the limited stock of PPE. That same day, the Trump administration announced it was sending 18 tons of masks, gowns and respirators to China.”",
            "ruling_slug": "true",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T16:11:08-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>National shortages of masks, gowns and other personal protective equipment have <a href=\"https://www.aha.org/lettercomment/2020-03-21-aha-ama-and-ana-letter-president-use-dpa-medical-supplies-and-equipment\">exacerbated concerns</a> that U.S. doctors and nurses are not getting the supplies needed to help COVID-19 patients.</p>\n\n<p>The surging demand for masks led President Donald Trump to charge, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/apr/01/hospital-demand-masks-soaring-heres-how-hospitals-/\">without evidence</a>, that the equipment earmarked for New York&rsquo;s hospitals has been &quot;going out the back door.&quot; But some people are pointing the blame back at Trump, who <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/mar/20/how-donald-trump-responded-coronavirus-pandemic/\">downplayed</a> <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/18/donald-trump/trump-says-he-always-felt-coronavirus-was-pandemic/\">the threat</a> of the virus early on despite warnings from experts about the <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/mar/18/sean-hannity/hannity-wrong-health-care-system-ready-coronavirus/\">health care system&rsquo;s readiness</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>One claim we&rsquo;ve heard from <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepMaxineWaters/status/1244732533943799809?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1244732533943799809&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.snopes.com%2Ffact-check%2Fus-tons-ppe-china%2F\">politicians</a>, <a href=\"http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/2003/30/cnnt.01.html\">TV commentators</a> and social media users is that the U.S. gave away medical supplies that are now sorely needed at home.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;On February 7, the (World Health Organization) warned about the limited stock of PPE,&quot; said a <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/bluedemwarriors/photos/a.1559737514296400/2610846735852134/?type=3&amp;theater\">March 31 Facebook post</a>, using an acronym for personal protective equipment. &quot;That same day, the Trump administration announced it was sending 18 tons of masks, gowns and respirators to China. Now our health care workers are dying because of no PPE.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post from Blue Dem Warriors was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat potential false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.) In this case, the information is largely accurate.</p>\n\n<p>The State Department <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-announces-assistance-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">announced</a> on Feb. 7 that it had &quot;facilitated the transportation of nearly 17.8 tons of donated medical supplies to the Chinese people, including masks, gowns, gauze, respirators, and other vital materials.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post cited as its source of information a <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/29/opinions/coronavirus-personal-protective-equipment-obeidallah/index.html\">CNN editorial</a> criticizing the shipment.</p>\n\n<p>The move came more than two weeks after the first U.S. coronavirus case was <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2020/p0121-novel-coronavirus-travel-case.html\">detected</a> in Washington state on Jan. 21. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo <a href=\"https://twitter.com/SecPompeo/status/1225836989393534976\">tweeted</a> Feb. 7 that the delivery would &quot;help save lives&quot; in China, which had reported <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200207-sitrep-18-ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=fa644293_2\">more than 31,000</a> cases by then.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</p>\n\n<p>Pompeo touted the assistance again in <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/secretary-michael-r-pompeo-remarks-to-the-press-7/\">remarks to reporters</a> on March 31, saying it was an example of American generosity and part of an effort to keep the virus contained to China.</p>\n\n<p>The materials sent to China, Pompeo <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/secretary-michael-r-pompeo-remarks-to-the-press-7/\">said</a>, were donated by Samaritan&rsquo;s Purse, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and other <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-usaid-deputy-administrator-bonnie-glick-and-director-of-u-s-foreign-assistance-resources-james-l-richardson-on-u-s-foreign-assistance-in-response-to-covid-19/\">private</a> <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-senior-state-department-officials-on-chinas-expulsion-of-u-s-journalists/\">organizations</a>. Boeing and Intermountain Healthcare were also involved, according to a <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/public-private-cooperation-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">Feb. 15 State Department press release</a>.</p>\n\n<p>On Feb. 7, the State Department also pledged to commit up to $100 million in existing funds to assist China and other countries. A State Department spokesperson told us the $100 million promise has been fulfilled with funds from the U.S. Agency for International Development.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-is-leading-the-humanitarian-and-health-assistance-response-to-covid-19/\">U.S. aid to date</a> also includes about $110 million in humanitarian assistance for up to 64 different countries and roughly $64 million in refugee-related assistance for the United Nations.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The spokesperson told us the security and health of Americans comes first, but that &quot;the spread of COVID-19 is a threat to our shared international security&quot; and that efforts aimed at responding to the virus abroad are also meant to help mitigate the spread in the U.S.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We won&rsquo;t weigh in on whether the distribution of donated protective equipment to China was the right move. But the Facebook post is correct that the U.S. announced the delivery in February. Other <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/us-tons-ppe-china/\">fact-checkers</a> said the same about a <a href=\"https://twitter.com/RepMaxineWaters/status/1244732533943799809?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1244732533943799809&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.snopes.com%2Ffact-check%2Fus-tons-ppe-china%2F\">similar claim</a> from Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post also notes that the timing of the China shipment coincided with a <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/transcripts/transcript-coronavirus-press-conference-full-07feb2020-final.pdf?sfvrsn=3beba1c0_2\">press conference</a> in which the World Health Organization sounded the alarm about a &quot;limited stock&quot; of personal protective equipment.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s accurate. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned on Feb. 7 of a potential supply shortage across the globe and especially in China. The warning was for the world, not the U.S. in particular.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The world is facing severe disruption in the market for personal protective equipment,&quot; Ghebreyesus said. &quot;Demand is up to 100 times higher than normal and prices are up to 20 times higher.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Ghebreyesus said the situation was made worse by people outside of patient care using masks, for example. He said health workers and caretakers should be first to receive items from the limited stock, and that health workers in China needed &quot;the bulk of PPE supplies.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;WHO discourages stockpiling of (personal protective equipment) in countries and areas where transmission is low,&quot; he said.</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post closes by saying &quot;our health care workers are dying because of no PPE.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/30/nyregion/ny-coronavirus-doctors-sick.html\">News</a> <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/covid-19-hits-doctors-nurses-emts-threatening-health-system/2020/03/17/f21147e8-67aa-11ea-b313-df458622c2cc_story.html\">reports</a> indicate that some health workers &mdash; who are at an increased risk of exposure &mdash; are among the <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fcases-in-us.html\">more than</a> <a href=\"https://covidtracking.com/data\">200,000 infected Americans</a> and over 4,500 who have died. Doctors and nurses have <a href=\"https://www.aha.org/lettercomment/2020-03-21-aha-ama-and-ana-letter-president-use-dpa-medical-supplies-and-equipment\">made shortages known</a> and are tweeting the hashtag <a href=\"https://twitter.com/search?q=%23GetMePPE&amp;src=typed_query\">#GetMePPE</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Some medical supplies are now coming into the U.S. from abroad. The White House <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/business/economy/coronavirus-china-supplies.html\">arranged</a> for the transport of tons of equipment from China, and the New England Patriots recently <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-million-n95-masks-are-coming-from-chinaon-board-the-new-england-patriots-plane-11585821600\">lent its team plane</a> to pick up 1.2 million N95 masks from China for Massachusetts&rsquo; health workers.</p>\n\n<p>We asked the State Department whether any of the donated materials sent to China in February made their way back to the U.S., and whether the donations would have gone straight to U.S. hospitals had they not been shipped overseas. We didn&rsquo;t get answers to those questions.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post said: &quot;On February 7, the WHO warned about the limited stock of PPE. That same day, the Trump administration announced it was sending 18 tons of masks, gowns and respirators to China.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The State Department announced the delivery of nearly 18 tons of donated materials on Feb. 7, the same day that the WHO sounded the alarm about the world&rsquo;s supply of personal protective equipment. The donated materials came from private groups.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this statement True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/bluedemwarriors/photos/a.1559737514296400/2610846735852134/?type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>#GetMePPE on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/search?q=%23GetMePPE&amp;src=typed_query\">Twitter</a>, accessed April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Wall Street Journal, <a href=\"https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-million-n95-masks-are-coming-from-chinaon-board-the-new-england-patriots-plane-11585821600\">&quot;A Million N95 Masks Are Coming From China&mdash;on Board the New England Patriots&rsquo; Plane,&quot;</a> April 2, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/secretary-michael-r-pompeo-remarks-to-the-press-7/\">&quot;Secretary Michael R. Pompeo Remarks to the Press,&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Snopes, <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/us-tons-ppe-china/\">&quot;Did the Trump Administration Send 18 Tons of PPE to China in Early 2020?&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Politico, <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/31/pence-task-force-coronavirus-aid-157806\">&quot;Pence task force freezes coronavirus aid amid backlash,&quot;</a> March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNN, <a href=\"https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/29/opinions/coronavirus-personal-protective-equipment-obeidallah/index.html\">&quot;Trump administration sent protective medical gear to China while he minimized the virus threat to US,&quot;</a> March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Huffington Post, <a href=\"https://www.huffpost.com/entry/trump-china-coronavirus-shortage-governors_n_5e8179c6c5b66149226a0ff8?guccounter=1&amp;guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbS8&amp;guce_referrer_sig=AQAAABVDM8Fbi6pCSCSc1nF4Gm2_UeptIfC6lNSazC0QvCg5oOfCYRHVK-nhO4blSlkeW7s4YSgr-Sl18BPXZjkODp368X5QRQv8F2zSgyLd2XOsvpQWuZDbQPS7lHJ126wLMPTXzIq2TIq-EV8jrlC7kbzDoRgMIyULXYe22yzwswUY\">&quot;U.S. Shipped Tons Of COVID-19 Supplies To China As Trump Dismissed Threat Here,&quot;</a> March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/30/nyregion/ny-coronavirus-doctors-sick.html\">&quot;Nurses Die, Doctors Fall Sick and Panic Rises on Virus Front Lines,&quot;</a> March 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York Times, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/business/economy/coronavirus-china-supplies.html\">&quot;White House Airlifts Medical Supplies From China in Coronavirus Fight,&quot;</a> March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Mother Jones, <a href=\"https://www.motherjones.com/coronavirus-updates/2020/03/the-us-sent-tons-of-medical-supplies-to-china-even-as-senators-warned-of-virus-threat-here/\">&quot;The US Sent Tons of Medical Supplies to China Even as Senators Warned of Virus Threat Here,&quot;</a> March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-is-leading-the-humanitarian-and-health-assistance-response-to-covid-19/\">&quot;The United States Is Leading the Humanitarian and Health Assistance Response to COVID-19,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-usaid-deputy-administrator-bonnie-glick-and-director-of-u-s-foreign-assistance-resources-james-l-richardson-on-u-s-foreign-assistance-in-response-to-covid-19/\">&quot;Briefing on U.S. Foreign Assistance in Response to COVID-19,&quot;</a> March 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The American Hospital Association, <a href=\"https://www.aha.org/lettercomment/2020-03-21-aha-ama-and-ana-letter-president-use-dpa-medical-supplies-and-equipment\">&quot;AHA, AMA and ANA Letter to the President to Use DPA for Medical Supplies and Equipment,&quot;</a> March 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/briefing-with-senior-state-department-officials-on-chinas-expulsion-of-u-s-journalists/\">&quot;China&rsquo;s Expulsion of U.S. Journalists,&quot;</a> March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/covid-19-hits-doctors-nurses-emts-threatening-health-system/2020/03/17/f21147e8-67aa-11ea-b313-df458622c2cc_story.html\">&quot;Covid-19 hits doctors, nurses and EMTs, threatening health system,&quot;</a> March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/public-private-cooperation-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">&quot;Public-Private Cooperation To Combat the Novel Coronavirus,&quot;</a> Feb. 15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Department of State, <a href=\"https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-announces-assistance-to-combat-the-novel-coronavirus/\">&quot;The United States Announces Assistance To Combat the Novel Coronavirus,&quot;</a> Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Donald J. Trump on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1225728756456808448\">Twitter</a>, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Secretary Pompeo on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/SecPompeo/status/1225836989393534976\">Twitter</a>, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/transcripts/transcript-coronavirus-press-conference-full-07feb2020-final.pdf?sfvrsn=3beba1c0_2\">Transcript</a> from a press conference on the novel coronavirus, Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200207-sitrep-18-ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=fa644293_2\">&quot;Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report &ndash; 18,&quot;</a> Feb. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Chris Murphy on <a href=\"https://twitter.com/ChrisMurphyCT/status/1225073987639705600\">Twitter</a>, Feb. 5, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/article/2020/apr/01/hospital-demand-masks-soaring-heres-how-hospitals-/\">&quot;Hospital demand for masks is soaring. Here&rsquo;s how hospitals use them against coronavirus,&quot;</a> April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Statement from the State Department, April 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18269,
            "slug": "no-reports-queen-elizabeth-tested-positive-covid-1",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "blog-posting",
                "full_name": "Bloggers",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Bloggers"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Queen Elizabeth tests positive for COVID-19.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T14:56:24-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Prince Charles <a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/video/2020/apr/01/better-times-to-come-prince-charles-addresses-britons-after-covid-19-self-isolation-video\">tested positive for COVID-19</a>, but there is no indication that his mother, the queen, did, too.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200402163802/https://gossipblend.com/queen-elizabeth-tests-positive-for-covid-19/?fbclid=IwAR1i8ffe4JIoDlauZy8QU73aVx1fdAZFIFxkwO5-WVmxJ78z1bWseyCflUM\">March 28 post</a> on a website called Gossip Blend claims otherwise.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Earlier today it was rumoured that Queen Elizabeth II tested positive for the novel coronavirus while many UK media outlets have kept silent,&quot; the post says. &quot;In a new press release, the Buckingham Palace has confirmed that the Queen of the United Kingdom has indeed tested positive.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>So far, the news out of Buckingham Palace is good. On March 27, a palace spokesman said the 93-year-old British monarch remains in good health. She was then at Windsor Castle with her husband, 98-year-old Prince Philip and &quot;a small number of staff,&quot; Reuters <a href=\"https://variety.com/2020/biz/global/queen-elizabeth-coronavirus-footman-tests-positive-prince-charles-boris-johnson-1203548230/\">reported</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>And as for Prince Charles, he <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/entertainment/celebrities/2020/04/01/prince-charles-talks-coronavirus-health-update-covid-19/5101931002/\">announced on April 1</a> that he experienced mild symptoms and is &quot;on the other side&quot; of his illness.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this blog post False.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>The Guardian, <a href=\"https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/video/2020/apr/01/better-times-to-come-prince-charles-addresses-britons-after-covid-19-self-isolation-video\">&lsquo;Better times to come&rsquo;: Prince Charles addresses Britons after Covid-19 self-isolation</a>, April 1, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Gossip Blend, <a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20200402163802/https://gossipblend.com/queen-elizabeth-tests-positive-for-covid-19/?fbclid=IwAR1i8ffe4JIoDlauZy8QU73aVx1fdAZFIFxkwO5-WVmxJ78z1bWseyCflUM\">Queen Elizabeth tests positive for Covid-19, goes into self-isolation</a>, March 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Reuters, <a href=\"https://variety.com/2020/biz/global/queen-elizabeth-coronavirus-footman-tests-positive-prince-charles-boris-johnson-1203548230/\">UK&rsquo;s Queen Elizabeth last saw PM Johnson on March 11, is in good health</a>, March 27, 2020</p>\n\n<p>USA Today, <a href=\"https://www.usatoday.com/story/entertainment/celebrities/2020/04/01/prince-charles-talks-coronavirus-health-update-covid-19/5101931002/\">Prince Charles addresses coronavirus diangosis, says he&rsquo;s &lsquo;on the other side of the illness,&rsquo;</a> April 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18268,
            "slug": "fact-checking-claims-say-covid-19-airborne",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says COVID-19 remains in the air for eight hours and that everyone is now required to wear masks “everywhere.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T12:13:28-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Since the novel coronavirus hasn&rsquo;t been around that long, public health information about the virus and how it behaves is constantly changing.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s why social media posts that make sweeping medical claims about COVID-19 should be viewed with skepticism.</p>\n\n<p>Like this <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10215227585433459&amp;set=a.1782891382583&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">Facebook post</a>, which displays a screenshot of a CNBC headline and claims COVID-19 is now considered &quot;airborne&quot; and remains in the air for eight hours.</p>\n\n<p>The post shows part of <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/16/who-considers-airborne-precautions-for-medical-staff-after-study-shows-coronavirus-can-survive-in-air.html\">a real CNBC headline</a> before cutting off at an ellipsis: &quot;<em>WHO considers &lsquo;airborne precautions&rsquo; for medical staff after study shows coronavirus &hellip;&quot;</em></p>\n\n<p>Below that, the post&rsquo;s text reads, <em>&quot;COVID-19 is confirmed as airborne and remains 8 hrs (sic) in air! So everyone is required to wear mask (sic) everywhere!!&quot;&nbsp;</em></p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>First, the word &quot;airborne&quot; means <a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/they-say-coronavirus-isnt-airborne-but-its-definitely-borne-by-air/\">different things</a> to different scientists. Second, data about the nature of the coronavirus is evolving. But even in light those two considerations, this social media post distorts facts and presents exaggerated, alarmist information.</p>\n\n<p>Health officials are not recommending face masks for everyone &quot;everywhere.&quot; Not yet, anyway. While the matter <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/cdc-considering-recommending-general-public-wear-face-coverings-in-public/2020/03/30/6a3e495c-7280-11ea-87da-77a8136c1a6d_story.html\">is being considered</a> by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, so far the agency hasn&rsquo;t advised face masks for healthy people.</p>\n\n<p>It did recently update its guidance <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html\">to say that</a>, when masks are available, sick people should wear them when they are around others and upon entering healthcare providers&rsquo; offices. The CDC also says that if a sick person is unable to wear a mask, their caregiver should wear one when in the same room.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Is it airborne?</div>\n\n<p>Public health officials have said that they don&rsquo;t consider the virus to be airborne because its droplets are too large and heavy to remain in the air long, falling within a few seconds.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets are too heavy to hang in the air. They quickly fall on floors or surfaces,&quot; <a href=\"https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses\">the World Health Organization says.</a></p>\n\n<p>&quot;You can be infected by breathing in the virus if you are within 1 meter of a person who has COVID-19, or by touching a contaminated surface and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth before washing your hands.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The Facebook post&rsquo;s claim that the virus can remain in the air up to eight hours is unsubstantiated. Furthermore, the <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/16/who-considers-airborne-precautions-for-medical-staff-after-study-shows-coronavirus-can-survive-in-air.html\">CNBC article</a> the post references makes no such statement.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The article does refer to <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2004973\">one recent study</a> that suggests the virus might be able to stay in the air longer in some settings such as when medical staff are engaged in an &quot;aerosol-generating procedure.&quot; Such procedures <a href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3338532/\">might include</a> intubation, ventilation and airway suction. Under those circumstances, health officials are considering &quot;airborne precautions&quot; for medical staff, the story said.</p>\n\n<p>The study, <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2004973\">published March 17</a> in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that transmission by aerosol &mdash; defined as a suspension of tiny particles or droplets in the air &mdash; is plausible in this virus, technically called SARS-CoV-2, in some settings. The virus &quot;remained viable in aerosols&quot; for three hours, the study said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But this doesn&rsquo;t mean the virus is now considered airborne. One researcher who participated in the study warns that the airborne question &quot;bedevils scientists trying to communicate with the public.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It combines a locus of substantial public fear with a question of true scientific nuance &mdash; a recipe for a misinformation mess,&quot; Dylan Morris, Princeton University researcher and co-author of the study, wrote <a href=\"http://dylanhmorris.com/post/airborne/\">in a post on his website.&nbsp;</a></p>\n\n<p>&quot;Many viruses &mdash; from measles to flu, and including SARS-CoV-2 &mdash; are &lsquo;airborne&rsquo; in the sense that one way of getting sick is to inhale virus particles (&lsquo;virions&rsquo;) sneezed or coughed into the air within respiratory secretions. Some secretions are on the bigger end, and we tend to call those &lsquo;droplets.&rsquo; Others are smaller, and we tend to call them &lsquo;aerosols,&rsquo;&quot; Morris says.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The tricky crux of the matter is that when people say &lsquo;airborne,&rsquo; what they often mean is &lsquo;you&rsquo;re at risk from virus particles hanging in the air &mdash; or being kicked back up into the air after falling to the ground &mdash; long, long after an infectious person sneezed them out.&rsquo; That&rsquo;s much more of a risk for smaller, &lsquo;aerosol&rsquo;-end-of-the-spectrum secretions. And it turns out that it&rsquo;s more of a risk for some viruses than for others.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Measles, for example, is considered a truly airborne virus because it typically remains infectious in the air for hours. Even though measles and flu illnesses can both be found in aerosol-like and in droplet-like secretions, Morris says, the flu is less transmissible. So far, scientists think COVID-19 looks more like the flu.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Linsey Marr, an expert in airborne disease transmission at Virginia Tech, <a href=\"https://www.factcheck.org/2020/03/posts-distort-facts-on-coronavirus-air-transmission-masks/?fbclid=IwAR3taTof5DbeQNHEMa_YJXvzjZXs1u8ca7fCX-7uzZcBlH5i8T5YHAAXp6g\">told FactCheck.org</a> that there isn&rsquo;t enough evidence showing how exactly the new coronavirus is being spread between people, but said transmission is much more likely if you&rsquo;re close to someone who is sick.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>She gave an example of being directly next to someone smoking a cigarette &mdash; the closer you are, the more off a whiff you could catch &mdash; but the farther away you are from someone releasing the virus into the air, the lesser the concentration.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post says the virus that causes&nbsp;COVID-19 remains in the air for eight hours, and everyone is now required to wear masks.</p>\n\n<p>This is&nbsp;inaccurate. There is no current evidence that the virus can remain in the air for eight hours. While the CDC is exploring its position on whether masks should be worn more widely in the general population, it doesn&rsquo;t &quot;require&quot; everyone to wear masks &quot;everywhere.&quot; As more studies are done on how the virus persists in various environments, there may be extra precautions put in place, especially for health care professionals treating COVID-19 patients.</p>\n\n<p>There is still not enough known to say definitively how this new virus behaves in every setting. Preliminary studies suggest the virus may be more &quot;airborne&quot; than initially believed. But the term &quot;airborne&quot; should not be applied loosely as current research doesn&rsquo;t indicate that COVID-19 is comparable to highly transmissible airborne illnesses like measles. Experts say the biggest threat of transmission is close contact with an infected person.</p>\n\n<p>The post makes unsubstantiated claims and twists facts to give a different impression. We rate it False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10215227585433459&amp;set=a.1782891382583&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post,</a> March 28, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Washington Post, <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/31/health/cdc-masks-coronavirus.html\">CDC Weighs Advising Everyone to Wear a Mask</a>, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>World Health Organization, <a href=\"https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses\">Q&amp;A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)</a>, March 9, 2020</p>\n\n<p>New England Journal of Medicine, <a href=\"https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2004973\">Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1</a>, March 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>FactCheck.org, <a href=\"https://www.factcheck.org/2020/03/posts-distort-facts-on-coronavirus-air-transmission-masks/?fbclid=IwAR3taTof5DbeQNHEMa_YJXvzjZXs1u8ca7fCX-7uzZcBlH5i8T5YHAAXp6g\">Posts Distort Facts on Coronavirus Air Transmission, Masks</a>, March 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CNBC, <a href=\"https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/16/who-considers-airborne-precautions-for-medical-staff-after-study-shows-coronavirus-can-survive-in-air.html\">WHO considers &lsquo;airborne precautions&rsquo; for medical staff after study shows coronavirus can survive in air</a>, March 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Dylan Morris <a href=\"http://dylanhmorris.com/post/airborne/\">blog post,</a> March 23, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html\">What To Do if You Are Sick</a>, Last Reviewed March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>National Institutes of Health,<a href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3338532/\"> Aerosol Generating Procedures and Risk of Transmission of Acute Respiratory Infections to Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review</a>, April 26, 2012</p>\n\n<p>Wired, <a href=\"https://www.wired.com/story/they-say-coronavirus-isnt-airborne-but-its-definitely-borne-by-air/\">They Say Coronavirus Isn&#39;t Airborne&mdash;but It&#39;s Definitely Borne By Air</a>, March 14, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18267,
            "slug": "hospitalized-children-can-have-one-parent-present",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“if your child gets this virus their going to hospital alone in a van with people they don’t know...to be with people they don’t know… you will be at home without them in their time of need.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T08:36:16-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>There is a lot of uncertainty surrounding COVID-19 and how long the pandemic will last, but parents across the U.S. can be certain that they will always be able to accompany their children to the hospital.</p>\n\n<p>A recent Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10207395466321188&amp;set=a.1075377941001&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> claimed that &quot;if your child gets this virus their (sic) going to hospital alone in a van with people they don&rsquo;t know... to be with people they don&rsquo;t know.&quot; This run-on sentence ended with a soul-crushing statement: &quot;you will be at home without them in their time of need.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Before any parents get too worried, this claim is entirely untrue because hospitals need parental consent to treat minors. Dr. John Gilliam explained in an interview with PolitiFact that &quot;minors can&rsquo;t consent to treatment, legally.&quot; Dr. Gilliam works in Oregon as a hospitalist, an in-patient physician who works exclusively in a hospital.</p>\n\n<p>Parental consent is still a requirement in New York hospitals, where the virus is spreading rapidly and the New York State Department of Health is introducing temporary new visitor <a href=\"https://hhinternetauto.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/2020/03/coronavirus_patientPolicy.pdf\">policies</a>. The <a href=\"https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/coronavirus/coming-to-the-hospital.aspx\">University of Rochester Medical Center</a> and the <a href=\"https://www.nyp.org/coronavirus-information/coronavirus-visitor-policy-change\">NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital</a> have both announced that recovering adults aren&rsquo;t allowed any visitors, but children are still allowed to have one guardian accompany them.</p>\n\n<p>If your child does have COVID-19 symptoms, the CDC first recommends to not take them to the hospital unless they develop emergency warning signs, such as having trouble breathing or experiencing persistent pain or pressure in the chest. The CDC has published <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/care-for-someone.html\">guidelines</a> for treating healthy adults and children with COVID-19 symptoms at home. The <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fprepare%2Fchildren-faq.html#anchor_1584387482747\">CDC</a> also doesn&rsquo;t consider children a high-risk group for COVID-19 and have found that children who have been confirmed to have the virus &quot;have generally presented with mild symptoms.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>In the unlikely event that a child is hospitalized for complications from COVID-19, they will have a parent or another guardian by their side. We rate this Facebook post Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10207395466321188&amp;set=a.1075377941001&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a>, March 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The New York State Department of Health, <a href=\"https://hhinternetauto.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/2020/03/coronavirus_patientPolicy.pdf\">New Visitor Policy to Reduce the Spread of Coronavirus</a>, March 15, 2020</p>\n\n<p>University of Rochester Medical Center, <a href=\"https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/coronavirus/coming-to-the-hospital.aspx\">Coming to the Hospital - Coronavirus</a>, visited on March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, <a href=\"https://www.nyp.org/coronavirus-information/coronavirus-visitor-policy-change\">COVID-19 General Visitation Guidelines &amp; Visitor Policy Changes</a>, March 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CDC, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/care-for-someone.html\">COVID19 - Caring for someone at home</a>, March 18, 2020</p>\n\n<p>CDC, <a href=\"https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fprepare%2Fchildren-faq.html#anchor_1584387482747\">COVID19 - FAQs</a>, March 28, 2019</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18253,
            "slug": "hospitals-refute-surgeon-generals-claim-about-nurs",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "jerome-adams",
                "full_name": "Jerome Adams",
                "first_name": "Jerome",
                "last_name": "Adams"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“They’re furloughing nurses in hospitals in western New York state.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-04-02T06:00:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams made a startling claim about hospital nurses in Western New York when talking about the importance of properly deploying resources in the fight against the new coronavirus.</p>\n\n<p>In an <a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/video/surgeon-general-jerome-adams-coronavirus-projections-based-on-worst-case-scenario/\">interview </a>with CBS This Morning, Adams was asked if there are enough ventilators to treat&nbsp;severely ill patients in places such as New York City, which has become the center of the pandemic in the United States.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We sent a team, a FEMA team, to help New York City make sure the resources are getting to where they need. I talked to people in western New York who said they&rsquo;re furloughing nurses in hospitals in western New York state, while people in New York City are suffering. We need to make sure we get the right resources to the right people, and that&rsquo;s what we&rsquo;re committed to doing.&quot;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We wondered whether his statement that Western New York hospitals are furloughing nurses is true.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A spokesperson for Dr. Adams said the surgeon general heard about furloughs from a doctor in the Rochester area.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The surgeon general spoke with a Rochester-area physician earlier this week, who shared that information,&quot; said Jennifer Sherman, director of public affairs in the Office of the Surgeon General. &quot;The point Dr. Adams was making is that in some states we are seeing a mismatch of resources, where one city may have more resources but fewer cases, and another city may have few resources but an abundance of cases. It&#39;s important states are coordinating with local jurisdictions and providers so they have the resources they need, and that is something the federal government is helping facilitate - in addition to deploying resources from the Strategic National Stockpile and FEMA.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We reached out to the doctor, who declined to speak with us on the record.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Hospitals say no furloughs</div>\n\n<p>We reached out to hospitals to see if they know of any nursing furloughs in Western New York hospitals. None knew of any.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rochester&rsquo;s two major health systems, which operate most hospitals in the Rochester region, said they are not furloughing nurses.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Rochester Regional Health, which operates Rochester General Hospital and four others in surrounding communities, has not furloughed any nurses.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;We are in the process of redeploying resources which includes nurses,&quot; said Public Information Officer Veronica Chiesi Brown. &quot;This means they are taken from one area and moved to another based on need. Nurses are a critical resource right now and we need more, not less.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>University of Rochester Medicine, which operates Strong Memorial Hospital and six others in the Rochester region, may have nurses at home because they could be infected, but none are on furlough.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;A small number of staff members who are symptomatic are staying home pending test results, but no furloughs are taking place in UR Medicine&rsquo;s hospitals or ambulatory practices,&quot; said Chip Partner, assistant vice president for communications.</p>\n\n<p>In addition, Monroe County government and Rochester&rsquo;s two major hospital systems on Friday&nbsp; unveiled a plan to <a href=\"https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/2020/03/27/coronavirus-rochester-ny-hospital-capacity-concerns-discused/2924672001/\">double its hospital capacity</a>. The plan includes hiring more clinicians, including doctors and nurses.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Genesee Valley Nurses Association, a professional organization for registered nurses in seven counties in the Rochester area, had not heard of any furloughs, said Nancy Iafrati, who is on the organization&rsquo;s board of directors.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, which operates medical centers in Buffalo, Batavia, and Canandaigua, are not furloughing nurses, and are looking to <a href=\"https://www.va.gov/opa/pressrel/pressrelease.cfm?id=5404\">re-hire VA nurses</a> who have retired, said Christina Mandreucci, press secretary for the department.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In Buffalo, major hospitals are hiring nurses, preparing for a surge of Covid-19 patients. Kaleida Health, which operates Buffalo General Medical Center and Millard Fillmore Suburban Hospital, among others health care facilities, said it is hiring nurses. So is Erie County Medical Center. Catholic Health, which operates hospitals in Buffalo and recently opened a facility solely dedicated to treating coronavirus patients, has posted <a href=\"https://jobs.chsbuffalo.org/\">&quot;a call to service&quot; </a>on its employment web page, seeking nurses, respiratory therapists and others.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>A statewide&nbsp;professional organization&nbsp;said it is aware of&nbsp;furloughs of nurse anesthetists in New York State, because elective procedures have been canceled in an effort to slow the spread of the virus.&nbsp;The organization has sent a survey to its members to find out how many of those furloughs have occurred,&nbsp;said Stephanie Grolemund, president of the New York State Association of Nurse Anesthetists.</p>\n\n<p>Elsewhere in the country, there have been reports of furloughed health care workers, either because of <a href=\"https://www.msnbc.com/all-in/watch/conn-gov-200-nurses-furloughed-due-to-lack-of-coronavirus-testing-danbury-hospital-at-capacity-80736325731\">exposure to the virus</a> or because the organizations they work for <a href=\"https://www.wbur.org/commonhealth/2020/03/27/doctors-nurses-mass-coronavirus-infections-pay-benefits\">depend on income from elective procedures</a> and office visits, which have been postponed in an effort to stop the spread of the virus.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>We couldn&rsquo;t find any evidence of furloughs of nurses in Western New York. On the contrary, hospitals in Buffalo and Rochester are hiring nurses and are preparing plans for an anticipated surge in patients.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate Dr. Adams&rsquo; statement False.&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p><a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/video/surgeon-general-jerome-adams-coronavirus-projections-based-on-worst-case-scenario/\">Video</a>, CBS This Morning, &quot;Surgeon General on virus pandemic scenarios,&quot; March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Jennifer Sherman, director of public affairs, Office of the Surgeon General, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Nancy Iafrati, Genesee Valley Nurses Association, March 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Veronica Chiesi Brown, public information officer, Rochester Regional Health, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Chip Partner, assistant vice president for communications, University of Rochester Medical Center, March 28, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Peter Cutler, vice president of communications and external affairs, Erie County Medical Center, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Statement, Cheryl Klass, chief nursing executive, Kaleida Health, March 27, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Democrat and Chronicle, article, <a href=\"https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/2020/03/27/coronavirus-rochester-ny-hospital-capacity-concerns-discused/2924672001/\">&quot;How the county plans to double its hospital capacity in the Rochester region,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>MSNBC, video, <a href=\"https://www.msnbc.com/all-in/watch/conn-gov-200-nurses-furloughed-due-to-lack-of-coronavirus-testing-danbury-hospital-at-capacity-80736325731\">&quot;Conn. gov.: 200 nurses furloughed due to lack of coronavirus testing, Danbury hospital at capacity,&quot;</a> March 16, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>WBUR, story, <a href=\"https://www.wbur.org/commonhealth/2020/03/27/doctors-nurses-mass-coronavirus-infections-pay-benefits\">&quot;Furloughs, Retirement Cuts and Less Pay Hit Mass. Doctors and Nurses as Covid-19 Spreads,&quot;</a> March 27, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Stephanie Grolemund, president, New York State Association of Nurse Anesthetists, March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Email interview, Christina Mandreucci, press secretary, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, March 30, 2020.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>"
        }
    ]
}