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    "count": 17978,
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        {
            "id": 18812,
            "slug": "stoney-makes-u-turn-national-search-new-richmond-p",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "levar-stoney",
                "full_name": "Levar Stoney",
                "first_name": "Levar",
                "last_name": "Stoney"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "On conducting a national search for a new Richmond police chief.",
            "ruling_slug": "full-flop",
            "publication_date": "2020-07-01T01:00:00-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>On June 16, Richmond Mayor Levar Stoney forced city Police Chief William Smith to resign and pledged a national search for a replacement who could improve community relations and &quot;reimagine&quot; the way police work.</p>\n\n<p>Ten days later, Stoney announced he hired Gerald Smith - the deputy police chief in Charlotte-Mecklenburg County, N.C. - to head Richmond&rsquo;s force. The fast turnaround has led some activists to accuse Stoney of breaking his pledge to conduct a thorough search for a chief while, at the same time, seeking community advice on how to reshape the police department.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Hearing that Mayor Levar Stoney is not fulfilling his promise or commitment to involve the public and the advocates that have been doing this work is not surprising to any of us,&quot; Chelsea Higgs Wise, a longtime activist with Richmond for All, told the Richmond Times-Dispatch in a June 28 article.&nbsp; &quot;It just shows that his choices are not one that are keeping the public in mind.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>We took a look on the Flip-O-Meter whether Stoney changed his position on conducting a national search.</p>\n\n<p><strong>The ousting</strong></p>\n\n<p>The controversy arose from the May 25 death of George Floyd, a black man, underneath the knee of a Minneapolis policeman. Protests spread across the nation and began in Richmond four days later, leading to vandalism, some looting, and clashes between the demonstrators and the city&rsquo;s police.</p>\n\n<p>A key moment came on June 1 when police sprayed tear gas into a peaceful group of protestors gathered at the statue of Robert E. Lee on Monument Ave. Stoney repeatedly apologized to an estimated 1,000 demonstrators who voiced outrage outside City Hall the next day. He promised to involve citizens in reforming the department.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>On June 16, Stoney announced he had requested and received the resignation of Chief William Smith. The mayor promised a painstaking search for a new chief who would bring change to the department and improved community relations.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;There is no timeline,&quot; <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=550666105814204&amp;ref=watch_permalink\">Stoney said</a>. &quot;We will do a national search, eventually. Right now, we have to do a number of things on our plate, right? A lot of police departments across the country have a lot on their plate and what we want to do is a national search.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>More immediately, Stoney said he&rsquo;d be setting up a citizens&rsquo; review board to give the community a voice in changing police policies - including use of force and dealing with people experiencing mental health crises.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Blackwell</strong></p>\n\n<p>In the meantime, Stoney named police Maj. William &quot;Jody&quot; Blackwell as interim chief, creating a new controversy. Blackwell fatally shot a man, Jeramy O. Gilliam, while on duty in 2002. Although a grand jury cleared Blackwell of wrongdoing, many residents,&nbsp; protestors and Gilliam&rsquo;s family were critical of his promotion to interim chief.</p>\n\n<p>Stoney said he was aware of the shooting when he appointed Blackwell.</p>\n\n<p><strong>The hiring</strong></p>\n\n<p>Ten days later, Stoney announced he hired a new chief. &quot;I talked to a number of candidates. Chief Gerald Smith was on the top,&quot; he said at a June 26 news conference. &quot;I think he&rsquo;s the sort of leadership we need at this time.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Reporters asked Stoney how the quick hiring squared with his pledge to have the community involved in reshaping the police department.&nbsp; &quot;I&rsquo;m still the mayor of the great City of Richmond and plan on being mayor of the great City of Richmond for the next five years - four years - and I will say that we all recognize what we need right now,&quot; he replied.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Stoney said the next day that he worked constantly on finding a new chief since the firing of the old one and the hiring of the new one, and he &quot;solicited the advice and the recommendations of policing leaders across the country.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>There&rsquo;s no doubt, however, that Stoney changed his national search plans.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>On June 28, the city ran an ad in the Times-Dispatch saying it was beginning a national search for a police chief that day, which was two days after Smith had been hired. The ad said the city would begin reviewing applications on July 26.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The job posting also debuted on the city government&rsquo;s employment site on June 28 - again, two days after it had been filled.</p>\n\n<p>It finally should be noted that while there is criticism of the process through which the new chief was hired, we have not heard complaints aimed at Gerald Smith or his qualifications for the job. He started in Richmond on July 1.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Also, we tried to reach Jim Nolan, Stoney&#39;s director of communications, for this story. He did not reply.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Our ruling</strong></p>\n\n<p>Stoney promised a deliberate, national search for a new police chief, then filled the job in 10 days - two days before the first advertisements appeared.</p>\n\n<p>We rate that a Full Flop.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Richmond Times-Dispatch, &quot;New police chief arrives less than two weeks after Mayor promises nationwide search,&quot; June 28, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Mayor Levar Stoney, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=550666105814204&amp;ref=watch_permalink\">News conference comments</a>, June 16, 2020 (19:15 mark).</p>\n\n<p>Stoney, News conference comments, June 26 and 27, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Times Dispatch, police chief ad on Page F-5, June 28, 2020.</p>\n\n<p>Richmond On-Line Staffing System, posting for police chief, June 28. 2020.</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18810,
            "slug": "did-donald-trump-lose-trade-war-he-started-joe-bid",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "joe-biden",
                "full_name": "Joe Biden",
                "first_name": "Joe",
                "last_name": "Biden"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "“Trump lost a trade war that he started.”",
            "ruling_slug": "mostly-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-30T17:37:58-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, minced no words in attacking President Donald Trump&rsquo;s trade policies in <a href=\"https://democrats.org/news/dnc-releases-new-television-ad-on-trumps-trade-record-in-pa-played/\">a recent ad</a>.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgE8l1GQb4k&amp;feature=youtu.be\">June 24 ad</a> focuses on China and features multiple images of Chinese President Xi Jinping. (The ad was produced by the Democratic National Committee with Biden&rsquo;s approval, and is targeted at Pennsylvania voters.) Here&rsquo;s the key narration:</p>\n\n<p style=\"margin-left: 36pt;\"><em>&quot;Trump said he&rsquo;d get tough on China. He didn&rsquo;t get tough &mdash; he got played. Trump lost a trade war that he started. Farmers bankrupted. Steel workers betrayed. And manufacturing, in a recession. Donald Trump lost.&quot;</em></p>\n\n<p>We checked with trade policy specialists, both those who are supportive of free trade and those who are more skeptical, and we found a general agreement that Biden&rsquo;s point was reasonable, though it may be too soon to declare an irreversible loss for Trump.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Because the ad focuses on China, we will limit our discussion here to Trump&rsquo;s policies on trade with China, as opposed to other countries. (The Trump campaign and the White House did not respond to inquiries for this article.)</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Did Trump start a trade war?</div>\n\n<p>Generally speaking, a trade war is &quot;a confrontation between two or more countries that involves one country initiating an increase in its tariff rate against another country, usually over that country&rsquo;s alleged wrongdoing,&quot; said Kent Jones, a professor of economics at Babson College. &quot;This sort of provocation typically leads to the other country retaliating with tariffs of its own. The warfare often continues with escalating tariffs on both sides.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>There&rsquo;s a good argument that Trump started a trade war, experts say.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It can fairly be said that Trump started the trade war with China by ignoring World Trade Association rules regarding disputes among members, which require both parties to submit to a review of the alleged wrongdoing by a WTO panel of legal experts before taking any unilateral action of their own,&quot; Jones said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The U.S. has complained for years about Chinese trade practices. For instance, &quot;the U.S. has complained over several presidential administrations about Chinese infringement of intellectual property rights,&quot; said Ross Burkhart, a Boise State University political scientist.</p>\n\n<p>However, even if China&rsquo;s action&rsquo;s were provocative, experts agree that Trump pushed the existing trade tensions between the two countries to the point of a trade war.</p>\n\n<p>For the United States, the typical mechanism is to invoke Section 301 of the 1974 Trade Act, which is used to punish trading partners deemed by the U.S. to be violating trade agreements or restricting U.S. commerce.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The Trump administration has <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/IF10708.pdf\">invoked</a> Section 301 tariff increases of 25% on several occasions starting in 2018. Collectively, the first four tranches of tariff increases were valued at $550 billion.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">How does a country win a trade war?</div>\n\n<p>&quot;Theoretically, if the country initiating the higher tariffs can get the other country to submit to its demands, change its behavior, or conclude a formal agreement to terms of capitulation, then one could say that a country has &lsquo;won&rsquo; the trade war,&quot; Jones said.</p>\n\n<p>But trade wars are difficult to win, experts agree. Typically, &quot;the only issue is who will lose the most,&quot; said Barry Bosworth, an economist at the Brookings Institution.</p>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s fair to say that China has not simply capitulated: It responded tit-for-tat to the U.S. tariff increases, including shifting its purchases of agricultural products to other countries.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Is there evidence that the U.S. is losing the trade war with China?</div>\n\n<p>It&rsquo;s possible to look at a few metrics to determine which side is winning this particular trade war. None of them look especially promising for the president.</p>\n\n<p>One is the <a href=\"https://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c5700.html\">balance of trade in goods between China and the United States</a>. Initially, the trade deficit got worse under Trump but has improved modestly in the past year. (The impact of the coronavirus will make it hard to gauge improvements going forward.) Still, the balance of trade remains solidly in China&rsquo;s favor.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Other metrics involve the U.S. manufacturing sector. In seeking to take on China, Trump had pledged to reverse the sector&rsquo;s decline. Here&rsquo;s a look at gross manufacturing output by quarter. Output grew during the first half of Trump&rsquo;s tenure but declined slightly during the second half.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Manufacturing employment showed a similar pattern under Trump, a rise followed by stagnation.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 3 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In all, the trade balance and the health of the manufacturing sector may have improved marginally. If that was the end of the story, Trump might be able to argue that he&rsquo;s made progress, even if it&rsquo;s short of Chinese capitulation.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But there are other significant downsides to Trump&rsquo;s trade policy, experts say.</p>\n\n<p>Most notably, the U.S. agriculture sector has been hit by retaliatory actions by China.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The U.S. Agriculture Department <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/02/20/china-could-purchase-much-less-us-farm-product-than-thought-new-usda-estimate-suggests/\">projected</a> in February 2020 that agricultural exports to China would reach $14 billion in the fiscal year ending Sept. 30. That would be an increase of $4 billion over the prior year, but well short of the $40 billion Trump had pledged a month earlier.</p>\n\n<p>Trump administration efforts to boost agricultural purchases were meant to reverse declines provoked by the U.S. tariffs in the first place. &quot;Did Trump gain leverage to secure a &lsquo;deal&rsquo; with China? Yes, he did. Is that deal any good? It&rsquo;s doubtful,&quot; said Scott Paul, president of the Alliance for American Manufacturing.</p>\n\n<p>The Trump administration has also paid compensation to farmers hurt by China&rsquo;s policies <a href=\"https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2019/12/31/790261705/farmers-got-billions-from-taxpayers-in-2019-and-hardly-anyone-objected\">worth at least $28 billion over two years</a>. Despite this compensation, farm bankruptcies hit an <a href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-farms-bankruptcy/us-farm-bankruptcies-hit-an-eight-year-high-court-data-idUSKBN1ZT2YE\">eight-year high</a> in 2019. And experts say that once the markets are lost, they <a href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-10-09/u-s-farms-face-long-term-losses-from-trump-trade-war-bcg-warns\">may be gone</a> for good.</p>\n\n<p>The harm was also spread more widely than just the farm sector.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>For starters, the money to compensate farmers comes from American taxpayers. Beyond that, the United States typically gets stuck with paying the tariffs it imposes, rather than China. Indeed, the impacts of the trade war filter throughout the economy.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;U.S. tariffs against Chinese manufactured imports disrupted U.S. supply chains, raising input costs to many U.S. firms that used these products,&quot; Jones said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><em><strong>RELATED: <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/may/14/donald-trump/does-china-mostly-pay-us-tariffs-rather-us-consume/\">Who pays for US tariffs on Chinese goods? You do</a></strong></em></p>\n\n<p>Independent observers have projected a net economic hit to the United States from the trade friction with China. A 2019 study by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development <a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/IF10708.pdf\">estimated</a> that the tariff hikes could cut U.S. and Chinese GDP by 0.9% and 1.1%, respectively, by 2021-22.</p>\n\n<p>In a December 2019 study, Federal Reserve <a href=\"https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/president-trumps-tariffs-hurt-us-manufacturers-fed-study/story?id=67987989\">researchers</a> <a href=\"https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/feds/files/2019086pap.pdf\">concluded</a> that Trump&#39;s tariffs &quot;have not boosted manufacturing employment or output, even as they increased producer prices.&quot; And the economic analysis firm Moody&#39;s concluded in September 2019 <a href=\"https://finance.yahoo.com/news/trumps-trade-war-has-killed-300000-jobs-194717808.html\">estimated</a> that the trade conflict with China has reduced U.S. employment by 300,000 jobs.</p>\n\n<p>A different Federal Reserve study from October 2019 <a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/news/trump-income-boost-claim-did-trump-administration-boost-incomes-by-7000/\">found</a> that tariffs on Chinese imports added about $800 annually per household, wiping out gains for the typical household under the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">What&rsquo;s the verdict on the trade war so far?</div>\n\n<p>Trade specialists told PolitiFact that it may be too soon to say that Trump has &quot;lost&quot; the trade war, as the pro-Biden ad said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It&rsquo;s too early to say he &lsquo;lost,&rsquo; but he obviously hasn&#39;t &lsquo;won&rsquo; in the sense of getting meaningful, durable, market concessions greater than what he has given in return,&quot; said I.M. (Mac) Destler, an emeritus professor at the University of Maryland&#39;s Center for International Security Studies. &quot;It isn&#39;t over yet, but he seems on track to lose.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Experts added that Trump&rsquo;s approach has worsened the odds of success by not going through the World Trade Organization.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The U.S. has lost its reputation as a reliable participant in the international economic order,&quot; Bosworth said.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>The ad approved by Biden said, &quot;Trump lost a trade war that he started.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>Longstanding Chinese trade policies may have provoked Trump into acting, but by moving first to impose tariffs, Trump at the very least escalated existing trade tensions into a trade war.</p>\n\n<p>And while it may be premature to say that Trump has &quot;lost&quot; the conflict, we found wide agreement among trade experts that he is losing. He has not succeeded in getting China to capitulate to structural demands. He&rsquo;s made marginal gains in the U.S.-China trade balance and in U.S. manufacturing output. But those have been undercut by significant retaliatory tariffs for the agriculture sector and wider harm to the economy from higher prices, supply chain disruptions, and slower economic growth.</p>\n\n<p>We rate the statement Mostly True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Democratic National Committee, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgE8l1GQb4k&amp;feature=youtu.be\">ad on behalf of Joe Biden</a>, June 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Census Bureau, <a href=\"https://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c5700.html\">balance of trade in goods with China</a>, accessed June 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Congressional Research Service, &quot;<a href=\"https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/IF10708.pdf\">Enforcing U.S. Trade Laws: Section 301 and China</a>,&quot; June 26, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Federal Reserve Board, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/feds/files/2019086pap.pdf\">Disentangling the Effects of the 2018-2019 Tariffs on a Globally Connected U.S. Manufacturing Sector</a>,&quot; December 2019</p>\n\n<p>Daniel Mitchell, &quot;<a href=\"https://danieljmitchell.wordpress.com/2019/03/18/understanding-the-trade-deficit/\">Understanding the Trade Deficit</a>,&quot; March 18, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Washington Post, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/02/20/china-could-purchase-much-less-us-farm-product-than-thought-new-usda-estimate-suggests/\">China could purchase much less U.S. farm product than thought, new USDA estimate suggests</a>,&quot; Feb. 20, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Reuters, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-farms-bankruptcy/us-farm-bankruptcies-hit-an-eight-year-high-court-data-idUSKBN1ZT2YE\">U.S. farm bankruptcies hit an eight-year high: court data</a>,&quot; Jan. 30, 2020</p>\n\n<p>ABC News, &quot;<a href=\"https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/president-trumps-tariffs-hurt-us-manufacturers-fed-study/story?id=67987989\">President Trump&#39;s tariffs have hurt US manufacturers, Fed study says</a>,&quot; Dec. 30, 2019</p>\n\n<p>CBS News, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.cbsnews.com/news/trump-income-boost-claim-did-trump-administration-boost-incomes-by-7000/\">Is Trump right that Americans&#39; incomes have risen $7,000 since he took office?</a>&quot; Oct. 24, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Bloomberg, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-10-09/u-s-farms-face-long-term-losses-from-trump-trade-war-bcg-warns\">U.S. Farms Face Long-Term Losses From Trump Trade War, BCG Warns</a>,&quot; Oct. 9, 2019</p>\n\n<p>NPR, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2019/12/31/790261705/farmers-got-billions-from-taxpayers-in-2019-and-hardly-anyone-objected\">Farmers Got Billions From Taxpayers In 2019, And Hardly Anyone Objected</a>,&quot; Dec. 31, 2019</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/may/14/donald-trump/does-china-mostly-pay-us-tariffs-rather-us-consume/\">Who pays for US tariffs on Chinese goods? You do</a>,&quot; May 14, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Dean Baker, co-founder of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, June 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Daniel Mitchell, free-market economist, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Kent Jones, professor of economics at Babson College, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Ross Burkhart, Boise State University political scientist, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with&nbsp; I.M. (Mac) Destler, emeritus professor at the University of Maryland&#39;s Center for International Security Studies, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Scott Paul, president of the Alliance for American Manufacturing, June 26, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Barry Bosworth, economist at the Brookings Institution, June 26, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18809,
            "slug": "image-toddler-kkk-garb-isnt-georgia-gov-brian-kemp",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Old photo shows Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp and his mother wearing KKK garb.",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-30T16:18:03-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp is not the toddler photographed wearing a Ku Klux Klan outfit with his mother.</p>\n\n<p>But some posts on Facebook are sharing an old photo that says this is the case.</p>\n\n<p>The black-and-white image shows a young boy and a woman wearing KKK attire and displays text that says, &quot;Just so you know this is Governor Kemp and his Mother.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\"> our partnership with Facebook</a>.)&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>There is no evidence the image shows Georgia&rsquo;s current governor, or his mother.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.co.nz/detail/news-photo/this-unidentified-klan-woman-gets-her-son-dressed-up-real-news-photo/515457292?adppopup=true\">original photograph</a> appears on Getty Images with a caption that notes that the identities of the woman and child are unknown.</p>\n\n<p>Getty notes that the image was created on April 27, 1956. Brian Kemp wasn&rsquo;t born until Nov. 2, 1963, so it&rsquo;s not possible that he could be the boy pictured.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this miscaptioned photo Pants on Fire!</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://archive.is/W5B5P\">post</a>, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Getty Images, <a href=\"https://www.gettyimages.co.nz/detail/news-photo/this-unidentified-klan-woman-gets-her-son-dressed-up-real-news-photo/515457292?adppopup=true\">Woman Dressing her Son in KKK Attire</a>, April 27, 1956</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18806,
            "slug": "no-evidence-nancy-pelosi-made-millions-insider-cor",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "nancy-pelosi",
                    "full_name": "Nancy Pelosi",
                    "first_name": "Nancy",
                    "last_name": "Pelosi"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Nancy Pelosi “made millions in coronavirus insider trading.”",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-30T15:16:27-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Did House Speaker Nancy Pelosi get rich off the coronavirus pandemic through insider trading?</p>\n\n<p>That is, did the California Democrat improperly use confidential information, gained by virtue of being the government&rsquo;s third-highest elected official, to make a killing in the stock market?</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s the claim of an <a href=\"https://independentcitizen.com/pelosi-made-millions-in-coronavirus-insider-trading/?fbclid=IwAR24YudVlTVazniRdaMsS-xPv1RitesS1UHObm9QOLELLM5UVIkCLpOQJCw\">article</a> widely shared on Facebook.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Pelosi made millions in coronavirus insider trading,&quot; the headline reads.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>The claim we&rsquo;re checking here misstates the timeline for the stock trades in question and overstates the investment gains. While Pelosi&rsquo;s husband bought stock that later increased in value, it was nearly two weeks before House members were briefed about the COVID-19 outbreak.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">What is insider trading?</div>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2016/nov/05/deborah-ross/deborah-ross-says-richard-burr-voted-against-ban-i/\">Insider trading</a> is when someone uses non-public information to profit from the sale or purchase of a stock. Depending on the circumstances, it can be <a href=\"https://www.sec.gov/answers/insider.htm\">legal or illegal</a>.</p>\n\n<p>Insider trading by members of Congress is a special concern for regulators because lawmakers often have privileged access to nonpublic briefings and investigative information that could affect individual companies or industries.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In 2011, &quot;60 Minutes&quot; reported on a transaction by Pelosi&rsquo;s husband, Paul, involving 5,000 shares of Visa that he bought in the credit card company&rsquo;s 2008 initial public offering. Within two days of the IPO, as Congress was considering new credit card regulations, Visa&rsquo;s stock price rose by $20, or about 45%.</p>\n\n<p>Five months later, Congress passed the bipartisan Stop Trading On Congressional Knowledge <a href=\"https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/s2038/summary#libraryofcongress\">(STOCK) Act</a>, which prohibits lawmakers from using their insider knowledge to trade stocks. Republicans added the so-called Pelosi <a href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-insidertrading/house-insider-trading-bill-takes-dig-at-pelosi-idUSTRE81700720120208\">provision</a> to prevent government officials from gaining special access to IPOs.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This year, news reports <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/03/20/richard-burrs-kelly-loefflers-suspiciously-well-timed-stock-trades-during-coronavirus-examined/\">revealed</a> that two GOP senators, Richard Burr of North Carolina and Kelly Loeffler of Georgia, dumped between hundreds of thousands and millions of dollars worth of stock after being privately briefed by health officials early in the coronavirus outbreak, prompting a federal investigation and <a href=\"https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3570314\">a call</a> for more reforms. <a href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/26/us/politics/senators-stock-trades-investigation.html\">News</a> <a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/legal-issues/justice-dept-ends-coronavirus-insider-trading-investigations-into-us-sens-loeffler-inhofe-and-feinstein/2020/05/26/5e59b9a4-9f8b-11ea-b5c9-570a91917d8d_story.html\">reports</a> on May 26 said the Justice Department notified Loeffler, as well as Sens. Jim Inhofe, R-Okla., and Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., it would not file insider trading charges against them. But the investigation against Burr appeared to be proceeding.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Paul Pelosi buying Amazon stock</div>\n\n<p>The article we&rsquo;re checking is from IndependentCitizen.com, which describes itself as &quot;a daily journal of news and opinion for free citizens wishing to defend their liberty&quot; based in Liberty, Va. Information about the domain&rsquo;s owner is not disclosed on public <a href=\"https://www.whois.com/whois/independentcitizen.com\">databases</a>, but it at one point featured a podcast by longtime Libertarian <a href=\"https://www.businessinsider.com/austin-petersen-missouri-senate-claire-mccaskill-trump-ar-15-2017-10\">Austin Petersen</a>, who ran for president in 2016. The article alleges that &quot;recent reports show that on Jan. 17, Pelosi and her husband bought millions of dollars in Amazon stocks, soon after she began receiving briefings about the coronavirus pandemic&rsquo;s impact on the United States.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The article, published April 2, notes that Amazon&rsquo;s business increased as many Americans opted to shop online&nbsp; &mdash; and claims without evidence that the Pelosis earned nearly $2 million in 10 weeks.</p>\n\n<p>An <a href=\"https://truepundit.com/after-congressional-coronavirus-meetings-pelosi-bought-5-million-n-amazon-stock-before-u-s-retailers-were-forced-to-close-and-she-already-made-millions/\">article</a> published April 1 by True Pundit, a conservative website, claimed that because Amazon&rsquo;s stock price reached close to $2,000 on March 31, the Paul Pelosi stock purchase had earned the Pelosis $1.1 million in 10 weeks.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Nancy Pelosi&rsquo;s disclosure</div>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/feb/03/facebook-posts/no-nancy-pelosis-net-worth-not-196-million/\">Paul Pelosi</a> has been a prominent businessman in real estate and venture capital for decades.</p>\n\n<p>Pelosi spokesman Drew Hammill told PolitiFact that Pelosi did not receive a briefing on the coronavirus until one was given to House members on Jan. 29.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>That roughly corresponds with a <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/21/coronavirus-trading-house-senate-140260\">report</a> from Politico that says lawmakers in the House and Senate were briefed via both classified and non-classified meetings about the coronavirus in late January and February.</p>\n\n<p>But Paul Pelosi made his stock purchase a couple of weeks earlier &mdash; on Jan. 16.</p>\n\n<p>Hammill said that Nancy Pelosi herself owns no stock. Still, she is required to disclose her husband&rsquo;s transactions.</p>\n\n<p>Nancy Pelosi disclosed in a <a href=\"http://clerk.house.gov/public_disc/ptr-pdfs/2020/20015042.pdf\">report</a> that on Jan. 16, Paul Pelosi bought 3,000 shares of Amazon stock, as well as 5,000 shares of Facebook stock.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Amazon shares <a href=\"https://www.nasdaq.com/market-activity/stocks/amzn\">traded as low</a> as $1,866.02 a share on that day. Paul Pelosi bought his shares for $1,600 apiece by exercising&nbsp; call options that he already held. Call options are contracts that allow an investor to buy a specific stock at a certain price up to a certain date. The options would have expired the next day, according to Pelosi&rsquo;s disclosure form.</p>\n\n<p>Over the next few months, Amazon shares moved up and down roughly in tandem with the overall stock market, falling as low as $1,626.03 on March 16, as news of the pandemic-related shutdowns battered stocks. By late June, they were trading at nearly $2,800 a share, with gains far outpacing the broader market.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Pelosi&rsquo;s disclosure says her husband exercised options to buy 3,000 shares at $1,600 &mdash; a $4.8 million investment.</p>\n\n<p>Ten weeks later, on March 26, Amazon&rsquo;s closing price was <a href=\"https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/AMZN/history/\">$1,955</a>. Pelosi&rsquo;s shares would have been worth $5.9 million.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s a paper profit of $1.1 million. Actual profit, minus the cost of the call options and other expenses, would not be realized until a stock is sold.</p>\n\n<p>Pelosi&rsquo;s Facebook investment, for which he paid $720,000, was worth about $100,000 more on March 26.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>An article widely shared on Facebook claimed Nancy Pelosi &quot;made millions in coronavirus insider trading&quot; over the course of 10 weeks.</p>\n\n<p>Her husband, Paul Pelosi, used call options to purchase Amazon stock, and investment that gained about $1.1 million in 10 weeks. The gain on his Facebook investment was about $100,000. But those are paper gains, not actual earnings.</p>\n\n<p>Moreover, Paul Pelosi made his purchase roughly two weeks before House members were briefed about the coronavirus outbreak.</p>\n\n<p>Lacking any evidence that Nancy Pelosi received inside information about the coronavirus prior to Jan. 29, we rate the statement False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>IndependentCitizen.com, <a href=\"https://independentcitizen.com/pelosi-made-millions-in-coronavirus-insider-trading/?fbclid=IwAR24YudVlTVazniRdaMsS-xPv1RitesS1UHObm9QOLELLM5UVIkCLpOQJCw\">&quot;Pelosi made millions in Coronavirus insider trading,&quot;</a> April 2, 2020 (archived <a href=\"http://archive.is/Qd3bQ\">here</a>)</p>\n\n<p>Email, Nancy Pelosi spokesman Drew Hammill, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Barron&rsquo;s, <a href=\"https://newsfilter.io/articles/nancy-pelosis-husband-scooped-up-amazon-facebook-stock-5bd0c24fff707307933ee017f13cc1c2\">&quot;Nancy Pelosi&rsquo;s Husband Scooped Up Amazon, Facebook Stock,&quot;</a> Feb. 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Politico, <a href=\"https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/21/coronavirus-trading-house-senate-140260\">&quot;House members, Senate aides traded stocks in early days of coronavirus,&quot;</a> March 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Clerk of the House, <a href=\"http://clerk.house.gov/public_disc/ptr-pdfs/2020/20015042.pdf\">Nancy Pelosi Periodic Transaction</a> Report, Feb. 11, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Yahoo Finance, <a href=\"https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/AMZN/history/\">Amazon stock price</a>, March 31, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Business Insider, <a href=\"https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/nancy-pelosi-husband-bought-amazon-facebook-shares-stock-senator-investments-2020-2-1028900178\">&quot;Nancy Pelosi discloses her husband spent $5.52 million on Amazon, Facebook stock,&quot;</a> Feb. 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2016/nov/05/deborah-ross/deborah-ross-says-richard-burr-voted-against-ban-i/\">&quot;Deborah Ross says Richard Burr voted against a ban on insider trading in Congress, called it brave,&quot;</a> Nov. 5, 2016</p>\n\n<p>U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, <a href=\"https://www.investor.gov/introduction-investing/investing-basics/glossary/insider-trading\">&quot;Insider trading,&quot;</a> accessed June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email, Gregory H. Shill, associate professor of law, University of Iowa College of Law, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>True Pundit, <a href=\"https://truepundit.com/after-congressional-coronavirus-meetings-pelosi-bought-5-million-n-amazon-stock-before-u-s-retailers-were-forced-to-close-and-she-already-made-millions/\">&quot;After Congressional Coronavirus Meetings, Pelosi Bought $5 Million in Amazon Stock Before U.S. Retailers Were Forced to Close; And She Already Made Millions,&quot;</a> April 1, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18808,
            "slug": "photo-kurt-russell-and-goldie-hawn-wearing-trump-t",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Say Kurt Russell and Goldie Hawn support Trump by wearing t-shirt",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-30T14:34:02-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>An old image showing Kurt Russell and Goldie Hawn wearing t-shirts with President Donald Trump&rsquo;s name and face on them, with a post claiming that the two Hollywood stars are big Trump supporters, has resurfaced yet again.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The July 27, 2016, Facebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10208246651302712&amp;set=a.10200293042707468&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> shows a photo of the two walking arm in arm, with Russell wearing a shirt that says &quot;I&rsquo;ve jihad it.&quot; Under the slogan on the shirt is an image of Trump shooting a gun and the word &quot;ISIS&quot; inside a circle-backslash symbol, referring to the Islamic State militant group. Hawn&rsquo;s shirt says &quot;Trump 2016.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership with Facebook</a>.)</p>\n\n<p>A reverse search of the image shows it to be doctored, and PolitiFact previously <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/nov/06/blog-posting/photo-kurt-russell-trump-t-shirt-doctored/\">reported</a> on this same photo in November 2018, rating it Pants on Fire.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The original photo was taken in September 2015, while the two actors were walking in Los Angeles, according to an <a href=\"https://www.popsugar.com/celebrity/Kurt-Russell-Goldie-Hawn-Walking-LA-Pictures-38375497\">article from PopSugar.</a> The photo with that article, credited to Getty/Bauer-Griffin, shows Hawn wearing a blank shirt and Russell&rsquo;s shirt with just a small business logo.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The altered version previously surfaced on social media during Trump&rsquo;s 2016 presidential campaign. Around the same time, another Facebook post falsely attributed a tweet praising Trump to Russell, and our reporters <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/nov/06/blog-posting/no-kurt-russell-did-not-tweet-trump-relentless-ded/\">rated</a> it Pants on Fire.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling&nbsp;</div>\n\n<p>A photo posted to Facebook shows Kurt Russell and Goldie Hawn walking arm in arm wearing Trump t-shirts. A reverse image search found the photo to be doctored. We rate this Pants on Fire.&nbsp;</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook post, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10208246651302712&amp;set=a.10200293042707468&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">photo showing Kurt Russell and Goldie Hawn</a>, July 27, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/nov/06/blog-posting/photo-kurt-russell-trump-t-shirt-doctored/\">Photo of Kurt Russell in Trump T-shirt is doctored</a>, Nov. 6, 2018</p>\n\n<p>PopSugar, <a href=\"https://www.popsugar.com/celebrity/Kurt-Russell-Goldie-Hawn-Walking-LA-Pictures-38375497\">Kurt Russell and Goldie Hawn Show Us All What True Love Looks Like</a>, Sept. 12, 2015</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2018/nov/06/blog-posting/no-kurt-russell-did-not-tweet-trump-relentless-ded/\">No, Kurt Russell did not Tweet that Trump is &lsquo;relentless,&rsquo; &lsquo;dedicated,&rsquo; &lsquo;determined&rsquo; and &lsquo;brave,&rsquo;</a> Nov. 6, 2018&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Snopes, <a href=\"https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/goldie-hawn-kurt-russell-trump/\">Is This a Photograph of Goldie Hawn and Kurt Russell in Donald Trump Campaign Shirts?</a>, May 9, 2016&nbsp;</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18796,
            "slug": "vos-mostly-right-claim-wisconsin-was-last-state-pa",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "robin-vos",
                "full_name": "Robin Vos",
                "first_name": "Robin",
                "last_name": "Vos"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Wisconsin was the last state to start paying COVID-related federal unemployment benefits.",
            "ruling_slug": "mostly-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-30T09:32:28-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Unemployment payments have been a big point of concern in Wisconsin since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Hundreds of thousands of Wisconsinites were laid off or furloughed due to the health crisis, putting intense pressure on the state&rsquo;s unemployment insurance system. And since March 2020, a backlog of unpaid unemployment claims has led to Wisconsinites facing difficult choices when it comes to paying rent, car payments and other bills.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>As people wait -- some for more than three months -- Republican lawmakers and others have criticized the state Department of Workforce Development, the agency responsible for paying unemployment benefits.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Assembly Speaker Robin Vos, R-Rochester, is one of them.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In a June 9, 2020 Facebook post, Vos included an image that listed all 50 states with <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10223279411962199&amp;set=a.1538273625401&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">Wisconsin as the last one to start paying out federal unemployment compensation benefits under the CARES Act</a>, which was signed by President Donald Trump at the end of March.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In the image, Wisconsin is listed as starting to make federal PUC payments on April 29, 2020, just behind Connecticut, which is listed as starting its payments three days earlier.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>At the top: Illinois, listed as starting April 6, 2020 -- more than three weeks before Wisconsin.</p>\n\n<p>PUC stands for Pandemic Unemployment Compensation, though most may know this as the extra payments -- generally $600 -- offered by the federal government.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Is Vos right, that Wisconsin residents were the last to get those payments?</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Wisconsin&rsquo;s unemployment slow down&nbsp;</div>\n\n<p>When asked for backup, Vos&rsquo; office provided a link to <a href=\"https://www.hamiltonproject.org/blog/incomes_have_crashed_how_much_has_unemployment_insurance_helped\">a study by the Hamilton Project</a>, part of the Brookings Institute, a Washington, D.C. nonprofit research group .</p>\n\n<p>That study is the genesis of the list Vos shared, and reflects the same results.</p>\n\n<p>The study -- and Vos&rsquo; list -- specifically focuses on the PUC payments, but there is another program to add to our alphabet soup: The PUA, or Pandemic Unemployment Assistance. Those payments are available to people who wouldn&rsquo;t normally qualify for unemployment.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>While Wisconsin was the final state to start making the PUC payments, the same study showed the state fared better on the PUA ones. The state began processing those applications April 21, 2020, with payments starting a week later -- much earlier than some states.</p>\n\n<p>On those payments, Nevada came in last, not processing applications until mid-May, according to the study. Wisconsin ranked nearer to the top of that list, with the earliest processing dates starting on April 13 in Alabama and Texas.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Ben Jedd, communications director for the state Department of Workforce Development, acknowledged the state was last to make the enhanced unemployment payments.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>He blamed the state&rsquo;s old computer system, as has Democratic Gov. Tony Evers. Jedd also said the delay was caused, in part, by the timing of action by Vos and other Republican Legislative leaders in scheduling a vote to suspend a one-week waiting period typically required for newly unemployed Wisconsinites.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In late May, Republican leaders in the Senate and Assembly <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/05/07/delay-passing-coronavirus-relief-bill-lost-wisconsin-25-m-feds/3089202001/\">didn&rsquo;t immediately schedule a floor session</a> to take up a package backed by Evers, which included waiving the waiting period. Instead, Republicans waited three weeks for the session, causing the state to miss out on $25 million from the CARES Act to help pay for unemployment benefits.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;The reason DWD was the last to pay FPUC is the length of time it took to program our COBOL software and the fact that we had to wait for the legislation repealing the waiting week to be passed to complete programming for that change before we could begin,&quot; Jedd said.</p>\n\n<p>He also noted Wisconsin fared better on the PUA program.</p>\n\n<p>But that program applies to far fewer people, and the image shared by Vos makes clear that the last-in-the-nation ranking applies to the PUC payments.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our rating</div>\n\n<p>Vos claimed Wisconsin was the last state to pay out COVID-related federal unemployment money.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>He is on target about that, but the claim fails to note two important factors: Delays by Republicans played a role in the poor showing by Wisconsin, and the state fared better when it came to payments from a related federal program.</p>\n\n<p>Our definition for Mostly True is &quot;The statement is accurate but needs clarification or additional information.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>That fits here.</p>\n\n<div>See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>Robin Vos, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10223279411962199&amp;set=a.1538273625401&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">Facebook</a>, June 9, 2020</p>\n\n<p>The Hamilton Project, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.hamiltonproject.org/blog/incomes_have_crashed_how_much_has_unemployment_insurance_helped\">Incomes have crashed. How much has unemployment insurance helped?</a>&quot; May 14, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email conversation with Ben Jedd, communications director for the Department of Workforce Development, June 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, &quot;<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/05/07/delay-passing-coronavirus-relief-bill-lost-wisconsin-25-m-feds/3089202001/\">Wisconsin lost out on $25M in federal funding because GOP lawmakers waited to pass coronavirus relief bill</a>,&quot; May 7, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18805,
            "slug": "joe-bidens-dubious-claim-about-revolutionary-war-c",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "joe-biden",
                "full_name": "Joe Biden",
                "first_name": "Joe",
                "last_name": "Biden"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "\"You weren't allowed to own a cannon during the Revolutionary War as an individual.\"",
            "ruling_slug": "false",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-29T17:27:58-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, recently sat for a <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGrB-5ieeMU\">video</a> with Wired, part of the magazine&rsquo;s series of interviews in which celebrities answer the most searched-for questions about themselves on the internet.</p>\n\n<p>One of the questions Biden addressed was, &quot;What is Joe Biden&rsquo;s stance on gun control?&quot; He proceeded to answer that he favors outlawing assault weapons.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;They have no rationale for being owned by individuals on the street,&quot; Biden said. &quot;They should be outlawed. &hellip; From the very beginning you weren&#39;t allowed to have certain weapons. You weren&#39;t allowed to own a cannon during the Revolutionary War as an individual.&quot;</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p><em>Screenshot from Biden&#39;s video</em></p>\n\n<p>A reader suggested we look at Biden&rsquo;s assertion on Revolutionary War cannons. The historians we reached out to were dubious.</p>\n\n<p>To confirm Biden&rsquo;s point, &quot;you would need to point to something &mdash; a law, or a tradition, or a case where someone was not allowed to possess a cannon,&quot; said University of Pennsylvania law professor Kermit Roosevelt.</p>\n\n<p>But the Biden campaign was unable to point to a specific law. &quot;The vice president&#39;s point is that to help end the tragic epidemic of mass shootings that is taking so many American lives, we need to ban weapons of war from our streets,&quot; the campaign told PolitiFact.</p>\n\n<p>Historians say they are doubtful that there were laws to bar individual ownership of cannons during the Revolutionary War period.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It seems highly unlikely that there were restrictions on the private ownership&quot; of cannons, said Julie Anne Sweet, a historian and director of military studies at Baylor University.</p>\n\n<p>David Kopel, the research director and Second Amendment project director at the free-market Independence Institute, agreed. &quot;I am not aware of a ban on any arm in colonial America,&quot; he said. &quot;There were controls on people or locations, but not bans on types of arms.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The legal framework in the colonies was haphazard during the Revolutionary War period.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;At that time, there was no United States, just a bunch of very confused former colonies trying to cooperate, and often failing, to defeat the British military,&quot; Sweet said. &quot;Any sort of gun regulations would have been at the local level, and therefore incredibly difficult and tedious to chase down. The new states were still writing new constitutions and probably did not take this matter into consideration.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>There is at least one group of private citizens that owned cannons during the period: privateers.</p>\n\n<p>Privateers were privately owned and operated ships that in wartime captured enemy ships for profit. While privateers received a license from the government that allowed them to avoid being prosecuted for piracy, they were not a part of the official navy. So any cannons they set sail with (or that they seized from the enemy) would be private property, not the property of the government or the regular military.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"https://books.google.com/books/about/A_History_of_American_Privateers.html?id=MbMrm2jJzPIC\">1899 book</a> &quot;A History of American Privateers&quot; by Edgar Stanton Maclay notes several cases in which privateers during the Revolutionary War set sail using cannons.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>Biden said, &quot;You weren&#39;t allowed to own a cannon during the Revolutionary War as an individual.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The campaign was unable to come up with an example of a law banning private ownership of cannons, and historians of the period doubt that any existed. To the contrary, there are documented instances of privateers, or privately owned vessels, setting sail with cannons during the period.</p>\n\n<p>We rate the statement False.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Joe Biden, <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGrB-5ieeMU\">video</a> for Wired magazine, May 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Edgar Stanton Maclay, &quot;<a href=\"https://books.google.com/books/about/A_History_of_American_Privateers.html?id=MbMrm2jJzPIC\">A History of American Privateers</a>,&quot; 1899</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Saul Cornell, professor of history at Fordham University, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Dennis Baron, professor of English and linguistics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Kermit Roosevelt, law professor at the University of Pennsylvania, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with David Kopel, research director and Second Amendment project director at the Independence Institute, June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Julie Anne Sweet, historian and director of military studies at Baylor University, June 29, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18804,
            "slug": "claim-tony-evers-ordered-us-flag-removed-ridiculou",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Gov. Tony Evers “removed the American flag from the Capitol building”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-29T16:56:55-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>When protesters gathered at the state Capitol in April to call for Gov. Tony Evers to reopen the state, the lack of an American flag at their chosen location became a point of contention.</p>\n\n<p>The Associated Press<a href=\"https://twitter.com/sbauerAP/status/1253761766787555335\"> reported chants</a> of &quot;Where&rsquo;s our flag?&quot; and protesters calling it a &quot;disgrace.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>A similar claim surfaced in a viral Facebook post on&nbsp;<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=581827499191060&amp;set=a.106986493341832&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">June 12, 2020</a>.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Wisconsin Democrat Governor Evers removed the American flag from the Capitol building by ordering it to be taken down! This is beyond disgraceful!&quot; the post said.</p>\n\n<p>The text accompanied an undated photo showing protesters outside the Capitol building, with an empty flagpole circled in red.</p>\n\n<p>This question is particularly notable since in the intervening time, Evers has ordered the Capitol fly the<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2020/06/07/pride-flag-raised-above-wisconsin-state-capitol-honor-pride-month/3169809001/\"> rainbow pride flag</a> for Pride Month (as he did in 2019) and the<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/06/17/juneteenth-flag-to-fly-over-wisconsin-capitol-for-first-time/3205779001/\"> Juneteenth flag</a> to commemorate the end of slavery.</p>\n\n<p>This post was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (<a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">Read more about our partnership with Facebook</a>).</p>\n\n<p>So did Evers really order the American flag removed at some point?</p>\n\n<p>Answering that means figuring out where and when this picture was taken. Let&rsquo;s get to sleuthing.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Tracking down the setting</div>\n\n<p>The Wisconsin Capitol building in Madison &mdash;<a href=\"https://capitol100th.wisconsin.gov/\"> completed in 1917</a> &mdash; is a symmetrical structure with a similar fa&ccedil;ade of pillars and windows facing north, south, east and west. The peak of each entry has a flagpole.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 3 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<p>So the first question is which flagpole we&rsquo;re talking about.</p>\n\n<p>A review of photos from Google Maps shows the picture in question was taken at the West (State Street) entrance. That entrance has<a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0747288,-89.3855684,3a,57.3y,351.01h,104.76t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipMbGmHgfz11GbAY4QeydwHy4uubEepTD-NquyF_!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipMbGmHgfz11GbAY4QeydwHy4uubEepTD-NquyF_%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi2.678689-ya6.019879-ro-1.6883943-fo100!7i5472!8i2736\"> two rows of windows</a>, with arched windows at the top. The<a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0736596,-89.3842137,3a,75y,354.5h,91.8t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipP_cbdde0fOcOH-0H-pmAQwOK4S9ww-_rET5SH5!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipP_cbdde0fOcOH-0H-pmAQwOK4S9ww-_rET5SH5%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi-1.9347867-ya124.47381-ro-0.11521453-fo100!7i5472!8i2736\"> other</a><a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0747223,-89.3824997,3a,90y,2.43h,94.71t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipNA5X3LICQqDzL1sYXrp7z1SEEjJPyjxgaq3AlV!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipNA5X3LICQqDzL1sYXrp7z1SEEjJPyjxgaq3AlV%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi-0-ya171.11745-ro-0-fo100!7i5472!8i2736\"> three</a><a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0758215,-89.38414,3a,75y,175.39h,95.16t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipP1184EBTe9minUFdClvECBifDw240jV0LobAIE!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipP1184EBTe9minUFdClvECBifDw240jV0LobAIE%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi0-ya18.876432-ro-0-fo100!7i13000!8i6500\"> entrances</a> each have three rows, with a smaller row atop the arched windows.</p>\n\n<p>The west wing of the Capitol houses the state Assembly, so that body is in charge of which flag flies when. The Assembly policy &mdash; like the state Senate &mdash; is to fly the American flag, but only when the body is in session.</p>\n\n<p>The other element is when this photo was taken, since it&rsquo;s undated in the Facebook post.</p>\n\n<p>The most notable recent rally there occurred April 24, 2020, when protesters gathered to pressure Evers into reopening the state amid the coronavirus pandemic. The lone readable sign in the image &mdash; SCIENCE says &quot;OPEN WISCONSIN!&quot; &mdash; gives us the key clue here.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s certainly consistent with a reopen rally. But more importantly, that same sign can be seen in a<a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/04/24/thousands-expected-gather-state-capitol-protest-restrictions-risking-their-health/3018529001/\"> Milwaukee Journal Sentinel photo</a> of the event.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 2 on PolitiFact.com</div>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Putting it together</div>\n\n<p>So we have a picture from April 24 on the west wing of the Capitol.</p>\n\n<p>That&rsquo;s the Assembly flagpole, and since the Assembly<a href=\"https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2019/related/session_calendar/calendar\"> wasn&rsquo;t in session that day</a> (having adjourned the day before), not flying the American flag was standard operating procedure.</p>\n\n<p>The protesters could have seen the American flag in its usual spot alongside the Wisconsin flag if they had walked around to the east side of the Capitol.</p>\n\n<p>The governor has authority over that flagpole and the north wing pole that flies the POW-MIA flag. The state Senate controls the remaining south wing flagpole.</p>\n\n<p>So the Facebook post in question is not only wrong that Evers had authority over the flagpole in question, it goes a step further by claiming the U.S. flag was absent because of a specific order from the governor.</p>\n\n<p>Britt Cudabeck, a spokeswoman for Evers, confirmed the governor did not order any U.S. flag taken down. The U.S. and Wisconsin flags have flown daily on the east pole as usual.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post claims Evers ordered the U.S. flag removed from the state Capitol, posting as support a picture of an empty flagpole.</p>\n\n<p>Our research shows that photo was taken seven weeks before the Facebook post in front of the west&nbsp; wing of the Capitol, which is controlled by the state Assembly. The flag only flies when the Assembly is in session, and it wasn&rsquo;t that day.</p>\n\n<p>So the post is not only wrong, it moves into the realm of the ridiculous by manufacturing the assertion that Evers had specifically ordered the flag removed.</p>\n\n<p>We rate this claim Pants on Fire.</p>\n\n<div class=\"artembed\">See Figure 1 on PolitiFact.com</div>",
            "sources": "<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><a href=\"https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2019/related/session_calendar/calendar\">Facebook post</a>, June 12, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Google Maps, photos of the Wisconsin Capitol:<a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0758215,-89.38414,3a,75y,175.39h,95.16t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipP1184EBTe9minUFdClvECBifDw240jV0LobAIE!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipP1184EBTe9minUFdClvECBifDw240jV0LobAIE%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi0-ya18.876432-ro-0-fo100!7i13000!8i6500\"> North</a>,<a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0736596,-89.3842137,3a,75y,354.5h,91.8t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipP_cbdde0fOcOH-0H-pmAQwOK4S9ww-_rET5SH5!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipP_cbdde0fOcOH-0H-pmAQwOK4S9ww-_rET5SH5%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi-1.9347867-ya124.47381-ro-0.11521453-fo100!7i5472!8i2736\"> South</a>,<a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0747223,-89.3824997,3a,90y,2.43h,94.71t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipNA5X3LICQqDzL1sYXrp7z1SEEjJPyjxgaq3AlV!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipNA5X3LICQqDzL1sYXrp7z1SEEjJPyjxgaq3AlV%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi-0-ya171.11745-ro-0-fo100!7i5472!8i2736\"> East</a>,<a href=\"https://www.google.com/maps/@43.0747288,-89.3855684,3a,57.3y,351.01h,104.76t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipMbGmHgfz11GbAY4QeydwHy4uubEepTD-NquyF_!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipMbGmHgfz11GbAY4QeydwHy4uubEepTD-NquyF_%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi2.678689-ya6.019879-ro-1.6883943-fo100!7i5472!8i2736\"> West</a>, accessed June 29, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, <a href=\"https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2020/04/24/thousands-expected-gather-state-capitol-protest-restrictions-risking-their-health/3018529001/\">More than a thousand gather at Wisconsin State Capitol to protest restrictions as coronavirus cases rise (gallery, picture 34)</a>, April 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Wisconsin State Journal, <a href=\"https://madison.com/wsj/news/local/ask/just-ask-us/just-ask-us-does-old-glory-fly-only-when-gov-scott-walker-is-working-in/article_d11ee797-964c-57b2-ad32-fd664898f9a8.html\">Just Ask Us: Does Old Glory fly only when Gov. Scott Walker is working in the Capitol?</a>, May 29, 2017</p>\n\n<p>Scott Bauer,<a href=\"https://twitter.com/sbauerAP/status/1253761766787555335\"> twitter</a>, April 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Scott Bauer,<a href=\"https://twitter.com/sbauerAP/status/1253766698349576200\"> twitter</a>, April 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with Britt Cudabeck, spokeswoman for Gov. Tony Evers, June 29, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18802,
            "slug": "maines-plan-help-welfare-recipients-commute-work-f",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "facebook-posts",
                "full_name": "Facebook posts",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Facebook posts"
            },
            "targets": [],
            "statement": "Says Maine Gov. Janet Mills is “using taxpayer money to buy cars for those on welfare, without a public hearing on the rules. If someone on welfare sells the car for cash without the state’s approval, the rules don’t allow the state to prosecute them for car theft.”",
            "ruling_slug": "half-true",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-29T15:04:21-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>A widespread Facebook post blasts the Democratic governor of Maine for moving ahead with a program to help certain welfare recipients secure reliable transportation to and from work.</p>\n\n<p>The <a href=\"http://web.archive.org/web/20200624214927/https://www.facebook.com/MainePeopleBeforePolitics/photos/a.2282167105147616/3284757208221929/?type=3&amp;theater=\">June 17 post</a> says Gov. Janet Mills is putting tax dollars toward &quot;getting into the car sales business.&quot; It comes from <a href=\"https://www.mainepeoplebeforepolitics.com/the-mpbp-story/\">Maine People Before Politics</a>, a nonprofit research organization that lists former <a href=\"https://www.mainepeoplebeforepolitics.com/honorary-chairperson/\">Gov. Paul LePage</a>, Mills&rsquo; Republican predecessor, as its honorary chairperson.</p>\n\n<p>The Mills administration is &quot;using taxpayer money to buy cars for those on welfare, without a public hearing on the rules,&quot; the post says in all caps. &quot;If someone on welfare sells the car for cash without the state&rsquo;s approval, the rules don&rsquo;t allow the state to prosecute them for car theft.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The post is not fully accurate. It was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>The pilot <a href=\"http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/22/title22sec3769-F.pdf\">program</a>, <a href=\"http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/22/title22sec3769-F.html\">Working Cars for Working Families</a>, was authorized as part of a <a href=\"http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/getPDF.asp?paper=HP0281&amp;item=57&amp;snum=128#page=827\">budget</a> passed by the state Legislature and signed by LePage in 2017. LePage never moved forward with it, despite the budget&rsquo;s specification that rules be adopted in the 2017-18 state fiscal year.</p>\n\n<p>The program is meant to provide affordable transportation to people who receive benefits from the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program or certain other programs. The goal is to help them travel to and from work so that they can hold onto a stable job.</p>\n\n<p>Maine People Before Politics gets many details about the program right in its Facebook post, which is several paragraphs long. But its all-caps, top-line description gives the impression that the Mills administration is ramming through rules for a new initiative, and that the initiative will give welfare recipients free cars they can easily sell for a quick buck. That&rsquo;s misleading.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">What the program will do</div>\n\n<p>According to the <a href=\"http://www.maine.gov/tools/whatsnew/attach.php?id=2632483&amp;an=2\">proposed rules</a> for the program, the state Department of Health and Human Services will work to connect eligible, low-income Mainers with transportation to and from work.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The rules were posted June 3, and the department is <a href=\"https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/ofi/about-us/rules/proposed#anchor2632483\">accepting public comments</a> through July 5. Department spokesperson Jackie Farwell said the program will likely kick in by the fall.</p>\n\n<p>The rules say that under the program, the department can furnish &quot;purchased or donated vehicles to participants&quot; or connect them to public transportation, private transportation, car shares, ride services, shuttle services or driving instruction and education.</p>\n\n<p>Funding for the program is capped at $6 million and comes from a federal TANF block grant, so federal tax money is involved.</p>\n\n<p>There are several rules that determine eligibility and how the program will operate if a person qualifies for a car.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>In addition to meeting financial eligibility requirements, for example, applicants must prove they have &quot;a reasonable likelihood of obtaining or retaining sustainable employment by participating,&quot; meaning they have a job, have one lined up or are likely to get one soon.</p>\n\n<p>Applicants must also show that they lack the transportation that they need to hold the job. They can&rsquo;t qualify if they own a functioning vehicle, live with an adult who owns one or have access to public transportation.</p>\n\n<p>People who get a car through the program must commit to using it primarily to commute to work and agree that they won&rsquo;t sell or trade it, allow other household members to drive it or break any laws while using it. They must keep it in good condition and conduct routine maintenance.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">The state isn&rsquo;t covering the full cost of the cars</div>\n\n<p>The Maine People Before Politics post&rsquo;s claim that Mills is &quot;using taxpayer money to buy cars for those on welfare&quot; could be misleading, said Chris Hastedt, a senior policy adviser at the nonprofit <a href=\"https://maineequaljustice.org/about-us/\">Maine Equal Justice</a>, a legal aid and economic justice organization.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;These cars are not &lsquo;free,&rsquo; despite the implication,&quot; Hastedt said. &quot;In fact, it is the participants themselves that are buying the cars.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The program as proposed requires people receiving cars to make a $300 down payment and pay the Department of Health and Human Services a $100 monthly installment for two years. The Maine People Before Politics post notes this in a later paragraph.</p>\n\n<p>Participants must also be able to &quot;pay all expenses associated with owning the vehicle,&quot; including insurance, taxes and costs needed to ensure the car passes inspection.</p>\n\n<p>After 24 months of payments, those who have satisfied all requirements can graduate from the program and keep the cars.</p>\n\n<p>Julie Rabinowitz, director of policy and communication at Maine People Before Politics, said the state could wind up eating costs, because the rules don&rsquo;t put a price cap on the cars provided.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Under these rules, a person could end up owning a $10,000 &mdash; or even $30,000-plus &mdash; car for a total of $2,700 in two years if they are working,&quot; Rabinowitz said.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">There was a public hearing in 2017, and there could be another</div>\n\n<p>The Facebook post also suggests that the program is being introduced suddenly and with no accountability in the form of a public hearing.</p>\n\n<p>In reality, the program was passed in the 2017 biennial budget after having <a href=\"http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/getPDF.asp?paper=HP1014&amp;item=1&amp;snum=128#page=9\">first been introduced</a> as part of a broad bill that was aimed at reducing child poverty in Maine but <a href=\"http://legislature.maine.gov/LawMakerWeb/summary.asp?ID=280064891\">never passed</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The original text of the failed bill noted that the period between 2017 and 2022 was meant to be a &quot;pilot period,&quot; Hastedt said. The version passed in the budget said it would end in July 2022.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;It&rsquo;s a pilot program,&quot; Farwell said, adding that a report would be made to the Legislature in 2022.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>There is currently no public hearing scheduled, according to a <a href=\"http://www.maine.gov/tools/whatsnew/attach.php?id=2632483&amp;an=3\">notice</a> from the Department of Health and Human Services. But that doesn&rsquo;t mean there won&rsquo;t be one, Farwell said.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;A public hearing on the proposed rules would be held if requested by five interested persons,&quot; she said. There was a public hearing in 2017 for the broader, never-passed legislation related to child poverty, she said, and <a href=\"http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/display_ps.asp?ld=1475&amp;PID=1456&amp;snum=128#\">more than 50 people testified</a> as part of that hearing.</p>\n\n<p>One person <a href=\"http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/getTestimonyDoc.asp?id=79222\">testified</a> about a similar program after which Maine&rsquo;s was modeled, Hastedt said.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Is there a loophole for car theft?</div>\n\n<p>The Facebook post also claims that participants who sell their cars without authorization will not be charged with theft.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The rules say selling a state-furnished car will be punished as an &quot;intentional program violation,&quot; and that the seller must pay back a cost equal to the car&rsquo;s value at the time it was provided.</p>\n\n<p>Rabinowitz said such a sale would amount to &quot;stealing the full value of the car from the state,&quot; and trying to recover that value through the welfare system&rsquo;s rules would not be as effective as allowing for prosecution.</p>\n\n<p>But Hastedt told us intentional program violations actually &quot;can involve criminal prosecution for fraud, depending on the facts of the case.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The state Department of Health and Human Services &quot;intends to make referrals to law enforcement when appropriate,&quot; Farwell added.</p>\n\n<div class=\"pf_subheadline\">Our ruling</div>\n\n<p>A Facebook post said the Mills administration is &quot;using taxpayer money to buy cars for those on welfare, without a public hearing on the rules. If someone on welfare sells the car for cash without the state&rsquo;s approval, the rules don&rsquo;t allow the state to prosecute them for car theft.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The pilot program is rooted in a budget passed years ago and will be financed using a federal TANF block grant, meaning tax dollars are at play. Other details in the post&rsquo;s paragraphs-long description of the program are mostly accurate, as well.</p>\n\n<p>The program allows the state to furnish cars as one of the transportation aid options. But the cars are not totally free to those who get them, and participants who violate the terms of the program by selling their cars could still be referred to law enforcement.</p>\n\n<p>Plus, while there&rsquo;s no public hearing currently on the books for the state&rsquo;s proposed rules, public comment is being accepted through July 5, and a hearing could still take place if enough people request it. There was also a public hearing in 2017, when the program was first introduced as part of a separate legislative package that didn&rsquo;t pass.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>We rate this post Half True.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook <a href=\"http://web.archive.org/web/20200624214927/https://www.facebook.com/MainePeopleBeforePolitics/photos/a.2282167105147616/3284757208221929/?type=3&amp;theater=\">post</a>, June 17, 2020</p>\n\n<p>State of Maine Department of Health and Human Services, <a href=\"https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/ofi/about-us/rules/proposed#anchor2632483\">Proposed Rulemaking</a>, <a href=\"http://www.maine.gov/tools/whatsnew/attach.php?id=2632483&amp;an=2\">&quot;Working Cars for Working Families,&quot;</a> June 3, 2020&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Maine Legislature, <a href=\"http://web.archive.org/web/20200625143014/http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/22/title22sec3769-F.html\">&quot;Section 3769-F</a> <a href=\"http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/22/title22sec3769-F.pdf\">Working Cars for Working Families Program,&quot;</a> accessed June 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Maine Examiner, <a href=\"https://maineexaminer.com/gov-mills-looks-to-ram-through-6m-welfare-program-to-buy-cars-lax-rules-criticized/\">&quot;Gov. Mills looks to ram through $6M welfare program to buy cars, lax rules criticized,&quot;</a> June 21, 2020</p>\n\n<p>WGAN on SoundCloud, <a href=\"https://soundcloud.com/newsradio-wgan/im-0620-4\">&quot;Julie Rabinowitz- Part 2,&quot;</a> June 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>State of Maine, <a href=\"http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/getPDF.asp?paper=HP0281&amp;item=57&amp;snum=128#page=827\">&quot;An Act Making Unified Appropriations and Allocations for the Expenditures of State Government, General Fund and Other Funds and Changing Certain Provisions of the Law Necessary to the Proper Operations of State Government for the Fiscal Years Ending June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2019,&quot;</a> July 4, 2017</p>\n\n<p>128th Maine Legislature, First Regular Session, <a href=\"http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/display_ps.asp?ld=1475&amp;PID=1456&amp;snum=128#\">&quot;An Act To Reduce Child Poverty by Leveraging Investments in Families Today,&quot;</a> 2017</p>\n\n<p>Email exchange with <a href=\"https://www.bowdoin.edu/profiles/faculty/jfitzger/index.html\">John Fitzgerald</a>, professor of economics at Bowdoin College, June 24, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Jackie Farwell, director of communications for the State of Maine Department of Health and Human Services, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Julie Rabinowitz, director of policy and communication at Maine People Before Politics, June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Email interview with Chris Hastedt, senior policy adviser at Maine Equal Justice, June 25, 2020</p>"
        },
        {
            "id": 18801,
            "slug": "no-kamala-harris-didnt-vow-vengeance-against-trump",
            "speaker": {
                "slug": "viral-image",
                "full_name": "Viral image",
                "first_name": "",
                "last_name": "Viral image"
            },
            "targets": [
                {
                    "slug": "kamala-harris",
                    "full_name": "Kamala Harris",
                    "first_name": "Kamala",
                    "last_name": "Harris"
                }
            ],
            "statement": "Kamala Harris said “once Trump’s gone” from the White House, “we’ll be coming for you next. You will feel the vengeance of a nation.”",
            "ruling_slug": "pants-fire",
            "publication_date": "2020-06-29T14:28:59-04:00",
            "ruling_comments": "<p>An image shared widely on Facebook claims that U.S. Sen. Kamala Harris issued a bold threat to supporters of President Donald Trump.</p>\n\n<p>Harris is said to be on Joe Biden&rsquo;s short list of potential running mates in his bid for the presidency.</p>\n\n<p>&quot;Who the hell does she think she is?&quot; the post&rsquo;s headline reads. Below that is a photo of Harris alongside this text, which purports to quote her:</p>\n\n<p>&quot;And once Trump&rsquo;s gone and we have regained our rightful place in the White House, look out if you supported him and endorsed his actions, because we&rsquo;ll be coming for you next. You will feel the vengeance of a nation. No stone will be left unturned as we seek you out in every corner of this great nation. For it is you who have betrayed us.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>The rest of the image claims Harris uttered the quote on June 18, 2020, and ends with: &quot;Yes, she really said this.&quot;</p>\n\n<p>No, she really didn&rsquo;t.</p>\n\n<p>The June 20 <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10223540468244494&amp;set=a.1165404299952&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> was flagged as part of Facebook&rsquo;s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/help/1952307158131536?helpref=related\">partnership</a> with Facebook.)</p>\n\n<p>Harris was plenty critical of Trump during her run for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination before she and other hopefuls dropped out, leaving Biden as the presumptive nominee.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>But the quote attributed to her was fabricated on the Bustatroll satire website in an August 2019 <a href=\"https://bustatroll.org/2019/08/07/kamala-harrisafter-we-impeach-we-round-up-the-trump-supporters/\">article</a> that carries the byline: &quot;Fired Writer.&quot;&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The article is clearly labeled satire. But the viral image being shared has no such label.</p>\n\n<p>An alert Facebook user commenting on the post we&rsquo;re checking pointed out that in November 2019, we rated the same claim as <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/nov/04/facebook-posts/kamala-harris-didnt-say-democrats-are-coming-trump/?fbclid=IwAR1uOih_wn5-WHTb9nM8BVrkBCUUSFbXtbqeM3fovaEBSLsLTOUFqbNOhbM\">Pants on Fire</a> when it surfaced in a similar viral image.</p>\n\n<p>We&rsquo;re giving the same rating here: Pants on Fire.</p>",
            "sources": "<p>Facebook, <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10223540468244494&amp;set=a.1165404299952&amp;type=3&amp;theater\">post</a> (archived <a href=\"http://archive.is/Dx77b\">here</a>), June 20, 2020</p>\n\n<p>Bustatroll.org, <a href=\"https://bustatroll.org/2019/08/07/kamala-harrisafter-we-impeach-we-round-up-the-trump-supporters/\">&quot;Kamala Harris: &rsquo;After We Impeach, We Round Up The Trump Supporters,&rsquo;&quot;</a> Aug. 7, 2020</p>\n\n<p>PolitiFact, <a href=\"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2019/nov/04/facebook-posts/kamala-harris-didnt-say-democrats-are-coming-trump/?fbclid=IwAR1uOih_wn5-WHTb9nM8BVrkBCUUSFbXtbqeM3fovaEBSLsLTOUFqbNOhbM\">&quot;Kamala Harris didn&rsquo;t say Democrats are &lsquo;coming for&rsquo; Trump supporters in 2020,&quot;</a> Nov. 4, 2019</p>\n\n<p>Reuters, <a href=\"https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-factcheck-kamala-harris-quote-vengean/fact-check-kamala-harris-quote-on-vengeance-of-a-nation-fabricated-by-satire-website-idUSKBN23W2DA?fbclid=IwAR1-ZW_GaPnGsrDCRMgGiKeehjr0DuQW31ewzN-9D3n2-4hYTKU5qaL4KqU\">&quot;Fact check: Kamala Harris quote on &lsquo;vengeance of a nation&rsquo; fabricated by satire website,&quot;</a> June 25, 2020</p>\n\n<div>&nbsp;</div>"
        }
    ]
}