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More than a year and a half after it was enacted, New Jersey is implementing its medical marijuana law.
State Sen. Nicholas Scutari, a primary sponsor of the law, said he’s glad Gov. Chris Christie decided to move forward with the program -- which, he said, is the most restrictive in the country by three measures.
"Certainly we're going to be the most restrictive state in the land … in terms of who can get medical marijuana, how it will be prescribed and how it will be achieved in terms of moving it into the marketplace," Scutari (D-Union) said during a July 27 NJToday interview.
Is New Jersey really the most restrictive in those three categories?
Most of the experts we spoke with said New Jersey definitely has one of the most -- if not the most -- restrictive medical marijuana programs overall.
Within Scutari’s three parameters, we found the state senator’s statement sound.
Washington, D.C., and 16 states have medical marijuana laws. Maryland has a law, but it only allows medicinal marijuana use as a legal defense, so we aren’t considering it. The District of Columbia isn’t a state -- and Scutari said "most restrictive state." So, while we’ll look at Washington, D.C.’s program, it won’t factor into our final ruling.
We’ll compare New Jersey with other programs by Scutari’s three measures -- who’s eligible to get medical marijuana, how medical marijuana is recommended and how a patient actually gets it.
We should note that medical marijuana technically can’t be prescribed, but doctors can recommend it for patients.
Every state describes certain medical conditions or treatments that qualify a patient to receive medical marijuana.
New Jersey’s list of conditions is consistent with other states in some instances -- but of the 17 laws we are considering, only two -- New Jersey and Washington, D.C. -- don’t have a provision for chronic pain, according to a breakdown of medical marijuana laws by the Washington, D.C.-based Marijuana Policy Project, which supports the legalization of marijuana.
Tamar Todd, a staff attorney for Drug Policy Alliance, a drug policy reform organization, said while "pain is one of the categories where it is most needed," it also is "the category that allows the most abuse."
The only mention of pain in New Jersey’s law states that a patient with cancer or AIDS or who is HIV positive, qualifies for medical marijuana "if severe or chronic pain, severe nausea or vomiting, cachexia, or wasting syndrome results from the condition or treatment thereof."
"[New Jersey’s law] avoids some of the big loopholes that exist in some other states’ laws," like California and Colorado, said Jonathan Caulkins, professor of operations research and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University.
Between New Jersey and Washington, D.C., the nation’s capital has the more restrictive list of conditions, said Karen O’Keefe, director of state policies at the Marijuana Policy Project, though D.C.’s law also includes some medical treatments that New Jersey does not.
New Jersey, like most other states and Washington, D.C., allows other medical conditions to be added to the program.
Now, let’s look at how a doctor can recommend medical marijuana for a patient and how a patient can get medical marijuana.
New Jersey lists several requirements a physician must meet in order to be eligible to recommend medical marijuana. One example is a provision requiring doctors to register with the state health department. New Jersey’s medical marijuana program is the only one in the country with that mandate, O’Keefe said.
Once a doctor recommends in writing medical marijuana for someone in New Jersey, the patient or a caregiver must go to one of six dispensaries -- what the state calls "alternative treatment centers." There is no provision allowing patients to grow marijuana at home in New Jersey, and patients can get a maximum amount of two ounces per month. Delaware -- which allows up to six ounces -- and D.C. -- which allows up to two ounces -- are the only other medical marijuana programs that don’t have a grow-at-home provision.
O’Keefe said, "If you are talking about restrictive, I think it’s reasonable to say that having dispensaries only is more restrictive," because marijuana is being grown in a controlled setting, rather than in private homes.
Scutari said New Jersey will be the most restrictive state in the nation for medical marijuana because of who can get it, how a doctor can recommend it and how it is distributed.
Most experts we spoke with agreed New Jersey is one of the most restrictive states for medical marijuana overall. But by Scutari’s three measures, PolitiFact New Jersey found that the Garden State is generally the most restrictive.
So, we rate Scutari’s statement True.
To comment on this ruling, go to NJ.com.
NJTV, Interview with state Sen. Nicholas Scutari on NJToday, July 27, 2011
National Conference of State Legislatures, State Medical Marijuana Laws, accessed Aug. 5, 2011
The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, Active State Medical Marijuana Programs, accessed Aug. 5, 2011
NPR, Medical Marijuana Laws: A State-By-State Comparison, accessed Aug. 5, 2011
Interview with Tamar Todd, staff attorney for Drug Policy Alliance, Aug. 9, 2011
Interview with Diane Hoffmann, director of the law and health care program at the University of Maryland School of Law, Aug. 8, 2011
Interview with Frank "Skip" Stabile, chief of staff for state Sen. Nicholas Scutari, Aug. 9, 2011
Email and phone interviews with Karen O’Keefe, director of state policies at the Marijuana Policy Project, Aug. 11, 2011
Interview with Roseanne Scotti, New Jersey state director for Drug Policy Alliance, Aug. 5, 2011
Email and phone interviews with Donna Leusner, spokeswoman for New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Aug. 9-11, 2011
Interview with Clifford Rees, practice director for Public Health Law Network, Aug. 8, 2011
Interview with Jonathan Caulkins, professor of operations research and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University, Aug. 9, 2011
Email and phone interviews with Karmen Hanson, health program manager for the National Conference of State Legislatures, Aug. 5, 2011
Interview with Morgan Fox, spokesman for the Marijuana Policy Project, Aug. 8, 2011
Public Health Law Network, Medical Marijuana Laws, accessed Aug. 5, 2011
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Medical Marijuana Program, accessed Aug. 5, 2011
Marijuana Policy Project, The Sixteen States and One Federal District With Effective Medical Marijuana Laws, accessed Aug. 11, 2011
Delaware State Senate, Delaware Medical Marijuana Act, accessed Aug. 9, 2011
District of Columbia’s Health Regulation and Licensing Administration, Medical Marijuana Program, accessed Aug. 9, 2011
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