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Energy production -- particularly coal production -- has long been an integral part of West Virginia’s economy.
During the 2016 presidential campaign, President Donald Trump vowed to send coal miners back to work and end the regulations on carbon emissions sought by President Barack Obama. Coal-producing states, particularly West Virginia, responded with strong support.
So when Trump came to Wheeling, W.Va., for a rally on Sept. 29, it was no surprise that he touted the nation’s record in harnessing its energy resources.
"The United States is now the No. 1 energy producer in the world," Trump said at the rally. "That happened just recently."
Is he correct?
According to the Energy Information Administration, the federal office that collects energy statistics, 2017 data -- the most recent available -- shows that the United States ranks first in production of petroleum and other liquid fuels. The United States has a sizable lead over both Saudi Arabia and Russia.
It’s been a tighter contest for a subset of petroleum production -- crude oil production -- but the United States has a case for the top spot as well.
EIA projections released in September 2018 show that the United States likely edged past Saudi Arabia and Russia in crude oil production sometime this summer.
The United States also ranks first in natural gas production, according to EIA data for 2015, the most recent year available. Russia is the only close competitor in this category.
This is the one category where the United States is not the leader.
According to 2016 data from the Energy Information Administration, the United States ranked third, behind China -- the world’s clear leader -- and India.
Beyond the question of who’s No. 1, Trump also said that this achievement "happened just recently."
With the exception of the recent shift in crude oil, that’s not the case.
As we noted in a 2015 fact-check, the United States has been the world’s largest oil producer since 2012, and the largest natural gas producer for years.
Trump said, "The United States is now the No. 1 energy producer in the world. That happened just recently."
The United States does rank first internationally in petroleum, crude oil, and natural gas production, though it ranks third in the world in coal production. Meanwhile, only for crude oil was the No. 1 spot achieved recently. For petroleum and natural gas, the United States has ranked first for years.
We rate the statement Half True.
Donald Trump, rally in Wheeling, W.Va., Sept. 29, 2018
Energy Information Administration, international data home page, accessed Oct. 4, 2018
Energy Information Administration, "The United States is now the largest global crude oil producer," Sept. 12, 2018
Associated Press, "US ‘likely’ has taken over as the world’s top oil producer," Sept. 13, 2018
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