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Attorney General William Barr blasted the FBI over its 2016 decision to open the Russia investigation later led by Special Counsel Robert Mueller, rejecting an inspector general’s conclusion that the FBI’s probe was justified from the get-go.
"The Inspector General’s report now makes clear that the FBI launched an intrusive investigation of a U.S. presidential campaign on the thinnest of suspicions that, in my view, were insufficient to justify the steps taken," Barr said in a statement.
The report by Justice Department Inspector General Michael Horowitz did find "significant inaccuracies and omissions" left out of the FBI’s applications for court-ordered surveillance of former Trump campaign adviser Carter Page. But it said the agency’s decision to open an investigation into the campaign’s ties with Russia was warranted and not motivated by politics.
Barr’s reading put him at odds with FBI Director Christopher Wray, who pledged to make changes to the FBI’s surveillance process and accepted the report’s determinations in full.
Barr doubled down in interviews with NBC News and the Wall Street Journal, calling the basis for the investigation "flimsy" and claiming the FBI spied on the Trump campaign. He said John Durham, the U.S. attorney he picked to lead a separate probe on the same topic, would have the final word on the matter.
We decided to look at some key conclusions from the IG report, which was based on more than 1 million documents and interviews with over 100 witnesses, in light of Barr’s remarks. (A Justice Department spokesperson referred us to the report and Barr’s interviews.)
We found that Barr’s claim that the report shows the FBI launched its probe on "the thinnest of suspicions" does not square with one of the report’s key findings.
When the FBI opened its investigation — known as "Crossfire Hurricane" — into possible coordination between members of President Donald Trump’s campaign and Russia, it had both an "authorized purpose" and an "articulable factual basis," the IG report found.
The investigation was launched on July 31, 2016, three days after the FBI heard from a "friendly foreign government" that Trump campaign adviser George Papadopoulos had signaled that Russia had dirt on former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for the Trump campaign.
The IG report said this information alone was enough to trigger the Russia probe, because it gave the FBI reason to believe a crime or threat to U.S. national security was in the works.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein: "Did Attorney General Barr provide any evidence that caused you to alter this key finding that the FBI investigation had an adequate predicate?"— ABC News (@ABC) December 11, 2019
Inspector General Horowitz: "No, we stand by our finding." https://t.co/c868WmzANb pic.twitter.com/sSzTAzfLI4
The report also discounted the role of a dossier compiled by former British spy Christopher Steele, saying it "played no role" in the FBI’s decision. (Trump has falsely claimed the dossier started the investigation.)
Rosa Brooks, professor of law and policy at Georgetown University, told us that Barr’s assessment that the suspicions were thin "appears willfully inaccurate."
"The report concluded precisely the opposite," she said. "The IG report makes it clear that the decision to launch the investigation was justified."
Jennifer Daskal, professor of law at American University, agreed. "Barr’s statement is at best a misleading statement, if not a deliberate distortion, of what the report actually found," she said.
The IG report also dismissed the notion that the investigation was politically motivated.
For years, Trump has ripped into former FBI officials Peter Strzok and Lisa Page for anti-Trump texts that he saw as proof that career government officials were out to get him. But the report concluded that Page and Strzok were not the decision makers Trump made them out to be.
According to the report, Lisa Page "did not play a role in the decision" to open the investigation or the related individual cases tied to Papadopoulos, Carter Page and fellow Trump campaign advisers Paul Manafort and Michael Flynn. Strzok was "directly involved," but "he was not the sole, or even the highest-level, decision maker as to any of those matters," the report found.
The final say on whether to launch the investigation belonged to Bill Priestap, assistant director of the FBI’s counterintelligence division, who complied with DOJ and FBI policies and made the decision with widespread support from FBI officials.
"We did not find documentary or testimonial evidence that political bias or improper motivation influenced his decision," the IG report said.
Where Barr has a point is on the issue of intrusiveness.
To determine which campaign officials had Russian connections, the FBI used various methods listed among its "least intrusive" measures, such as open-source searches, the report said. That led the agency to open four individual cases against Page, Papadopoulos, Manafort and Flynn.
The FBI then used confidential human sources — a "permitted" but more intrusive technique — to "interact and consensually record conversations" with Papadopoulous and Page. The IG report found no evidence that this technique was politically motivated or done in bad faith.
Eventually, the FBI secured and repeatedly renewed a court-ordered FISA warrant to electronically surveil Page. The IG report said this technique is considered "highly intrusive" and said the FBI did not seek similar warrants to monitor Papadopoulous, Manafort or Flynn.
Notably, there were problems with the requests to surveil Page, which relied in large part on information from Steele. The report counted seven "significant inaccuracies and omissions" in the original application and 10 "additional significant errors" in the three renewal requests, including one resulting from alleged document tampering by a low-level FBI lawyer.
The IG report said these errors made the FISA applications appear more convincing. The report was silent on whether the court would have approved them with more accurate information.
Still, surveillance under FISA is legal, and the report said the FBI did not "infiltrate" or otherwise spy on the Trump campaign. Plus, the errors made in relation to the FISA application process had no bearing on the start of the Russia investigation.
"The report separately found some problems with respect to specific, and later in time, applications for FISA surveillance of Carter Page," Daskal told us. But those problems "do not change the fact that the initial overarching decision to investigate was justified."
Barr said, "The Inspector General’s report now makes clear that the FBI launched an intrusive investigation of a U.S. presidential campaign on the thinnest of suspicions."
The report found that the decision to start the Russia investigation was justified. But the FBI did secure a FISA warrant to surveil Page, a technique that is permitted but considered intrusive.
We rate Barr’s statement Mostly False.
Office of the U.S. Department of Justice Inspector General, "Review of Four FISA Applications and Other Aspects of the FBI's Crossfire Hurricane Investigation," Dec. 9, 2019
U.S. Department of Justice, "Statement by Attorney General William P. Barr on the Inspector General's Report of the Review of Four FISA Applications and Other Aspects of the FBI’s Crossfire Hurricane Investigation," Dec. 9, 2019
FBI, "FBI Director Christopher Wray's Response to Inspector General Report," Dec. 9, 2019
The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Connecticut, "Statement of U.S. Attorney John H. Durham," Dec. 9, 2019
NBC News, "Barr thinks FBI may have acted in 'bad faith' in probing Trump campaign's links to Russia," Dec. 10, 2019
The Wall Street Journal, "Attorney General Barr Calls FBI’s Trump Probe ‘Travesty,’" Dec. 10, 2019
The Washington Post, "A guide to the misleading spin on the IG report," Dec. 11, 2019
Politico, "Trump scolds his FBI director after release of DOJ's Russia probe report," Dec. 10, 2019
Politico, "Inspector general’s report on Russia probe: Key takeaways," Dec. 9, 2019
The Washington Post, "What Trump claimed about the Russia probe — and what the Justice Department inspector general determined," Dec. 9, 2019
The Washington Post, "FBI was justified in opening Trump campaign probe, but case plagued by ‘serious failures,’ inspector general finds," Dec. 9, 2019
CNN, "Barr slams FBI as he and Durham contradict watchdog," Dec. 9, 2019
The New York Times, "Barr and Durham Publicly Disagree With Horowitz Report on Russia Inquiry," Dec. 9, 2019
Email correspondence with Robert Litt, attorney and former general counsel for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence during the Obama administration, Dec. 9, 2019
Email interview with Jennifer Daskal, professor of law and director of the Tech, Law, Security Program at American University Washington School of Law, Dec. 10, 2019
Email interview with Rosa Brooks, professor of law and policy at Georgetown University, Dec. 10, 2019
Email correspondence with Kerri Kupec, spokesperson for the Justice Department, Dec. 9, 2019
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