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The field of candidates seeking the Democratic presidential nomination in 2020 is about as crowded as advertising on a NASCAR racecar.
"We've achieved almost universal health care coverage, and we beat the NRA with tough, tough gun laws," the former governor said.
We’ve already rated as Mostly True Hickenlooper’s claim about universal health coverage.
Now let’s see about beating the National Rifle Association.
Hickenlooper’s campaign told us the candidate was alluding to two gun measures he signed into law in 2013, eight months after dozens of people were shot at a movie theater in Aurora, Colo.
1. Requiring universal background checks
Federal law requires federally licensed gun dealers to obtain background checks on people they sell firearms to. One of the Colorado laws extends that requirement: Before anyone transfers possession of a firearm, including through private or online gun sales, he or she must arrange for a licensed dealer to obtain a background check. There are some exceptions, such as gifts between immediate family members.
The law is tough in that Colorado is among only 11 states that require universal background checks, according to the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence.
2. Limiting magazine sizes
Another law prohibits the sale, transfer or possession of magazines with more than 15 rounds of ammunition.
Currently, Colorado is one of only nine states that ban large-capacity ammunition magazines, according to the Giffords center.
The Denver Post reported in 2013 that California, New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts still had tougher gun laws than Colorado. But the new laws made Colorado stricter than other states in the Mountain West.
So, did Hickenlooper and the Colorado Legislature, then controlled by fellow Democrats, defeat the NRA in getting those laws passed?
We found that most news coverage described the legislation as a loss for the NRA. The New Yorker headlined a 2018 article, "How Colorado Gun-Control Advocates Beat the NRA."
There’s more evidence of the opposition:
The NRA established a website aimed at mobilizing opposition to the bills and took out print advertisements in Colorado newspapers attacking Hickenlooper, the Huffington Post reported at the time.
A month before Hickenlooper signed the bills, an NRA spokeswoman told the Denver Post that the NRA opposed the bills because they would "severely restrict your rights to keep and bear arms in Colorado."
The day before the signing, the NRA issued a statement saying that although Hickenlooper "seems intent on signing this deeply flawed legislation into law, please contact him NOW and strongly urge him to veto" the bills.
In a statement on the signing of the legislation, the NRA said: "The fight in Colorado to protect and now restore your individual rights is anything but over. In the coming days, weeks and months, the NRA will be using every available resource at its disposal to rectify this situation."
For this fact-check, the NRA did not deny to us its opposition to the measures or say that the Colorado legislation is not "tough."
It’s worth noting, however, that it’s not entirely clear how important the NRA’s opposition was. In news reports about Hickenlooper signing the bills, the Denver Post, the Colorado Gazette, the Associated Press and the New York Times did not cite opposition from the NRA.
At the same time, the NRA wasn’t exactly toothless.
It touted the fact that two other bills considered at the time did not become law. One bill would have repealed Colorado’s law allowing individuals with a concealed carry permit to carry a firearm on a college campus. The other bill would have held manufacturers, distributors and owners of guns they produce, sell or use, liable if that gun is misused to harm another person. In both cases, the sponsors of the bills pulled them from consideration amid opposition, according to news reports.
Moreover, two Democratic lawmakers who provided crucial support to the legislation were recalled from office in special elections six months after the measures were signed, with the NRA spending nearly $362,000 in the effort. Hickenlooper, however, won re-election to a second term in 2014.
The NRA continues to oppose expanding background checks, saying in part that the checks "don’t stop criminals from getting firearms." (We’ve rated as Half True a claim that background checks "have been unequivocally shown to reduce gun violence.") And the NRA continues to oppose magazine limits, including currently fighting California’s ban on gun magazines that are able to hold more than 10 rounds.
Hickenlooper said, "We beat the NRA with tough, tough gun laws" in Colorado.
The National Rifle Association did oppose two bills Hickenlooper signed as governor of Colorado in 2013. One, requiring universal background checks, is law in only 11 states; the other, banning high-capacity magazines, is law in only nine states.
We rate Hickenlooper’s statement True.
ABC News, "This Week" interview (1:20) with John Hickenlooper, May 19, 2019
Email, John Hickenlooper campaign communications director Lauren Hitt, May 20, 2019
Email, NRA Institute for Legislative Action media liaison Catherine Mortensen, May 21, 2019
Denver Post, "3 new gun bills on the books in Colorado despite its Wild West image," March 20, 2013
Denver Post, "Colorado wouldn’t be much more strict with new gun laws," April 30, 2016
Colorado Gazette, "Gov. Hickenlooper signs landmark gun bills," March 20, 2013
Huffington Post, "Colorado Governor Signs Landmark Gun Control Laws In Blow To NRA," March 20, 2013
New Yorker, "How Colorado Gun-Control Advocates Beat the NRA," Feb. 22, 2018
NRA-PVF Political Victory Fund, "Defend Freedom, Defeat Hickenlooper," 2014 Colorado gubernatorial campaign
NRA-ILA, "Background Checks for Guns," Jan. 7, 2019
NRA-ILA, "Colorado: Governor Hickenlooper Signed Away Your Rights Today," March 20, 2013
NRA-ILA, "Breaking! Federal Court Finds California Magazine Ban Violates the Second Amendment," March 29, 2019
NRA-ILA, "Colorado: Please Contact Governor Hickenlooper IMMEDIATELY!" March 19, 2013
Colorado Legislative Council Staff, "Colorado gun laws," September 2014
Connecticut Office of Legislative Research, "Summary Of Colorado's New Gun Control Laws," April 3, 2013
Associated Press, "Colorado governor signs landmark gun bills," April 30, 2016
PolitiFact California, "Gavin Newsom’s False claim he was ‘first to take on the NRA and win,’" April 27, 2018
New York Times, "For Colorado Governor, a Long Path to Gun Limits," March 18, 2013
Colorado Joint Budget Committee, staff analysis of concealed carry bill, Feb. 13, 2013
NRA-ILA, "Colorado: Two Anti-Gun Bills Defeated on Second Reading but the Fight is Not Over," March 9, 2013
Denver Post, "Assault Weapon Responsibility Act - SB 13-196," accessed May 29, 2019
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