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They say legends never die. But when it comes to the internet, it’s definitely hoaxes that keep on tickin’ — and in the case of alarmist Facebook posts, it seems there's no end to the misinformation.
The Facebook post in question this time features a photo of a gas station pump handle and what appears to be a needle sticking out under it. It was posted on June 4 and had been shared more than 12,000 by June 24.
The grammatically challenged text that hovers over the photo reads: "Please look before gassing up there putting infected HIV needles in the gas stations plz warn every friend of yours and family members. Guys plz share share share"
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
No, this years-old hoax holds no merit (Snopes reported versions of the rumor have circulated in email chains since at least 2000).
While it is not entirely impossible for someone to attach a needle to a gas station pump, the problem is not widespread. We searched Nexis news archives and Google and could find only one reported case of such an incident, and it happened in 2017. Critically, the assertion that needles are infected with HIV is fabricated.
In 2017, a man named Jose Medina reported that he was pricked by a needle when he was pumping gas in California. In fact, it appears the photo used in this Facebook post originated with the Medina incident.
Medina’s daughter posted a lengthy update on Facebook shortly after and said her father went to the hospital for tests, which came back negative.
At one point she addresses the rumor that the needle somehow contained the HIV virus:
"...because there are now people taking the photo and adding a different story or claiming the needle has the AIDS/HIV virus (when I never stated that the needle did or did not have the virus, we don't know what was or was not on there)."
There have not been any other credible reports, by media or law enforcement, of another incident involving gas station pumps and needles.
On a digital health website called TheBody that describes itself as "The HIV/AIDS Resource," we found an archived CDC Q&A fact sheet on common rumors and myths about HIV/AIDS. At one point, the post addressed the rumors of HIV-infected needles being left in public places such as movie theaters or gas pump handles and said those stories "appear to have no foundation in fact."
"CDC has received inquiries about a variety of reports or warnings about used needles left by HIV-infected injection drug users in coin return slots of pay phones, the underside of gas pump handles, and on movie theater seats. These reports and warnings have been circulated on the Internet and by e-mail and fax," the website says. "Some reports have falsely indicated that CDC ‘confirmed’ the presence of HIV in the needles. CDC has not tested such needles nor has CDC confirmed the presence or absence of HIV in any sample related to these rumors. The majority of these reports and warnings appear to have no foundation in fact."
The CDC would not comment on the claim other than to share information from its website that addresses injection drug use and HIV risk and transmission.
An old hoax that has resurfaced on Facebook makes the claim that people are attaching HIV-infected needles to gas pump handles.
Besides one isolated case in 2017, we could find no reports of needles being discovered in gas station handles.
While it is not impossible for such a thing to take place, the suggestion that infected needles are being hidden in gas pump handles in any widespread manner is fear mongering and inaccurate.
We rate this post False.
Facebook post, June 4, 2019
Web Archive, Jacksonville Sheriff's Office hoax bulletin, June 20, 2000; Accessed June 19, 2019
Fox 11, San Bernardino man claims injury by hypodermic needle in gas pump handle, May 25, 2017
The Body HIV/AIDs Resource, Rumors, Myths and Hoaxes About HIV/AIDS, March 8, 2007
HoaxSlayer, Hoax – HIV Needles Hidden Under Gas Pump Handles, Oct. 9, 2013, Update May 2017
THV11, VERIFY | Are people hiding needles in gas pumps? August 8, 2018
Snopes, Are Motorists Finding HIV-Infected Needles on Gas Pump Handles?, July 4, 2000; Updated May 2017
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Injection Drug Use and HIV Risk, May 28, 2019
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Transmission, Oct. 31, 2018
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