Coal industry improves slightly as Trump rolls back regs
On the campaign trail, President Donald Trump responded to years of declining jobs in the coal industry with a vow to "put miners back to work" by repealing Obama-era regulations.
These regulations, Trump argued, were harming coal companies' ability to stay in business.
"They want to be miners, but their jobs have been taken away," Trump said at an Aug. 10, 2016, rally in Abingdon, Va. "And we're going to bring them back, folks."
Exactly how many coal mining jobs were lost? During Barack Obama's presidency, the number of coal miners employed in the United States hit a high of just under 90,000 in 2012 then descended to a record low of 48,000 in July 2016, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data.
The number began slowly increasing starting in October. When Trump took office, an estimated 50,000 coal miners had jobs.
Several months into Trump's first term, we figured it was time to check in on the White House's progress toward restoring the coal industry.
A glance at more recent data indicates small improvement since Trump took office: 600 coal mining jobs have been created. (This is down from 800 jobs in May, and it's not nearly as many as the 45,000 new coal mining jobs that Trump falsely claimed in July.)
"At this point it's probably too soon to say that it's based on any sort of action by the current administration," said Matthew Preston, a research director for Wood Mackenzie, which provides consulting and research services on energy industries. He has, however, seen a modest uptick in coal investments in response to regulation rollbacks.
Those rollbacks include:
• Trump, along with congressional Republicans, in February revoked the Stream Protection Rule, which was put into effect just weeks prior on Jan. 19.
• On March 28, Trump signed an executive order to begin the process of dismantling the Clean Power Plan, an Obama administration policy that sought to limit carbon emissions and placed strict regulations on coal-fired power plants. However, the Supreme Court halted enforcement of the policy a few months after it was announced, and states had until 2022 to comply.
• Also part of the March 28 executive order, Trump lifted a temporary ban on new coal leasing on federal land. An estimated 40 percent of coal mined in the United States comes from federal land.
• In another blow to Obama-era environmental initiatives, Trump pulled out of the Paris Climate Agreement on June 1. He argued that the agreement allowed other countries to use coal-fired power plants but banned the United States from doing so. This was not true.
Among these actions, Trump has also pointed to the opening of a coal mine in Pennsylvania as proof that his efforts to help the coal industry have produced tangible results. But the mine had been in the making since at least September 2016.
Trump has clearly at least taken steps to fulfill his campaign promise. What isn't clear is if rolling back recent regulations can actually bring back the thousands of jobs lost.
An April 2017 Columbia University study found that Obama-era environmental regulations were to blame for a 3.5 percent decline of coal production from 2011 to 2016. Coal production overall had declined 33 percent during that time period. This was mostly due to competition from natural gas, lower than expected electricity demand and the collapse of the Asian coal market.
The finding was corroborated in a recent study requested by Energy Secretary Rick Perry and released by the Energy Department.
"The repeal of environmental regulations may slow coal's further decline, but it won't bring coal back," said Jason Bordoff, a professor at Columbia University and founding director of the school's Center on Global Energy Policy.
Bordoff said the recent increase in U.S. coal production has largely to do with a temporary increase in Chinese demand for coal imports.
For what it's worth, American Coal Council representative Terry Headley said he thinks Trump's presidency has helped reinvigorate the coal industry.
"I live in West Virginia, and I'm seeing it every day," Headley said. "Coal mines are once again hiring, and some are even contemplating red hats (inexperienced miners) for the first time in years."
Headley was unable to point to any particular legislative changes or presidential actions that could explain the job increases. Rather, he attributed the boost to Trump's slashing of regulations in general.
Whether Trump's regulation rollbacks will bring back the roughly 40,000 coal mining jobs lost since 2012 still remains to be seen, but experts and researchers say that is highly unlikely.
Regardless, Trump has at least taken steps toward his goal. We rate this promise In the Works.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, FRED database, accessed Aug. 28, 2017
U.S. Energy Information Administration, Weekly Coal Production, accessed Aug. 28, 2017
Association of American Railroads, Freight Rail Traffic Data, accessed Aug. 28, 2017
White House Press Office news release, "President Trump, Putting Coal Country Back to Work," Feb. 16, 2017
USA TODAY, "Supreme Court blocks Obama's climate change plan," Feb. 9, 2016
National Geographic, "Why Does So Much U.S. Coal Come From Federal Land?" Jan. 15, 2016
New York Times, "Trump Will Withdraw U.S. From Paris Climate Agreement," June 1, 2017
C-SPAN, "President Trump Delivers Remarks on Infrastructure," June 7, 2017
You Tube, "Donald Trump Delivers Economic Policy Speech in Abingdon, Virginia," Aug. 10, 2016
Corsa Coal Corp. news release, "Corsa Coal Announces Financial Results for Third Quarter 2016," Nov. 9, 2016
Columbia University Center on Global Energy Policy, "Can Coal Make a Comeback?" April 2017
U.S. Energy Department, "Staff Report to the Secretary on Electricity Markets and Reliability," August 2017
Email interview with Jason Bordoff, Columbia University professor and founding director of the Center on Global Energy Policy, Aug. 24, 2017
Email interview with Terry Headley, American Coal Council representative, Aug. 24, 2017
Phone interview with Matthew Preston, research director at Wood Mackenzie, Aug. 29, 2017