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On the evening of Oct. 1, a shooter stationed in a 32nd floor hotel room killed at least 59 people attending an outdoor country music festival below and injured more than 500 others. The attack in Las Vegas is the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history.
The suspect is Stephen Craig Paddock, 64, of Mesquite, Nev., and law enforcement officials said he is dead.
Following deadly incidents, it’s not uncommon even for credible journalistic outlets to report developments that eventually turn out to be untrue or exaggerated. But the rise of social media as a vehicle for monetizing clicks from fake news has worsened this problem.
We’re monitoring the developments about the massacre for misinformation. We will update this post as we debunk more unfounded rumors and fake news.
See something that needs a fact-check? Email [email protected]
Early on Oct. 2, several websites highlighted an incorrect suspect’s allegiance to liberal social media groups. The sites later deleted those posts.
The website Daily Dot posted a screenshot of a deleted post at the site Gateway Pundit that was headlined, "Las Vegas Shooter Reportedly a Democrat Who Liked Rachel Maddow, MoveOn.org and Associated with Anti-Trump Army." It soon became clear that the man in question shared a last name with a person of interest in the case, but was not the shooter.
Similarly, the website Puppet String News posted a story headlined, "Shooter in Las Vegas Loves Anti-Trump Facebook Pages and Obama's OFA." The post was among several that were flagged by Facebook as potentially questionable -- part of an effort to fight fake news that includes PolitiFact and other partners. However, by the time we looked into it, the post had been taken down.
Meanwhile, Puppet String News also posted a story headlined, "Antifa claims responsibility for Las Vegas attack," basing its claim on a group’s apparently deleted Facebook post.
"Antifa" is the shorthand term for anti-fascists, which broadly describes far-left-leaning militant groups challenging neo-Nazis and white supremacists.
Melbourne Antifa’s Facebook page identifies itself as a political organization, unaffiliated to any particular organization, theoretical tendency or political party. The page said it was set up to serve as a resource for anti-racist and anti-fascist activists in Melbourne, Australia.
Puppet String News’ Oct. 2 story included a screenshot of a now-deleted post on Melbourne Antifa’s Facebook page, which said: "One of our comrades from our Las Vegas branch has made these fascist Trump supporting dogs pay." Melbourne Antifa’s Facebook page does not include the post that Puppet String News wrote about, but Internet Archive took a snapshot.
However, no evidence has yet emerged that the Australian group -- or any other Antifa group -- played any role.
We messaged Melbourne Antifa for comment but did not get a response.
Snopes noted that another Facebook page, "Melbourne Antifascist Info," labeled the "Melbourne Antifa" page as "phony" and denounced it before and after the Las Vegas attack. The Melbourne Antifascist Info group confirmed to PolitiFact a statement it provided to Snopes denouncing the Melbourne Antifa page.
While some people may be using Twitter to locate their loved ones, some seemingly desperate pleas for help on the Internet are completely fake.
Similar hoaxes have cropped up following previous attacks this year, including the suicide bombing at an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England, that killed 22 people, and an attack on London Bridge.
BuzzFeed assembled a collection of fake missing-persons items from the Las Vegas shooting that included purported missing people who were actually a porn star, a comedian, a German soccer player, and a suspect in a Mexican murder case.
One troll Twitter account with a profile photo of YouTube personality TheReportOfTheWeek, tweeted a photo of Johnny Sins with a caption claiming that the man in the photo was the user's father who had gone missing after the Las Vegas shooting. He is actually a porn star.
The account, tweeting under the name "Jack Sins," was pegged as a false claim almost immediately after the tweet began to trend. When a Mashable reporter asked the account user why they would tweet a fake missing-person claim, the user replied, "For the retweets :)"
Another Twitter user, @cryinginside247, tweeted a photo of an unidentified man with the caption, "My autistic brother was going to a concert in Las Vegas and I haven’t been able to contact him." The user’s claim was found to be insincere.
One prominent Las Vegas commentator quickly pointed the finger at Islamic terrorists, well before the shooter’s identity -- or his motive -- was known.
Wayne Allyn Root, a twice-weekly columnist for the Las Vegas Journal-Review and one of the leading proponents of the theory that President Barack Obama was not born in the United States, tweeted soon after the shooting that it was a "clearly coordinated Muslim terror attack."
Root subsequently touted reports that ISIS had claimed responsibility for the attack, saying that the shooter had recently converted to Islam. But the statement provided no evidence, and terrorism experts expressed skepticism about ISIS’ claim.
At a briefing on Monday morning in Las Vegas, law enforcement officials said they were not aware of any linkage to international groups.
The shooting has again highlighted a distinction about firearms that is important know: the difference between automatic and semi-automatic rifles.
In simplest terms, "semi-automatic" refers to any firearm designed to fire one bullet with one trigger squeeze, then automatically reload the chamber with a cartridge from a magazine and be ready to fire again.
The term applies to a whole range of modern firearms, from hunting and target rifles all the way up to so-called black rifles that look like what a soldier would carry. Gun control arguments often focus on the black rifles, but the differences between those and any other semi-automatic rifle often are only cosmetic. Semi-automatic guns all largely operate the same way.
Automatic weapons, which are often described as machine guns, are different, in that squeezing the trigger once fires cartridges repeatedly until the shooter releases it.
While semi-automatic rifles are widely available, fully automatic weapons are not. You can still buy an automatic weapon, but their sale and ownership is highly regulated and exceptionally expensive. Keep reading this story.
Among the videos that circulated after the shooting is a brief TV interview with a young woman who shared an unsettling anecdote with a reporter from Las Vegas TV station KSNV: She and others at the concert were warned by a woman who told them you’re "all going to die tonight" less than an hour before the first bullets sprayed the crowd.
Conspiracy theorists are using the interview to say the massacre was a "false flag" operation by the government. One of these posts appeared Oct. 2 on YourNewsWire.com and was flagged by Facebook users as potentially fabricated. The interview doesn’t appear to be fabricated, and it does allude a strange coincidence, but it doesn’t go quite as far as conspiracy theorists suggest.
The YourNewsWire.com post mentions the woman was "warned by an unidentified woman of a false flag event," even though the woman interviewed never mentioned the words "false flag."
The post adds: "Speculation is rife among survivors that the woman who warned the crowd had prior knowledge about what was about to happen, indicating she may have been part of a deep state false flag event."
The KSNV interview does raise questions about the alleged mystery woman and what if anything she might have known, but it doesn’t support this conclusion.
According to KSNV’s footage, the woman identified as Brianna said a lady pushed her way forward into the concert venue and "started messing with another lady and told us that we were all going to die tonight." That happened about 45 minutes before the shots were fired, and the lady was escorted out by security, Brianna told KSNV.
Brianna told the TV station that she was back in her room by the time the shots were fired and that she thought there was a "positive correlation" with what the woman said and the shooting.
"I thought it had a positive correlation to it, like obviously she was telling us that, either to tell us to warn us or to tell us that we were all going to die and she was part of it," Brianna said.
Brianna said the woman and her boyfriend were Hispanic and that they were "probably 5’5", 5’6", they just looked like everyday people." It is unclear if police are looking into the people described by the concertgoer or if KSNV has followed up with Brianna.
Investigators are still searching for the shooter’s motive. He did not have any obvious social, political or religious motivations, and no criminal history. But that does not lend support to it being a "false flag" operation to undermine gun legislation or any other government agenda.
The narrative of the Las Vegas shooting as a "false flag" is being floated around by Alex Jones, a conservative radio show host who also runs InfoWars.com, a website known to traffic in fake news and conspiracy theories. Jones said, "The whole thing has the hallmarks of being scripted by deep state Democrats and their Islamic allies using mental patient cut-outs."
InfoWars’ David Knight also suggested there was a "coincidental alignment" between the Las Vegas shooting and a vote for gun control legislation. InfoWars also has a post questioning authorities’ account that the shooting came from the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay hotel.
YourNewsWire.com says it delivers news and entertainment to global audiences "daring to go where the mainstream fears to tread." The website has a section devoted to conspiracies, but the story about the "false flag" is under the "news" label.
We emailed the author of the "false flag" post for comment but did not get a response.
An impostor site called HoustonChronicle-tv.com falsely claimed the Kardashian reality TV family donated $1 million to Las Vegas shooting victims.
HoustonChronicle-tv.com attributed (and minimally altered) a statement to the Kardashians that was actually said in August by the chairman and CEO of The Walt Disney Co. after committing to donate $1 million to the American Red Cross to support Hurricane Harvey recovery efforts. The Kardashians donated $500,000 to Hurricane Harvey relief efforts, but there have been no reports of them donating to Las Vegas shooting victims. We rated that post Pants on Fire!
The website Neon Nettle claimed that an eyewitness to the Las Vegas shooting reported "multiple gunmen dressed as security guards."
The story tracks back to real interviews given by an Australian man named Brian Hodge, who says he was at Mandalay Bay. But beyond that, Neon Nettle’s story doesn’t hold up. Hodge never said in media interviews or on social media that a security guard was the shooter. And he also disputed saying there were shooters. Neon Nettle’s post is inaccurate, so we rated it Pants on Fire!
This post was updated at 3:55 p.m. Oct. 4 with additional fake claims.
Editor's note: This post was updated at 8:18 p.m. Oct. 4 to include additional information about Melbourne antifa Facebook pages.
Associated Press, "At least 50 killed as gunman opens fire at Las Vegas concert," Oct. 2, 2017
BuzzFeed, "Here Are All The Hoaxes Being Spread About The Las Vegas Shooting," Oct. 2, 2017
Mashable, "This troll explains why he just tweeted a fake missing relative photo during the Las Vegas shooting," Oct. 2, 2017
BBC, "Las Vegas: The fake photos shared after tragedies," Oct. 2, 2017
BBC, "Misinformation and fake photos shared after London attack," June 5, 2017
BBC, "#MissinginManchester: The fake images circulating online," May 23, 2017
Daily Dot, "Conservative website misidentifies Las Vegas shooter, brands him as anti-Trump," Oct. 2, 2017
Wayne Allyn Root, twitter feed, accessed Oct. 2, 2017
PunditFact, "Charlottesville hit-and-run driver was anti-fascist activist, Internet post claims," Aug. 14, 2017
PunditFact, "Post wrongly says Charlottesville police arrested wrong person in hit and run," Aug. 14, 2017
Puppet String News, Antifa claims responsibility for Las Vegas attack, Oct. 2, 2017
Internet Archive, Oct. 2, 2017 snapshot of Melbourne Antifa Facebook page
Internet Archive, Twitter @davidsakach snapshot, taken Oct. 2, 2017
Twitter, @Siteintelgroup, tweet, Oct. 2, 2017
Associated Press, The Latest: FBI: Vegas shooter had no ties to terror group, Oct. 2, 2017, 8:50 a.m. update
News3lv.com, At least 58 dead, more than 515 injured after shooting at Las Vegas Strip music festival, Oct. 2, 2017
YourNewsWire.com, Las Vegas Shooting Eyewitness Details False Flag Terror Warning, Oct. 2, 2017
InfoWars.com, Second shooter? Footage shows Las Vegas gunfire did not come from 32nd story, Oct. 2, 2017
YouTube, The Alex Jones Channel, Is Vegas Shooting Latest Deep State False Flag To Destroy The Second Amendment?, Oct. 2, 2017
YouTube.com, Raw Story channel, Alex Jones channel floats 'false flag' after Vegas massacre, Oct. 2, 2017
Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department Office of Public Information, News release LVMPD Working to Find Motive Behind Shooting and Bring Closure to the Families of the Fallen, Oct. 2, 2017
Snopes, Did 'Melbourne Antifa' Claim Responsibility for the Vegas Massacre?, Oct. 4, 2017