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Republicans running in contested U.S. Senate, House and other primaries in 2022 are running ads claiming that the 2020 election was stolen, or rigged, despite repeated findings that the claim is false.
Donald Trump hasn’t stopped pushing the falsehood that the 2020 election was rigged or stolen from him, and now Republican candidates deploying ads for 2022 races are getting started with that message.
The strategy is appearing in primary battles for the U.S. Senate, House and on down the ballot.
Some ads explicitly accuse Democrats of stealing or rigging the election, playing off polls that found many Republican voters don’t believe Joe Biden’s 2020 win was legitimate.
"Large majorities of Republican voters believe Trump’s lies" about the election having been stolen, said Alan Abramowitz, a political science professor at Emory University in Georgia, whose research includes elections and voting behavior. So, candidates endorsed by Trump or seeking his endorsement "are making that argument to appeal to Republican voters and to appeal to Trump."
"The primary voters are probably even more likely to hold that opinion than the overall Republican electorate," he said.
Ads that specifically blamed Democrats include one on Facebook and Instagram by Mike Collins, a Republican running for the House District 10 seat in Georgia. It declared: "Newsflash: Joe Biden and the Democrats stole the 2020 election." In the accompanying video, Collins referred to "the federal hijacking" of the election and claimed that "if you count the legal votes that were cast," Trump won Georgia. (That’s not true.)
The ad ends with Collins using a long gun to obliterate a receptacle bearing a handwritten sign that reads "voting machine."
A TV ad by U.S. Rep. Billy Long of Missouri, who is running for an open Senate seat, said Trump "made America great, but the Democrats rigged the election," and that he’s running for the Senate "to stop the Democrats from stealing another election."
Ohio businessman Bernie Moreno, who is running for an open Senate seat, also invoked Trump’s claim of a stolen election.
Moreno started his ad saying, "Tech giants censoring the Hunter Biden laptop story, the media and Democrats smearing President Trump." Then: "An entire system rigged against the people. President Trump says the election was stolen, and he's right."
YouTube removed both the Long and Moreno ads from its platform for violating its misinformation policy.
Questions about 2020 are also animating campaigns down the ballot.
In Georgia, where Trump pressured state officials to find votes to overturn Biden’s win, Georgia Senate President Pro Tempore Butch Miller brought the claim into his campaign to be the state’s lieutenant governor.
In a Facebook ad attacking Georgia Democrat Stacey Abrams, who is making her second run for governor, Miller said he "is banning dropboxes" for use in voting "to stop Democrats from CHEATING! Don’t let Stacey Abrams get away with it again. Stand with Butch today to stop voter fraud!"
Nearly two dozen Republicans have publicly questioned or disputed the results of the 2020 election and are running for secretary of state across the country, the New York Times reported. The secretary of state typically is the top voting official in each state and plays a role in carrying out election laws.
State and federal officials, and dozens of judges, including GOP appointees, have roundly rejected claims from Trump and his allies that there was widespread fraud. Multiple recounts and audits have affirmed the result.
Yet the notion that the election wasn’t fairly decided remains potent with Republican voters, polls show. And it’s shaping up as a litmus test for Republican candidates.
YahooNews and YouGov found that 57% of Republicans and Republican-leaning independents said they would not vote in upcoming elections for any candidate who admits that Biden won the presidency "fair and square."
Two-thirds of GOP respondents agreed with the statement that "voter fraud helped" Biden win the election, according to an NRP/Ipsos poll.
So GOP candidates are leaning into the rigged-election language to build credibility with voters, even if it’s based on a falsehood.
In Arizona, where Republicans are competing in a primary to challenge Democratic Sen. Mark Kelly, businessman Jim Lamon said that politicians "rig our elections," as an image of Biden appeared on the screen. In Alabama, Republican Lindy Blanchard, who is trying to unseat GOP Gov. Kay Ivey, vowed to "fight for election security. The election was stolen from Donald Trump and now we’re paying the price." In Kentucky, 4th District House candidate Claire Wirth, who is challenging GOP Rep. Thomas Massie, claimed in a Facebook ad that started running Jan. 31: "2020 election was stolen. NEVER again will we follow politicians who say otherwise."
Asked to provide evidence for her stolen claim, Wirth replied with an email that cited unsubstantiated claims of election irregularities in states such as Arizona and Michigan and said: "The Democrat Party is satanic, I don’t negotiate with evil."
Moreno, the Ohio Senate candidate whose ad was bumped by YouTube, told PolitiFact in a telephone interview that he has his own concerns about whether illegal ballots were cast in swing states where voting rules were changed shortly before Election Day.
But he said the basis of his claim that the election was "stolen" has nothing to do with questions about voter fraud or election administration.
The news media and social media, he said, were "massive advocates for one ideology," underreporting stories favorable to Trump, such as historically low unemployment for minorities, and blunting stories that were unfavorable to Biden, such as those about his son Hunter, Moreno said.
"It was stolen fairly and squarely. There was nothing illegal about what they did," he said.
Moreno said that voters he encounters on the campaign trail raise the issue of election integrity.
"I think the story is treated as a right-wing hoax and Donald Trump is a sore loser," he said. "That is 100% not true."
On the left, groups are running their own ads warning of election theft in 2022. They generally warn that Trump will attempt to run for office again and declare victory whether he gets the most votes or not.
Priorities USA, which supports Democrats, posted an ad to YouTube on Jan. 6, the anniversary of the attack by Trump supporters on the U.S. Capitol seeking to disrupt the certification of Biden’s win.
"Last time was just a test run," the narrator says over footage from the attack. "Donald Trump is putting people in place now to dictate the outcome of the next presidential election, in Congress and in states all around the country… . Every vote we take this November is a vote against Trump."
MoveOn.org was more blunt, declaring in an ad on Facebook and Instagram: "ALERT: Trump’s preparations for being able to steal the presidency in 2024 have begun."
The ad, which asks for donations, said Trump and his allies are working to put his supporters in key election offices, including several secretary of state posts.
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CNN, "Republican Senate candidates echo lie that 2020 election was stolen in advertising," Jan. 21, 2022
Interview and email, Bernie Moreno, Jan. 27, 2022
Email, Bernie Moreno campaign spokesperson Chris Schrimpf, Jan. 28, 2022
Interview, Emory University political science professor Alan Abramowitz, whose research interests include elections and voting behavior, Feb. 1, 2022
AdImpact.com, Moreno for Senate "Truth" ad, accessed Jan. 24, 2022
AdImpact.com, Lamon for Senate "Stop Them Here" ad, accessed Jan. 24, 2022
AdImpact.com, Long for Senate "Again Again" ad, accessed Jan. 24, 2022
Twitter, Michael Bender tweet with Lindy Blanchard ad, Jan. 21, 2022
Facebook, Butch Miller "Ban drop boxes" ad, ID: 630167948102317, started running Jan. 28, 2022
Facebook, Claire Wirth "2020 election was stolen" ad, ID: 675075407013264, started running Jan. 31, 2022
Facebook, Mike Collins "Newsflash: Joe Biden and the Democrats stole the 2020 election" ad, ID: 892066558133582, started running Jan. 25, 2022
Survey Monkey, "Axios|Momentive Poll: January 6th revisited," accessed Jan. 28, 2022
Email, Claire Wirth, Jan. 31, 2022
YouTube, CNN Stacey Abrams interview, Nov. 18, 2018
Yahoo News, "Poll: Nearly 6 in 10 Republicans say they will not vote for any candidate who admits Biden won 'fair and square,’" Jan. 27, 2022
PolitiFact, "The facts of a fair US election have only gotten stronger since Capitol attack," Jan. 6, 2022
PolitiFact, "Joe Biden is right that more than 60 of Trump’s election lawsuits lacked merit," Jan. 8, 2021
PolitiFact, "In attack on Bill Barr, Trump repeats falsehood about 2020 election," June 29, 2021
PolitiFact, "Trump falsely describes Arizona audit findings," Sept. 28, 2021
Winred.com, Dr. Sam Alexander "Was the 2020 Election stolen from President Trump?" page, accessed Jan. 24, 2022
PolitiFact, "Fact-checking Donald Trump’s tweet firing Christopher Krebs," Nov. 18, 2020
PolitiFact, "Michigan Republican-led investigation rejects Trump's claim that Nov. 3 election was stolen," June 23, 2021
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Conservative group finds no signs of widespread voter fraud in Wisconsin but urges changes to election processes," Dec. 7, 2021
New York Times, "Campaigning to Oversee Elections, While Denying the Last One," Jan. 30, 2022
YouTube, Priorities USA "Coup" ad, Jan. 6, 2022
USA Today, "Fact check: How we know the 2020 election results were legitimate, not 'rigged' as Donald Trump claims," Jan. 6, 2022
Washington Post, "Republican Rep. Long falsely claims Democrats ‘rigged the election’ in Senate campaign ad," Jan. 20, 2022
Washington Post, "The GOP’s ‘stolen election’ litmus test," Dec. 16, 2022
Associated Press, "Billy Long Ad Calls Presidential Election ‘rigged’, ‘stolen,’" Jan. 21, 2022
NPR, "Here's where election-denying candidates are running to control voting," Jan. 4, 2022
Facebook Ad Library, MoveOn.org "ALERT: Trump’s preparations for being able to steal the presidency in 2024 have begun" ad, Jan. 24, 2022
Kansas City Star, "YouTube removes Missouri candidate’s campaign ad for violating community guidelines," Jan. 28, 2022