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Women and Mitt Romney see more eye-to-eye on the issues than the polls and press would have you believe, says Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi.
As the Republican National Convention convened in Tampa, CNN host Wolf Blitzer asked Bondi if she thought debate over abortion rights played into why Obama leads Romney with women. He pointed out the party’s policy platform, which calls for a "personhood"-style amendment that would define life at the moment of conception.
Bondi said "that issue really has not come up" during her travels across the country on Romney’s behalf.
"What women care about are jobs, the economy, the unemployment rate," Bondi said on Aug. 27, 2012. "You know, 401,000 women have lost jobs under President Obama’s reign."
Later in the interview, she said, "Wolf, when I’m around the country, women care about the same issues as men, and that’s getting jobs, keeping jobs."
We’ve heard this retort from Republicans throughout this election cycle as reproductive rights issues have at times dominated the news.
We wanted to know if Bondi is right about jobs being the priority for women or if it just sounds nice on TV. We put the question to experts in polling, political science and women’s issues (and to Bondi’s press aides, who did not respond).
Women have trended Democratic since the Ronald Reagan-Jimmy Carter 1980 election, but abortion isn’t the driving issue, said Seth McKee, a University of South Florida political science professor.
"It’s one of the myths in American politics that people think that’s where the gap comes from," he said of abortion. "There are lots of pro-choice men."
Instead, the gender gap is traditionally widened by issues of aggression -- meaning, more aversion from women to war and gun rights -- and government programs. Women are more likely to be in charge of family decisions on education, health and budgets, so they place more value on programs like Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security, said Heidi Hartmann, president of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research.
"It’s typically the woman who is responsible for all of that," she said. "And in general the Democrats are more supportive of providing those services to women and their families."
Where do reproductive issues rank? Not high, no matter the poll.
Here’s how the issue of abortion ranked in May 2012 when Washington University’s American Panel Survey asked people what issue they thought is "the most important problem facing the country today."
|Economy in general||32.7%||35.6%||34.2%|
Abortion didn’t break a percentage point.
Still, Bondi’s statement does not account for a couple factors, said Jeffrey Jones, managing editor of Gallup polls. First, he said, everyone cares most about the economy when it’s bleak. And even in a decent economy, sizing up single issues (abortion, gay marriage, campaign finance) next to as broad a topic as the economy is comparing apples and oranges.
In a close presidential race like this one, both sides will pounce on social controversies in hopes of moving the needle.
The Obama campaign, for instance, is using the abortion debate -- inflamed anew by Todd Akin’s "legitimate rape" controversy -- to appeal to unmarried women, said Karlyn Bowman, senior fellow at the conservative American Enterprise Institute.
"Obama has to be sensitive to women's concerns about the economy and deflecting their concerns to issues such as contraception and abortion could be a good strategy," she said.
NARAL Pro-Choice America political director Beth Shipp said polls by the group show abortion rights help Obama among women labeled "Obama defectors," meaning they voted for him in 2008 but are not committed this year.
"We don’t need to move 5 percent or 10 percent. We don’t need to move 2 percent," Shipp said. "I can move a .5 percent or 1 percent and affect the outcome of this race."
On the other side of the debate, anti-abortion advocates plan to use Obama’s "extreme abortion record" with the same end goal, according to an Aug. 29, 2012, Washington Post story.
Some experts argue that reproductive rights and the economy aren’t completely separate issues. If women aren’t worried about issues of contraception and abortion, it’s probably because they think those issues are long settled, says David Johnson, a University of South Florida history professor.
"Women in the ‘60s and ‘70s were fighting for reproductive freedom so that they could work,"
Johnson said in an interview. "If they could not control when they could have children, they could not work."
It’s worth noting that people on both sides of the issue believe debates on abortion rights can help or hurt a candidate on the margins in a tight race.
But Bondi is right that women, like men, place the most importance on economic issues this election cycle. We rate her statement True.
PolitiFact Florida is partnering with 10 News for the election. See video fact-checks here.
Interview with Heidi Hartmann, labor economist and president of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, Aug. 28, 2012
Interview with David Johnson, University of South Florida history professor, Aug. 28, 2012
Interview with Seth McKee, University of South Florida associate professor of political science, Aug. 28, 2012
Interview with Jeffrey Jones, managing editor of Gallup polls, Aug. 28, 2012
Email interview with Karlyn Bowman, American Enterprise Institute senior fellow, Aug. 28, 2012
Email interview with Stephen Smith, Washington University political science professor, Aug. 28, 2012
Interview with Carroll Doherty, associate director of the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Aug. 29, 2012
Interview with Beth Shipp, NAR-AL Pro-Choice America political director, Aug. 29, 2012
Gallup poll, "Obama remains women’s presidential pick; Romney, men’s," Aug. 23, 2012
Gallup poll, "US voters’ top election issues don’t include birth control," April 2, 2012
CBSNews.com, "Poll: Abortion views not a litmus test for most voters,"
The Washington Post, "Abortion remains strong issue," Aug. 29, 2012
National Journal, "Huge gender gap powers Obama lead over Romney," April 10, 2012
Slate, "Women do care about contraception even if conservative women care less," April 1, 2012
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