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American Crossroads GPS, a conservative advocacy group, has a new TV ad attacking Democratic Senate candidate Tim Kaine that airs an old, discredited charge.
The 30-second commercial says Kaine "left Virginia behind" during the final full year of his governorship in 2009 when, at President Barack Obama’s request, he became chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
With footage of a suitcase being zipped and a passenger jet in the sky, the announcer says, "Kaine put partisan ambitions first, selling policies he knows hurt Virginia: Medicare spending cuts..."
A silhouette appears of a person in a wheelchair. White and yellow capital letters letters read: "TIM KAINE $500 BILLION IN MEDICARE CUTS."
Did Kaine, as DNC chairman, really promote $500 billion in Medicare reductions?
PolitiFact is familiar with the $500 billion claim because it has come up over the last two years as a Republican talking point in a number of competitive races across the country. It all relates to Medicare reforms that were included in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Medicare covers health insurance costs for 39 million seniors and 8 million people under 65 receiving Social Security who are disabled. It makes up about 12 percent of the federal budget.
During the last decade, the federal cost of Medicare increased by an average 8.1 percent a year. One of the goals of health care reform is to slow that growth.
We asked American Crossroads -- a political action committee affiliated with Karl Rove, the senior political adviser to former President George W. Bush -- for evidence that Medicare has been cut by $500 billion. It referred us to three items written during the week Congress approved the health care law in March 2010. Two of them were news stories saying the legislation would "cut" the program by that amount.
The third piece was a Congressional Budget Office estimate of the costs and savings in the healthcare bill. The nonpartisan agency said the law would reduce the projected 10-year cost of Medicare by $455 billion. But it did not say savings would come from "cuts" in services.
Instead, the CBO explained that "Medicare spending would increase significantly more slowly during the next two decades than it has increased during the past two decades."
The estimate became the basis for a tutorial by The Kaiser Family Foundation on how the health care reforms affect Medicare. The presentation was conducted by Tricia Neuman, a Kaiser vice president and director of the non-profit’s Medicare Policy Project.
Some changes in the law increase Medicare spending to improve benefits and coverage, Neuman said. For instance, the health care law adds $5 billion to help cover prevention services and $43 billion to help fill in a gap -- or "doughnut hole" -- for buying prescription drugs through the Medicare Part D program.
Other changes will slow the growth in Medicare spending by more than $500 billion over 10 years, according to Kaiser’s tutorial. The largest savings, about $219 billion, will come from reducing the increases in reimbursements that medical providers receive each year.
Another $136 billion will come from reductions in beneficiary payments for those enrolled in optional, private Medicare Advantage plans. Also, premiums will become more expensive for affluent Medicare beneficiaries. Those with high-cost "Cadillac" health insurance plans will begin paying a 40 percent excise tax on their premiums in 2018.
The CBO, in a new estimate in March 2011, said the health care law would reduce the projected cost of Medicare by $564 billion from 2012 through 2021.
But again, here’s the key fact: the health care law, according to Kaiser, does not cut $500 billion from current Medicare spending. Rather, the law will slow the program's future growth.
Medicare spending will still increase. The CBO projects Medicare spending will reach $929 billion in 2020, up from $499 billion in actual spending in 2009.
Most people, according to Kaiser, will not see their Medicare benefits reduced.
Now, let’s turn back to Kaine.
As DNC chairman, Kaine was a steadfast supporter of Obama’s policies, including the health care law. When the legislation passed the U.S. Senate, Kaine said, "We are now on the verge of the biggest domestic policy breakthrough since the Civil Rights Acts of the 1960s."
American Crossroads says Kaine promoted a $500 billion cut to Medicare.
The Affordable Care Act contains about $564 billion in cost-savings measures for Medicare over 10 years. But the definition of a cut means there would be a reduction in spending. That’s not the case here. Medicare spending will continue to expand. The law will slow the projected rate of growth.
Kaine did advocate for the health care reform legislation, but he never called for a $500 billion cut to Medicare.
We rate American Crossroad’s statement False.
American Crossroads, "Behind" tv ad, June 13, 2012.
PolitiFact Florida, "Chamber says Ben Nelson voted to cut Medicare $500 billion," May 15, 2012.
PolitiFact Ohio, "Jim Renacci says that Betty Sutton ‘gutted Medicare by $500 billion’ with her vote for health care reform," May 21, 2012.
PolitiFact, "Romney: Obama 'only president' to cut Medicare," April 4, 2012.
PolitiFact Oregon, "Another look at a favorite Republican talking point," Nov. 14, 2011.
PolitiFact, "Did President Barack Obama "steal" $500 billion from Medicare?" Sept. 12, 2011.
PolitiFact Texas, "Lois Kolkhorst says $500 billion in Medicare cuts are coming," July 17, 2011.
PolitiFact Ohio, "NRSC claims Sen. Sherrod Brown voted to cut $500 billion from Medicare," June 23, 2011.
PolitiFact, "Medicare 'cuts' in the health care law will hurt seniors, says 60 Plus Association," Sept. 20, 2010.
Kaiser Family Foundation, "Medicare and Health Reform," accessed June 13, 2012.
Congressional Budget Office, "H.R. 4872, Reconciliation Act of 2010," March 20, 2010.
Congressional Budget Office, "Selected CBO Publications Related to Health Care Legislation, 2009-2010," Dec. 22, 2010.
Congressional Budget Office, CBO’s Analysis of the Major Health Care Legislation Enacted in March 2010, March 30, 2011.
Richmond Times-Dispatch, "Kaine defends DNC trips - He says group will repay state when security team goes with him on business," June 24, 2009.
Richmond Times-Dispatch, "In voting for health bill, Warner and Webb cite lower costs," Dec. 22, 2009.
Dallas Morning-News, The, "DNC chief is bullish on Texas - At Austin meeting, Kaine pledges aid for candidates next year," Sept. 12, 2009.
CNN’s Political Ticker Blog, "Pelosi: GOP Used Fear To Turn Elderly Against Health Care Bill," March 29, 2010.
Office of Management and Budget, Historical Table 3.1, accessed June 19, 2012.
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