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If PolitiFact Wisconsin had a Truth-O-Meter rating called False But Revealing, we might give it to state Rep. Andre Jacque for a claim about what he described as the state’s "radically misnamed" police and fire protection fee.
The DePere Republican went too far in decrying the 75-cent fee, which appears on Wisconsin phone bills every month and brings in some $50 million per year.
Speaking with the conservative MacIver Institute on May 15, 2013, he said:
"What does it do to support police and fire? Nothin.’"
But even though Jacque exaggerates the situation, his claim is revealing for anyone with a landline or wireless phone who pays what, in fact, is the misleadingly labeled "police and fire protection fee."
The fee -- and a bill
The fee was created in the 2009-11 state budget, when Democratic Gov. Jim Doyle was in office and Democrats controlled both chambers of the Legislature.
Phone service providers don’t have to itemize the fee on their bills. But if they do, they must -- by law -- identify it as a "police and fire protection fee."
Back in 2009, the Legislature's Joint Finance Committee, which retools the governor’s budget request before it goes to the full Legislature, initially proposed the fee to fund 911 system enhancements around the state.
But later in the budget process, faced with projections of declining revenues, the committee redirected the phone fee funds. Rather than being dedicated to 911, the money would instead go toward "shared revenue" payments the state makes to counties, towns, villages and cities.
Shared revenue is general, unrestricted aid to local governments. Typically, it is "commingled with the local government's other revenues and is not directly tied to any specific function," the state Legislative Fiscal Bureau notes.
In other words, shared revenue -- which ranks among the largest general fund state appropriations -- can be used toward a wide variety of local government operations, like parks, planning, roads, snow plowing, garbage collection, not just police and fire.
Redirecting the money was supposed to last only two years. But Doyle vetoed that provision, which meant the money would continue to be used toward shared revenue payments.
Republican Gov. Scott Walker kept the same arrangement in his 2011-13 budget and is not proposing to change it in his 2013-15 budget.
Jacque defended his statement to us by saying that because phone fee revenue goes to the state’s general fund, it does nothing to support police and fire protection.
But that overstates what is happening.
While the roughly $50 million per year in phone fee money might technically go to the state’s general fund, it is earmarked for shared revenue and thus ends up with local governments.
So, indirectly, the phone fee helps support police and fire, given that a county sheriff’s department, or a city police or fire department, are among the largest expenses in local government.
Jacque said a 75 cents-per-month "police and fire protection fee" on Wisconsin phone bills does nothing to support police and fire.
The $50 million per year in phone fee revenue isn’t dedicated to police and fire protection. But the money does support those services indirectly, in that it goes to local governments, which spend a large portion of their budgets on police and fire services.
We give a nod to Jacque for highlighting the misleading nature of the police and fire phone fee, but we rate his claim False.
YouTube, MacIver Institute "Andre Jacque proposes bill" video, May 15, 2013
Email interview, Rep. Andre Jacque staff member Jamie Julian, June 6, 2013
Interview, Rep. Andre Jacque, June 14, 2013
Wisconsin Assembly, 2013 Assembly Bill 186
Wisconsin Senate, 2013 Senate Bill 165
Fox 11 TV, "Bill would end police and fire fee," April 9, 2013
Fox 6 News, "911 fees on phone bills exposed," Feb. 19, 2012
Janesville Gazette, "Your phone bill's 'police and fire protection fee' is in name only," Jan. 26, 2013
Wisconsin State Telecommunications Association, memo to Joint Legislative Council, Feb. 12, 2013
Joint Legislative Council, memo to Joint Finance Committee co-chairs, Jan. 22, 2013
Associated Press, "New Wisconsin phone fee starts today," Sept. 1, 2009
Wisconsin Legislative Council, "Report to the Joint Legislative Council," Feb. 4, 2013
Interview, Wisconsin Counties Association legislative associate David Callender, June 14, 2013
Wisconsin Legislative Fiscal Bureau, shared revenue informational paper, January 2013
League of Wisconsin Municipalities, memo to Joint Finance Committee co-chairs, Feb. 4, 2013
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