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Louis Jacobson
By Louis Jacobson November 17, 2016

No, someone wasn't paid $3,500 to protest Donald Trump; it's fake news

Donald Trump has suggested that paid protesters targeted his rallies during the 2016 campaign, and even stronger charges from conspiracy websites such as Infowars have flooded the Internet.

If such claims piqued your interest and you plugged "paid protesters" into Google at mid-day on Nov. 17, at the top of the list is this one: "Donald Trump Protester Speaks Out: 'I Was Paid $3,500 To Protest Trump's Rally.' "

The link cites not one but two seemingly mainstream media outlets. It’s credited to "" and includes the abbreviation "(AP)," which is how the Associated Press marks its stories.

But the story doesn’t have anything to do with ABC News, and it doesn’t have anything to do with the Associated Press. It is 100 percent fake.


It was created by Paul Horner, who posts fake news on a variety of websites. Some of his posts go viral, presumably boosting his standing with Google’s news algorithm. The fake news posts typically earn Horner -- according to an interview with the Washington Post -- $10,000 a month in ad sales.

In the Post interview, Horner took credit for the fake news item about the protester being paid $3,500.

"His followers don’t fact-check anything — they’ll post everything, believe anything," Horner said. Referring to then-Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski, Horner said, "His campaign manager posted my story about a protester getting paid $3,500 as fact. Like, I made that up. I posted a fake ad on Craigslist." Here’s a screenshot of Lewandowski’s since-deleted tweet:

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Asked by the Post’s Caitlin Dewey why he posted the fake story, Horner responded, "Just ’cause his supporters were under the belief that people were getting paid to protest at their rallies, and that’s just insane. I’ve gone to Trump protests — trust me, no one needs to get paid to protest Trump. I just wanted to make fun of that insane belief, but it took off. They actually believed it."

The story’s high position on Google search results after the election likely stems from Horner’s decision to re-date the post, which originally ran in March. The current version is dated Nov. 11.

Automated algorithms may not be able to tell fact from fiction, but a human with minimal understanding of typical news articles might have noticed, after clicking into it, that the article eventually degenerates into a rant against, the urban-legends site that has regularly debunked articles from websites operated by Horner.

Horner even quoted himself by name in the fake story, something he does in many of his posts.

PolitiFact has also debunked at least three fake Horner stories in recent years. PolitiFact was unable to reach Horner independently.

Our ruling

A web posting headlined, "Donald Trump Protester Speaks Out: 'I Was Paid $3,500 To Protest Trump's Rally,' " ranks high on Google searches for the phrase "paid protesters." But the article is 100 percent fabricated, as its author acknowledges. We rate it Pants on Fire.

Our Sources, ""Donald Trump Protester Speaks Out: 'I Was Paid $3,500 To Protest Trump's Rally.' " Nov. 11, 2016, "Snopes' Field Guide to Fake News Sites and Hoax Purveyors," Nov. 2, 2016

Washington Post, "Facebook fake-news writer: ‘I think Donald Trump is in the White House because of me,' " Nov. 17, 2016

Washington Post, "Why Donald Trump and his supporters want you to think protests against him are manufactured," Nov. 14, 2016

Washington Post, "Sen. Sasse, here are some answers to your questions about ‘paid rioting,’ " Nov. 17, 2016

CBS News, transcript of 60 Minutes interview with Donald Trump, Nov. 13, 2016

Email interview with Caitlin Dewey, Washington Post reporter, Nov. 17, 2016

Browse the Truth-O-Meter

More by Louis Jacobson

No, someone wasn't paid $3,500 to protest Donald Trump; it's fake news

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