Just how insignificant is Russia in the global economy? Quite insignificant, argued Rep. Ro Khanna, D-Calif., in a Dec. 20 interview with MSNBC’s Hallie Jackson.
Khanna was discussing President Donald Trump and his warm relations with Russia’s president, Vladimir Putin. Khanna told Jackson that he was mystified why Trump would pick Putin as a global partner.
"Here is what is so shocking," Khanna said. "Russia is not even a top-10 economy any more. I mean, my district in Silicon Valley has a higher GDP than Russia." (GDP refers to gross domestic product, or the sum of all economic activity in a given jurisdiction.)
No, and Khanna acknowledged that after PolitiFact contacted him.
"I misspoke," Khanna said in an email. "What I meant to say is that two companies in my district — Apple and Google — have a higher market capitalization, $2 trillion, than Russia’s economy, and that California has a higher GDP."
Let’s look at the numbers.
Russia’s GDP in 2018, according to the World Bank, was $1.66 trillion. That ranks 11th in the world, behind the United States, China, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, India, Italy, Brazil, and Canada.
As for Khanna’s congressional district, California’s 17th, we were able to find a calculation by the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program. Earlier this year, the think tank calculated GDP for every congressional district in 2018 and published summary numbers in the Wall Street Journal.
The article doesn’t include individual figures for every district, but Brookings researchers provided a figure for Khanna’s district: $103.9 billion.
So Russia’s GDP is about 16 times bigger than the GDP for Khanna’s district.
The entire state of California, meanwhile, had a GDP just shy of $3 trillion in 2018, so California as a whole does outpace Russia in GDP.
What about Khanna’s point about market capitalization?
Market capitalization is the total market value of all outstanding shares in a company. It’s a different measurement than GDP, which measures all economic activity within a locale. So the two aren’t directly comparable, but they can give a rough sense of scale.
Khanna said the California congressional district he represents "has a higher GDP than Russia."
That’s wrong, as Khanna acknowledged. Russia’s GDP is about 16 times larger than that of California’s 17th congressional district.
When a speaker we’re checking acknowledges their error before publication, we note their comments but do not change our ruling, since many more people would have seen the interview with the incorrect information. So we rate the statement False.
Ro Khanna, interview on MSNBC, Dec. 20, 2019
Bureau of Economic Analysis, interactive data portal for regions, accessed Dec. 20, 2019
Wall Street Journal, "Democrats and Republicans Aren’t Just Divided. They Live in Different Worlds," Sept. 19, 2019
Census Bureau, My Congressional District tool, accessed Dec. 20, 2019
World Bank, GDP by country, accessed Dec. 20, 2019
World Bank, population by country, accessed Dec. 20, 2019
Yahoo! Finance, Google market capitalization, accessed Dec. 20, 2019
Yahoo! Finance, Apple market capitalization, accessed Dec. 20, 2019
Email interview with Ro Khanna, Dec. 20, 2019
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