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Over 90% of publishing climate scientists agree that humans are causing global warming.
Democratic Sen. Michael Bennet of Colorado, who is running for president, said in a CNN town hall May 30 that public perception is consistent with that consensus.
"The vast majority of Americans believe that climate change is real and we need to do something about it," he said.
We looked into this claim and found that Bennet, who recently rolled out a plan for 2020 to address climate change, is right that most Americans say climate change is taking place. But polls indicate that the public shows a bit less conviction when asked whether government should address the issue, though much seems to depend on how the questions are asked.
Let’s take a look.
Bennet’s climate change plan, which was released in May, includes a goal for the United States to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Bennet based his claim on a politics and global warming report published in April by the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication.
The Yale and GMU programs use social science to help communicate climate change to the public.
The report states that 70% of U.S. registered voters said global warming is happening. A majority "strongly" or "somewhat" support investments in renewable energy research and infrastructure (87%), regulating pollution (82%) and/or taxing pollution (72%). Also, nearly four in ten voters said a candidate’s position on global warming will be very important when they decide who they vote for in the 2020 presidential election.
We looked at other polls about climate change and found that responses vary on whether or not Americans believe climate change is real.
One way to analyze the first part of Bennet’s statement is to examine Americans’ views on the timeline of the effects of global warming.
A Gallup poll conducted in March found that 59% of Americans said that the effects of global warming have already begun and 66% believe it’s mostly due to pollution from human activities. The percentage of people polled who believe the effects of global warming are already underway has fluctuated over the years, but it’s steadily climbed from 49% in 2011 to 52% in 2012 to where we are today.
Gallup does note differences in how Americans view the issue based on their political leanings. Among those who describe themselves as conservative, only 25% were classified as concerned believers, compared to 81% of liberals and 56% of moderates.
So, is Bennet also on point when he says that most Americans support doing something about climate change? The results are mixed.
A Quinnipiac University poll released in 2018 found that the majority of American voters, 69%, are "somewhat" or "very" concerned about climate change.
But a Pew Research Center survey conducted in January found that only 44% of Americans said global climate change should be a top priority for President Donald Trump and Congress. It was low on a list of 18 issues prioritized by the adults surveyed. However, the environment, categorized as a separate issue, was at No. 8, behind the economy, health care, education, terrorism, Social Security, Medicare and the poor and needy.
A Gallup poll conducted last year found that 62% of Americans think the U.S. government is doing too little to protect the environment. The majority of Americans support governmental policies aimed at mitigating climate change such as spending more on solar and wind power (76%), setting higher emissions and pollution standards for businesses and industry (74%) and imposing mandatory controls on greenhouse gas emissions (67%).
John Kotcher, a research assistant professor at GMU’s Center for Climate Change Communication, told PolitiFact that views on climate change among scientists and the general public vary in part because people have not always seen the issue as one that directly affects them.
"Historically, climate change has been framed as an environmental issue that’s distant in time and space — that it’s a problem for plants, penguins and polar bears," he said.
Kotcher helped conduct the survey Bennet’s campaign referenced.
Bennet said that "the vast majority of Americans believe that climate change is real and we need to do something about it."
The polls we reviewed show that the majority of Americans do think the effects of climate change are currently taking place and that they are concerned about it.
While one poll found that less than half of Americans believe Congress and Trump should make it a top priority, other polls show that when questioned about specific policies to address global warming, a majority of Americans say they support action.
We rate Bennet’s claim Mostly True.
YouTube, Michael Bennet: Trump wants Democrats to attempt impeachment, May 30, 2019
Phone interview with Kathleen Weldon, Cornell University Roper Center for Public Opinion Research director of data operations and communications, June 3, 2019
IOPscience, Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming, April 13, 2016
Michael Bennet for America, America’s Climate Change Plan, accessed June, 3, 2019
Phone interview with John Kotcher, research assistant professor at GMU’s Center for Climate Change Communication, June 3, 2019
Phone and email interview with Bennet campaign spokesperson, June 3 and June 4, 2019
Yale Program on Climate Change Communication and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication, Politics & Global Warming, April 2019
Phone interview with Karlyn Bowman, American Enterprise Institute senior fellow, June 4, 2019
Gallup, Americans’ Views on Global Warming, 2019 (Trends), March 2019
Gallup, Americans as Concerned as Ever About Global Warming, March 25, 2019
Phone interview with Edward Boyle, marine geochemist at MIT’s Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences department, June 4, 2019
Quinnipiac University, "Most U.S. Voters Back Life Over Death Penalty" March 22, 2018
Pew Research Center, Public’s 2019 Priorities: Economy, Health Care, Education and Security All Near Top of List, Jan. 24, 2019
Gallup, Americans’ Views on Environmental, Energy Policies (Trends), March 2018
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