Violent crime increased 27 percent in New Orleans from 2013 to 2014. Its homicide rate consistently ranks it as one of the deadliest cities in the country. The New Orleans Police Department now employs about 1,150 officers, compared to more than 1,700 before Katrina.
And the city has turned to outside agencies and privately funded off-duty cops to patrol the French Quarter.
However, the New Orleans Police Department is in the middle of a transition. And the Obama administration has done its share to aid the troubled department by offering money to hire officers, providing federal personnel and spearheading a sweeping reform program.
In the years after Katrina, the NOPD's ranks swelled to nearly what they were before the storm — 1,546 sworn officers by 2009. But between 2010 and 2015, it lost about 400.
Mayor Mitch Landrieu has criticized the federal government for curtailing its COPS program, which funds hiring of new officers.
However, the city has received COPS grants nearly every year since he took office in 2010, according to Department of Justice grant announcements. Between 2011 and 2014, the NOPD received nearly $7 million, supporting 50 officers.
It's true that the NOPD is getting less than during the Clinton era. According to a 2010 report on COPS grants awarded to Louisiana agencies, the NOPD got about $6.3 million in 1995 and 1996 alone. That paid for more than 100 officers.
But the city is getting a lot more than it did under the Bush administration, which decreased funding for the COPS program. The NOPD didn't get a single COPS hiring grant during Bush's two terms in office. During that period, the city had far more officers than now.
In 2009, Obama's first year in office, the federal government revived the program and gave the city $2.5 million.
The problem with police department staffing was the city budget. When Landrieu came into office, he inherited a massive deficit from his predecessor Mayor Ray Nagin. He responded with a citywide hiring freeze and furloughs for city employees.
Police pay raises were put on hold until late 2014, when officers saw their first across-the-board increase in eight years. For several years, the city lost more officers to attrition than it hired.
Meanwhile, federal agencies have continued to partner with local law enforcement. A previous update on this pledge mentioned the Violent Crimes Task Force, which started in 2009. Since then, the Multi-Agency Gang Unit has been created, a partnership between the police, the Orleans Parish District Attorney's Office, the U.S. Attorney's Office, FBI, DEA, ATF and several other local and federal agencies.
FBI agents now assist in internal investigations at NOPD, working directly with officers in the Public Integrity Bureau. In July, the FBI deputized three police officers to assist in federal investigations of civil rights violations by the police department. The FBI has also trained and certified police academy instructors.
The most important initiative undertaken by Obama's Justice Department isn't part of this campaign pledge: the sweeping reform of the police department brought about by a federal lawsuit over police abuses.
At Landrieu's urging, the Justice Department conducted an investigation of the police department and identified widespread constitutional violations, including corruption, discrimination and police brutality.
In 2012, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder unveiled a proposed reform package, calling it the most wide-ranging police consent decree in history. The agreement covers nearly every aspect of local policing, from the use of force to off-duty assignments for officers.
The reforms mandated by the consent decree are a financial burden on the city — more than $50 million over five years. Still, if it works as intended, it will make a long-troubled police force more effective and responsive to the public.
Between the consent decree, the numerous examples of federal assistance to local police, and the COPS grants awarded on Obama's watch, we rank this Promise Kept.
Editor's note: On the 10th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, PolitiFact has partnered with The Lens to report on President Barack Obama's campaign promises about the storm's impact on New Orleans. The Lens is a nonprofit, public-interest newsroom that covers the New Orleans area.