"Last year, out of the 500,000 (in) population growth we had in the state of Texas, about 250,000 of the 500,000 came to Texas... from the other 49 states."
David Dewhurst on Tuesday, January 18th, 2011 in his inaugural address.
David Dewhurst says that last year, 250,000 people moved to Texas from other states
Texas is a bastion of opportunity that attracts newcomers, Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst said in his Jan. 18 inaugural address. "Last year, out of the 500,000 (in) population growth we had in the state of Texas, about 250,000 of the 500,000 came to Texas, voted for Texas, with their feet," Dewhurst said. "They came from the other 49 states--and it wasn’t because of our weather."
That was more dramatic than his prepared remarks, which read: "Last year, more than 200,000 people moved to Texas from the other 49 states."
Either way, that’s a lot of volunteer Texans.
We zeroed in on what Dewhurst actually speechified. Asked for back-up information, Dewhurst spokesman Mike Walz pointed us to the state demographer, Lloyd Potter of San Antonio.
Potter said there are no published figures yet on the state’s population gains in 2010 due to migration from other states. However, Potter singled out a U.S. Census Bureau estimate covering July 2008-July 2009, which says the population of Texas increased by 478,012, or 2 percent, to 24.8 million over those 12 months. During the period, net migration from other states--the number of people who moved to Texas minus those who left Texas for other states--was 143,423. The net migration of residents who moved to Texas from outside the U.S. was 88,116.
That is, the state’s population increased by nearly 480,000 with the 143,423 new residents hailing from other states accounting for about 30 percent of the increase.
At the bureau, Dallas spokeswoman Suzee Privett guided us to a different collection of data estimating new Texans. According to the bureau’s 2009 American Community Survey, Texas enjoyed a net gain of 128,137 residents coming from other states in 2009.
Robert Bernstein, a Maryland-based bureau spokesman, said the two census estimates differ because they cover different time periods--July 2008-July 2009 compared to calendar year 2009--and use different data-gathering approaches. The former estimate draws on government records including birth and death certificates, he said, while the survey is based on samplings of households across the country.
Potter said it’s possible that Dewhurst’s reference to 250,000 people moving here from other states included those from other countries, which is a common misunderstanding.
We shared the 2009 estimates with Walz. He replied by e-mail that Dewhurst was trying to show that roughly half of the state’s population growth is from migration, with the other half due to natural increases, in-state births minus deaths.
But we’re left weighing what Dewhurst actually said: that half the growth Texas experienced -- 250,000 out of 500,000 additional residents last year, he said -- was due to residents moving in from other states.
Not quite. First, the census data for 2010 hasn’t been released yet. And the most generous census estimate prior to last year indicates net migration from other states equaled 143,000 people from July 2008 to July 2009, accounting for less than a third of the state’s population increase in the period.
However, looking at Texas population growth in terms of people moving here "with their feet" versus people born here, Dewhurst pegged the ratio correctly -- about half-and-half.
We rate his claim Half True.
Published: Saturday, January 29th, 2011 at 6:00 a.m.
David Dewhurst campaign, prepared remarks, inaugural address, "Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst’s 2011 Inaugural Address," Jan. 18, 2011 (accessed Jan. 20, 2011)
E-mails (excerpted), responses to PolitiFact Texas, Lloyd Potter, state demographer, San Antonio, Jan. 19, 20 and 21, 2011
E-mail (excerpted), response to PolitiFact Texas, Mike Walz, communications director, Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst, Jan. 21, 2011
Interview, Robert Bernstein, public affairs specialist, U.S. Census Bureau, Jan. 21, 2011
Interview, Suzee Privett, information assistant, Dallas regional office, U.S. Census Bureau, Jan. 21, 2011
Texas Senate, 2011 video archives, "Joint Session: Texas Inauguration, 2011," Jan. 18, 2011
U.S. Census Bureau, tables, American FactFinder, "Selected Population Profile in the United States, Texas, 2008 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates;
"GEOGRAPHICAL MOBILITY IN THE PAST YEAR BY SEX FOR CURRENT RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES - Universe: POPULATION 1 YEAR AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES Data Set: 2009 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates," "GEOGRAPHICAL MOBILITY IN THE PAST YEAR BY SEX FOR RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO IN THE UNITED STATES - Universe: POPULATION 1 YEAR AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES Data Set: 2009 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates," Population Estimates, information downloaded from "National and State Population Estimates, Components of Population Change"
(accessed Jan. 21, 2011)
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