Gas taxes, on holiday
By Bill Adair
Published on Thursday, April 24th, 2008 at 6:01 p.m.
Lawmakers love to declare holidays on taxes. They suspend sales taxes for a few days and reap some goodwill (and publicity) when constituents make big purchases without having to pay a few cents on every dollar to state and local governments.
When Barack Obama was an Illinois state senator, lawmakers passed a holiday on gas taxes to compensate for soaring prices. Obama supported the idea. But he soured on it after deciding the suspension of gas taxes was helping oil companies more than consumers. When the state Senate considered an extension, he voted against it.
Now, the Republican National Committee is using a new Web video to accuse him of flip-flopping.
The video uses news clips to remind viewers that gas prices have reached record levels and then shows side-by-side comments from Obama and Sen. John McCain.
McCain: "I propose that the federal government suspend all taxes on gasoline now paid by the American people — from Memorial Day to Labor Day of this year."
Obama: "I think John McCain's proposal for a three-month tax holiday is a bad idea."
After another news clip about the price of gas and a repeat of the McCain/Obama comments, the screen fills with these words:
"In 2000 as a state senator, Obama voted for a six-month 5 percent gas tax holiday." The ad doesn't actually say "flip-flop," but that point comes through loud and clear.
McCain proposed the tax holiday during a speech on April 15, 2008, at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. He said a summertime suspension of the gas tax "will be an immediate economic stimulus — taking a few dollars off the price of a tank of gas every time a family, a farmer, or trucker stops to fill up."
The federal tax is 18.4 cents per gallon for gasoline and 24.4 cents for diesel fuel.
A week after McCain's proposal, Obama said it was not a good economic approach. "I've said I think John McCain's proposal for a three-month tax holiday is a bad idea," Obama said.
He said it would have minimal consumer benefit. "We're talking about 5 percent of your total cost of gas that you suspend for three months, which might save you a few hundred bucks that then will spike right up."
He said the policy might not help consumers because oil companies might not pass along the savings and he warned that a temporary halt in the tax would deprive the Highway Trust Fund of money for critical infrastructure repairs.
So the RNC video has the first part right. Obama is against the McCain proposal. (We should note that Sen. Hillary Clinton has said she is open to the idea as long as the revenue is somehow replaced in the Highway Trust Fund.)
Looking back to 2000 when Obama was in the Illinois Senate, gas prices had soared to $1.50 per gallon (high for those days, but a bargain by today's standards) and state legislators wanted to provide some relief. Obama voted for Senate Bill 1310, which reduced the state's sales tax on gasoline from 6.25 percent to 1.25 percent for six months. It passed 50-0, with six senators voting present.
Obama joined other senators in requesting gas staions post signs that said the legislature had lowered the gas tax. That was prompted by concerns that oil companies would pocket the savings and not pass it to consumers. Obama even joked that he wanted signs in his district to say "Senator Obama reduced your gasoline prices."
But six months later, Obama voted against a bill to make the reduction permanent. He said statistics suggested that "the elimination of the tax has not been passed on to the consumer."
The Obama campaign says that's a key reason why he opposes McCain's plan: there is no mechanism to make sure that consumers, rather than oil companies, reap the benefits of the tax holiday.
So on this point — how Obama voted in 2000 — the RNC glosses over an important detail. Yes, he voted for the tax holiday the first time, but he opposed an extension of it because he said consumers weren't getting the benefit.
So that leaves us with evidence on both sides. The RNC is right that he voted for the 2000 bill and opposes the new McCain proposal. But the RNC leaves out the fact that he opposed the extension because of concern for consumers and now opposes the McCain bill for that reason.
But it's not fair to call it a flip-flop when the very reason Obama opposes a suspension of the gas tax now is because he concluded that it didn't work when he supported one in the past. We rule this Barely True.
Sources: Transcript of McCain Speech on the Economy at Carnegie Mellon University, April 15, 2008
Energy Information Administration, Federal and State Motor Fuels Taxes (Cents per gallon)
Wall Street Journal, Clinton joins McCain on gas tax Obama opposes, April 21, 2008
Energy Information Administration, U.S. Regular All Formulations Retail Gasoline Prices (Cents per Gallon)
State Of Illinois Legislative Transcripts, April 15, 2000, page 81
State Of Illinois Legislative Transcripts, November 15, 2000, pp. 51-52
State of Illinois, 91st General Assembly, Roll Call on SB310
State of Illinois, 91st General Assembly, Roll Call on SB1867
Researchers: Lissa August
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