Wednesday, October 1st, 2014

The Obameter

Make U.S. military aid to Pakistan conditional on anti-terror efforts

"As president, Barack Obama would condition U.S. military aid to Pakistan on their making progress to close down the training camps, evict foreign fighters, and prevent the Taliban from using Pakistan as a base to strike inside of Afghanistan. ... Obama also will increase aid to Pakistan for development and secular education to counter extremists."

Updates

Pakistan aid package comes with strings

On Oct. 15, 2009, President Barack Obama signed into law a bill that will provide $7.5 billion in additional aid to Pakistan over the next five years, with all of the conditions described in Obama's promise during the presidential campaign.

Title II of the bill — Senate Bill 1707 — speaks to the conditions tied to security assistance to Pakistan.

According to the bill, before any money goes to Pakistan, the U.S. secretary of state must certify that the government of Pakistan "is continuing to cooperate with the United States in efforts to dismantle supplier networks relating to the acquisition of nuclear weapons-related materials, such as providing relevant information from or direct access to Pakistani nationals associated with such networks."

It also requires the government of Pakistan to show that during the last year it has "demonstrated a sustained commitment to and is making significant efforts towards combating terrorist groups," including:

* "Ceasing support, including by any elements within the Pakistan military or its intelligence agency, to extremist and terrorist groups, particularly to any group that has conducted attacks against United States or coalition forces in Afghanistan, or against the territory or people of neighboring countries."

* "Preventing al Qaida, the Taliban and associated terrorist groups, such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed, from operating in the territory of Pakistan, including carrying out cross-border attacks into neighboring countries, closing terrorist camps in the FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Area), dismantling terrorist bases of operations in other parts of the country, including Quetta and Muridke, and taking action when provided with intelligence about high-level terrorist targets."

* "Strengthening counter-terrorism and anti-money laundering laws."

An earlier section of the bill dedicated to democratic, economic and development assistance to Pakistan satisfies the second part of Obama's promise. The bill spells out that aid to Pakistan will support: "democratic institutions; efforts to expand the rule of law, build capacity, transparency, and trust in government institutions, as well as promote human rights; economic freedom and development; investments in people, particularly women and children; and public diplomacy to combat militant extremism and promote a better understanding of the United States."

We rate this one Promise Kept.

Sources:

Library of Congress, Senate Bill 1707 , A bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal years 2010 through 2014 to promote an enhanced strategic partnership with Pakistan and its people, and for other purposes

Associated Press, "Obama signs major Pakistan aid bill," by Foster Klug, Oct. 15, 2009

CNN.com, "Obama  signs $7.5 billion Pakistan aid bill," Oct. 15, 2009