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Black Lives Matter is more of a diverse movement than a top-down organization, so it’s difficult to flatly state what Black Lives Matter beliefs are.
More than 600 Jewish organizations have declared support for Black Lives Matter.
Some organizations affiliated with Black Lives Matter have expressed anti-Israel, pro-Palestinian sentiments that some Jewish groups view as anti-Semitic.
Now readers have asked us whether Black Lives Matter — a diverse movement more than a formal organization — is anti-Semitic.
What we found, outside of isolated incidents involving recent Black Lives Matter protests, is concern among some Jewish leaders about statements linked to Black Lives Matter about Israel’s treatment of Palestinians.
But hundreds of Jewish organizations express support for Black Lives Matter.
Anti-Defamation League spokesman Todd Gutnik acknowledged in a statement that some individuals and organizations within the movement are spreading anti-Semitic rhetoric and "that raises serious concerns." But the league praised Black Lives Matter overall as the largest civil rights movement in at least 50 years.
"It is important to separate fact from fiction around claims that the huge, decentralized, nationwide Black Lives Matter as a whole is anti-Semitic or anti-Israel, or that it is part of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign against Israel. It is none of these," the league statement said.
Black Lives Matter was formed in response to the 2013 acquittal of George Zimmerman, a neighborhood watch volunteer who fatally shot Trayvon Martin, a Black teenager who was walking home after buying Skittles and juice at a convenience store in Sanford, Fla.
The group says it has "committed to struggling together and to imagining and creating a world free of anti-Blackness, where every Black person has the social, economic and political power to thrive." Polls suggest that about 15 million to 26 million people in the United States participated in demonstrations in the weeks following the death of George Floyd, who was killed while in police custody in Minneapolis in May.
Alicia Garza, one of the three co-founders of Black Lives Matter, was raised Jewish by her Black mother and white Jewish stepfather. She identifies as Jewish, according to the Jewish Women’s Archive, which documents Jewish women’s stories.
Alvin Rosenfeld, director of the Indiana University Institute for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism, told PolitiFact that Black Lives Matter was linked to the Movement for Black Lives, which had a 2016 platform that included what he characterized as "anti-Semitic, anti-Israel expressions."
The Movement for Black Lives platform was written by more than 60 organizations that had sprung up as part of the nationwide Black Lives Matter movement, the Washington Post reported at the time. That platform is no longer on the group’s website. The 2020 platform, which notes the 2016 platform, does not mention Jews, Israel or Palestinians.
Georgetown University Jewish civilization professor Jacques Berlinerblau told us there is still wariness about what was in the 2016 platform. Jewish leaders at the time criticized the platform for saying that the United States, by providing aid to Israel, is "complicit in the genocide taking place against the Palestinian people," and for describing Israel as "an apartheid state."
Certain Black Lives Matter members have criticized Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. In June, for example, Black Lives Matter United Kingdom tweeted: "As Israel moves forward with the annexation of the West Bank, and mainstream British politics is gagged of the right to critique Zionism, and Israel’s settler colonial pursuits, we loudly and clearly stand beside our Palestinian comrades. FREE PALESTINE."
There have also been isolated incidents stemming from demonstrations.
A Black Lives Matter protest on May 30 in the Fairfax District of Los Angeles turned violent. A Los Angeles Times account and a local CBS TV affiliate report made no mention of Jewish targets, but there were reports that synagogues and Jewish-owned businesses were vandalized.
"As we watched the fires and looting, what didn’t get covered were the anti-Semitic hate crimes and incidents," Los Angeles Councilmember Paul Koretz said, according to the Jewish Journal, which reported that Congregation Beth El was vandalized with graffiti stating "free Palestine" and "f— Israel."
More recently, some Black celebrities have been criticized for statements viewed as anti-Semitic. Those statements have gotten conflated with the Black Lives Matter movement, said Terrence Johnson, a Black religion and politics professor at Georgetown University.
Johnson, who has coauthored with Berlinerblau a forthcoming book on Blacks and Jews, said he has not seen evidence that the movement overall is anti-Semitic.
Widespread support of Black Lives Matter from Jewish organizations suggests that incidents of anti-Semitism have been isolated and have been overshadowed by overall agreement with the organization’s larger aims.
A month after Floyd’s death, the Anti-Defamation League and more than 600 other Jewish organizations and synagogues declared support for the movement, saying: "The Black Lives Matter movement is the current-day civil rights movement in this country, and it is our best chance at equity and justice."
The Jewish Council for Public Affairs, one of the other organizations declaring support, said:
"When Jews are asked to march with or just assert ‘Black lives matter,’ we are not being asked to ‘check’ our love of Israel at the door or embrace an anti-Semitic agenda. To most invoking the phrase, Black Lives Matter is an inspiring rallying cry, a slogan, and a demand for racial justice. That fight for racial justice is also a fight for our own multiracial, multiethnic Jewish community."
Berlinerblau told us: "The majority of the Jewish community is overwhelmingly in favor of the Black Lives Matter agenda."
U.S. State Department, "Defining Anti-Semitism," accessed Aug. 20, 2020
The Conversation, "Anti-Semitism is on the rise, 75 years after the end of the Holocaust and Second World War," Aug. 3, 2020
Anti-Defamation League, "Anti-Semitism," accessed Aug. 20, 2020
PolitiFact, "Is Black Lives Matter a Marxist movement?", July 21, 2020
The Algemeiner, Alan Dershowitz column, July 9, 2020
Daily Caller, "Sen. Loeffler Speaks Out On WNBA Players Protesting Her Senate Campaign," Aug. 17, 2020
Jewish Council for Public Affairs, "Black Lives Matter, American Jews, and Antisemitism," accessed Aug. 20, 2020
Newsweek, "Will Anti-Semitism Undermine the Black Lives Matter Movement?", July 24, 2020
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Medium, "600+ Jewish Organizations and Synagogues say: Black Lives Matter," June 25, 2020
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Jewish Journal, "LA City Councilmember Condemns Targeting of Jewish Institutions During Protests," May 31, 2020
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Die Welt, "You can't fight racism with anti-Semitism"; After attacks on synagogues and anti-Semitic slogans, doubts are growing about the Black Lives Matter," Die Welt, Aug. 20, 2020
Interview, Jewish civilization professor Jacques Berlinerblau, director of Georgetown University’s Center for Jewish Civilization, who teaches a "Blacks and Jews in America" course, Aug. 21, 2020
Interview, Georgetown University religion and politics professor Terrence Johnson, Aug. 24, 2020
Washington Post, "Jewish groups decry Black Lives Matter platform’s view on Israel," Aug. 5, 2016