Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., has been critical of Republican efforts to revisit the question of birthright citizenship for children of illegal immigrants, but that seems to have backfired, with rivals saying he once supported the idea himself. The claim has popped up everywhere from the website of the Nevada Republican Party to the Washington Times to a twitter feed from Reid's GOP opponent, Sharon Angle, so we decided to look into it.
Has Reid switched his position on "clarifying" the 14th amendment?
To check, we looked back to August 4, 1993. That's when Reid introduced the Immigration Stabilization Act of 1993, a bill that would have, among other things, revoked birthright citizenship. Section 1001, entitled "Basis of Citizenship Clarified," said, in effect, that children born in United States to parents who are illegal immigrants would not become U.S. citizens.
And just in case there was any confusion about the matter, a press release that Reid's office issued a day later states that the bill "clarifies that a person born in the United States to an alien mother who is not a lawful resident is not a U.S. citizen." This clarification would have eliminated the "incentive for pregnant alien women to enter the United States illegally, often at risk to mother and child, for the purpose of acquiring citizenship for the child and accompanying federal financial benefits," said Reid.
Reid encouraged other lawmakers to consider and vote for the bill in a Senate floor speech on September 20, 1993. "While other legislation has been introduced in this session of Congress to address some of the most egregious abuses of our immigration laws, this legislation is the only one that institutes comprehensive reform to the entire process" Reid said. He reiterated his arguments for increased immigration controls in an August 10, 1994, op-ed piece published in the Los Angeles Times. Comparing the United States to a table that is "becoming overcrowded," Reid wrote that "unless changes are made, our dinner table eventually will collapse, and no one will have security and opportunity." The bill ultimately died in committee.
But as they say, past is the past. What is Reid's position today?
Reid was asked about the issue in a press conference on August 3, 2010. He did not answer the question directly but quoted extensively from Michael Gerson, a Washington Post columnist. Gerson wrote a column on July 30, 2010, in which he said that Sen. Lindsey Graham -- a South Carolina Republican who is considering a constitutional amendment to change the birthright citizenship process -- has "either taken leave of his senses or of his principles."
So, in 1993, Reid was clearly for restricting birthright citizenship. He introduced a bill that would have "clarified" the 14th amendment to mean that children of illegal immigrants do not automatically become U.S. citizens at birth. Twenty years later, he seems to be agreeing with Gerson that Republicans have either lost their senses or abandoned their principles.
However, Reid has openly acknowledged his changed position on at least two occasions. In a House floor speech on August 5, 2006, he admitted that the "low point" of his legislative career came when he introduced the "travesty that [he] called legislation" in 1993. The Las Vegas Review-Journal also reported on December 13, 1999, that Reid said that the legislation is "way up high" on his "list of mistakes" and that it was "short-sighted." He added, "I didn't understand the issue. I'm embarrassed that I made such a proposal."
To sum up. Nobody -- not even Reid himself -- is denying that Reid switched his position on "clarifying" the 14th amendment. He wrote a bill in 1993 that would have denied birthright citizenship to children of illegal aliens. Six years later, he called that bill a mistake. Granted, he apparently regrets introducing the bill, but we wanted to know whether Reid has changed his position. We found that he did, so we rate this a Full Flop.
The Washington Times, 1993 flip-flop: Sen. Reid introduced bill 'clarifying' birthright citizenship, by Kerry Picket, Aug. 12, 2010
Politico, Reid's birthright, by Ben Smith, Aug. 13, 2010
GovTrack.us, S.1351:Immigration Stabilization Act of 1993, accessed Aug. 18, 2010
Thomas Congressional Library, Text of S.1351, accessed Aug. 18, 2010
The Washington Post, Yes, Reid tried to end birthright citizenship -- but he apologized profusely for it, by Greg Sargent, Aug. 13, 2010
Nevada Republican Party, Senator Reid vs. Senate Democrat Whip Reid, Jahan Wilcox, Aug. 13, 2010
Las Vegas Sun, An immigration push Reid regrets, by Jon Ralston, July 21, 20
C-Span Video, Video archive: Sep. 20, 1993, accessed Aug. 18, 2010
The Atlantic Wire, Happy Hour Vid: Graham Fires Back at Reid Over 14th Amendment, by John Hudson, Aug. 4, 2010
CQ Newsmaker Transcripts, News conference transcript, Aug. 3, 2010
Los Angeles Times, Harry Reid's immigration op-ed, Aug. 10, 1994 (accessed via Lexis Nexis)
Las Vegas Review-Journal, Employee shortage felt in LV, by Tony Batt, Dec. 13, 1999 (accessed via Lexis Nexis)
PR Newswire, Reid Introduces Bill to Overhaul Immigration Laws, Slashes Immigration Influx by More than 50 Percent, Aug. 5, 1993 (accessed via Lexis Nexis)
Washington Post, On immigration, Lindsey Graham abandons principle, by Michael Gerson, July 30, 2010
E-mail interview, Jim Manley, Spokesman for Sen. Harry Reid, Aug. 18, 2010
The Hill, Reid: I don't know how any Hispanic voter could be a Republican, by Shane D'Aprile, Aug. 11, 2010
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.