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Critics of JoAnne Kloppenburg, the challenger to Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice David Prosser in the April 5, 2011 election, portray her as a rigid "government lawyer" bent on enforcing regulations no matter the consequences.
Among them is a group called Citizens for a Strong America, which claims in a TV ad:
"Kloppenburg is so extreme, she even put an 80-year-old farmer in jail for refusing to plant native vegetation on his farm."
Among its other charges, the ad points out that Kloppenburg has never been a judge. Of course, only a judge -- not an assistant attorney general such as Kloppenburg -- can put people in jail.
But we’re getting ahead of ourselves.
Let’s till some ground and see how much truth grows out of this claim.
The farmer referenced in the ad is Wayne Hensler, who was involved in an 11-year water pollution dispute with Jefferson County, as well as the state, over farmland he owned adjacent to Marsh Lake.
We wanted to ask Citizens for a Strong America-- one of five conservative groups that reportedly have spent $2 million in TV advertising against Kloppenburg -- for evidence to back its claim. That proved to be difficult.
According to its website, the group is based in Beaver Dam, Wis., and "promotes public policies that reduce tax burdens on families, increase public safety and protect the rights of parents to make decisions about their children’s medical, psychological and educational well-being."
No names, phone numbers or e-mail addresses were provided on the website. And there are no Beaver Dam phone numbers listed for Citizens for a Strong America or for Veronica Johnson, a person identified as having placed the TV ad.
We did find a statement that the group filed with TV stations as support for its anti-Kloppenburg ad. The statement cites online court records to back up the claim that Kloppenburg put Hensler in jail.
But that’s not what the records show.
What they show is that now-retired Jefferson County Circuit Judge John Ullsvik ordered Hensler to serve five days in jail after finding him in contempt of court -- for a third time -- in connection with his land dispute.
The records show that Kloppenburg prepared an order so the court could seize $5,000 from Hensler’s bank account to cover a court-ordered forfeiture that Hensler had repeatedly refused to pay.
But that involved getting the court-ordered payment, not the jailing. And the judge instructed Kloppenburg to do this. It is common in legal matters for attorneys to draft documents, such as proposed findings, that are ultimately issued by the court.
In any case, that’s not the same as Kloppenburg putting Hensler in jail for not planting native vegetation -- a claim that is all the more ridiculous when you consider what happened over the course of Hensler’s 11-year dispute with the government.
Here are some of the highlights, based on online Jefferson County Circuit Court records, as well as a civil complaint and the jailing order that were filed in the case:
April 1999: County officials meet with Hensler about the "severe erosion problem" on his farmland, which slopes down toward a culvert that discharges into Marsh Lake. So it doesn’t start out as a "native vegetation" issue at all.
October 1999: In its third meeting with Hensler, the county suggests remedies, including seeding the area with winter wheat or rye, and offers to pay 70 percent of the cost. He rejects all the options. Later, the state agriculture department gets involved, ordering Hensler to solve the erosion problem within three years.
August 2003: With the three-year deadline having passed, the state Department of Natural Resources gives Hensler a new one-year deadline, ordering him to plant vegetative cover to stop the erosion.
December 2004: After the one-year deadline and an extension pass, a county official checks to see if Hensler has done the seeding. Hensler says: "Hell no, I ain’t doing nothing. You have to prove I am running all that (expletive) dirt into the lake."
April 2005: Kloppenburg, representing the state, files a civil complaint against Hensler in Jefferson County Circuit Court. The complaint says Hensler’s land is a significant source of pollution in the Rock Lake watershed and it cites state law that requires corrective action to protect water quality.
November 2005: After another deadline passes, Judge Randy Koschnick, who initially handled the case, finds Hensler in contempt of court and gives him another deadline to plant the native vegetation.
May 2007: Hensler admits that he ripped up seeding that had been done by the DNR with permission of the court. He is found in contempt of court again.
July 2008: Ullsvik, who took over the case from Koschnick, finds Hensler in contempt of court a third time and orders a five-day jail term. Hensler does not go to jail because he has heart surgery.
February 2009: Ullsvik orders Hensler, then 80, sent immediately to jail for the contempt and for not paying a court-ordered $5,000 forfeiture to cover the DNR’s cost to re-seed the land.
The Jefferson County Jail confirmed that Hensler spent five days in jail.
We tried to call Hensler, but his number has been disconnected. Court records indicate he turned the land in dispute over to family members.
We did reach Ullsvik and asked whether Kloppenburg had asked him to put Hensler in jail.
The retired judge said he asked Kloppenburg at one hearing "somewhat sarcastically" if she wanted Hensler jailed, and that Kloppenburg said no, she only wanted Hensler to comply with the orders.
So it was a judge’s decision -- based on Hensler’s contempt of court, not based merely on his refusal to plant grass -- to put Hensler in jail.
OK, we’ve turned over enough soil; let’s see what our work has yielded.
Citizens for a Strong America claimed in a TV ad that Kloppenburg "put an 80-year-old farmer in jail for refusing to plant native vegetation on his farm." Wayne Hensler did refuse to plant native vegetation and he was 80 when he went to jail. But it is impossible for Kloppenburg -- or any attorney -- to put someone in jail.
What’s more, the ad leaves out 11 years’ worth of context. Hensler repeatedly ignored orders from county and state officials -- and then from a court -- to remedy an erosion problem. He was found in contempt of court three times by two different judges. And when Hensler was finally put behind bars, it was on the order of a judge for contempt of court, not merely refusing to plant native vegetation. Kloppenburg didn’t even request the jail time.
The claim against Kloppenburg is ridiculously false.
We rate it Pants on Fire.
Wisconsin Circuit Court Access Program, State of Wisconsin vs. Wayne Hensler, Jefferson County Circuit Court case 2005CX1 online court records
State of Wisconsin vs. Wayne Hensler, Jefferson County Circuit Court case 2005CX1 complaint and third contempt of court order
WTMJ-TV, Cititizens for a Strong America ad, March 31, 2011
WTDY-AM, interview with Peg Lautenschlager, March 29, 2011
WTMJ-AM, Charles Sykes blog, March 29, 2011
Wisconsin Democracy Campaign, Citizens for a Strong America description
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "As Supreme Court race nears, TV ad spending soars,"March 30, 2011
Citizens for a Strong American, statement to back up Kloppenburg ad
Interview, Jefferson County Jail clerk, March 31, 2011
Interview and e-mail interview, Kloppenburg campaign spokeswoman Melissa Mulliken, March 31, 2011
Interview, retired Jefferson County Circuit Judge John Ullsvik, April 1, 2011
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