Millionaires and billionaires could see trillions in tax cuts paid for by the middle class if Mitt Romney gets his way, New Jersey Democrats claim.
Just as President Barack Obama has done in a recent campaign ad, the New Jersey Democratic State Committee has latched onto a new study from the Washington, D.C.-based Tax Policy Center. The study says that under the presumptive Republican presidential candidate’s proposals, wealthy taxpayers pay fewer taxes and middle- and lower-income taxpayers pay more.
"The non-partisan organization found that Romney would raise taxes on the average middle class family by $2,000 to pay for $5 trillion in tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires," the committee said in an Aug. 1 news release.
The Democrats are right about the $2,000 tax hike on the average middle-class family, but they’re wrong in citing "$5 trillion in tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires." Those wealthy taxpayers would get a tax break, but not that much.
First, let’s explain the purpose behind the study.
Romney has proposed various tax cuts, including a 20 percent reduction in all federal income tax rates. But Romney’s plan also allows certain tax benefits for low-income households to expire.
Those changes would mean lower taxes at most income levels -- but that’s before the candidate’s plan is paid for. The Romney campaign has not specified how the plan would offset that tax revenue loss, but the Tax Policy Center study gives it a shot.
In short, those tax cuts would require eliminating or reducing certain tax deductions and write-offs, according to the study. Those items include mortgage interest deductions and education-related tax credits.
Still, for wealthy taxpayers, the cost of losing those tax loopholes is less than the money gained from the tax cuts. That’s why they’re left with a net tax break.
But for middle- and lower-income folks, it’s the other way around. They stand to lose more in tax loopholes than gain by the tax cuts, leaving them with a greater tax bill at the end of the day.
So, the Democrats’ claim accurately makes that overall point, but wrongly compares the $2,000 and $5 trillion figures. Think of it as an apples-to-oranges comparison.
After factoring in eliminating or reducing the tax loopholes, the average tax hike in 2015 would be about $2,000 for taxpayers making less than $200,000 a year, who also have children.
But the $5 trillion represents the potential tax cuts over a 10-year period before you account for eliminating or reducing those loopholes. Higher-income taxpayers would end up with a net tax break, but the total savings would be far less than $5 trillion.
Here’s the number Democrats should have cited: taxpayers with incomes exceeding $1 million, on average, would get a roughly $87,000 net tax break in 2015. Take away those tax loopholes, and wealthy taxpayers would still get that amount.
It’s also worth noting that Democrats are wrong to suggest only "millionaires and billionaires" would benefit from Romney’s plan.
Those wealthy taxpayers would receive the greatest net tax savings, but other average taxpayers making more than $200,000 would benefit as well. For instance, taxpayers earning between $200,000 and $500,000, on average, would receive a net tax break of roughly $1,800.
In a news release, the committee claimed the Tax Policy Center "found that Romney would raise taxes on the average middle class family by $2,000 to pay for $5 trillion in tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires."
But those two figures don’t relate to one another. The $2,000 tax hike accounts for eliminating or reducing the tax deductions and write-offs that pay for Romney’s plan, but the $5 trillion does not. The more appropriate comparison would be the average net tax break of about $87,000 for those wealthy taxpayers.
Still, the Democrats’ overall point is correct: the study shows that high-income taxpayers would receive a tax break, while middle- and lower-income taxpayers pay higher taxes.
We rate the statement Half True.
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New Jersey Democratic State Committee, New Jersey Families Can’t Afford Christie and Romney, Aug. 1, 2012
Tax Policy Center, On The Distributional Effects Of Base-Broadening Income Tax Reform, Aug. 1, 2012
PolitiFact, Mitt Romney would cut millionaires’ taxes, Barack Obama says, Aug. 3, 2012
PolitiFact, Mitt Romney would add "trillions" to the deficit while Barack Obama would "cut the deficit by $4 trillion," says Obama TV ad, Aug. 7, 2012
Center on Budget and Policy Priorites, Romney Budget Proposals Would Require Massive Cuts in Medicare, Medicaid, and Other Programs, May 21, 2012
Mitt Romney campaign website, Restore America’s Promise: More Jobs, Less Debt, Smaller Government, Feb. 22, 2012
Forbes.com, Romney Plan is a Huge Tax Cut, Feb. 22, 2012
Tax Policy Center, The Romney Plan (Updated), accessed Aug. 7, 2012
The Washington Post, Taxes, Taxes!, Aug. 7, 2012
FactCheck.org, Romney’s Impossible Tax Promise, Aug. 3, 2012
Washington Post’s Fact Checker, A tough new Obama ad that — surprise! — is accurate, Aug. 3, 2012
PBS NewsHour, Study Says Romney's Tax Plan Would Most Benefit Wealthy Americans, Aug. 2, 2012
Tax Policy Center, Understanding TPC’s Analysis of Governor Romney’s Tax Plan, Aug. 8, 2012
Interview with Roberton Williams, a senior fellow with the Tax Policy Center, Aug. 9, 2012
Phone and e-mail interviews with Alicia D'Alessandro, communications director for the New Jersey Democratic State Committee, Aug. 7-10, 2012
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