Texas needs more charter schools, according to state Sen. Dan Patrick, because there are "100,000 families who are on the wait list."
Actually, the Houston Republican gave the statistic a couple ways as he introduced legislation on that point Feb. 18, 2013, in a hearing of the Senate Education Committee, which he chairs. He first cited "100,000 families," then a few minutes later said, "155,000 students … are enrolled in charters; approximately, as I said, 101,000 are on the wait list." His Feb. 18, 2013, press release about the bill said nearly 100,000 parents were on charter school waiting lists.
But 100,000 sounds like a lot of anybodies -- as Patrick indicated, that’s about two-thirds of charters’ actual enrollment. According to the state Sunset Commission, those 155,000 charter enrollees equal about 3 percent of Texas public school students.
Are the lists that long?
We didn’t field a response from Patrick spokesman Logan Spence, and Texas Education Agency spokeswoman DeEtta Culbertson told us the state did not keep such numbers on charter schools, which receive public dollars but are privately managed and exempt from some education laws so they can try different approaches.
Culbertson referred us to the Texas Charter Schools Association, whose spokeswoman Tracy Young emailed us waiting-list counts and some background on Texas charter schools in general.
Young said that in August 2012, the association asked its members to report their waiting-list numbers, which totaled more than 101,000 students. Of about 175 charter licensees operating in Texas at the time, she said, 137 were members of the association; 67 of those responded to the survey.
Those 67 charter operators accounted for 87 percent of Texas charter school students in 2012 -- 134,532 out of the total 154,278 -- according to the association.
On a chart the group sent us, the 67 operators’ wait lists added up to 101,851 students.
Two operators accounted for more than half the wait-listed students: Harmony Public Schools reported 44,942 children on wait lists, and IDEA Public Schools/Idea Academy Inc. reported 12,920.
15 largest waiting lists among TCSA members who responded to 2012 survey:
Source: Texas Charter Schools Association
Operators were asked to remove duplications among their own campuses, Young said. For example, if a child were on wait lists for six campuses run by a single operator, that operator would count the child only once in its total. Young said her group confirmed that at least the operators with the largest lists had filtered out such duplicative entries.
But they did not, she said, have a way to "de-duplicate" children who might appear on more than one operator’s list. Under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, the association could not collect students’ names and addresses, Young said, and school operators did not have a system to compare such individual data with each other.
Still, she said, "We feel certain that it represents a good number of the students on waiting lists across the state."
The association, which formed in 2008, last year sued the state to get public dollars for charter facilities and to allow more than 215 charter licenses in Texas. Charter school operators in 2012, according to an association fact sheet, ran 506 campuses educating 154,278 students.
Texas charter schools overall have grown steadily since their inception in 1995, as shown by two charts from an August 2012 study commissioned by the Texas Business and Education Coalition, which used education agency data:
Texas charter school enrollment, 1997-2011
Number of Texas charter schools, 1997-2011
Looking for other wait-list estimates, we found no current numbers. But we did spot two older reports from the conservative Texas Public Policy Foundation that suggested waiting lists had grown along with enrollment in prior years.
The reports, from August 2008 and Dec. 9, 2009, used education agency data and the foundation’s own research on open-enrollment charter schools (the largest category) and university charter schools to estimate that in 2007-08 there were 16,810 children wait-listed (compared with 89,156 enrolled), and for 2008-09 there were 40,813 children wait-listed (compared with 102,903 enrolled).
Footnotes said that students could appear on more than one list, but also noted, "Some charter schools do not keep a waiting list even though demand exceeds supply."
A chart in the 2009 report broke down the wait-lists by region:
Patrick said, variously, that 100,000 students, families or parents are waiting to get into Texas charter schools. The schools’ association says that’s a little lower than their estimate for students, and it’s plausible that families or parents could be trying to enroll more than one child apiece.
The association’s survey only got responses from 67 charter operators, but those operators represented 87 percent of all Texas charter students in 2012. Their reported waiting lists were 75 percent the size of their total enrollment (that is, for every four kids enrolled, another three were reportedly trying to get in). If that ratio held true for the charter operators teaching the other 13 percent of Texas’ charter students (19,746 children), there would have been 14,809 students on those wait lists, yielding a total for all charter operators of 116,659.
Then again, the association’s 101,851 wait-list head count could contain duplications, if students were trying to get into schools run by more than one charter operator.
We rate Patrick’s statement as Mostly True.
Texas Senate Education Committee hearing video, Feb. 18, 2012
Austin American-Statesman news story, "Senate bill would allow charter schools to multiply," Feb. 19, 2013
Texas state Sen. Dan Patrick press release, Feb. 18, 2013
Email interview, excerpted, with DeEtta Culbertson, information specialist, Texas Education Agency, Feb. 22, 2013
Telephone and email interviews, excerpted, with Tracy Young, vice president of public and government affairs, Texas Charter Schools Association, Feb. 28-March 7, 2013
Report by Pennsylvania State University associate professor Ed Fuller, "Examining High-Profile Charter Middle Schools in Texas," commissioned by the Texas Business and Education Coalition, August 2012
Texas Public Policy Foundation reports, August 2008 and Dec. 9, 2009
Telephone and email interviews, excerpted, with Kristen Indriago, director of communications, Texas Public Policy Foundation, March 6-7, 2013
"Annual Evaluation of Texas Charter Schools: 2009-10," State of Texas Education Research Center at Texas A&M University, July 2011
"An Analysis of Gaps in Funding for Charter Schools and Traditional Districts," Institute for Public School Initiatives at the University of Texas, March 2009
"The Effect of Charter Schools on Traditional Public SchoolStudents in Texas: Are Children Who Stay Behind Left Behind?," National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Columbia University, September 2005
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