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By Sean Gorman May 13, 2013

Ron Meyer says 30 percent of Americans under 30 have full-time jobs

Republican Ron Meyer, Jr., 23, recently announced on Fox News that he will challenge incumbent Democrat Gerry Connolly in the 11th District congressional race next year.

Meyer had a quick answer for those who wondered whether he is too young to run: He’ll turn 25 shortly before the 2014 general election, which is the U.S. Constitution’s minimum age for holding a congressional seat. And should he win, Meyer said his youth would give him valuable insight into issues facing young Americans, including a lackluster employment outlook.

"Only three in 10 young Americans under 30  -- 30 percent under 30 -- have full-time work," Meyer said while announcing his candidacy in a recent interview on Fox News.

We wondered whether Meyer was correct.

Meyer told us he based his claim on a February 2013 report about civic engagement among 18-29 year olds that was sponsored by the National Conference on Citizenship, Harvard University’s Institute of Politics and several other groups.

One of the findings is that the Millennial Generation -- which the study defined as those born between 1983 and 1994 -- has been hit hard by the sluggish economy. Researchers, computing data from the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, looked at 18-29 year-olds  and found "62.9 percent are currently working, of which 31.2 percent work on a part-time basis."

Meyer interpreted those figures to mean that the remaining 31.7 percent who were employed had a full time job.

But his interpretation "isn’t quite right," according to Kei Kawashima-Ginsberg, a co-author of the report and lead researcher at CIRCLE, the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement at Tufts University. 

She pointed out the study said that of the 62.9 percent employed, 31.2 percent held part-time  jobs -- or slightly less than a third of those in the age group who are working.

So when all Americans in that age group are considered -- those employed and those who are not  -- about 20 percent have part-time positions and 43 percent have full time jobs, Kawashima-Ginsberg said.

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There’s another issue to consider. The figures were compiled using November 2011 data.

Kawashima-Ginsberg ran new figures for us, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau. For March 2013, she came up with a similar result: 42 percent of people age 18-29 had full-time jobs.

Of people 30 and older, 50.4 percent had full-time job in March, according to figures compiled by Kawashima-Ginsberg.

Craig Copeland, a senior research associate at the Employee Benefits Research Institute, said economic changes have made it harder for young people to find jobs. But there’s another important factor to consider when looking at full-time employment among the 18-29 age group -- many of them are working part time until they leave college.

"There is a significant percentage of those people who are (working) part-time for a reason, not because they can’t find a job," Copeland said. "If they’re working part-time, they’re most likely a college student."

Over the last decade or so, the number of young people holding a full-time job has trended downwards, even before the Great Recession, Copeland said. The reason is that a higher percentage of that group has been going to college and because members of the Baby Boom generation are staying in jobs longer, Copeland said.

But the recession, which ran from December 2007 to June 2009, certainly caused the percentage with full-time jobs to go down faster, he said.

Copeland pulled annual average employment figures from the U.S. Census showing that in 2004, 54.1 percent of people age 18-29 had a full-time job and that dropped  to 52.6 percent by 2008. By 2011 -- the latest yearly figures available -- the percent of 18-29 year olds with a full-time job was 45.6 percent, he said.

Our ruling

Meyer said that 30 percent of the Americans younger than 30 had full-time jobs, but he misinterpreted data in a report. The study actually indicates that 43 percent of the age group had full time jobs.

While Meyer’s number is off, his point holds up: a smaller portion of 18-29 year olds hold full time jobs today that before the recession. We rate his statement Half True.

Our Sources

Ron Meyer, Jr. interview on "Your World with Neil Cavuto," April 29, 2013.

E-mail from Ron Meyer, May 2, 2013.

National Conference on Citizenship, "‘Millennials’ play a central role in our nation’s civic health, but who are they?" Feb. 6, 2013.

National Conference on Citizenship, "Millennials civic health index," Feb 6, 2013.

E-mails from Kei Kawashima-Ginsberg, lead researcher at the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement at Tufts University, May 8-9, 2013.

Interview with Kei Kawashima-Ginsberg, May 9, 2013.

Interviews with Craig Copeland, senior research associate at the Employee Benefit Research Institute, May 10, 2013.

The Washington Examiner, "Just 6 in 10 Millennials have jobs, half are part-time," Feb. 7, 2013.

Pew Research Center, "Millennials: A portrait of Generation Next,"  February, 2010.

Bureau of Labor Statistics,"Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by age, sex and race," accessed May 9, 2013.

Bureau of Labor Statistics "Employed and unemployed full- and part-time workers by age, sex race and detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnicity annual average 2012," accessed May 9, 2013.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, current population survey, accessed May 9, 2013.

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