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When it comes to driver’s licenses and state-issued ID cards across the nation, one size fits all.
The cards all follow what is known as the ID-1 format, which specifies a size of 85.60 × 53.98 mm ( 3 3⁄8 inch × 2 1⁄8 inch) and rounded corners with a radius of 2.88–3.48 mm (roughly the same size as a bank card).
But size is the only equalizer. Each state uses its own design, colors, data and text font. They also differ in their level of security.
How secure are licenses in the Badger State?
"Wisconsin’s driver licenses and identification (ID) cards are currently the most secure in the nation," said Corey Kleist, Department of Motor Vehicles section chief, in a news release a while back.
To be sure, all licenses and ID cards must be in compliance with federal standards established under the REAL ID Act of 2005.
So, is the "most-secure" claim from the state Department of Transportation correct?
The statement by Kleist came after the state DOT added what is known as the eNotify security feature to the system. It sends an email and/or text notification whenever certain activities happen, such as a request for a duplicate driver license or a change of address.
If the license-holder doesn’t recognize the transaction, DMV staff can help to identify the origin of the transaction and offer guidance to help resolve any issues, according to the DOT.
When asked to provide backup for the most-secure claim, DOT public affairs director Rebecca Kikkert noted the department has been making the "most secure in the nation" claim since switching to new cards in 2015.
As part of the department's compliance with the REAL ID Act, all employees with access to key systems are fingerprinted and subject to federal background checks. Additionally, their work is subject to audits to determine whether applications are processed according to DMV procedures and state laws.
Other changes included moving from having the cards printed at each DMV Customer Service Center, where they were laminated, to a centralized printing facility which uses a different technique -- polycarbonate cards.
The new cards, made by CBN Secure Technologies, feature black-and-white laser-engraved photos and ultraviolet ink on intricate images of the Capitol and state flag.
Other features include a raised signature, date of birth, expiration date, driver's license and ID numbers and U21 (under 21). Those pieces of information can be felt when holding the cards, which makes them harder to copy.
The new cards are expected to be completely phased in by 2023, as old licenses expire.
"We were the first in the nation to deploy many of the security features our current cards carry; some of which have since been adopted by other states," said Kikkert.
Brian Zimmer of Keeping IDentities Safe, an expert on security of ID cards, said Wisconsin was among the first 10 states determined to be REAL ID compliant.
In the 10 years since, photo copying technology and photo-manipulation tools have become more sophisticated. So the bar for prevent counterfeiting of driver’s licenses has gotten much higher.
"Wisconsin DMV officials aimed at exceeding that bar in designing the current driver’s license, benchmarking the most recent designs and security features of other states, and coming up with superior card stock composition and advanced security features," Zimmer said.
"At this date, it is the most advanced among those issued in the United States."
He also gave Wisconsin high marks for adding the eNotify feature, calling it "a very useful identity theft prevention service."
Keeping IDentities Safe, according to its website, is a non-partisan, not for profit crime prevention and education organization based in Washington, D.C. Its primary purpose is to raise public awareness about the importance of ID security.
A DMV official said "Wisconsin's drivers licenses and identification (ID) cards are currently the most secure in the nation."
The state's new polycarbonate cards, featuring black and white laser-engraved photos, ultraviolet ink and intricate artwork along with its eNotify security feature makes the Badger State's cards security "the most advanced among those issued in the United States," according to an expert on identity security.
We rate the claim True.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security website: "REAL ID Frequently Asked Questions for the Public."
State Department of Transportation. "Account activity alerts added to DMV’s eNotify online service."
Email exchanges. Corey Kleist, state DOT, DMV section chief. Oct. 11, Oct. 12 and Oct 20, 2017. Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Telephone interview and email exchanges Brian Zimmer, president of Keeping IDentities Safe, Washington, D.C., Oct. 13, 2017.
Wikipedia, "ISO/IEC 7810 Identification cards — Physical characteristics is an international standard that defines the physical characteristics for identification cards."
State of Wisconsin Department of Transportation "eNotify: now includes account activity alerts"
Email statement. Rebecca Kikkert, DOT public affairs director, Oct. 27, 2017.
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel "State rolling out new driver's licenses with improved security features." Sept. 21, 2015.
Wisconsin Department of Transportation "About REAL ID" http://wisconsindot.gov/Pages/dmv/license-drvs/how-to-apply/realid.aspx
Keeping IDentities Safe, "Compliance with the REAL ID Act" map
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