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Gwen Graham says Florida needs a governor who will fight to protect clean water, unlike, she said, Gov. Rick Scott.
"When a sinkhole began dumping toxic water in Florida's aquifer, Rick Scott tried to cover it up. I worked with the press to expose the secret sinkhole and hold Scott accountable," she tweeted July 18.
Graham is one of five Democrats seeking the party’s nomination in the Aug. 28 primary to replace Scott, who is term-limited and running for U.S. Senate.
Graham’s tweet linked to a 2016 Politico article in which Graham, then a congresswoman, was quoted blasting the state over its handling of a sinkhole at Mosaic’s Polk County phosphate plant.
Here’s what Graham’s tweet has a point about: Scott’s administration, more specifically the Department of Environmental Protection, kept quiet about the sinkhole for weeks, later saying it didn’t know it was a sinkhole.
But she went too far in stating that Scott himself "tried to cover it up." Her tweet also leaves out the actions Scott took once he did learn about the sinkhole.
On Sept. 15, 2016, WFLA-Channel 8 broke the story about the sinkhole, which was the first time Mosaic commented about it publicly. The next day, WFLA reported that the Florida Department of Environmental Protection knew about the sinkhole but did not disclose it to the public.
The 45-foot-wide sinkhole opened underneath a gypsum stack at a Mosaic phosphate fertilizer plant, dumping at least 215 million gallons of contaminated water into the Floridan aquifer over three weeks.
Mosaic workers became aware of the leak on Aug. 27 and notified the department on Aug. 28. State inspectors arrived within 24 hours. Their initial report didn’t use the word "sinkhole," but "water loss incident."
Environmentalists and the media called for more transparency by the state government. But state law at the time did not require the department to inform the public about a spill into the aquifer if it had not spread off-site. DEP officials described their response to the spill as going "above and beyond the requirements of Florida law by working with Mosaic to notify the nearest adjacent homeowners who may want their drinking water wells tested."
Jon Steverson, DEP secretary at the time, said he didn't know it was a sinkhole, which was why he didn't tell Gov. Rick Scott about it until Sept. 16, 2016, the day after it hit the news. (Scott’s office confirmed to PolitiFact that he learned about it on that day.)
"I knew at the time in late August that there was a water loss incident," Steverson told reporters weeks later. "I was not aware of the sinkhole until a much later point in time."
Not announcing the incident, which was allowed under the law at the time, is not the same as a "cover up," which could imply that state officials and Scott schemed to hide the information.
Mosaic apologized for not notifying the public sooner.
Once Scott was notified, he took action during the next couple of weeks.
Responding to criticism from Graham at the time, Scott spokeswoman Jackie Schutz told the Tampa Bay Times that Scott had directed the DEP to expedite its investigation and asked the Florida Department of Health to work with DEP to ensure drinking water was safe.
Scott initially defended his agency by saying state law didn’t require DEP to notify anyone unless the pollution left Mosaic’s property.
"Within 24 hours after they (the DEP) were notified, they started the investigation,'' Scott said Sept. 22. "If somebody's done anything wrong, we're going to hold them accountable.''
But days later, Scott declared the law "outdated" and announced a temporary emergency rule that included 24-hour public notification requirements. He also vowed to propose legislation for the upcoming session that would make such a policy permanent.
"I am demanding any business, county or city government responsible for a pollution incident to immediately tell the public," Scott said. "That is common sense and our residents deserve that."
A judge later said that the Legislature would have to set such a rule change, and it did just that in 2017 when it unanimously passed a bill signed into law by Scott.
Mosaic said repairs were completed in June 2018. The state is reviewing the company’s report to ensure all repairs were effectively completed.
After the story came out, Graham spread the word about it through statements to the media. Graham criticized the state’s response, called for an investigation and filed public records requests to Scott’s office and the environment protection department seeking electronic communications about the sinkhole.
She received hundreds of pages of materials, but the communication between state officials was largely after the news broke.
Graham raised questions about why the emails between state officials didn’t begin earlier.
"If this is the sum total of the communication that went on between DEP and the governor’s office over this massive potential contamination," Graham said, "Florida families have a lot to be concerned about."
In her tweet’s accompanying Politico story, she was more nuanced about Scott’s role.
"I don’t know which is worse," Graham said in 2016. "Either Gov. Rick Scott knew about the sinkhole and didn’t inform the public, or leadership at the Department of Environmental Protection is so irresponsible they didn’t alert the governor to a potential public health disaster."
Graham spokesman Matt Harringer didn’t point to any evidence that Scott himself had covered up the sinkhole, as her tweet indicates, but said his administration did and that the buck stops with the governor.
"It is completely fair to use ‘Rick Scott’ and ‘his administration’ synonymously," Harringer said. "The governor is the ultimate head of the Department of Environmental Protection — and often takes credit for their actions."
Our review of her comments found that she more often pointed the finger more broadly at Scott’s administration or the Department of Environmental Protection.
On Facebook in September 2016 she wrote: "Sunlight is said to be the best of disinfectants — but the Florida Department of Environmental Protection has tried to keep a toxic sinkhole secret from the public. That's just wrong."
On an April 2018 press release on her campaign website she wrote, "Graham has a record of holding Scott accountable for polluting Florida’s waters. In 2016, she launched a public records investigation to expose his administration’s role in covering up a toxic sinkhole."
But the July 18 tweet was not the only time that she blamed Scott for a cover up. The environment page on her campaign website states, "When a massive toxic sinkhole opened up in Central Florida and state regulators tried to cover it up, Gwen fought for the public to know by exposing Governor Scott’s secrecy."
Graham said, "When a sinkhole began dumping toxic water in Florida's aquifer, Rick Scott tried to cover it up."
She exaggerates by stating that Scott tried to cover up the sinkhole. News reports show that the head of the environmental protection department didn’t inform Scott until the media reported about it, which happened about three weeks after the sinkhole started.
The department does not earn good marks for transparency: It initially labeled the sinkhole as a "water loss incident" and did not inform the public right away. But Graham goes too far in calling it an attempted cover up. Not announcing the incident was allowed under the law at the time.
Graham’s tweet went further than past statements about the issue by squarely blaming Scott. The quick jab does not account for actions he took after he learned about the sinkhole, including an emergency order to change the notification rule and calling for a permanent law change about public notification (which he signed).
Graham’s campaign now says that blaming Scott himself for the cover up is the same as blaming the administration. But the tweet should have been more precise. We rate this statement Mostly False.
Gwen Graham, Tweet, July 18, 2018
Politico, "Gwen Graham says it's 'appalling' if Scott was told about sinkhole — or if he wasn't," Sept. 29, 2016
WFLA-Channel 8, "Massive sinkhole drains contaminated water into Floridan aquifer," Sept. 15, 2016
WFLA-Channel 8, "8 INVESTIGATES: Govt. knew about Mosaic sinkhole but did not notify public," Sept. 16, 2016
WFLA-Channel 8, "Hillsborough in dark about Mosaic sinkhole contamination," Sept. 21, 2016
WFLA-Channel 8, "Governor ignores secrecy, defends DEP in sinkhole contamination," Sept. 22, 2016
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, "Hot Topic: Mosaic New Wales Sinkhole and Water Loss Incident," accessed July 24, 2018
Orlando Sentinel, "Scott orders new rule for pollution-spill notifications," Sept. 27, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Gwen Graham: FDEP at fault for not telling public about Mosaic spill," Sept. 21, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Friday's letters: Mosaic is sorry for the spill," Sept. 22, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Gwen Graham wants DEP records about sinkhole spill," Sept. 23, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Scott defends environmental agency’s handling of sinkhole water spill," Sept. 23, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Slow journey to a crisis," Nov. 1, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Sinkhole spill spurs DEP change," Sept. 27, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Two years after it swallowed 215M gallons of polluted water, Mosaic sinkhole finally corked," May 17, 2018
Tampa Bay Times, "Gwen Graham wants DEP records about sinkhole spill," Sept. 23, 2016
Bradenton Herald, "Rep Gwen Graham: Sinkhole emails show state 'asleep at the wheel," Nov. 17, 2016
Tampa Bay Times, "Rule to report pollution tossed out by judge," Jan. 1, 2017
Associated Press, "Is Gov. Rick Scott a friend or foe of the environment?" July 21, 2017
WFSU, "Rep. Graham's Sinkhole Records Request Suggests Lax Response," Nov. 16, 2016
First Amendment Foundation, "Graham requests sinkhole records from the governor," Sept. 29, 2016
State of Florida, Response to U.S. Rep. Gwen Graham’s record request, Nov. 7, 2016
Mosaic, New Wales Water Loss Incident, June 25, 2018
Gov. Rick Scott news release, "Gov. Scott: I am directing immediate change to public notification laws following pollution incidents," Sept. 26, 2016
Gov. Rick Scott news release, Governor Scott Signs Legislation to Keep the Public Informed About Pollution Incidents, June 14, 2017
Gov. Rick Scott news release, Gov. Scott Announces the Appointment of Jon Steverson as Secretary of DEP, Dec. 11, 2014
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Public notice of pollution, Accessed July 25, 2018
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Oversight of Mosaic Sinkhole, 2016
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, "Hot Topic: Mosaic New Wales Sinkhole and Water Loss Incident," Accessed July 25, 2018
Florida Senate, SB 1018, Approved by Gov. Rick Scott June 14, 2017
U.S. Rep. Gwen Graham news release, "Graham Demands DEP Investigate Toxic Sinkhole Response," June 21, 2016
U.S. Rep. Gwen Graham news release, "Graham Statement on Toxic Transparency Changes," Sept. 26, 2016
Interview, Lauren Engel, Florida Department of Environmental Protection spokeswoman, July 24, 2018
Interview, McKinley Lewis, Gov. Rick Scott spokesman, July 24, 2018
Interview, Matt Harringer, Gwen Graham campaign spokeswoman, July 25, 2018
Interview, Jackie Barron, Mosaic spokesman, July 26, 2018
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