Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
Transgender rights have become an issue in many aspects of American society, from Hollywood actors seeking recognition and roles, to the state of Vermont, where Democrat Christine Hallquist is vying to become the nation's first transgender governor.
In Wisconsin, Democratic U.S. Sen. Tammy Baldwin, the first openly gay person to the serve in the Senate, has been a champion of LGBTQ rights.
At a June 2018 Human Rights Campaign event, Baldwin gave a speech in which she praised volunteers on the front lines of the "fight for equality" and also aimed a couple barbs at the Donald Trump administration.
The administration "has banned the CDC even using the word ‘transgender,’ " Baldwin told the crowd, which booed in response.
What’s more, she continued: "President Trump continues to disrespect patriotic transgender Americans who want to serve their country."
For this fact check we will look at the first claim on the CDC word ban.
(We checked the second claim, on transgender people and the military, separately. You can find it here).
On December 15, 2017, The Washington Post published a story headlined "Words banned at multiple HHS agencies include ‘diversity and ‘vulnerable.’ "
HHS is the department of Health and Human Services. The CDC is a federal agency under the HHS and is headquartered in Atlanta. The agency in question is the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
(You may remember that in the wake of the story, the Human Rights Campaign and artist Robin Bell projected some of the words onto to the side of the Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C.)
When asked to provide backup for Baldwin’s statement, campaign spokesman Bill Neidhardt directed PolitiFact Wisconsin to that Washington Post report.
"The Trump administration is prohibiting officials at the nation's top public health agency from using a list of seven words or phrases — including ‘fetus’ and ‘transgender’ — in official documents being prepared for next year's budget," the news report said.
A day later, The New York Times reported on the "uproar" over the purported word ban:
The Department of Health and Human Services tried to play down on Saturday a report that officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had been barred from using seven words or phrases, including "science-based," "fetus," "transgender" and "vulnerable," in agency budget documents.
"The assertion that H.H.S. has ‘banned words’ is a complete mischaracterization of discussions regarding the budget formulation process," an agency spokesman, Matt Lloyd, told The New York Times.
The Times story noted officials said the proposal was not a ban on words.
Rather it was a recommendation to avoid some language to ease the path toward budget approval by Republicans in Congress.
In a Jan. 9, 2018, report in The Hill, CDC Director Brenda Fitzgerald said the agency "has not banned, prohibited, or forbidden" the use of certain words in official documentation. The statement came in response to concerns from Senate Democrats.
Later that month, CNN published a follow-up report, which said news reports about the "banned" words may have been overstated and cited a document, along with interviews with officials from the Department of Health and Human Services.
They describe not a ban or prohibition on words but rather suggestions on how to improve the chances of getting funding."Words to avoid: vulnerable, diversity, entitlement."
The other four words on the list — "transgender," "fetus," "evidence-based" and "science-based" — were brought up by employees at the meeting who wanted to know if they could be used, according to the two HHS officials, who were familiar with what transpired at the meeting.
"Nobody ever told them they couldn't use these seven words. It was just said, 'if you think these words would cause someone to jump to a conclusion, then use a substitute. But if there isn't a good substitute, then go ahead and use the word,' " said one of the officials.
Likewise, CDC spokeswoman Kathy Harben in an email to PolitiFact Wisconsin, refuted the idea of a ban.
"CDC has not banned, prohibited, or forbidden employees from using any words," Harben said. "CDC uses the best scientific evidence available and strongly encourages evidence-based programs."
Baldwin told a human rights group that the Trump administration "has banned the CDC even using the word ‘transgender.’ "
The statement was based on a Washington Post report. But that story was later countered by several other published reports that indicated the words were not banned. Rather, it was suggested that other words be used in some cases — in part to temper controversy during the budget process. And despite The Washington Post headline, the first paragraph of the story does not mention the word "banned" instead saying "they should avoid using certain words or phrases in official documents being drafted for next year's budget."
We rate the claim False.
Human Rights Campaign website "HRC projects CDC’s ‘banned words onto Trump hotel," Dec. 17, 2017.
Washington Post, "Words banned at multiple HHS agencies include ‘diversity’ and ‘vulnerable,’ " Dec. 15, 2017.
CNN, "The truth about those 7 words ‘banned’ at the CDC,’ Jan. 31, 2018.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, "Instructions for the Preparing the FY 2019 Congressional Justifications.
Politico, "Democrats poised to pick transgender woman for Vermont governor," August 7, 2018.
YouTube, "Tammy Baldwin speaks at HRC’s Atlanta dinner,’ June 26, 2018. At 9:50 mark.
New York Times, "Uproar Over Purported Ban at C.D.C. of Words Like ‘Fetus’" Dec. 16, 2017.
Email, CDC spokeswoman Kathy Harben, August 7, 2018.
The Hill, "CDC rejects censorship reports: "There are absolutely no banned words," Jan. 9, 2018.
Email, Baldwin campaign spokesman Bill Neidhardt, August 7, 2018.
PolitiFact Wisconsin, "LGBTQ advocates back Sen. Baldwin's statement on Trump stance on transgender people in the military," August 19, 2018.
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.