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Attorney General Jeff Sessions went to Boston to announce a law enforcement operation against "crimes committed predominantly by illegal aliens," offering as context the number of immigrants in the country illegally who live in Boston and surrounding areas.
He said identity theft was a "very common" offense committed by immigrants in the country illegally and gave an example of a defendant accused of stealing the identity of an American citizen displaced by recent hurricanes in Puerto Rico. "Just imagine if you lost your home and your possessions and then you found out that an illegal alien had stolen your identity," Sessions said.
The Greater Boston area, Sessions said, is one of the country's top 12 metro areas that's home to immigrants here illegally.
"According to these estimates, one out of every 30 people in the Greater Boston area is an illegal alien," Sessions said.
We wondered if Sessions’ claim was correct. We found that nonpartisan data supports his claim.
The Justice Department linked us to a February 2017 report from the nonpartisan Pew Research Center on the metro areas with the most immigrants living there without legal permission, based on 2014 estimates.
Unauthorized immigrants accounted for 3.5 percent of the national population in 2014, Pew found.
The Boston metro area — encompassing parts of Massachusetts and New Hampshire — in 2014 had an estimated 180,000 unauthorized immigrants, or 3.7 percent of the area’s total population. (Margin of error was plus or minus 20,000 people.)
The Boston metro area had more than 4.7 million people in 2014, according to the Census Bureau.
Calculations of the Census’ 2014 population estimates and Pew’s estimates of the unauthorized population in 2014 (including with the margin of error) show Sessions’ claim was largely on target, if not underestimated.
Dividing the Boston metro area’s current population of more than 4.8 million, by the lowest 2014 estimate of unauthorized immigrants, 160,000 (using Pew’s margin of error), leads to exactly "one out of every 30," as Sessions said.
"We have a very immigrant-rich and diverse population, especially in Boston and adjacent cities, and a fraction of those immigrants are undocumented," said Marion Davis, Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition spokeswoman.
Sessions said, "One out of every 30 people in the Greater Boston area is an illegal alien."
Sessions’ claim is supported by estimates from Pew Research Center and U.S. Census Bureau data. Factoring in a margin of error in Pew’s study would make Sessions’ claim a conservative estimate.
We rate his statement True.
U.S. Justice Department, Attorney General Jeff Sessions Delivers Remarks Announcing Arrests from Operation "Double Trouble," July 26, 2018
Pew Research Center, 20 metro areas are home to six-in-ten unauthorized immigrants in U.S., Feb. 9, 2017
Email interview, U.S. Justice Department press office, July 26, 2018
Email interview, Marion Davis, director of communications at Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition, July 27, 2018
U.S. Census Bureau, Cumulative Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States -- Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico, 2014 Population Estimates
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