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In a video endorsement of U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders for the Democratic presidential nomination, Pocan claimed that Americans were making the same wages 30 years ago that they are today.
He’s slightly off on the exact numbers: the median wage in 1990 was $10.43 an hour, about two dollars shy of the offer of $12.75 he noted in an advertisement for workers for Kenosha’s Amazon distribution center.
But his larger claim, that wages haven’t moved much in the last three decades, is on point. Accounting for inflation, the median wage has only increased $3 since 1990 — and the cost of living expenses has far outpaced that number.
On the campaign trail, U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., has made a point of talking about stagnant wages.
So has U.S. Rep. Mark Pocan, D-Wisconsin, who co-sponsored a bill in 2019 to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour in 2024.
The bill passed in the House in July 2019 and is stalled in the Senate, but Pocan is still talking about wage growth — most recently in his endorsement of Sanders for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In a Jan. 16, 2020 video with Sanders posted on Twitter, Pocan described an advertisement he saw for the Amazon distribution center in his hometown of Kenosha, seeking workers for $12.75 an hour.
"Your parents made that three decades ago, and that’s what people are making now," Pocan said to the camera.
Is Pocan right on the numbers?
And what about his underlying point: that real wages haven’t changed much in 30 years?
We checked it out.
When asked for evidence to back up Pocan’s claim, communications director Usamah Andrabi provided historical pay data for the nation’s auto industry and the median income for Wisconsin men and women according to the 1990 census.
Andrabi said Pocan often uses auto worker pay to make his point, because auto manufacturing was the dominant industry in Kenosha when he was growing up there.
But Pocan did not mention auto pay in his claim, and pay in that industry historically is far higher than many other jobs. So, we focused on the weekly and hourly earnings data from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Let’s walk through the math.
Dennis Winters, chief economist for the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, said the best metric to use in examining the claim is median wages — and, of course, to examine them in "real" terms, to compare the spending power over time.
The median wage for Americans in December 1990 was $417 per week, which breaks down to $10.43 an hour.
Fast-forward three decades, and the median wage for Americans in December 2019 was $933 per week, or $23.33 an hour.
That might look like a significant increase.
But using the Bureau’s inflation calculator, the 1990 weekly wage translates to $800.88 per week in today’s dollars, or $20.02 an hour. So, that’s a roughly $3 increase in 30 years.
From a narrow perspective, Pocan is off — an offer of $12.75 does not equate to hourly wages from 30 years ago, as a straight comparison or with inflation factored in.
He fares much better when considering the larger point being made: That wage growth has been largely stagnant.
An August 2018 study from the Pew Research Center showed that at least since 2000, most of the country’s wage growth is distributed among the top 10% of earners.
For those closer to the median and below it, the growth line is nearly flat.
What’s more, the cost of living has undergone a much steeper hike: from 1983 to 2013, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported a roughly 3% annual increase in rent and food prices, and a 1.3% annual increase in new vehicle prices.
So, a small growth in median wages is dwarfed next to the rise in cost of other goods.
In his endorsement video for Sanders, Pocan said that people in 1990 were making the same amount per hour as he saw advertised for the Amazon distribution center in Kenosha today.
A quick comparison shows that wages today are slightly higher than what they were then, once inflation is factored in.
But the cost of everyday goods like rent, groceries and cars have outpaced that median wage growth, meaning a worker’s 1990 weekly paycheck, at a $10.43-an-hour rate, would have held more spending power than the $23.33-an-hour rate does today.
We rate Pocan’s claim Mostly True.
Phone conversation with Dennis Winters, chief economist at the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, Feb. 4, 2020
Email exchange with Gary Steinberg, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Feb. 6, 2020
Weekly and hourly earnings data from the Current Population Survey, Bureau of Labor Statistics, accessed Feb. 7, 2020
Consumer Price Index inflation calculator, Bureau of Labor Statistics, accessed Feb. 7, 2020
For most U.S. workers, real wages have barely budged in decades, Pew Research Center, Aug. 7, 2018
House resolution 582 — Raise the Wage Act, introduced Jan. 16, 2019
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