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President Donald Trump speaks during an event on "Operation Legend: Combatting Violent Crime in American Cities," in the East Room of the White House, Wednesday, July 22, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci) President Donald Trump speaks during an event on "Operation Legend: Combatting Violent Crime in American Cities," in the East Room of the White House, Wednesday, July 22, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

President Donald Trump speaks during an event on "Operation Legend: Combatting Violent Crime in American Cities," in the East Room of the White House, Wednesday, July 22, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Jessica Calefati
By Jessica Calefati July 24, 2020

Fact-checking Trump on rising murders in Philly

If Your Time is short

Trump said murders are up sharply in Philadelphia this year compared to last year, and city crime data shows that’s correct. 

Violent crimes such as rape, robbery and some types of aggravated assault have fallen in Philadelphia amid the coronavirus pandemic. 

One day last month, 23 people were shot across Philadelphia — the most in a single day since at least 2013.

President Donald Trump said this week that he plans to send federal law enforcement agents into major American cities to combat a surge in violent crime, and Philadelphia is one of his targets.

His initial announcement Monday came days after camouflage-clad federal agents swept demonstrators off the streets of Portland, Ore. – a heavy handed response that drew criticism from several Democratic mayors, including Philadelphia’s Jim Kenney

"Murders this year have spiked 27% in Philadelphia," Trump said Wednesday during a speech he delivered from the White House’s East Room. 

Trump is right. So far this year, there have been 232 homicides in Philadelphia, 50 more than at this time last year, city crime statistics show. That’s an increase of 27 percent. Five people have been murdered across the city since Monday night alone. 

Violent crimes such as rape, robbery, and some types of aggravated assault have fallen amid the coronavirus pandemic, but homicides and nonfatal shootings have not abated, frustrating city leaders who have called for calm. Other cities like Chicago and Detroit have also been battling a rise in shootings during the pandemic.

One day last month, 23 people were shot across Philadelphia — the most in a single day since at least 2013. Six of the victims died, including a 6-year-old boy who police believe was mistakenly shot by a 5-year-old boy inside an Upper Holmesburg rowhouse. 

Police Commissioner Danielle Outlaw and District Attorney Larry Krasner have pledged to increase the number of gun violence cases that result in arrest and prosecution. They also say tackling the widespread poverty that underpins much of the city’s violent crime is a critical part of the solution. 

City resources have been stretched thin because of the ongoing protests sparked by the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Kenny said earlier this month. 

City Council President Darrell L. Clarke called the source of the rising crime rate a "perfect storm" of problems, including widespread poverty, the coronavirus, the ongoing unrest, and easy access to guns — issues he said the City Council was working to improve.

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"At the end of the day, we’ve got to get through this," Clarke said. "We got to figure out a way."

Kenney said Monday he doesn’t want help from federal law enforcement officers and vowed that if Trump sends them anyway, "we would use all available means to resist such a wrong-headed effort and abuse of power." 

"To send federal agents to police U.S. cities that have not requested such aid can only impede the work of local governments and exacerbate already heightened tensions in these cities," Kenny added. 

Local legal experts say it may be unconstitutional for Trump to deploy federal agents to Philly without consent of local officials.

The administration has cited 40 U.S. Code 1315 under the Homeland Security Act of 2002 as justification for sending officers to Portland. The rule gives the department’s secretary the power to deploy agents to protect federal property. Using that same rationale to send agents to Philadelphia would be unprecedented.

Alexis Karteron, a Rutgers University associate professor of law and director of the school’s Constitutional Rights Clinic, called the administration’s reasoning "very dubious." 

"I can’t think of any legitimate reason to be sending federal law enforcement to Philadelphia right now,"Karteron said. "Federal troops descending on American cities, that is very troubling, outside of historic practices, and almost certainly illegal." 

Our ruling

Trump said "murders have spiked 27 percent in Philadelphia," and city crime statistics show the same thing. 

Violent crimes such as rape, robbery, and some types of aggravated assault have fallen amid the coronavirus pandemic, but homicides and nonfatal shootings have not.

We rate Trump’s statement True. 

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