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• Russian President Vladimir Putin has implemented some policies to cancel large gatherings and keep people at home during the coronavirus pandemic. But we could not find any evidence that he has threatened jail time for people who don’t comply.
• The claim about a Putin policy to jail those who don’t stay at home appears to come from a post by the Twitter account of an Indian comedian, who later labeled his assertion a “joke.”
As many Americans grapple with the new reality of sheltering in place, social media posts have pointed to a purportedly stark choice in Russia.
A March 23 Instagram post said, "Putin has stated: Russian citizens (have) 2 options: Stay home for 15 days or in jail for 5 years."
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
Is this something Putin said, or did? No.
The tweet says, "#Covid_19 #StayAtHome Vladimir Putin has given Russians two options. You stay at home for 2 weeks or you go to jail for 5 years. No middle ground."
Two days later, the author of the original post tweeted, "Just joke," with three emojis. (Oddly, many social media posts circulating didn’t include the second part of the tweet, even though it’s even more eye-catching: "RUSSIA: Vladimir Putin has Dropped 800 tigers and Lions all over the Country to push people to stay home.. Stay Safe Everyone!!")
Looking through credible media reports, we found no evidence that Putin had given Russians the draconian choice between lockdown or jail.
"Schools, sports facilities, and other gathering places are closed, and it seems Moscow asked residents over 65 to stay home, from March 26 to April 14, but they offered them the equivalent of $50 in two payments, one at the beginning and one at the end," said Yoshiko M. Herrera, a political scientist at the University Wisconsin-Madison who specializes in Russia. "He also ordered that phone and internet not be shut off and that other housing-related fines not be collected."
Herrera said that these measures, plus earlier measures to close its long border with China, seem appropriate, but she added that "there are some big caveats."
"There is a lot of skepticism and criticism of the statistics," she said, citing allegations of undercounting and misreporting coronavirus deaths in other categories.
In recent days, the BBC reported, the infection rate in Russia "has begun to escalate even according to official figures."
Social media posts have said "Putin has stated: Russian citizens (have) 2 options: Stay home for 15 days or in jail for 5 years."
Credible news accounts and experts on the region see no evidence of such a draconian choice in Russia. The claim appears to stem from a post by an Indian comedian, who later clarified that this was intended as a "joke."
We rate the statement False.
Instagram post, March 23, 2020
Nasir Chinioti, tweet, March 22, 2020
Nasir Chinioti, tweet, March 24, 2020
Globalnews.ca, "No, Putin is not using lions in Russia’s coronavirus lockdown," March 23, 2020
BBC, "Coronavirus: No Russia lockdown as Putin puts on show of calm," March 22, 2020
NBC News, "Coronavirus: Russia's low infection numbers viewed skeptically," March 22, 2020
CNN, "Why does Russia, population 146 million, have fewer coronavirus cases than Luxembourg?" March 22, 2020
Moscow Times, "Coronavirus in Russia: The Latest News," March 24, 2020
Email interview with Yoshiko M. Herrera, political scientist at the University Wisconsin-Madison, March 24
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