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The Bush and Obama administrations helped save the auto industry.
Fiat Chrysler is building a new plant in Michigan.
Auto industry jobs fell by about 3,000 in 2019.
No Japanese car makers announced plans to expand in Michigan.
If you’re going to talk about the car industry in Michigan, it helps to get the facts right. President Donald Trump did not.
At a rally in Freeland, Mich., Trump described great success in reviving automotive jobs.
"After the last administration nearly killed the U.S. auto industry, I saved the U.S. auto industry," he said Sept. 10. "We brought you a lot of car plants."
And he went on to say that he wrangled a promise in a meeting with Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe for Japanese companies to expand in the U.S.
"The next day they announced five car companies are coming to Michigan," Trump told the crowd.
There’s nothing fully correct in any of that. Japan didn’t announce five companies coming to Michigan. Trump didn’t save the auto industry. And he didn’t bring a lot of car plants to the state — the most he can claim is one.
That one is a Fiat Chryler factory that will build Jeep SUVs in Detroit, on the site of an idled engine plant. It’s due to open in 2021. That is part of a package of investments in five other Fiat Chrysler plants in the state.
"Trump can count it as a new plant because it closed back in 2013 before he became president," said automobile industry researcher James Rubenstein at Ohio’s Miami University.
But when Trump said that he saved the auto industry, he left out that total auto industry employment in Michigan dropped by about 3,000 in 2019. That was after a steady rise since 2010, when the major U.S. automakers began to recover from the recession and their restructurings. The coronavirus-induced economic slump this year brought more job losses, but the declines took place before the virus arrived.
As for the previous administration nearly killing the industry, the evidence points to the opposite. In 2008 and 2009, intervention by the Bush and Obama administrations pulled the auto and auto parts makers back from the brink of collapse. Under the Obama administration, General Motors and Chrysler went through quick, taxpayer-financed bankruptcy reorganizations orchestrated by a federal task force and the U.S. Treasury, and both emerged from the Great Recession to add jobs and production capacity.
Trump’s comment about cutting a deal with Japan also fell wide of the mark.
The Japanese automaker Toyota did announce in March 2019 that it would funnel about $750 million into its American operations. But that money wasn’t for new plants, as Trump said, and Michigan wasn’t on the list. Other Japanese automakers have added U.S. capacity, but not in Michigan. Japanese automakers and parts companies have had U.S. factories and research operations in the U.S. for decades.
The timing of the promise Trump said he wrested from Japan is unclear. The two leaders met in Washington in April 2019, but that took place after the Toyota announcement.
There have been some specialized car manufacturing initiatives in Michigan, including one to build self-driving cars that might add 400 jobs, but those would not change the overall picture.
We reached out to the Trump campaign and did not hear back.
Trump made several claims about the auto industry, saying he saved it from near destruction, and had brought many new plants to Michigan, including the arrival of five new Japanese car companies.
He didn’t save the auto industry. The major U.S. automakers recovered strongly during the Obama administration. After rising for 10 years, Michigan auto industry employment fell on Trump’s watch, even before the coronavirus hit.
He didn’t bring many new plants. One company, the Italian-American Fiat Chrysler, announced a new assembly plant in Detroit, on the site of an idled engine factory, as part of a package of investments in Michigan.
As for the Japanese investments coming to Michigan, one company — Toyota — unveiled plans to expand its American operations. And others have added U.S. capacity, too. But none of that was in Michigan.
We rate this claim False.
Donald Trump, Rally in Freeland, Mich., Sept. 10, 2020
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Automotive employment in selected states, accessed Sept. 11, 2020
Toyota, Toyota Solidifies Its Substantial and Growing Investment in U.S., March 14, 2019
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, FCA to Expand Production Capacity in Michigan, Feb. 26, 2019
CAR Group, An Assessment of Japanese Automakers’ Impact & Activity in the United States, July 2020
CAR Group, Contribution of General Motors to the Economies of Nine States and the United States in 2019, February 2020
PolitiFact, Donald Trump exaggerates turnaround on US car plants, ignores closures, July 9, 2019
Detroit Free Press, Trump makes wild claims about revitalizing auto industry at Michigan rally, Sept. 11, 2020
PolitiFact, Did President Obama save the auto industry?, Sept. 6, 2012
Email exchange, James Rubenstein, professor of geography, Miami University, Sept. 11, 2020
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