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The World Health Organization released an early draft of its global action alcohol plan, which aims to raise awareness about some of the harmful effects of alcohol consumption.
The report suggested more monitoring of alcohol consumption in women of childbearing age due to the deleterious effects it can have on a fetus. It did not propose that women aged 18-50 should be banned from drinking alcohol entirely.
The WHO also includes recommendations for other groups, like children and adolescents, in its report.
A proposed global action plan on alcohol consumption put together by the World Health Organization is being criticized after some believed the health agency was effectively trying to ban women "of childbearing age" from being able to drink alcohol.
This is a distortion of the report’s purpose. It argued for heightened attention to alcohol intake among pregnant women and women of childbearing age, as well as other groups, but it did not propose any strict alcohol ban, nor could it enforce one
The article was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
The WHO released the first draft of the report on June 15, titled the "Global alcohol action plan 2022-2030." The campaign aims to help lessen the harmful effects of certain levels of alcohol consumption around the world.
The report only mentions pregnancy and women of childbearing age one time, and it’s in the context of raising awareness about alcohol-related issues:
"Appropriate attention should be given to prevention of the initiation of drinking among children and adolescents, prevention of drinking among pregnant women and women of childbearing age, and protection of people from pressures to drink, especially in societies with high levels of alcohol consumption where heavy drinkers are encouraged to drink even more."
It also notes that, "one of the most dramatic manifestations of harm to persons other than drinkers is prenatal alcohol exposure and the development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders."
The WHO released a statement to fact-checking organization Full Fact to clarify the report, saying its goal is to bring attention to the consumption of alcohol while pregnant, even when the pregnancy is not known.
"The current draft of WHO's global action plan does not recommend abstinence of all women who are of an age at which they could become pregnant," the statement says. "However it does seek to raise awareness of the serious consequences that can result from drinking alcohol while pregnant, even when the pregnancy is not yet known."
The report includes other groups, like children and adolescents, and lays out eight action areas and aims to raise awareness about alcohol-related issues, with proposed initiatives like a "World no alcohol day/week" to focus and reinforce public attention.
An article headline claims that the WHO is trying to ban all women between the ages of 18 and 50 from drinking alcohol.
This is an exaggeration of the WHO’s draft report. The report suggested more monitoring of alcohol consumption in some women due to the deleterious effects it can have on a fetus. But the organization did not propose that women between those ages should be banned from drinking alcohol entirely, neither could it enforce such a ban.
We rate this claim False.
UPDATE, Aug. 3, 2021: Following publication of this fact-check, the Irish Post published a correction on its piece, which can be found here.
Irish Post, World Health Organization wants to BAN all women aged 18-50 from drinking alcohol, June 17, 2021
World Health Organization, Global alcohol action plan 2022-2030 to strengthen implementation of the Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol, June 15, 2021
Snopes, WHO Isn’t Banning ‘Women of Childbearing Age’ from Drinking Alcohol, June 19, 2021
Full Fact, The WHO hasn’t said women should be banned from drinking, June 22, 2021
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