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News reports, testimonies of citizens-turned-fighters, and a swift global response all fly in the face of baseless claims that Russia’s war on Ukraine is “staged.”
Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine has brought on an onslaught of attacks, injuries and deaths for more than a week. But according to one claim on Facebook, the war is fake.
The Feb. 25 post showed a photo of the Joker from the Batman film, "The Dark Knight'," with text overlaid that read, "Them: Let’s pray for Ukraine! Me: It’s all scripted and staged."
The accompanying text post read, "Russia and Ukraine is a coverup!" and linked to a nine-minute YouTube video that falsely claimed the war is a coverup to distract from COVID-19, which it says was also planned and staged.
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
First off, COVID-19 is real. PolitiFact named claims to the contrary its 2020 Lie of the Year. Statistical data, hospitals, medical workers, news reports and more show that the pandemic is authentic, and has caused millions to get sick or die.
As for war in Ukraine, daily evidence proves that there is indeed a war.
During the early morning of Feb. 24, after months of increased Russian military presence near the Ukrainian border, President Vladimir Putin announced the invasion into Ukraine in a televised speech, calling it a "special military operation."
Following Russian missile strikes on Feb. 24, 2022, a destroyed car, damaged radar and equipment are shown at a Ukrainian military facility outside Mariupol, Ukraine. (AP Photo)
Before the Russian invasion, numerous Ukrainian civilians volunteered to become fighters and took part in military training. Now, they’re on the frontline. NPR, The New York Times and other news sources have extensively covered the situation in Ukraine, where journalists and citizens have transmitted images depicting the war effort.
The exact number of civilians killed is unknown, but as of March 2, Ukraine’s State Emergency Service estimated more than 2,000 Ukrainians dead, according to CNN. On March 4, the United Nations gave a lower count of 331 people killed, including 19 children, and 675 who were injured. But "the real toll is likely to be much higher," Liz Throssell, U.N. spokesperson, said.
The U.N. reported that most civilian deaths in the first eight days of conflict were "caused by the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area, including shelling from heavy artillery and multi-launch rocket systems, and missile and air strikes."
Russia has also reported casualties. The Russian Defense Ministry announced that 498 Russian troops have died and 1,597 more have been injured, NPR reported.
With the impact of the war on civilians being publicly reported, and both sides reporting troops’ deaths and injuries, the claim that any of this is being staged proves to be baseless.
Even more evidence that the conflict is real: the swift response from other countries. NATO has stated they will not engage in the war, but have taken other means of action against Russia. The United States, the European Union and the United Kingdom have joined together in implementing harsh economic sanctions against the Russian economy.
During his State of the Union Address on March 1, President Joe Biden announced that, in addition to cutting off Russia's largest banks from the international banking system, the U.S. "will join our allies in closing off American air space to all Russian flights – further isolating Russia – and adding an additional squeeze on their economy."
The value of the ruble, Russia’s currency, has fallen to less than one U.S. cent. Rising prices on some products like electronics and appliances have caused citizens to stock up, and NPR reports that arrests of anti-war protesters in Russia are racking up. They cite a Russian human rights group called OVD-Info, who’ve counted more than 8,000 arrests. Wealthy elites, who also face sanctions, have criticized Putin’s invasion of Ukraine.
Scott Radnitz, an associate professor of Russian and Eurasian studies at the University of Washington, viewed the Facebook post and video, and said that the claim hinges on a world domination conspiracy theory — but there is no evidence presented for why or how the war is being staged.
"There is little to refute directly, other than to note that thousands or millions of people would have to be in on any conspiracy to fake a war, and like the 9/11 attacks (which some people also deny) there is substantial video footage of attacks on Ukrainian cities, Russian invading forces, and throngs of refugees," Radnitz said.
Nevertheless, he added, "a true believer will persist in denying all that evidence, something that is easier to do when the conflict is geographically distant and they do not personally know anyone directly affected by it."
With a war raging, the world responding and both sides of the conflict experiencing its effects, the claim that the Russian invasion of Ukraine is "scripted and staged" holds no merit. We rate it Pants on Fire!
Facebook post, Feb. 25, 2022
PolitiFact Lie of the Year: Coronavirus downplay and denial, Dec. 16, 2020
Johns Hopkins University COVID-19 Map, accessed March 1, 2022
Yahoo Finance on YouTube, Russian President Putin announces further invasion of Ukraine and delivers warning, Feb. 24, 2022
PolitiFact, Vladimir Putin repeats false claim of genocide in Ukraine, Feb. 22, 2022
The New York Times, Putin’s Case for War, Annotated, Feb. 24, 2022
CNN, Here's what we know about how Russia's invasion of Ukraine unfolded, Feb. 24, 2022
Yahoo Finance on YouTube, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy declares martial law, Feb. 24, 2022
U.S. Department of Justice, Martial Law in Times of Civil Disorder, accessed March 2, 2022
The New York Times, How Volodymyr Zelensky rallied Ukrainians, and the world, against Putin, FEb. 27, 2022
NPR, Ukrainian civilians are inspired to train for a possible war with Russia, Jan. 19, 2022
NPR, Ukrainians rush to enlist after Russia’s shocking invasion, Feb. 25, 2022
The New York Times, ‘I’m a Soldier Now.’ Even in Untouched Villages, Ukrainians Prepare to Fight, Feb. 27, 2022
CNN, Conflicting accounts about civilian deaths in Ukraine, March 2, 2022
United Nations UNIfeed, OHCHR / UKRAINE CASUALTIES, March 1, 2022
United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner, Ukraine civilian casualty update, March 4, 2022
NPR, Russia confirms casualties in Ukraine ahead of the next round of talks, March 2, 2022
Bloomberg, Details of EU, NATO's U.S., U.K. Sanctions Against Russia, Feb. 24, 2022
C-SPAN State of the Union Address, 2022 State of the Union Address, March 1, 2022
CBS News, Russia's ruble worth less than 1 cent after West tightens sanctions, March 1, 2022
NPR, How everyday Russians are feeling the impact from sanctions, March 2, 2022
OVD-Info, accessed March 3, 2022
Email interview with Scott Radnitz, associate professor of Russian and Eurasian studies at the University of Washington, March 3, 2022
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