Says "our unemployment insurance trust fund is broke. We're over a billion dollars in debt to the federal government."
Jay Webber on Monday, November 28th, 2011 in an NJToday interview
New Jersey’s unemployment benefits fund is broke, with more than $1 billion owed to the federal government
New Jersey has gone into debt to cover unemployment benefits for people who lost their jobs in the Garden State.
Assemblyman Jay Webber (R-Morris) made that argument in a recent NJToday interview about his opposition to proposed legislation aimed at providing unemployment benefits to certain individuals whose hours at work have been reduced.
"It might be a good idea. The problem I have is that our unemployment insurance trust fund is broke," Webber said during the Nov. 28 interview. "We're over a billion dollars in debt to the federal government, and what this bill does is create another stream of income out of the fund."
PolitiFact New Jersey found that Webber is right.
After more than two and a half years of borrowing money to cover unemployment benefits, New Jersey still owed about $1.3 billion to the federal government as of Dec. 6, according to federal and state officials.
Kerri Gatling, a spokeswoman for the state Department of Labor and Workforce Development, said the state expects to pay off the loan in late 2013.
"There is currently a negative fund balance resulting from the severe economic downturn whereby unemployment insurance benefit payments exceed contributions to the fund," Gatling said in an email.
Webber told us the fund must be protected and its solvency ensured.
"Regardless of how we got there, now we’ve got to fix it," Webber said.
Here’s how we got into so much debt:
New Jersey’s unemployment insurance trust fund is made up of payroll taxes paid by employers and employees. The fund is used to pay unemployment benefits to people who worked in New Jersey.
The idea behind such trust funds is to build up reserves when the economy is performing well in order to pay unemployment benefits during economic downturns.
But state officials repeatedly diverted money from the trust fund to cover charity care payments to hospitals, ultimately reaching a total of about $4.6 billion in funds by 2005, according to the state’s nonpartisan Office of Legislative Services.
Then, as more people lost their jobs during the recent recession and sought unemployment benefits, the trust fund was depleted by March 2009 and the state began borrowing from the federal government to cover the payments, according to OLS.
The borrowing reached its height in April 2011, when New Jersey owed $2.1 billion for the loan, Gatling said. On Sept. 30, New Jersey paid nearly $48 million to the federal government to cover interest on the loan, she said.
The state anticipates an interest payment of between roughly $55 million and $60 million to be made in September 2012, Gatling said.
"As we minimize the interest expense, we take excess funds and pay the loan balance," Gatling said. "Payroll taxes are used to pay benefits and pay the loan balance."
In November 2010, New Jersey voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the diversion of money from the unemployment insurance trust fund and other benefit funds for any other purposes.
But New Jersey isn’t the only state that owes the federal government money to cover unemployment benefits.
As of Dec. 6, 27 states and the U.S. Virgin Islands owed a total of roughly $38.3 billion in principal alone, including New Jersey’s roughly $1.3 billion, according to the U.S. Treasury Department. California owes the most, about $9.4 billion, according to the department.
Webber claimed in a television interview that New Jersey’s "unemployment insurance trust fund is broke. We're over a billion dollars in debt to the federal government."
The assemblyman’s statement is on target. New Jersey currently owes more than $1 billion to the federal government for money borrowed to pay unemployment benefits.
We rate the statement True.
To comment on this ruling, go to NJ.com.
Published: Sunday, December 11th, 2011 at 7:30 a.m.
Interview with Assemblyman Jay Webber on NJToday, Nov. 28, 2011
New Jersey Office of Legislative Services, Analysis of Fiscal Year 2011-2012 Budget for New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, April 2011
New Jersey Fiscal Year 2012 Budget, signed into law June 30, 2011
New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, New Jersey Unemployment Insurance Task Force Submits First Report to Governor Chris Christie Recommendations focus on Structural Reforms to Promote Long-Term Stability and Solvency, Feb. 25, 2011
New Jersey Unemployment Insurance Task Force Report, Feb. 25, 2011
New Jersey Governor’s Office, Governor Chris Christie Conditionally Vetoes Unemployment Insurance Bill, June 24, 2010
New Jersey Office of Legislative Services, Analysis of Fiscal Year 2010-2011 Budget for New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, April 2010
The Star-Ledger, Surge in jobless claims taps out New Jersey unemployment fund, Dec. 8, 2008
New Jersey Office of Legislative Services, Analysis of Fiscal Year 2009-2010 Budget for New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, April 2009
U.S. Government Accountability Office, Unemployment Insurance Trust Funds: Long-standing State Financing Policies Have Increased Risk of Insolvency, April 2010
Email interview with Kerri Gatling, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Dec. 7-9, 2011
Interview with Assemblyman Jay Webber, Dec. 8, 2011
Email exchange with the U.S. Department of the Treasury representatives, Dec. 7-9, 2011
U.S. Department of the Treasury, Title XII Advance Activities Schedule, as of Dec. 6, 2011
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