The Truth-O-Meter Says:
Merkley

Christmas trees are grown in all 50 States.

Jeff Merkley on Wednesday, November 30th, 2011 in in a press release

Do Christmas trees really grow in all 50 states?

Oregonians are lucky in that we don’t have to think about where we get our holiday trees. We are the No. 1 producer of firs, pines and spruce, beating out all other states in providing the scented, festive trees that grace many homes this season.

Perhaps in honor of that distinction, U.S. Sen. Jeff Merkley helped pushed a resolution claiming the first full week of December 2011 as "National Christmas Tree Week." The resolution notes that there are close to 15,000 farms growing Christmas trees in the United States and that there are roughly 100,000 people employed in the real tree industry.

The resolution also states that Christmas trees are grown in all 50 states.

Apparently, this is a common statistic repeated in Christmas tree fun facts around the country. But we had to think about it. Are there really Christmas tree farms in tropical Hawaii? What about in sunny New Mexico?

The claim kind of made sense -- where else would people living in those states get their trees? -- but we had to check.  

"Well, it's one of those things I ‘know, but can't technically verify,’" said Rick Dungey of the National Christmas Tree Association, a trade group for real farm-grown trees. He directed us to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which conducts a census survey of farms every five years, the most recent in 2007.

Oregon led with 6.8 million trees harvested in 2007, out of 17.4 million nationwide. Alaska, Nevada and Wyoming were at the bottom, with zero cut trees harvested. So maybe Oregon’s junior senator had his facts wrong?

We called Catherine Howard, publisher of Christmas Trees Magazine, a trade publication for growers. She said she didn’t know whether there are tree farms in all 50 states, but she suspects there may not be many -- or any -- growers in the Dakotas or in Montana.

"You never hear about them; they're just not involved," she said. "And, probably, I'm guessing Arizona and New Mexico... it's very hard to grow Christmas trees in the Southwest."  

So now we’d stumbled upon new states that may lack tree farms, but nothing definite yet. We continued sleuthing.

There are several websites where you can find a place in your state to buy fresh cut trees. The National Christmas Tree Association did not list any members in Wyoming, New Mexico, North Dakota or Alaska. But of course, the sites are not comprehensive.

We plugged Alaska into the Christmas Tree Farm Network, and we found Bob Smith -- owner of Bob Smith’s Minnesota Christmas Trees in Anchorage. That’s right. Alaskans have flocked to him since 1962 to buy Balsam firs and Scotch pines from Minnesota.

Smith said he didn’t know of any tree farms in Alaska, either, but there may be a small tree farmer he’s missed. Anyway, why are Christmas trees hard to grow in Alaska? It takes a long time, he said. "The ground never gets that warm. They get a lot of daylight in the summer, but they never get that warm."

Next, we turned to the dry Southwest where we found several listings for cut holiday trees in Arizona. Mast-Roth Farms looked promising. We found the store online and learned that the family behind Mast-Roth has proudly "been bringing highest-quality Oregon Christmas Trees to the greater Phoenix area for over 30 years."

Well, so much for locally grown in Phoenix. But then again, where else are Oregon Christmas trees to go? We’re not expected to consume one third of the country’s cut holiday trees, are we?

Finally, we received a call from Alex Minchenkov, public affairs specialist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. He confirmed that as of 2009 there were no cut Christmas tree farms in Wyoming or North Dakota. Utah was near the bottom of the list with two tree farm operations. The numbers, he acknowledged, may not include small-scale farmers.

Which brings us to our final point. Even though Merkley’s resolution highlights commercial Christmas tree farms, his statement honors the tree itself. And people in Alaska, Arizona and Nevada can always get a permit and cut their own tree from a forest.

Merkley spokesman Jamal Raad points out exactly that: "The resolution says Christmas trees are grown in all 50 states, not that there are Christmas tree farms in all 50 states, which may or may not be true."

We could downgrade Merkley for his statement, because we’re not sure there are tree farms in all 50 states, and the resolution emphsizes commercial tree farms. But that would be so Grinch-like. Instead, we rule the statement True. Christmas trees grow in all 50 states, and they bring a lot of joy to families in the United States.

Return to OregonLive to comment.

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About this statement:

Published: Friday, December 23rd, 2011 at 3:09 p.m.

Subjects: Agriculture, States

Sources:

University of Illinois Extension, "Christmas Tree Facts"
Interview with Catherine Howard, Christmas Trees Magazine, Dec. 22, 2011
Interview with Bob Smith, owner of Bob Smith’s Minnesota Christmas Trees, Dec. 22, 2011
Interview with Alex Minchenkov, U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Dec. 23, 2011
Emails from Rick Dungey, National Christmas Tree Association, Dec. 22, 2011
Emails from Jamal Raad, Sen. Merkley’s office, Dec. 22, 23, 2011
National Christmas Tree Association, USDA Census of Agriculture
National Christmas Tree Association, "Celebrate National Christmas Tree Week," Dec. 4, 2011
Christmas Tree Farm Network website(look up by state)
Christmas Tree Farm Map website (look up by state)
Sen. Jeff Merkley, "Senate Passes Christmas Tree Resolution," Nov. 30, 2011
USDA, "National Agriculture Library"
USDA, "The Census of Agriculture, 2007" February 2009, updated December 2009
USDA Forest Service, Bridger-Teton National Forest press release, "The tree has been cut," Nov. 7, 2010 (Capitol Christmas Tree 2010)
USDA Blog, "Capitol Christmas Tree lights Nation’s Capital," Dec. 7, 2011
Sante Fe New Mexican, "Options near and far abound in search for the perfect tree," Dec. 14, 2011
Southern Christmas Tree Association website
The Street, "O, Christmas Tree: From Seed to Untaxed Sale," Dec. 7, 2011

Written by: Janie Har
Researched by: Janie Har
Edited by: Bruce Hammond

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