Is Ted Cruz constitutionally eligible to be president?
By Tom Feran
Published on Friday, May 10th, 2013 at 1:00 p.m.
Cleveland-based PolitiFact Ohio has the distinction of being the closest PolitiFact unit to Canada, which might explain why it received several email and Twitter messages about Ted Cruz -- the Republican junior senator from Texas who is "considering a presidential run," according to friends and confidants quoted by the conservative blog National Review Online.
"Please tell Ted Cruz he can't be president," said an email to the Ohio fact-checkers. "He was born in Canada!"
The basic biography: Cruz was born in 1970 in Calgary, Alberta, while his parents were working there. His Cuban-born father, who is now an American citizen, was not at the time. His mother was born in Delaware. The family returned to the United States when Cruz was 4.
The Constitution gives three eligibility requirements to be president: one must be 35 years of age, a resident "within the United States" for 14 years, and a "natural born Citizen," a term not defined in the Constitution.
Read PolitiFact Ohio's story, including a recap of relevant legal analysis, here.
Congressional Research Service, "Qualifications for President and the 'Natural Born' Citizenship Eligibility Requirement," Nov. 14, 2011
National Review Online, "Ted Cruz for President," May 1, 2013
U.S. Congress Biographical Directory, Ted Cruz
Sen. Ted Cruz, Official biography
New York Times, "A Test for the Tea Party in Texas Senate Race," Nov. 17, 2011
The Atlantic, "Yes, Ted Cruz Can Be Born in Canada and Still Become President of the U.S.," May 1, 2013
PolitiFact.com, "Was McCain Born in the USA?," May 12, 2008
Researchers: Tom Feran
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