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President Donald Trump spoke before an audience of law enforcement officials on Long Island, N.Y., about measures his administration is taking to crack down on illegal immigrant gang violence.
The central theme of his July 28 speech was his goal of restoring law and order to a country he says has been beset by lax enforcement of immigration and other laws.
Here’s a rundown of several specific claims Trump made, and whether they were accurate.
The reality is Obama carried out more than 5.2 million deportations over two terms. That figure combines both "removals," which involve a formal court order, and "returns," which don’t.
Obama returned more than 2 million Central Americans in his first seven years in office, according to data from the Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Immigration Statistics (that does not include formal removals or 2016 data).
Roughly 150,000 of those deported under Obama were returned to El Salvador, from which MS-13 hails, according to data from the Los Angeles Times.
Between 2003 and 2013, one in five deportations over this time were to Central America’s "Northern Triangle" countries of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, some of the world’s most dangerous countries, according to data analyzed by the Migration Policy Institute.
Michelle Mittelstadt of the Migration Policy Institute said Obama confronted a surge in migration from Central America, particularly from the Northern Triangle, fueled by instability, gang violence and worsening economic conditions. She noted the Obama administration faced legal constraints -- both from a congressional statutes and court rulings -- that impeded its ability to remove an influx of illegal entrants with children, or unaccompanied minors, many of whom were fleeing Central America.
Trump said he couldn’t find countries where the United States currently has a trade surplus. He might not have looked that hard.
"We have trade deficits with almost every country, because we had a lot of really bad negotiators making deals with other countries," Trump said.
Yes, the United States has a significant trade deficit with China, smaller trade deficits with Germany, Japan and Mexico.
But the United States actually has a trade surplus with more than half of the countries or governments it does business with, according to data kept by the United States International Trade Commission.
In 2016, the United States recorded a trade surplus with 134 different nations or governments. It ran a deficit with 99 nations or governments.
A surplus occurs when the United States exports more goods to a country than it imports from it.
Trump actually argued that Republicans should not let Obamacare collapse because "it wouldn’t be fair to the people."
"Frankly, we could sit back and it was a thought from a political standpoint, but it wouldn’t be fair to the people," Trump said at a Jan. 11, 2017, press conference in New York.
"We could sit back and wait and watch and criticize and we could be a Chuck Schumer and sit back and criticize it and people would come, they would come, begging to us please, we have to do something about Obamacare. We don’t want to own it, we don’t want to own it politically. They own it right now.
"So the easiest thing would be to let it implode in ’17 and believe me, we’d get pretty much whatever we wanted, but it would take a long time. We’re going to be submitting, as soon as our secretary’s approved, almost simultaneously, shortly thereafter, a plan."
At the same press conference, Trump said he would repeal and replace Obamacare at the same time. It was also a core campaign promise.
"It’ll be repeal and replace. It will be essentially, simultaneously. It will be various segments, you understand, but will most likely be on the same day or the same week, but probably, the same day, could be the same hour," Trump said.
"So we’re gonna do repeal and replace, very complicated stuff. And we’re gonna get a health bill passed, we’re gonna get health care taken care of in this country."
The GDP indeed grew at an annual rate of 2.6 percent between April and June, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, more than double the rate at which it grew in the first quarter (1.2 percent). This is the first full quarter of GDP growth since Trump took office.
It’s much closer to the 3 percent growth rate promised by Trump in May, although many economists we’ve interviewed said sustaining that level of growth without substantial policy changes would prove difficult.
Economists would also refrain from attributing the growth to Trump, as many of his policies have yet to be implemented. Consumer spending, which typically makes up about 70 percent of the economy, partially drove the increase.
Trump dialed up a popular but False attack on his 2016 opponent, Hillary Clinton.
"By the way, your Second Amendment is safe. Your Second Amendment is safe," Trump said. "I feel very good about that. Wasn't looking so good for the Second Amendment, was it, huh? If Trump doesn't win, your Second Amendment is gone. Your Second Amendment would be gone.
There was no no evidence of Democrat Hillary Clinton ever saying verbatim or suggesting explicitly that she wants to abolish the Second Amendment — and the bulk of Clinton’s comments suggest she wanted to protect the right to bear arms while enacting measures to prevent gun violence.
Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product: Second Quarter 2017 (Advance Estimate), and Annual Update, July 28, 2017
NPR, "U.S. Economy Grew At 2.6 Percent In Second Quarter," July 28, 2017
PolitiFact, "Why economists are skeptical that U.S. can grow by 3 percent," May 26, 2017
United States International Trade Commission, U.S. Merchandise trade balance, by partner country 2016 in descending order of trade turnover (general imports plus total exports), accessed July 28, 2017
CNBC, Trump can't find any US trade surpluses. Here you go, Mr. President, Feb. 23, 2017
New York Times, "Donald Trump’s News Conference: Full Transcript and Video," Jan. 11, 2017
PolitiFact, "Donald Trump falsely claims Hillary Clinton 'wants to abolish the 2nd Amendment'," May 11, 2016