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Ever since achieving statehood in 1848, Wisconsin has stood proudly as a Goliath of manufacturing: Milwaukee became "the machine shop of the world," Green Bay was home to the world’s largest cheese maker, an internationally known steam valve manufacturer emerged in La Crosse.
The Badger State remains a national leader in making things, with manufacturing providing jobs to 15 percent of the workforce. But recent decades have been marked by factory shutdowns, including the loss of one of every four manufacturing jobs since 2000.
In several 2010 races for the state Senate, the decline in manufacturing has been highlighted by Republicans, including state Rep. Leah Vukmir of Wauwatosa. Her challenge to Democratic Sen. Jim Sullivan, also of Wauwatosa, is one of several races that could determine whether Democrats keep control of the Senate.
"For the first time in history," Vukmir declares in a flier that she distributes door to door in the district, "Wisconsin has more government jobs than manufacturing jobs."
Such a statistic, if true, would indicate a profound change in the very complexion of the state.
Vukmir, according to her campaign staff, based her statement on a December 2009 article in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. The article was about a state Department of Workforce Development report on unemployment in the previous month.
The report said the state had 438,200 government jobs (federal, state and local, including schools) in November 2009. That was 2,400 more than the 435,800 jobs in manufacturing.
The article went on to say government employment had exceeded manufacturing employment in April and May of 2009, as well.
Those developments were notable because, on an annual basis, manufacturing jobs exceeded government jobs in every year since 1966, which is as far back as the state statistics go.
In her flier, Vukmir presented the change as a done deal.
But the reality is much fuzzier. Picture it as a race, with two runners taking turns as the leader.
Our review of more recent monthly data showed that November 2009 was the first of seven consecutive months in which government jobs outpaced manufacturing jobs. That ended in May 2010. But manufacturing regained the lead in June through August 2010. September numbers have not yet been released.
As for annual figures, which are more telling and the common measuring stick, in 2009 manufacturing employment outpaced government employment by 10,800 jobs.
It remains to be seen where 2010 winds up.
There are many factors at work when it comes to what is happening in the Wisconsin labor market.
Beyond the long-term trends, the recession hit manufacturing jobs hard, while government employment has been supported by federal stimulus money aimed at preventing layoffs.
Additionally, the count of manufacturing jobs has been artificially low in recent years, according to state labor economist Dennis Winters, because factories are hiring more temporary workers. The state classifies temporary workers as service employees, even if they work in manufacturing.
So, where does that leave us?
To press her case that more needs to be done to help create private-sector jobs, state Senate candidate Leah Vukmir said that for the first time in history, government jobs outnumber manufacturing jobs in Wisconsin. At various points in 2009, that was indeed the case -- though for the year as a whole, manufacturing jobs narrowly led. The jury is still out for 2010, though manufacturing jobs lead in five of the first eight months of the year.
We rate Vukmir’s statement Mostly True.
Email interview with John Dipko, spokesman Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, Oct. 6, 2010
E-mail interview with Vukmir campaign spokesman Luke Bacher, Oct. 5, 2010
League of Women Voters of Wisconsin, 2010 general election voters guide, September 2010
Milwaukee County Historical Society, Milwaukee Timeline -- 1900s
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, State jobless rate dipped in November, Dec. 17, 2009
University of Wisconsin-Madison Center on Wisconsin Strategy, The State of Working Wisconsin 2010
Vukmir for Senate campaign website
Vukmir for Senate flier
Wisconsin Budget Project, Comparing Wisconsin to Other States in the Ratio of Manufacturing to Government Jobs, July 8, 2010
Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, news release, Dec. 17, 2009
Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, www.worknet.wisconsin.gov
Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, Wisconsin Labor Market Information
Wisconsin Historical Society, Wisconsin Magazine of History, The Pauly Cheese Company
Wisconsin Historical Society, The Rise of Skilled Manufacturing
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