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In 2006, Wauwatosa Democrat Jim Sullivan won a Wisconsin state Senate seat long held by Republicans and helped his party take back control of the Senate.
In the 2010 race, Sullivan faces a tough challenge from state Rep. Leah Vukmir, a Wauwatosa Republican. Control of the Senate is again in play.
But Sullivan is running against his own party, declaring in a flier mailed to voters that he "stood up to his own party by voting against the budget to stop runaway government spending."
So, is Sullivan a budget-busting maverick?
Let’s quickly break down Sullivan’s claim into two parts, then add some context.
Sullivan "stood up to his own party by voting against the budget":
Sullivan’s campaign said the flier’s reference is to the 2009-’11 state budget, which the Senate approved, 17-15, in June 2009. Sullivan was the only Democrat to vote no.
Sullivan’s budget vote was to "stop runaway government spending":
Different people may define "runaway" spending differently. The $62 billion budget in question raised spending by 6.2 percent over two years and raised taxes and fees by $1.92 billion.
While Sullivan cites a specific vote in his literature, he is making a broader point: that he has worked in Madison to rein in spending. For example, in citing his budget vote in a separate mailer, Sullivan says he "wants our children to inherit a future free of wasteful government spending."
So, let’s take a closer look at Sullivan’s record, which in four years includes votes on two budgets and one "budget repair" bill.
- On the 2007-’09 state budget, approved in the Senate, 18-15, Sullivan voted yes along with the rest of his fellow Democrats. That budget raised taxes and fees by $763.2 million over two years.
- In February 2009, Sullivan joined the rest of the Senate Democrats to pass a "budget repair" bill. Among other things, it raised taxes on businesses by $215 million and on computer software sales by $66 million over three years.
- Four months later, Sullivan voted against the 2009-11 budget -- the vote previously noted and cited in his literature. During the course of the budget debate, he did not propose or support any amendments to the 2009-’11 budget that would have reduced spending.
We asked Sullivan’s campaign if there were instances, other than his 2009-’11 budget vote, in which Sullivan broke ranks with Democrats in an effort to control spending.
The campaign did not provide any.
Observers noted that, given the Democrats’ three-vote majority in the Senate, Sullivan’s no vote did not affect the party’s ability to get its budget passed.
Mordecai Lee, a University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee governmental affairs professor, said the two-year budget bill is the most important vote state lawmakers take. And leaders of the political party in power can exert great pressure on members to ensure that their budget passes.
But Lee, a former Democratic state senator, said he also witnessed cases in which a party would not fight an individual senator’s budget vote against the party, if that senator faced a tough bid for re-election.
In Madison parlance, it’s called getting a pass.
So let’s review.
Sullivan is telling voters in a campaign mailing that he "stood up to his own party by voting against the budget to stop runaway government spending." He was the only Senate Democrat to vote against the 2009-’11 state budget, which raised taxes and spending. But Sullivan’s vote didn’t threaten his party’s effort to pass the budget, he made no attempt to reduce spending in the plan and, on the previous budget and a budget repair bill, he voted with fellow Democrats to raise spending.
We rate his statement Barely True.
Editor's note: This statement was rated Barely True when it was published. On July 27, 2011, we changed the name for the rating to Mostly False.
Email interviews with Sullivan for Senate campaign spokeswoman Stephanie Biese, Oct. 18, 20 and 21, 2010.
E-mail interview with Vukmir for Senate campaign spokesman Luke Bacher, Oct. 18, 2010
Interview with Wisconsin Republican Party treasurer Cathy Stepp, Oct. 20, 2010
Interview with Sullivan for Senate campaign spokesman Zak Williams, Oct. 22, 2010
Interview with Mordecai Lee, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee professor of governmental affairs, Oct. 22, 2010
JSOnline.com, State Senate goes to Dems, Nov. 8, 2006
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Wisconsin has a budget, Oct. 24, 2007
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Legislature didn't linger over painful budget process, June 27, 2009
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Assembly passes budget, measure goes to Doyle, June 26, 2009
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, As Doyle's polls plunge, state Democrats try to stand clear, Oct. 18, 2010
Sullivan for state Senate flier
Wisconsin Legislative Fiscal Bureau, State Tax and Fee Modifications Included in 2009 Act 28 (pages 1 and 25), July 8, 2009
Wisconsin Legislative Fiscal Bureau,2009-11 Budget Summary Information, July 22, 2009
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