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As controversy swirls over a new policy that lets undocumented students in Rhode Island pay in-state tuition rates at the state’s public colleges, immigrants’ rights advocates are pressing forward on another front: driver’s licenses.
To obtain or renew a driver’s license in Rhode Island, the state Division of Motor Vehicles requires drivers to provide valid Social Security numbers. But someone who is living here illegally can’t get a Social Security number or a driver’s license.
Foreigners in the country legally -- such as those on valid tourist or student visas -- can submit a letter to the DMV from the Social Security Administration explaining that they don’t qualify for a Social Security number. The DMV will then issue these visitors temporary driver’s licenses for the period during which their visas are valid.
Governor Chafee said recently that he is considering changing the state requirements so that people who are living in the country illegally can use taxpayer identification numbers to qualify for a Rhode Island driver’s license.
Three states -- Utah, Washington and New Mexico -- allow people who have no Social Security numbers to use taxpayer identification numbers to apply for driver’s certificates, according to the National Council on State Legislatures. (Unlike driver’s licenses, the certificates cannot be be used for purposes of official identification.)
David A. Quiroa, president of the Guatemalan-American Alliance of Rhode Island, said in an Oct. 3 news release that during the administration of former Gov. Lincoln Almond, the state Division of Motor Vehicles "had a program that allowed undocumented families . . . to apply [for] and receive a Rhode Island driver’s license . . . " (While Quiroa said "families," we understood him to mean individuals.)
We wondered if that was true. Here’s what we found.
In 2000, a group of immigrants’ rights activists, including Quiroa, met with officials from the Rhode Island Division of Motor Vehicles to find a way for undocumented immigrants to be eligible for driver’s licenses.
Quiroa, who was born in New York but grew up in Guatemala, says he proposed the state allow undocumented immigrants to use special tax identification numbers issued by the IRS in place of Social Security numbers for the purpose of getting a driver’s license.
The Individual Taxpayer Identification Number is a tax processing number available only to certain nonresident and resident immigrants, their spouses and dependents who cannot get Social Security numbers. The nine-digit number begins with the numeral "9" and is formatted like a Social Security number.
Quiroa, who at the time was working with the Center for Hispanic Policy and Advocacy, known as CHisPA, said he argued that letting undocumented immigrants use taxpayer identification numbers would also serve as an incentive for them to pay their taxes -- thereby generating more revenue for the state.
Robert L. Carl Jr., then Almond’s director of administration (which at the time oversaw the DMV) said that he supported the idea. "I wanted to be able to track people down,’’ Carl said recently. "I wanted to collect their taxes . . . I wanted them to pay car insurance." The state police, he recalled, also were in favor of the proposal.
By May 2002, the DMV had adopted new regulations allowing Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers, issued by the IRS, to be used in place of Social Security numbers for obtaining a driver’s licenses. (Applicants for commercial driver’s licenses still had to provide their Social Security numbers.)
The wording of the regulations suggests that the division had already been granting driver’s licenses to some residents without Social Security numbers prior to 2002. However, the division’s interim administrator, Lisa S. Holley, could find no earlier record of the DMV’s policy on the matter.
The rules remained in force for one year.
Then, in May 2003, citing concerns about homeland security and fraud prevention, then-Gov. Donald Carcieri announced that Rhode Island would no longer accept tax identification numbers to obtain driver’s licenses.
A state Department of Transportation official expressed concern at the time about the growth in the number of people using tax identification numbers to obtain or renew driver’s licenses, saying that many of them could be living in the country illegally or owe child support to ex-spouses.
In March 2004, state Rep. Robert A. Watson, R-East Greenwich, sponsored a bill on Carcieri’s behalf that required the DMV to provide the state tax administrator and court administrator with the names, addresses and Social Security numbers of all drivers within 90 days of their license renewals.
The measure was part of a budget article that allowed the DMV to block driver’s license renewals of people who hadn’t paid their taxes.
The requirement was incorporated into Carcieri’s fiscal 2005 budget bill, which the General Assembly passed in June 2004, and incorporated into RI General Laws Chapter 31-3-6.1 and 31-3.6.2.).
Quiroa said that under the Almond administration the DMV allowed undocumented drivers to use their taxpayer identification number from the IRS to obtain a Rhode Island driver’s license.
The division’s regulations show that IRS-issued taxpayer identification numbers could be used for this purpose from May 2002 to May 2003.
Therefore, we rule the statement True.
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E-mails, Lisa S. Holley, interim administrator, Rhode Island Division of Motor Vehicles, Oct. 6, 11, 13, 14, 2011
Interview, Marcy Coleman, legal counsel, Rhode Island Division of Motor Vehicles, Oct. 13, 2011
Interview, Juan Garcia, head of the Immigrants in Action Committee, Rhode Island, Oct. 11, 2011
Interview, Lincoln Almond, former governor of Rhode Island, Oct. 11, 2011
Interview, Robert L. Carl Jr., former director, Rhode Island Department of Administration, Oct. 11, 2011
Interview, David A. Quiroa, president, Guatemalan-American Alliance of Rhode Island, Oct. 12, 2011
E-mails, Thomas R. Evans, state librarian, Rhode Island State Library, Office of the Secretary of State, Oct. 11, 2011
Interview, Stephen Richardson, spokesman, Social Security Administration, Boston regional office, Oct. 14, 2011
E-mails, Jon Kuhl, spokesman, National Council on State Legislatures, Washington, D.C., Oct. 11, 2011
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