Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
Newark Mayor Cory Booker drew national attention last week for criticizing a campaign ad from President Barack Obama, but even praising the president was problematic for the Brick City leader.
Before weighing in on the campaign ad, Booker argued May 20 in a roundtable discussion on NBC’s "Meet The Press" that Obama needs to remind Americans of his accomplishments, such as overseeing the lowest level of discretionary spending in decades.
"First of all, I think it’s a race for President Obama to remind the American public (of) the kind of things he’s been doing and stop letting the other side steal his narrative," said Booker, a Democrat and a representative for the Obama campaign. "He’s a guy that’s cut taxes on small business, the lowest discretionary spending we’ve had in decades in the United States."
It’s actually the other way around, PolitiFact New Jersey found.
As a percentage of gross domestic product -- which is a measure of the nation’s economy -- discretionary spending under Obama reached its highest level in about two decades, according to figures released by the White House’s Office of Management and Budget.
Discretionary spending is projected to drop to a level not seen at any point in the last several decades, but that would not occur for a few more years.
Booker spokeswoman Anne Torres acknowledged that the mayor’s statement was wrong.
"You’re correct," Torres told us. "He misspoke."
First, let’s explain discretionary spending.
There are two main categories of federal spending: discretionary and mandatory. Discretionary spending is controlled by lawmakers through annual appropriation acts. Mandatory spending is generally based on program parameters, such as those for Social Security and Medicare, without specific amounts being appropriated each year.
Discretionary spending represents nearly 40 percent of all federal outlays, and is comprised of defense and non-defense items.
Over the last decade, military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have largely contributed to the growth in defense spending, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office. Non-defense spending has increased during Obama’s tenure, in part, because of the stimulus bill he approved in February 2009, the budget office said.
Since Booker’s claim refers to discretionary spending in general, we’ll look at the total amount.
In fiscal year 2010 -- Obama’s first complete fiscal year as president -- discretionary spending hit 9.4 percent of GDP, marking the highest amount since fiscal year 1987. In fiscal year 2011, which ended last September, discretionary spending dropped to 9 percent.
Before fiscal years 2010 and 2011, discretionary spending had not reached 9 percent since fiscal year 1991.
In a deal to raise the nation’s debt ceiling, Obama and Congress agreed last summer to set caps on certain types of future discretionary spending. Due in large part to those caps, discretionary spending is projected to reach historic lows in the years ahead.
According to the White House, discretionary spending would fall to 5.9 percent of GDP in fiscal year 2016, marking the lowest level since at least the early 1960s. The Congressional Budget Office has offered slightly different estimates, placing discretionary spending at 6.5 percent in fiscal year 2016 and 5.9 percent in fiscal year 2019.
In his May 20 appearance on NBC’s "Meet The Press," Booker cited a couple of Obama’s accomplishments, including "the lowest discretionary spending we’ve had in decades in the United States."
But during Obama’s tenure, discretionary spending hit 9 percent of GDP for the first time in about two decades. Discretionary spending is projected to drop significantly in the years ahead, but Booker made it sound like that had already occurred.
We rate the statement False.
To comment on this ruling, go to NJ.com.
The Star-Ledger, Newark Mayor Cory Booker slams Obama campaign ad, defends private equity firm Romney worked at on 'Meet the Press', May 20, 2012
Meet The Press, Roundtable Discussion, May 20, 2012
Meet The Press, Transcript of Roundtable Discussion, May 20, 2012
PolitiFact, Obama says domestic spending headed to lowest level since Eisenhower, Feb. 16, 2011
Congressional Budget Office, Testimony before the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction, U.S. Congress, Oct. 26, 2011
Congressional Budget Office, The U.S. Federal Budget: A Closer Look at Discretionary Spending, April 2012
Congressional Budget Office, Updated Budget Projections: Fiscal Years 2012 to 2022, March 2012
White House Office of Management and Budget, Fiscal Year 2013 Budget: Cutting Waste, Reducing the Deficit, and Asking All to Pay Their Fair Share, accessed May 21, 2012
White House Office of Management and Budget, Historical Tables, accessed May 21, 2012
FactCheck.org, Obama Bungles Budget Line, Feb. 23, 2011
Congressional Budget Office, Discretionary Spending Under the Budget Control Act of 2011, Aug. 8, 2011
Congressional Budget Office, The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2012 to 2022, January 2012
PolitiFact, Barack Obama says debt ceiling deal lowers domestic spending to lowest level since Eisenhower, Aug. 2, 2011
E-mail interview with Jason Peuquet, The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, May 21, 2012
Phone and e-mail interviews with Anne Torres, spokeswoman for Mayor Cory Booker, May 21-23, 2012
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.