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President Barack Obama used his 2013 State of the Union address to urge Congress to vote on legislation to reduce gun violence.
Victims of recent attacks deserve it, he said, and voters support some "common-sense reform."
"Overwhelming majorities of Americans – Americans who believe in the 2nd Amendment – have come together around common-sense reform – like background checks that will make it harder for criminals to get their hands on a gun," he told lawmakers.
Do "overwhelming majorities of Americans" support gun legislation such as background checks?
Viewers who watched an enhanced version of Obama’s speech online at WhiteHouse.gov saw a graphic that said "92 percent of Americans support background checks for gun buyers."
It cited an independent poll from Quinnipiac University, which we quickly found on the university’s site.
The results from the phone poll of 1,772 registered voters in late January and early February 2013 were straightforward:
• It found 92 percent support for background checks for all gun buyers, which the Quinnipiac pollsters described as "overwhelming."
• It found 91 percent support for universal background checks among voters in a household with a gun.
Other polls we’ve cited in recent fact-checks also found high percentages of support for universal background checks, even among gun owners.
A Pew Research Center poll from Jan. 9-13, 2013, of 1,502 adults found 85 percent of Americans (and 85 percent of gun owners) favor making private gun sales and sales at gun shows subject to background checks.
A CBS/New York Times poll conducted Jan. 11-15 among 1,110 adults showed that 92 percent of Americans (and 85 percent of respondents living in a household with an NRA member) support universal background checks.
Obama did cherry-pick the gun-control proposal on which consensus is strongest -- background checks. Other proposals he might also call "common-sense," such as bans on assault weapons and high capacity magazines, held 56 percent support in the Quinnipiac poll. And they were narrowly opposed by voters in households with a gun, with 52 percent against such measures.
Obama said "overwhelming majorities of Americans" support gun legislation "like background checks." The poll cited by the administration, as well as other independent polls in 2013, do show support for universal background checks above 80 percent among voters, even those who own guns.
But people would get the impression from Obama's statement that there is similar support for other White House gun proposals, when the reality is weaker majority support among voters and slim opposition among gun owners. That’s a point worth clarifying. We rate the president’s claim Mostly True.
WhiteHouse.gov, The 2013 State of the Union, Feb. 12, 2012
White House, "Now is the Time," Jan. 16, 2013
Quinnipiac University Polling Institute, "Americans Back Women In Combat 3-1, But Less For Draft, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Support For Universal Gun Background Checks Is 92%," Feb. 7, 2013
PolitiFact, "Rep. Jackie Speier says poll shows NRA members believe all gun buyers face background checks," Jan. 23, 2013
Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, "In Gun Control Debate, Several Options Draw Majority Support," Jan. 14, 2013
CBS News Polls, "9 in 10 back universal gun background checks," Jan. 17, 2013
PolitiFact, "Mayor Michael Bloomberg says 40 percent of guns are sold without a background check," July 25, 2012
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