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Not long before President Barack Obama’s Jan. 16, 2013, speech calling for more gun control measures, Texas’ attorney general tweeted about a different class of assault weapons.
Greg Abbott wrote, "FBI: More people killed with hammers & clubs each year than rifles," and supplied a link to a Jan. 3, 2013, Fox News commentary piece that originated on Breitbart.com and referred to FBI murder statistics from 2005 through 2011.
PolitiFact in Washington, D.C., recently tackled a similar claim culled from Facebook:
Obama was on the record supporting bans on certain semi-automatic rifles before his Jan. 16 speech, in which he again called for renewing the 1994-2004 federal "assault weapons" ban while urging education, mental health and other measures to reduce gun violence.
Like Abbott’s tweet, the Facebook post cited the FBI. PolitiFact looked at the bureau’s annual report on "Crime in the United States," a collection of data from local agencies on several categories of crimes.
The Facebook post earned a "True" rating because it reflected the FBI’s statistics from 2011, the most recent year available, for murders with knives (1,694), personal weapons (728, typed on Facebook as 726), blunt objects (496) and rifles (323).
The Facebook post did not include homicides the FBI attributed to handguns (6,220), firearms whose type was not stated (1,587) and "other guns" (97). Those numbers mean handguns were used in 72 percent of all firearm murders in 2011 and slightly under half of all murders using any kind of weapon that year.
Abbott’s tweet, similarly, did not include some FBI-tracked categories by referring solely to rifles and blunt objects and leaving out other significant firearm categories. Still, according to the FBI’s data covering 2005 through 2011, blunt objects such as clubs and hammers were consistently used to murder more people than rifles alone.
FBI homicide data 2005-2011, ranked in order of weapons used most often in 2011:
Like an older Facebook item, Abbott’s tweet uses data selectively, ignoring the significant role of handguns in gun violence. That said, it is correct that FBI data indicates that in 2011, more people were killed with "clubs and hammers" than with any type of rifle.
We rate his statement as True.
Clarification: This story originally posted with the "speaker" identified as "Facebook posts" instead of Greg Abbott. Updated 2:54 p.m. Jan. 30, 2012.
Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott, update posted to Twitter, Jan. 3, 2013
Fox News commentary, "FBI: More People Killed with Hammers, Clubs Each Year Than Rifles," Jan. 3, 2013
PolitiFact story, "Facebook post says more people were murdered with knives, body parts or blunt objects than with rifles," Jan. 18, 2013
Federal Bureau of Investigations annual reports on "Crime in the United States," 2005 through 2011, accessed online Jan. 29, 2013
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